Rosoboronexport

JSC Rosoboronexport (Russian: AO Рособоронэкспорт, Rosoboroneksport) is the sole state intermediary agency for Russia's exports/imports of defense-related and dual use products, technologies and services. The Rosoboronexport Federal State Unitary Enterprise (FSUE) was set up in 2000 by a Decree of the President of Russia and is charged with implementation of the policy of the State in the area of military-technical cooperation between Russia and foreign countries. In 2007, the enterprise was re-registered as Rosoboronexport Open joint-stock company (OJSC). In 2011, Rostekhnologii non-profit state corporation acquired 100% of Rosoboronexport OJSC.

Rosoboronexport
TypeOpen joint-stock company
IndustryArms Industry
PredecessorRosvooruzhenie and Promexport
FoundedMoscow, Russian Federation (4 November 2000 (2000-11-04))
Headquarters
27, Stromynka Street 107076
,
Number of locations
21, Gogolevsky Bvld. 119992
Key people
Aleksandr Mikheev (CEO)
Anatoly Isaikin[1]
Igor Sevastyanov[2]
Viktor Komardin
ProductsFirearms, Ammunition, Accessories, Optoelectronics, Telescopic sights, Night sights, Tanks, Attack helicopters, Individual combat systems[3]
Revenue$562 million[4] (2016)
$103 million[4] (2016)
$73.9 million[4] (2016)
Total assets$12 billion[4] (2016)
Total equity$703 million[4] (2016)
Number of employees
2,131[4] (2015)
ParentRostec non-profit state corporation (2011-present)
Websitehttp://www.roe.ru

The official status of Rosoboronexport guarantees the support of the Russian Government in all export operations. The Rosoboronexport State Corporation is exclusively entitled to supply the international market the whole range of Russian armaments officially allowed for export.

Rosoboronexport is ranked among the leading operators in the international arms market. The status of a state intermediary agency provides the corporation with unique opportunities in expanding and strengthening long-term mutually beneficial cooperation with foreign partners. Rosoboronexport presently cooperates with Selex ES of Italy, Navantia of Spain, Thales Optronics of France and others.[5] India is a major customer, other leading customers include China, Algeria, Syria, Vietnam, Venezuela and recently Iraq.[6]

HistoryEdit

 
The headquarters of Rosoboronexport at 27, Stromynka, Moscow

Rosoboronexport is a legal successor of the state arms exporters which existed in the ex-USSR and present-day Russia. A state intermediary agency in the military-technical area was first created on 8 May 1953, when the General Engineering Department within the Ministry of Internal and Foreign Trade of the USSR was founded in accordance with the decision of the Soviet Government.[citation needed]

With the scope of military industrial complex expanding, a number of new specialized export agencies were set up. By the late 1990s, there were two state intermediary companies in the country, Rosvooruzhenie and Promexport. On 4 November 2000, the two state-owned companies were merged by Decree №1834 of the Russian President, establishing the Rosoboronexport Unitary enterprise as the sole state intermediary agency for Russia's military exports/imports.[7]

On 4 August 2006, the Bush administration imposed sanctions on Rosoboronexport accusing it of supplying Iran in violation of the United States Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000. The Russian defense ministry said the move reflected U.S. annoyance at arms sales to Venezuela. Rosoboronexport was prohibited from doing business with the Federal government of the United States from 2008 until 2010, when the U.S. lifted such sanctions in response to Russian support for a UN resolution concerning Iran's nuclear program.[8]

Rosoboronexport obtained an 66% stake in VSMPO-Avisma during October 2006 and in November 2006 Sergey Chemezov became chairman of VSMPO-AVISMA.[9]

On 19 January 2007, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree making Rosoboronexport responsible for all arms exports.[10]

It was reported that Rosoboronexport was to be folded into a state holding company called Rostec by the end of the year 2007.[11][12]

On 18 September 2008 it was reported that Rosoboronexport had agreed the sale of advanced S-300 Russian made anti-aircraft systems to Iran in light of the news that the United States had agreed to supply Israel with GBU-39s (Small Diameter Bunker Buster Bombs)[13][14]

The 2011 volume of military supplies to foreign customers made by Rosoboronexport was US$10.7 billion considering the expected US$9.19 billion. A continuous increase in sales (US$2 billion in 2011) makes Russia the second largest exporter of military products after the USA.[15][16] In 2012, the export revenues from Russian-made weapons was US$15.2 billion,[16][17] and the order portfolio for Russian military products reached US$46.3 billion.[18]

In 2012, Rosoboronexport was widely reported to be Syria’s main weapons supplier, but Russia maintains that its arms deals with the Syrian government are based on longstanding contracts between the two countries. Russia holds that the weapons sold to Syria are purely defensive in nature, cannot be used against civilians, and are primarily air defense installations.[19] The refurbishment of Russian-made helicopters, and the delivery of S-300 anti-aircraft missiles caused great international attention. The US, Germany and Israel were all opposed to weapons transfers to Syria.[20]

In July 2013, Rosoboronexport recorded $34 billion in orders for 66 countries.[21]

On 26 December 2017, Angola's first satellite Angosat 1 was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Rosoboronexport served as the leader of the project team.[22] The contract which began in 2009 was worth an estimated US$328 million.[23]

Russia delivered land troops' hardware worth $2.5 bln to foreign customers in 2020.[24] Rosoboronexport signed 13 export contracts on defense supplies of 1 bln euro worth at the MAKS-2021 international air show. The contracts concern the Sukhoi Su-30SME fighter aircraft, Mi-35M and Mi-17V5 helicopters, Protivnik-GE radars, Verba MANPADS as well as air weapons, armored and automobile vehicles.[25][26] As part of the Army-2021 International Military-Technical Forum, Rosoboronexport signed about 20 contract documents totaling over 2 billion euros for aircraft of the Su-30 type, Mi-35P, Mi-171Sh and Mi-17V-5 helicopters, aircraft weapons, the Pantsir-S1 / S1M anti-aircraft missile and cannon system, mobile electronic warfare systems "Krasukha" and "Repellent-Patrol", the Kornet-EM anti-tank missile system, remotely controlled combat modules, weapons for ships and submarines, small arms, various ammunition.[27][28]

In August 2021, Rosoboronexport recorded $52.1 billion in orders for 61 countries.[29] The share of the Asia-Pacific region reaches around 50% as of September 2021.[30] During the Dubai Airshow 2021, Rosoboronexport signed contracts for the supply of aircraft worth over $1.3 bln. It includes combat aircraft, helicopters, drones, engines.[31]

ManagementEdit

The founding director of Rosvooruzhenie, appointed in 1993, was Viktor I. Samoilov. He was followed by Aleksandr Kotelkin. Sergey Chemezov was the Director General of Rosoboronexport during 2004–2007, Anatoly Isaikin came after.[citation needed]

United States sanctionsEdit

On 16 July 2014, the Obama administration imposed sanctions through the US Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) by adding Rosoboronexport and other entities to the Specially Designated Nationals List (SDN) in retaliation for the ongoing Ukrainian crisis, annexation of the Crimean Peninsula by the Kremlin, and the Russian interference in Ukraine.[32][33]

See alsoEdit

List of countries by arms exports

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-02-22. Retrieved 2016-02-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Russia to continue arms supplies to Syria | TopNews".
  3. ^ "Rosoboronexport is to offer customers Soldier-of-the-Future systems". Rostec.
  4. ^ a b c d e f http://www.rbc.ru/companies/id/800.
  5. ^ "Рособоронэкспорт". Ростех.
  6. ^ Krasnoukhov, Sergei (2011-09-23). "Rosoboronexport says India remains Russia's largest strategic partner". Ria Novosti. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
  7. ^ "History of the company Rosoboronexport". roe.ru. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  8. ^ Meyer, Henry (2012-06-08). "Russian Trader Rosoboronexport Bids To Sell Ammunition To U.S." Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  9. ^ Фрумкин, Константин (Frumkin, Konstantin) (25 December 2006). "Чеболь по-русски: 2007 год станет годом продолжения экспансии госкорпораций" [Chaebol in Russian: 2007 will be the year of continued expansion of state corporations]. Компании Деловой Еженедельник (ko.ru) (in Russian). Archived from the original on 14 January 2007. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  10. ^ "Putin Putin taps state company as sole weapons exporter (The Globe and Mail)". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 2008-10-12.
  11. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (2007-07-08). "The Kremlin Flexes, and a Tycoon Reels". NY Times. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
  12. ^ "High Tech". Kommersant. 2007-06-20. Archived from the original on 2008-10-24.
  13. ^ "US plans to sell Israel 1,000 bunker-buster bombs". Associated Press. 2008-09-21. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008.
  14. ^ "Russia, Iran Negotiate Antiaircraft Means". Prensa Latina. 2008-09-18. Archived from the original on 2008-09-20.
  15. ^ "Russia ranked 2nd biggest global arms exporter – arms think tank". Sputnik. 23 December 2011.
  16. ^ a b Makahleh, Shehab Al (18 February 2013). "Russia to be second largest weapon exporter".
  17. ^ Рынок без идеологов
  18. ^ "Russia's weapons exports increase 12 percent to 15 billion dollars in 2012 – Putin". Archived from the original on 2013-10-20.
  19. ^ "Russia's Rosoboronexport to Continue Arms Supplies to Syria". Sputnik. 12 June 2012.
  20. ^ "US and Germany urge Russia not to arm Syria military". BBC News. 2013-05-31.
  21. ^ "Russian arms exporter Rosoboronexport Reports $34 Billion in orderswebsite=Defense Update". 2013-07-03.
  22. ^ "Launch of Angola's first satellite postponed until 2014". 2012-11-29.
  23. ^ "Angola and Russia sign satellite contract". 1 June 2009. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  24. ^ "Russia delivers land troops' hardware worth $2.5 BLN to foreign customers in 2020".
  25. ^ "Rosoboronexport inks contracts worth 1 BLN euro at MAKS-2021 air show, says CEO".
  26. ^ "ЦАМТО / / Ростех заключил на МАКС-2021 соглашения более чем на 230 млрд. рублей".
  27. ^ "ЦАМТО / / Рособоронэкспорт подвел итоги участия компании на форуме «Армия-2021»".
  28. ^ "ЦАМТО / / Рособоронэкспорт: в период летних выставок в России подписаны оружейные контракты на сумму более 3 млрд. евро".
  29. ^ "Russia's state arms exporter delivers weapons worth $5.2 BLN since start of year".
  30. ^ "Asia-Pacific region accounts for around 50% of Russia's defense orders portfolio".
  31. ^ "Dubai Airshow 2021: Rosoboronexport signs contracts totalling USD1.3 billion".
  32. ^ "Ukraine-related Sanctions; Publication of Executive Order 13662 Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List". treasury.gov. 16 July 2014.
  33. ^ "Announcement of Treasury Sanctions on Entities Within the Financial Services and Energy Sectors of Russia, Against Arms or Related Materiel Entities, and those Undermining Ukraine's Sovereignty". treasury.gov. 16 July 2014.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit