Ivana Trump

Ivana Marie Trump (née Zelníčková; Czech: [ˈzɛlɲiːtʃkovaː], born February 20, 1949) is a Czech-American businesswoman, media personality, fashion designer, author, and former model. She lived in Canada in the 1970s before relocating to the United States where she married Donald Trump in 1977. She held key managerial positions in The Trump Organization[1] as vice president of interior design, as CEO and president of Trump's Castle casino resort, and as manager of the Plaza Hotel.[2] Ivana's 1992 divorce from Trump was the subject of extensive media coverage in the 1990s. They have three children together: Donald Jr., Ivanka, and Eric.

Ivana Trump
Ivana Trump cropped retouched.jpg
Trump in 2007
Born
Ivana Marie Zelníčková

(1949-02-20) February 20, 1949 (age 71)
CitizenshipUnited States
Alma materCharles University
Occupation
  • Businesswoman
  • designer
  • author
  • model
Years active1970–present
Notable work
Raising Trump, 2017
TelevisionIvana Young Man, 2006
Spouse(s)
Alfred Winklmayr
(m. 1971; div. 1973)
(m. 1977; div. 1992)
Riccardo Mazzucchelli
(m. 1995; div. 1997)
Rossano Rubicondi
(m. 2008; div. 2009)
Children
FamilyTrump Family

Early life and education

Ivana Zelníčková was born on February 20, 1949, in the Moravian town of Zlín (formerly known as Gottwaldov), Czechoslovakia, the daughter of Miloš Zelníček (1927–1990) and Marie Zelníčková (née Francová).[3][4][5][2] Her Czech father was an electrical engineer and her Austrian mother worked as a telephone operator.[6][2] Her father encouraged her skiing talent, a practice she began at age four.[6][7] After developing skills as a skier, she joined the junior national ski team, which offered her opportunities to travel beyond the Soviet-era communist boundaries of what was then the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.[6] She attended Charles University in Prague and earned a master's degree in physical education in 1972.[8][7][2]

In 1970, Ivana appeared on Czechoslovak Television in the children's television series Pan Tau.[9]

Accounts differ as to Ivana's history of skiing competitively.[10] It was reported that she was selected as an alternate on the Czechoslovak ski team during the 1972 Winter Olympics, specializing in downhill and slalom.[11][7] However, in 1989, Petr Pomezný, Secretary General of the Czechoslovak Olympic Committee, refuted the claim and stated that despite searching extensively, no record could be found of her involvement.[8]

Biography

Relocation to Canada

In 1971, Zelníčková married Alfred Winklmayr, a ski instructor and her platonic friend, in order to obtain an Austrian passport.[12][13] The marriage to an Austrian granted her the freedom to leave Communist Czechoslovakia without defection so she could retain the right to return to visit her parents.[14][15][12][16] Ivana Winklmayr received her Austrian passport in March 1972.[13] The following year, she obtained an absentee divorce from Alfred Winklmayr in Los Angeles, California, where he had moved to teach skiing.[14][15][13]

Zelníčková was romantically involved with the lyricist and playwright George (Jiři) Staidl who was killed in a car accident in 1973.[17] After Staidl's death, Ivana moved to Canada where she lived with George (Jiři) Syrovatka whom she had dated since 1967; Syrovatka had defected to Canada in 1971 and owned a ski boutique in Montreal.[14][2][15][16]

Ivana worked as a ski instructor while living in Canada.[18] She lived in Montreal for two years where she continued to improve her English by taking night courses at McGill University and also worked as a model.[2][16] In 1975, Ivana told the Montreal Gazette that she considered modeling to be a job, rather than a career.[19] Her modeling clients included Eaton's department store and the designer Auckie Sanft, along with promotional work for the 1976 Summer Olympics that were being hosted in Montreal.[2][16]

 
Ivana and Donald Trump in receiving line of state dinner for King Fahd of Saudi Arabia in 1985, with U.S. president Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan

New York

Ivana was in New York City with a group of models in 1976 when she met Donald Trump.[16] On April 7, 1977, Ivana M. Winklmayr married Donald Trump at Marble Collegiate Church in a wedding officiated by Norman Vincent Peale.[20][21][22][23] The couple became leading figures in New York society during the 1980s. They worked together on several large projects, including the Trump Tower on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, the renovation of the Grand Hyatt Hotel in New York City, and the construction of the Trump Taj Mahal Casino Resort in Atlantic City, New Jersey.[24][25]

 
Ivana and Donald Trump at state dinner for King Fahd

Ivana had three children with Donald: Donald Trump Jr. (born December 31, 1977), Ivana Marie Trump, better known as Ivanka Trump, (born October 30, 1981), and Eric Trump (born January 6, 1984). Donald Jr. learned to speak fluent Czech (with the help of his maternal grandfather), while Ivanka gained only a basic understanding of her mother's native tongue, and Eric was not exposed to the language since, by the time of his birth, his grandparents were comfortable using English.[26][27]

Ivana took on major roles in The Trump Organization, working as a senior executive for seven years[28] during her marriage to Trump. Vanity Fair reported that she worked to earn an interior designer's license after moving to New York and described her as a "tough-minded business partner".[1] By 1983, The New York Times reported that she was in charge of design for the Trump Organization.[25] As the company's vice president of interior design, she led the signature design of Trump Tower. Ivana was appointed CEO[29] and president of the Trump Castle Hotel and Casino in Atlantic City and later became the manager of the Plaza Hotel in Manhattan.[2]

Ivana is multilingual, being fluent in German, French, Czech, Russian, and English.[1] She became a naturalized US citizen in 1988.[30][31]

Regarding the early marital relationship between Ivana and Donald Trump, covered in the documentary miniseries Trump: An American Dream, a reviewer described Ivana as a “charismatic workaholic, a career woman, an equal”, and a life partner deliberately chosen by Trump to “work beside him and challenge him.“[32]

However, the Trump's troubled marriage became the subject of public interest over the Christmas holiday in 1989, when the family went on vacation to Aspen, Colorado, and were observed fighting after Ivana encountered Donald Trump's mistress Marla Maples.[33] The Chicago Tribune reported that by February 1990, Donald Trump had locked Ivana out of her office at the Plaza Hotel, and a legal battle ensued over the legitimacy of the four prenuptial agreements the pair had successively negotiated over the years.[33]

In October 1990, Ivana Trump's 63-year-old father, Miloš Zelníček, died suddenly from a heart attack. According to The Guardian, her father was an informer for Czechoslovakia's Státní bezpečnost (StB) intelligence service who relayed information from his daughter, including a prediction that George H. W. Bush would win the 1988 presidential election.[34] Despite their marital troubles and pending divorce, Ivana stood side by side with Donald Trump at her father's funeral in Zlín[35] held in November 1990.[34] The service was also attended by Jaroslav Jansa, secret collaborator to the StB.[34]

The Trumps' divorce proceedings received worldwide publicity.[36] Front-page coverage appeared in New York tabloid newspapers for eleven days in a row, and the story was the subject of Liz Smith's entire news coverage for three months.[37] In a deposition relating to their divorce, Ivana accused Donald Trump of rape and of pulling out handfuls of her hair.[38] In Harry Hurt III's book Lost Tycoon: The Many Lives of Donald J. Trump, she confirmed that she had "felt violated". However, in a statement provided by Donald Trump and his lawyers, Ivana Trump said that she had used the word "rape", but she did not "want [her] words to be interpreted in a literal or criminal sense."[39] The uncontested divorce was granted in December 1990 on the grounds of cruel and inhumane treatment by Mr. Trump.[36][40] Ivana had to sign a non-disclosure agreement as a condition of the divorce settlement, and she was required to seek Donald Trump's permission before publicly discussing their marriage.[39][41] The New York Times reported in 1991 that Ivana's divorce settlement included $14 million, a 45-room Connecticut mansion, an apartment in the Trump Plaza, and the use of Mar-a-Lago for one month a year.[40] The divorce was finalized in 1992.[38]

Career

Business ventures

Soon after her divorce from Donald Trump in 1992, Ivana developed lines of clothing, fashion jewelry and beauty products that have been sold through television shopping channels, including the Home Shopping Network[42] and QVC London.[43] In 1995, she presided over the House of Ivana, a fashion and fragrance company with a showroom located on Park Avenue in New York.[42]

In 1998, she pursued business interests in Croatia (a vacation destination her parents frequently visited), which included the purchase of 33% of the nation's second largest daily newspaper.[44][45]

In 2004, the Ivana-branded Bentley Bay development in Miami, Florida, filed for bankruptcy.[46] In 2005, Trump was involved in several proposed condominium projects that ultimately failed, including the never-built Ivana Las Vegas.[46][47]

In 2010, she sued the Finnish fashion company, Ivana Helsinki, accusing it of selling women's clothing that incorporated her name without permission.[48]

Writing

Trump has published several books, including For Love Alone (1992), Free to Love (1993) and a self-help book called, The Best is Yet to Come: Coping with Divorce and Enjoying Life Again (1995).

Ivana wrote an advice column about love and life for Globe, titled Ask Ivana, from June 1995 through January 2010.[49][50]

In February 1999, Ivana launched her own lifestyle magazine titled Ivana's Living in Style.[51] In 2001, she contributed an advice column for Divorce Magazine.[52]

In 2017, she released an autobiography, Raising Trump, that covers her own upbringing and the early years of raising her children with Donald Trump.[53][54]

Media appearances

 
Ivana at the Life Ball 2009 in Vienna.

Ivana and Donald Trump made several appearances together on TV programs including The Oprah Winfrey Show in April 1988,[55] followed by the BBC's Wogan in May 1988.[56] After her divorce from Donald Trump, Ivana was interviewed by Barbara Walters for ABC's 20/20. In 1991, Donald Trump cut off her alimony payments after the interview and announced his intension to sue Ivana for monetary damages.[57]

Ivana returned to the Oprah Winfrey Show in 1992 after her divorce from Donald and stated "I will not let men dominate me anymore.”[58]

She played a cameo role in the Hollywood film The First Wives Club (1996) with the line, "Ladies, you have to be strong and independent. And remember, don't get mad, get everything."[59]

Trump was the host of a reality TV special titled Ivana Young Man, which aired on Oxygen Network in 2006.[60] In the reality dating program, she helped a wealthy, middle-aged woman find a younger partner.[18]

In 2010, Trump appeared in the UK version of Celebrity Big Brother.[18]

Personal life

Ivana has been married four times. Her first union to Alfred Winklmayr was for the goal of obtaining an Austrian passport.[10]

She had three children during her much publicized second marriage to Donald Trump from 1977 to 1992, all of them prior to acquiring her US citizenship in 1988: Don in '77, Ivanka in '81 and Eric in '84.

Ivana married Italian entrepreneur and international businessman Riccardo Mazzucchelli in November 1995.[61][62] They divorced in 1997.[63] That same year, she filed a $15 million breach of contract suit against Mazzucchelli for violating the confidentiality clause in their prenuptial agreement.[64] Mazzucchelli filed a countersuit against Ivana and Donald Trump for libel in British court during 1997.[62] The suit was later settled under undisclosed terms.[63]

In the summer of 1997, she began dating Roffredo Gaetani. The relationship continued until his death in 2005.[65]

Ivana dated Italian Actor and model Rossano Rubicondi for six years before they married in April 2008.[66][67] The marriage to Rubicondi, 36, was the fourth union for Ivana, then 59.[67] The couple's $3 million wedding for 400 guests was hosted by ex-husband Donald Trump at Mar-a-Lago with daughter Ivanka as her maid of honor.[68] The wedding was officiated by Maryanne Trump Barry.[67] Although Ivana and Rubicondi divorced less than a year later, their on-again, off-again relationship continued until 2019, when Ivana announced they had once again "called it quits".[18][69]

As of August 2019, Ivana had ten grandchildren.[70] In the late 2010s, she reportedly split her time between New York, Miami, and Saint-Tropez.[18]

References

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Further reading

External links