Open main menu

Dmitry Yevgenyevich Rybolovlev (Russian: Дмитрий Евгеньевич Рыболовлев; Russian pronunciation: [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ɪvˈɡʲenʲjɪvʲɪtɕ rɨbɐˈɫovlʲɪf]; born 22 November 1966) is a Russian businessman and investor. Rybolovlev owned the potash producer Uralkali and, in 2011, became the President of Monaco's football club AS Monaco.[3] He has two daughters, Ekaterina and Anna Rybolovleva.[4]

Dmitry Rybolovlev
DmitryRybolovlev1.JPG
Dmitry Rybolovlev, 2012
Native name
Дмитрий Евгеньевич Рыболовлев
Born
Dmitry Yevgenyevich Rybolovlev

(1966-11-22) 22 November 1966 (age 52)
ResidenceMonte Carlo, Monaco
CitizenshipRussian
OccupationBusinessman
Known for
Net worthUS$6.8 billion (January 2019)[2]
ChildrenEkaterina and Anna[1]

As of April 2019, Rybolovlev is ranked 224th on Forbes's list of billionaires with a net worth of $6.8 billion.[5][6] Since January 2015 he has become known as one of the most high-profile alleged victims of Swiss art transporter Yves Bouvier as part of a group of cases that have become known collectively as The Bouvier Affair.

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Rybolovlev was born in 1966. His parents were doctors and he himself graduated from the Perm Medical Institute in 1990 and started to work in the cardiology emergency service of the local hospital.[7] Rybolovlev married Elena, one of his fellow students, and in 1989 their first daughter Ekaterina was born.[7]

Business careerEdit

Rybolovlev entered the business world in 1990.[5]

Early business careerEdit

Together with his father, Evgeny, he set up a company that offered a form of alternative medical treatment using magnetic fields that Evgeny had developed.[7] However, due to the collapse of the Soviet Union's centrally planned economy, companies preferred to pay Rybolovlev's firm with products rather than cash, and he created a side business selling these products.[7]

In 1992 Rybolovlev moved to Moscow and received a brokerage license from the Russian Ministry of Finance, the first in the Perm region, which permitted him to trade and deal with securities. That same year, he opened an investment company.[8]

He founded a bank in 1994, acquired shareholdings in several of Perm's industrial enterprises and joined their boards.[7]

In 1995, Rybolovlev sold most of his shareholdings and focused in enterprises operating in the potash industry, in particular, Uralkali.[9]

Development of UralkaliEdit

Over the next 15 years Rybolovlev focused on developing Uralkali and eventually built it into a major global enterprise.[10] According to the Russian business newspaper Vedomosti, by 2000 he had consolidated his controlling interest in the company and begun to reform and develop it.[citation needed] He completely changed the management team and set as a priority the achievement of an increase in labor productivity.

According to Reuters, in 2005 Uralkali and Belarusian potash producer Belaruskali combined their trade flows via a single trader: Belarusian Potash Company (BPC), of which Rybolovlev became chief executive.[11] Over the next three years, potash prices increased more than fivefold. The price increase and the creation of BPC both had a transformational impact on Uralkali.[12][13] In 2007 Uralkali's IPO on the London Stock Exchange coincided with the sharply rising global potash prices and was therefore described by the financial media as one of the most successful Russian IPOs ever.[14]

In June 2010, Rybolovlev sold a 53% shareholding in Uralkali to a group of Russian investors: Kaliha Finance Limited (Suleiman Kerimov, 25%), Aerellia Investments Limited (Alexander Nesis, 15%) and Becounioco Holdings Limited (Filaret Galchev, 13.2%).[15][16] The transaction price was not disclosed, but was reported to be around $5.3 billion.[17]

In December 2010, Uralkali bought a 20% stake in Silvinit for $1.4 billion from Rybolovlev.[18][19] The merger was finalized in July 2011, after Rybolovlev had sold the remaining shares of Uralkali.[20]

Berezniki mine collapseEdit

In October 2006, a freshwater spring began flowing into one of Uralkali's mines under the city of Berezniki, leading the walls and pillars supporting the ceilings of large underground caverns to dissolve.[21] In response, Uralkali engineers attempted to increase the salinity of the floodwater to the saturation point, but this proved ineffective and the caverns collapsed.[22] The mine was subsequently abandoned.[23]

As a result of the mine's collapse, large sinkholes appeared around the mine and in the city of Berezniki, forcing some 12,000 residents to evacuate their homes.[24] New sinkholes continue to appear regularly throughout the Perm region though it is not clear whether all of them are caused by mining activities.[25]

In 2006, the Russian government launched an investigation into the accident and concluded that a “previously unknown anomaly of geological structure” was to blame for the mine's collapse.[26] The neutrality of the commission's report has been challenged by some observers, who argued that the report was partly written by OAO Galurgia, a company affiliated to Uralkali.[27] Other Russian sources claimed that Uralkali failed to undertake all the necessary work in order to fill the holes in the mines, which may have directly caused the appearance of the sinkholes.[28] According to the local newspaper Inaya Gazeta, Rybolovlev decided to split in two the budget allocated to the holes filling, which resulted in an insufficient filling of the mines chambers.[29] A report in The New York Times suggested that the situation was partially caused by the fact that Berezniki began as a Soviet labor camp, and was built directly over the mine to be within marching distance of work areas.[22]

In October 2008, Russian Vice Premier Igor Sechin reopened the investigation and suggested that the degree of the financial liability of Uralkali should be determined, prompting speculation in international news outlets, including The New York Times, that a raider attack had been launched against Uralkali.[30] Others reported that Rybolovlev was reluctant to compensate for the damages caused.[31]

Yuri Trutnev, Minister of Natural Resources and the Environment and Rybolovlev's close friend,[32] spoke out in favor of the company. However, because he was not directly involved in the investigation, analysts dismissed his statements as the “personal opinion of one government official.”[32]

In December 2008, Uralkali pledged to pay $218 million to the Russian government as compensation for costs incurred by the mine collapse.[33] In February 2009, the company agreed to a payment of $71.8 million to the Perm region.[34]

Investment in Bank of CyprusEdit

In September 2010, Rybolovlev bought a 9.7% stake in Cyprus largest bank, Bank of Cyprus.[35] Rybolovlev's investment in Bank of Cyprus followed significant financial dealings in the country. Following the country's deep recession, on 25 March 2013 the Eurogroup agreed with the government of Cyprus that the Bank of Cyprus would take over the remnants of Laiki Bank. To finance the deal and save Bank of Cyprus from bankruptcy, it was also decided that accounts over €100,000 would suffer a haircut on their assets of about 50%, which mostly wiped out Rybolovlev's stake and ended his involvement in the Bank with a $600 million loss.[36]

AS MonacoEdit

 
The nine arches of the Stade Louis II in Fontvieille.

Rybolovlev relocated to Monaco in 2010 and in December 2011, a trust acting on behalf of Rybolovlev's daughter Ekaterina, bought a 66% stake in the Monegasque association football club AS Monaco FC.[37][38] The club was in a bad state at the time, playing at the bottom of the French second league and highly in debt, and the Monaco Palace was looking for an investor to improve the club’s prospects.[39] According to French media reports, Ryboloblev acquired the club for a symbolic €1, but with a commitment to invest at least €100 million ($129.4 million) into the club over the next four years.[40][41]

The remaining 33% stake in the club is owned by Monaco's ruling family, the House of Grimaldi, with Rybolovlev's acquisition of the stake in the club approved by Prince Albert II of Monaco. Dmitry Rybolovlev was subsequently appointed president of the club.[37]

Though historically Monaco is one of France's most successful clubs, they were struggling at the time of Rybolovlev's arrival, and had been relegated to the second tier of French football, Ligue 2. Étienne Franzi, AS Monaco's former president, and the DNCG, the French football authority, both gave positive assessments of the club's progress after Rybolovlev's first year of ownership in December 2012.[42]

In May 2013, Monaco was promoted to Ligue 1 after securing the second division title. Monaco became one of the most prodigious spenders in European football in the summer of 2013 under Rybolovlev's presidency, spending £146 million on players including Radamel Falcao, James Rodríguez and João Moutinho. Ricardo Carvalho and Eric Abidal were also signed on free transfers with large salaries.[37][43]

In January 2014, Monaco agreed to pay the governing body of French football, the Ligue de Football Professionnel (LFP), a one-off voluntary payment of 50 million to remain exempt from a ruling by the LFP that its clubs must have their head offices located in France. Based in the tax haven of Monaco, the club managed to avoid the effects of tax increases in neighboring France. Rybolovlev and the head of the French league, Noël Le Graët, had initially failed to find an agreement over the matter and Rybolovlev had initiated legal action against the league which was later dropped. The €50 million figure was calculated by the league as the amount saved by Monaco a result of their unique location.[37][44]

Rodríguez and Falcao subsequently left Monaco in the summer of 2014, the latter leaving on loan to Manchester United and Chelsea (returning to Monaco in 2016[45]) and the former being sold to Real Madrid for almost double the transfer fee Monaco had paid Porto for his services one year prior.[46] The transfers were explained by Monaco's vice president Vadim Vasilyev as part of a new strategy. He stated that "There are two ways to go... One is either you invest a lot of money and do it quickly, the other is you build up an intelligent project and you have to base yourself on your academy and sound principles of working and scouting well and basically that's what we've decided to do."[37]

The departure of star players and a decline in spending was also attributed by Vasilyev to the introduction of the UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations and the resultant threat of sanctions. Vasilyev said in an interview that Rybolovlev had told him that he was "...already investing big money and if the club has to pay fines over and on top of that, this is something that is really not on. This really goes against any common sense".[43] In a March 2015 interview with Nice Matin, Rybolovlev re-iterated his long-term commitment to the club and also expressed his delight at Monaco's successes since his arrival.[47]

In 2017, Monaco enjoyed its most successful season yet, winning the French Ligue 1 title and reaching the semi-final of the European Champions League.[48] Reflecting on the club's unexpected success, The Independent wrote that “Monaco’s policy of buying low and selling high has made the club a true Champion’s League power at last” and called Monaco as “one of the best run clubs in Europe”.[49]

In July 2018, media reported that Rybolovlev was a potential buyer of Chinese businessman Li Yonghong's stake in AC Milan, but the deal didn’t materialize.[50] Rybolovlev's son-in-law, prominent Uruguayan businessman Juan Sartori, is an owner of a 20% stake in England's Sunderland AFC.

Following an unsuccessful start to the 2018-2019 season, the club in October 2018 officially announced the departure of its head coach, Leonardo Jardim.[51] On 13 October, the club confirmed Thierry Henry as the new head coach until 2021.[52] On January 25, after 20 matches Henry was incharge with only five victories, it was announced Henry was sacked by the club, and will be replaced by Jardim who will be once again, head coach of the team.

On 16 January 2019, AS Monaco announced a €55 million investment into a brand new “Centre for sporting excellence” that is planned to include three football fields in addition to a fitness and medical centre. The investment will also include renovations on the Louis II stadium and the construction of a dormitory for the club’s youth academy. The Centre is slated to be operational by the 2020-2021 season.[53]

PhilanthropyEdit

Rybolovlev provided financial assistance to the reconstruction of Saint Petersburg's Oranienbaum Palace, as well as to the restoration of the Conception Convent (also known as Zachatyevsky Monastery) in Moscow.[54] He donated €17.5 million for the re-building of the Cathedral of Nativity of Theotokos in Moscow, and was involved in the restoration of several icon paintings in the Cathedral of Exaltation of the Cross recreated in Belogorsk Saint Nicolas Monastery.[54]

Rybolovlev is also involved in the construction of the Russian Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas in Limassol, Cyprus, for estimated project costs of €5 million.[55][56] With a size of 1050 m², the church is expected to host 500 to 600 people once the constructions are completed.[54]

Rybolovlev is also involved in Les Arts Gstaad, a new cultural center dedicated to music, arts and literature in the eponymous Swiss town.[57]

ControversiesEdit

Murder allegations and judgementEdit

In 1995, Rybolovlev moved his family to Geneva, Switzerland, fearing for their security amid the domestic chaos following the Soviet Union's demise during that time.[4] In May 1996, Rybolovlev was accused of plotting the murder of a rival businessman, Evgeny Panteleymonov, and was subsequently arrested.[58] He spent 11 months in jail before being fully acquitted at trial for a lack of evidence,[58][4] following the only living witness recanting his testimony, and the intervention in Rybolovlev's favor of Andrey Pokhmelkin, the brother of a prominent congressman representing Perm District in the Duma, as well as that of local Governor Gennady Igumnov.[59][60] In 1997 Rybolovlev was acquitted by courts of law at three levels, including the Presidium of the Supreme Court.[61] Rybolovlev stated that he was extorted in jail to sell the shares of his company in exchange for his freedom, but had refused.[58]

Pollution of Kama riverEdit

In June 2012, Green Patrol, a Russian environmental NGO, listed Uralkali as one of the top 100 polluters in Russia, based on information gathered during the previous years.[62] An expedition organized into the Perm Krai by the same NGO in 2010, when Rybolovlev was still the company's owner, revealed that Uralkali's sinks contained at least 16 harmful elements (including zinc and ammonium), exceeding the maximum permissible levels by 1,850 times.[63] According to Green Patrol's President Roman Pukalov, Uralkali failed to fully disclose a complete list of harmful elements that it routinely ejected into the local river Kama. He described Kama water as "very polluted", declaring that small rivers around Berezniki had in fact turned into brine.[64]

Furthermore, Uralkali's environmental spending under Rybolovlev was exceptionally low.[65]

Panama Papers scandalEdit

In April 2016, it was alleged by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ)[66] that Rybolovlev used a company registered in the Virgin Islands to hide art from his former wife Elena during their divorce proceeding.[67] Rybolovlev's use of offshore companies was described as a "textbook example of the lengths rich people (in most cases men) go to protect their considerable wealth in case of a marital breakup" by the Süddeutsche Zeitung.[68] However, subsequent media reports noted that the offshore structures established by the Rybolovlev family trust pre-dated the divorce proceedings by several years. Furthermore, the family trust had publicly disclosed the companies as owners of the art works long before the Panama Papers report was published, a fact that the original Panama Papers report had omitted.[69]

Liberation of Georgi BedjamovEdit

Georgi Bedjamov, President of the Federation of Bobsleigh and Skeleton of Russia and former co-owner of Vneshprombank, was arrested in March 2016 in Monaco after an international arrest warrant was issued against him by the Russian authorities on charges of fraudulent bankruptcy and embezzlement. Bedjamov was liberated in July 2016 by the Prince, a decision that was later confirmed by the Monaco Appeal Court.[70] Russian sources alleged that Dmitry Rybolovlev helped Georgi Bedjamov escape Russian authorities,[71][72] but Rybolovlev denied these claims in an interview to the French newspaper Le Parisien in late October 2016.[73][74]

Football Leaks scandalEdit

In December 2016 the Football Leaks scandal revealed that Rybolovlev and football agent Jorge Mendes had set up a secret system to illegally buy players’ shares. Using a Cyprus-based offshore investment fund named Browsefish Limited, Rybolovlev manipulated the price of his own players through third-party ownerships (TPO).[75] Rybolovlev resorted to the use of offshore companies to hide his identity, as TPO's are illegal in Europe.[76] Investigations revealed for example that football player Fabinho was already 48.5% owned by Rybolovlev when he was loaned to AS Monaco by Rio Ave F.C.[77][76]

AS Monaco denied these allegations and that such a scheme was ever put into place, arguing that reports published in the French and European press to the contrary "contain false information and many inaccuracies."[78][79][80]

PropertyEdit

 
The Maison de L'Amitié in Palm Beach, Florida.
 
15 Central Park West as viewed from Central Park in 2013.

Trusts in the name of his Rybolovlev's daughter, Ekaterina, have made several significant property purchases around the world since 2008. The trusts have bought properties in Florida, Hawaii, New York City, Monaco, as well as two islands in Greece. Rybolovlev also owns an estate in Saint-Tropez on the Cote d'Azur in the south of France, houses in Gstaad, Switzerland, and used to own property in Geneva and Paris with his former wife.[81][82][83] In 2013, the property purchases were contested by Rybolovlev's wife, Elena Rybolovleva, during the couple's divorce proceedings.[84]

United StatesEdit

FloridaEdit

The New York Times reported that in 2008, Rybolovlev and his wife made house-hunting trips to New York City and aimed to buy their first property in the US, eyeing an apartment at 15 Central Park West, but the seller eventually withdrew from the deal.[85] Rybolovlev subsequently looked to Florida, where American businessman Donald Trump was selling a 6 acres Palm Beach residence at the coast of the Atlantic Ocean.[85]

In 2008, Ekaterina Rybolovlev's trust bought the 18-bedroom Maison de L'Amitie in Palm Beach, Florida, from the American businessman Donald Trump.[82][86] Amidst concerns during his campaign about rubbing shoulders with Russian officials, Trump has claimed that the sale of Maison de L'Amitié, which he purchased for $40 million in 2004 and sold to Rybolovlev for $95 million, is the only dealing he has done with a Russian.[87] In February 2018, Oregon Senator Ron Wyden wrote to the US Treasury Department to request records on the purchase of the property. However, a spokesman for the Rybolovev family reiterated that the deal has long been publicly scrutinized since it was announced over a decade ago.[88] As of February 2018, the trust's investment in the property looked on track to yield a significant return.[89]

In 2016, Rybolovlev razed the mansion on the property after being granted permission to subdivide the land into three lots, two of which have since sold for a combined $71.34 million.[90] The third lot is for sale at $42 million.[90][91]

New YorkEdit

In December 2011, the trust bought a 10-room, 626 m2 (6,740 sq ft) apartment at 15 Central Park West in New York City for $88 million, from Joan Weill, the wife of Sanford I. Weill, the former chairman of Citigroup. This was a record price for an apartment in the city at the time of its purchase.[92]

HawaiiEdit

In 2011, Rybololev also bought a $20 million property in Kauai, Hawaii, from the American actor Will Smith.[84] During his ownership, 21 acres were added to the estate, and put on the market for $29.5 million in 2015.[93]

GreeceEdit

 
The shore of the island of Skorpios in July 2007.

In April 2013, Ekaterina Rybolovlev's trust bought a group of companies from the Greek heiress Athina Onassis Roussel. The assets included the 74 acre Greek island of Skorpios and its smaller islet, Sparti.[94][95] The sale price was reported as $154 million.[96] In October 2018, Rybolovlev started a major development project on the island with the aim to transform it into a luxury resort. The total investment in the project amounts to €184 million. Works on the islet are to be finished in 2020.[97]

MonacoEdit

In 2010, Rybolovlev bought the 2,000m2 Belle Époque style penthouse apartment on the Avenue d'Ostende in the Monte Carlo district of Monaco. The property was bought for 220 million. Its previous owners include Nick and Christian Candy, the brothers behind the Candy & Candy interior design and property development business, and earlier, the Brazilian banker Edmond Safra, who died in a fire at the apartment in 1999.[98][99][100]

SwitzerlandEdit

Rybolovlev and his former wife owned a property in Geneva, Switzerland, which they demolished in 2008 and planned to replace with a replica of the palace of Marie-Antoinette, the Petit Trianon at the Palace of Versailles. The project was abandoned amidst the couple's divorce proceedings.[82]

Rybolovlev has also built two houses worth $135 million in the Swiss alpine resort of Gstaad.[81][82]

Art collectionEdit

Rybolovlev's art collection has included paintings by Paul Gauguin, Auguste Rodin, Amedeo Modigliani (Nude on a Blue Cushion), Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, and Mark Rothko (No. 6).[101] He was also the owner of Salvator Mundi by Leonardo da Vinci until it was sold at Christie's auction house for a total cost of $450 million on 15 November 2017.[102] In February 2015, it was reported that Rybolovlev may have been a victim of a complex art fraud allegedly perpetrated by the art dealer Yves Bouvier who was indicted on charges of fraud and complicity in money laundering.[103] In 2016, Rybolovlev was again at the center of a controversy after it was alleged that he bought three stolen Picassos from art dealer Olivier Thomas.[104][105]

In October 2018, Rybolovlev launched a lawsuit against Sotheby’s in Manhattan federal court, alleging that the auction house "materially assisted the largest art fraud in history".[106] Rybolovlev's lawyers said “Sotheby’s was the willing auction house that knowingly and intentionally made the fraud possible" because it knew how much Bouvier paid the sellers.[106] Sotheby's has denied these allegations.[107]

On 6 November 2018, Rybolovlev was questioned by the Monegasque police.[108][109] His lawyers stated that this happened on the basis of information obtained from the phone of one of Rybolovlev's previous lawyers, Tetiana Bersheda, which is the subject of an appeal in Monaco.[109] Rybolovlev was subsequently named a “formal suspect” in a graft investigation by Monaco's chief prosecutor. He was released from custody and placed under judicial control.[110]

In an interview with the daily Nice Matin in December 2018, Rybolovlev’s lawyer, Me Hervé Temime, criticised repeated violations of the investigation’s secrecy that he attributed to vested interests against Rybolovlev. He also stated that “the seriousness of the initial scam” was understated “because of the wealth” of Rybolovlev in what he described as an ostracism of rich Russians.[111]

Awards and honoursEdit

In 2010 Rybolovlev was awarded the Order of St. Seraphim of Sarov I degree by Patriarch Kirill for funding the restoration of the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Most Holy Mother of God in Zachatyevsky Convent.[112]

Personal lifeEdit

Rybolovlev married Elena Rybolovleva in 1987 in Perm, Russia, and together they have had two daughters: Ekaterina, born in 1989, and Anna, born in 2001.[113] In 2015, Ekaterina married Uruguayan businessman Juan Sartori.

DivorceEdit

Elena Rybolovleva filed for divorce on December 22, 2008,[114] citing in her divorce petition the "serial infidelity" of her husband.[115][116][117] At the same occasion, Elena Rybolovleva officially asked the Geneva State prosecutor for protection of her assets from Rybolovlev.[114]

In February 2014, Elena Rybolovleva was detained in Cyprus for allegedly stealing a $28 million diamond ring she later proved her ex-husband had given her while they were still married.[118][119]

In May that year, a Geneva court awarded Rybolovlev's ex-wife a record settlement of $4.8 billion. This would have been the most expensive divorce settlement in history at the time.[120] However, Rybolovlev's lawyers successfully appealed the 2014 ruling in June 2015. The Geneva court reversed the earlier decision, ruling that Rybolovleva's settlement be reduced to 564 million Swiss francs.[121]

Finally, in October 2015, Rybolovlev and his ex-wife Elena announced they had reached an amicable settlement of their divorce, and that all legal actions in relation to the case would cease. Financial terms of the settlement were not disclosed.[122]

Hobbies and interestsEdit

Rybolovlev enjoys surfing, especially in Hawaii.[123]

Forbes rankingEdit

In the Forbes billionaires list for 2018 Rybolovlev was ranked the 242nd richest person in the world with a net worth of $6.8 billion.[5]

Indicator[124] 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Net worth ($ billion) 1.6 3.3 12.8 3.1 8.6 9.5 9 9.1 8.8 8.5 7.7 7.3 6.8
Rank (in the world) 486 271 59 196 79 93 100 119 147 156 170 190 242
Rank (in Russia) 32 29 11 13 10 14 13 14 17 14 12 15 18

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The club was owned by a trust that attributed to Ekaterina Rybolovleva, daughter of Dmitry.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Conn, David. "Monaco have plenty of money and ambition but not many supporters". The Guardian.
  2. ^ https://www.forbes.com/profile/dmitry-rybolovlev/#396f2f503bec
  3. ^ Conn, David (2013-09-20). "Monaco have plenty of money and ambition but not many supporters | David Conn". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  4. ^ a b c "Russia's Potash King Is Getting Destroyed By A $12 Billion Divorce". Business Insider. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  5. ^ a b c "Dmitry Rybolovlev". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  6. ^ "The World's Billionaires". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Dmitry Rybolovlev". Bloomberg. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Dmitry Rybolovlev Story - Bio, Facts, Networth, Home, Family, Auto | Famous Businessmen | SuccessStory". successstory.com. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  9. ^ moneystruck.com. http://moneystruck.com/success-story-dmitry-rybolovlev/ Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  10. ^ Businessweek. [1] Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  11. ^ Reuters https://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/05/belarus-potash-idUSL6N0BXI3620130305
  12. ^ Mineweb. http://www.mineweb.com/mineweb/view/mineweb/en/page103855?oid=22689&sn=Detail Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  13. ^ Seeking Alpha. http://seekingalpha.com/article/70953-potash-continues-its-upward-march Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  14. ^ Moneytometal.org. http://moneytometal.org/index.php/Madura_Holding_Ltd Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  15. ^ Financial Times. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/8b484088-69b4-11df-8432-00144feab49a.html#axzz2AD7Gn2dc Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  16. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "Russian billionaire sells 53.2 pct Uralkali stake". U.S. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  17. ^ "Uralkali Gains as Rybolovlev Sells Controlling Stake". Bloomberg. 14 June 2010. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  18. ^ Kolyandr, Alexander (2010-12-20). "Russian Firms Set Potash Deal". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  19. ^ "Russian potash firms set to merge". BBC News. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  20. ^ "Two billionaires cashed in big time ahead of Uralkali bombshell | MINING.com". MINING.com. 2013-08-02. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  21. ^ The New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/11/world/europe/russian-city-on-watch-against-being-sucked-into-the-earth.html
  22. ^ a b Kramer, Andrew E. "Russian City on Watch Against Being Sucked Into the Earth". Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  23. ^ The Siberian Times http://siberiantimes.com/other/others/news/n0227-sinkhole-gets-bigger-in-city-plagued-by-giant-craters/
  24. ^ International Business Times http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/giant-sinkhole-perm-region-russia-growing-wider-deeper-1518672
  25. ^ The Moscow Times https://themoscowtimes.com/news/new-sinkhole-appears-in-russias-perm-region-46702
  26. ^ "Uralkali 'not responsible' for Berezniki mine flood". Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  27. ^ Novaya Gazeta http://www.novayagazeta.ru/articles/2016/10/16/70202-vyshli-dengi-iz-provala
  28. ^ "Вышли деньги из провала". Новая газета - Novayagazeta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-01-19.
  29. ^ "Игра в "Уралкалий": на раздевание". beriki.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  30. ^ New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/08/world/europe/08kremlin.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
  31. ^ Le Temps https://www.letemps.ch/suisse/2015/03/05/dmitri-rybolovlev-oligarque-masque-glace
  32. ^ a b Levy, Clifford J. "In Hard Times, Russia Tries to Reclaim Industries". Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  33. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "UPDATE 2-Uralkali settles $218 mln mine costs, shares soar". U.S. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  34. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "Uralkali to pay $72 mln for mine collapse damage". U.S. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  35. ^ Reuters (21 September 2010). "Offshore fund acquires 9.7 pct of Bank of Cyprus".
  36. ^ "New Commerce Secretary Was No Friend to Russians at Cyprus Bank". Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  37. ^ a b c d e David Conn (20 September 2013). "Monaco have plenty of money and ambition but not many supporters". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  38. ^ "Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev takes over Monaco". 2011-12-23. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  39. ^ "Un milliardaire russe va s'offrir l'AS Monaco". FIGARO. 2011-12-14. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  40. ^ "AS Monaco: Dmitry Rybolovlev, un Russe à la conquête du Rocher". LExpress.fr (in French). 2013-08-10. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  41. ^ "Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev takes over Monaco". BBC Sport. 2011-12-23. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-12-31. Retrieved 2012-12-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  43. ^ a b Paul Doyle (4 September 2014). "Falcao and the Monaco exodus: What's going on at last year's big spenders?". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  44. ^ Paul Doyle (24 January 2014). "Monaco pay €50m to France to stay in Ligue 1 – exempted from French tax". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  45. ^ "Radamel Falcao returns to Monaco after Chelsea decline purchase option". mid-day. 2016-05-13. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  46. ^ Sid Lowe (22 July 2014). "James Rodríguez: will new galáctico fit into Real Madrid masterplan?". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  47. ^ "Foot, business, Monaco: les confidences de Dmitri Rybolovlev". Nice Matin. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  48. ^ "Monaco's policy of buying low and selling high has made them a European power at last". The Independent. 2017-03-14. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  49. ^ "Monaco's policy of buying low and selling high has made them a European power at last". The Independent. 2017-03-14. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  50. ^ "Own goal: how AC Milan's Chinese owners lost control to a US hedge fund". Financial Times. 14 July 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  51. ^ "Leonardo Jardim sacked by Monaco with Thierry Henry a frontrunner to replace him". The Independent. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  52. ^ McMahon, Bobby. "Thierry Henry Appointed The New Coach Of Monaco And Signs 3-Year Deal". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  53. ^ "Monaco to build 'Centre for sporting excellence', investing €55 million". Euronews. 16 January 2019.
  54. ^ a b c "Dmitry Rybolovlev: a Russian prince in Monaco". euronews. 2013-06-05. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  55. ^ Kathimerini (11 June 2012). "Οι ρωσόφωνοι αποκτούν τη "στέγη της πίστης" τους" [Russian Orthodox church in Cyprus].
  56. ^ "Is Dmitry Rybolovlev Football's Wise Man?". goldnews.com.cy. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  57. ^ "lesartsgstaad - Die Organisation. Der Stiftungsrat". Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  58. ^ a b c "Trump and the oligarch". POLITICO. 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  59. ^ "Рыболовлев, сбросивший чешую". Новая газета (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-01-25.
  60. ^ "Rybolovlev Without His Scales Novaya Gazeta 5 Oct 2016". Scribd. Retrieved 2017-01-25.
  61. ^ "Na Zdarovia Dmitry Rybolovlev! Fertilizer Kingpin Buys Sandy Weill's $88 M. Penthouse". Observer. 18 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
  62. ^ "100 ГЛАВНЫХ ЗАГРЯЗНИТЕЛЕЙ РОССИИ | Зеленый патруль". greenpatrol.ru. Retrieved 2017-02-09.
  63. ^ "Российские экологи обвинили "Уралкалий" в загрязнении Камы". beriki.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-02-09.
  64. ^ ""Зеленый патруль" добрался до Пермского края". Росбалт. Retrieved 2017-02-09.
  65. ^ "Вышли деньги из провала". Новая газета - Novayagazeta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-02-09.
  66. ^ "How the One Percenters Divorce: Offshore Intrigue Plays Hide and Seek with Millions". ICIJ. 3 April 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  67. ^ "Panama Papers: Dmitry Rybolovlev used offshore company to hide art from wife, leaked documents reveal". The Art Newspaper. 4 April 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  68. ^ "Cheating, Divorce And Panama Papers". üddeutsche Zeitung. 8 April 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  69. ^ "Rybolovlev Denies Panama Papers Allegations - artnet News". artnet News. 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  70. ^ "Bedjamov : "niet" à l'extradition" (PDF) (October 2016). L'Observateur de Monaco.
  71. ^ "Искусство инвестиций во власть". Novaya Gazeta. 26 September 2016.
  72. ^ "Рыболовлев мутной воды". The KremlNews. 23 October 2016.
  73. ^ "" Nous façonnons les STARS de DEMAIN "". Le Parisien. 27 October 2016.
  74. ^ "Рыболовлев заявил, что не имеет отношения к делу совладельца Внешпромбанка". Gazeta.ru. 27 October 2016.
  75. ^ Rédaction. "Football Leaks : le partenariat obscur entre Rybolovlev (Monaco) et Jorge Mendes". L'Equipe.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-02-13.
  76. ^ a b "Le trouble business du propriétaire de l'AS Monaco avec l'agent Jorge Mendes". Mediapart (in French). Retrieved 2017-02-13.
  77. ^ "Football Leaks : La sombre collaboration entre Dmitri Rybolovlev et Jorge Mendes - Football 365". Football 365 (in French). 2016-12-21. Retrieved 2017-02-13.
  78. ^ "Monaco deny trying to break FFP rules". ESPN.com. 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  79. ^ "Monaco deny Financial Fair Play report claiming owner Dmitry Rybolovlev tried to circumvent rules". Sky Sports. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  80. ^ hermesauto (2018-11-05). "Football: Monaco deny Football Leaks claims of offshore set-up to bypass Financial Fair Play". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  81. ^ a b Paula Dupraz-Dobias (30 November 2014). "Do billionaires just want homes away from home?". Swiss Info. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  82. ^ a b c d Alexei Barrionuevo (5 April 2012). "Divorce, Oligarch Style". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  83. ^ "Russian billionaire Rybolovlev told to pay ex-wife $4.5bn". BBC News Online. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  84. ^ a b Megan Willett (20 August 2013). "Russian Billionaire Sued By Estranged Wife Over A $20 Million Hawaii Mansion He Bought From Will Smith". Business Insider. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  85. ^ a b Barrionuevo, Alexei. "Russians Court Luxury Real Estate With Record-Breaking Sales". Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  86. ^ "That time a Russian billionaire paid Trump $95 million for a mansion". CNN. July 27, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  87. ^ "CNN Money".
  88. ^ http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/national-govt--politics/senator-seeks-docs-trump-palm-beach-deal-with-russian-oligarch/DSqLlEYxjmFLneXn7slL0M/
  89. ^ https://therealdeal.com/miami/2018/01/20/russian-billionaire-relists-palm-beach-lot-for-42m/
  90. ^ a b Hofheinz, Darrell. "Russian-owned lot in Palm Beach with Trump link listed at $42 million". Palm Beach Daily News. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  91. ^ "Russian billionaire makes $37M selling Palm Beach land once owned by Trump". bizjournals.com. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  92. ^ New York Times (3 April 2012). "Time to Sell Penthouse. The Russians Have Cash". The New York Times.
  93. ^ "The Russian heiress who bought Will Smith's former Hawaiian estate is selling it for $29.5 million". Business Insider France (in French). Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  94. ^ Morgan Brennan (15 April 2013). "Confirmed: Russian Billionaire Heiress Buys Famed Greek Island Of Skorpios". Forbes. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  95. ^ Busvine, Douglas (13 April 2013). "Russian billionaire's daughter buys Onassis island Skorpios". Reuters. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  96. ^ "Russian Billionaire Buys Greece's Most Famous Private Island For $153 Million". Business Insider. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  97. ^ "Russian Tycoon Starts €184Μ Development on Former Onassis Island | GreekReporter.com". greece.greekreporter.com. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  98. ^ Valérie Duby (21 May 2014). "Divorce du siècle: ne pleurons pas sur son sort!". Le Matin (Switzerland). Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  99. ^ Pascal Ceaux and Boris Thiolay (10 August 2013). "AS Monaco: Dmitry Rybolovlev, un Russe à la conquête du Rocher". L'Express. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  100. ^ "Nick and Christian Candy Renovate a Penthouse in Monte Carlo | Architectural Digest". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  101. ^ "Рыболовлев заплатил обманувшему его арт-дилеру более $2 млрд". РБК. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  102. ^ "'Leonardo da Vinci artwork' sells for record $450m". BBC news. BBC news. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  103. ^ "Yves Bouvier who stores treasures for the rich and famous is arrested in fraud case - Daily Mail Online". Mail Online. London. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  104. ^ "Did Rybolovlev buy stolen Picasso paintings?-artnet news". artnet News. 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  105. ^ Media, ATG. "Art dealer faces fresh questions over Picasso theft after images of works found on his laptop". antiquestradegazette.com. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  106. ^ a b Kazakina, Katya (3 October 2018). "Billionaire Slaps Sotheby's With $380 Million Lawsuit". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  107. ^ Devitt, Polina. "Russian tycoon sues Sotheby's for $380 million over art deals". U.S. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
  108. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "Monaco police question Russian tycoon Rybolovlev in graft probe: Le..." U.S. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  109. ^ a b "Russian Billionaire Rybolovlev Questioned by Monaco Police". Bloomberg. 6 November 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  110. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "Russian tycoon a formal suspect in Monaco graft probe - prosecutor". U.K. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
  111. ^ "L'avocat de Dmitri Rybolovlev brise le silence: "Au tribunal, on ne jouera pas au bonneteau"". Nice-Matin (in French). 2018-12-17. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  112. ^ Romfea (30 December 2010). "Ο Πατριάρχης Μόσχας τίμησε τον μεγιστάνα Dmitry Rybolovlev".
  113. ^ Sigmalive (23 September 2010). "Το προφίλ του Ρώσου μεγιστάνα Dimitry Rybolovlev".
  114. ^ a b "Divorce du siècle Dmitry et Elena Rybolovlev : comment se séparer d'un milliardaire". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  115. ^ "Trump and the Oligarch". Politico. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  116. ^ "Russian oligarch facing world's most expensive divorce". The Telegraph.
  117. ^ "The world's most expensive break-up: Russian billionaire's split from his wife is finalised a year after she was awarded half of his £5.5billion fortune". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  118. ^ "Russian billionaire's former wife detained in Cyprus over $25m ring (updated) - Cyprus Mail". Cyprus Mail. 2014-02-24. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  119. ^ "Did This Billionaire Get Swindled Out of Millions in an Elaborate Art World Scheme?". Huffington Post.
  120. ^ "Russian's $4.5 billion divorce may be biggest in history". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  121. ^ Letzing, John (2015-06-11). "Russian Billionaire's Divorce Settlement Amount Pared Back". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  122. ^ "'The most expensive divorce in history' ends after Russian billionaire reaches deal with ex-wife". Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  123. ^ Ghislaine Ribeyre, à Monaco (13 November 2013). "L'entretien intégral - Dmitry Rybolovlev, sa vie est un roman". ParisMatch.com. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  124. ^ "Dmitry Rybolovlev". Forbes. Retrieved 27 July 2017.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Dmitry Rybolovlev at Wikimedia Commons