List of countries and dependencies by population density

This is a list of countries and dependencies ranked by population density, sorted by inhabitants per square kilometre or square mile. The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories based upon the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. The list also includes unrecognized but de facto independent countries. The figures in the table are based on areas including internal bodies of water such as bays, lakes, reservoirs and rivers. The list does not include entities not on ISO 3166-1, except for states with limited recognition. Thus constituent countries that are not included on ISO 3166-1, and other entities not on ISO 3166-1 like the European Union, are not included.

Population density (people per km2) by country

Unless otherwise noted, areas and populations are sourced from the United Nations World Population Prospects, which uses the latest censuses and official figures, as well as figures from the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Data are current as of 2023.[a]


  • Links for each location go to the relevant demography page, when available.
  • Dependencies are shown with their parent states in parentheses.

See also



  1. ^ See the Data Portal at the World Population Prospects site.[1] The area figures are listed in the Demographic Yearbook 2022.[2]
  2. ^ Although Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005, the United Nations, international human rights organizations and many legal scholars regard the Gaza Strip to still be under military occupation by Israel,[4] as Israel still maintains direct control over Gaza's air and maritime space, six of Gaza's seven land crossings, a no-go buffer zone within the territory, and the Palestinian population registry. However, Israel and other legal scholars dispute this.[5]
  3. ^ While the Palestinian Authority is the recognized government for both the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, the Gaza Strip has been de-facto independent since 2007. The Gaza Strip is regarded as an occupied territory due to the Gaza blockade according to the United Nations[b]
  4. ^ The De Agostini Atlas Calendar (in Italian) listed the area of Vatican City as 0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi) in its 1930 edition[8] but corrected it to 0.49 km2 (0.19 sq mi) in its 1945–46 edition.[9] The figure of 0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi) is still widely cited by many sources despite its inaccuracy. In 2018, there were 618 citizens regardless of residence, including 246 resident citizens.[10] In 2023, there were 764 residents regardless of citizenship.[10] The population density is calculated using the number of residents regardless of citizenship and the revised area of 0.49 km2 (0.19 sq mi).
  5. ^ While the Palestinian Authority is the recognized government for both the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, the Gaza Strip has been de-facto independent/occupied since 2007.
    The West Bank has a population density of 564/km2 (1,460/sq mi), and the Gaza Strip 5,749/km2 (14,890/sq mi).[11][6]
  6. ^ Data are from official figures.[14][15]
  7. ^ Data are from the TRNC State Planning Organization.[16][17]
  8. ^ Includes Svalbard (0.04/km2 (0.10/sq mi)) and the uninhabited Jan Mayen. Mainland Norway has a density of 17/km2 (44/sq mi).
  9. ^ A disputed territory with undetermined political status.[27] Formerly Spanish Sahara up to 1976, administration is currently split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic's administrative control is limited to approximately 30% of the territory, with the remaining 70% of the territory occupied by Morocco.[28] The United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara is the United Nations peacekeeping mission to the territory (see Western Sahara conflict).
  10. ^ Pitcairn's tourist site gives an undated figure of exactly 40 as of 2023,[29] while its official government site states the number is "around fifty".[30]


  1. ^ "World Population Prospects". Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  2. ^ "Demographic Yearbook – Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2022. Retrieved 30 Nov 2023.
  3. ^ Area data are from 2020. "Key Facts About Monaco". Embassy of Monaco in Washington DC. 2020. Retrieved 28 Oct 2023.
  4. ^ Sanger, Andrew (2011). "The Contemporary Law of Blockade and the Gaza Freedom Flotilla". In M.N. Schmitt; Louise Arimatsu; Tim McCormack (eds.). Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law - 2010. Vol. 13. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 429. doi:10.1007/978-90-6704-811-8_14. ISBN 978-90-6704-811-8. Israel claims it no longer occupies the Gaza Strip, maintaining that it is neither a State nor a territory occupied or controlled by Israel, but rather it has 'sui generis' status. Pursuant to the Disengagement Plan, Israel dismantled all military institutions and settlements in Gaza and there is no longer a permanent Israeli military or civilian presence in the territory. However, the Plan also provided that Israel will guard and monitor the external land perimeter of the Gaza Strip, will continue to maintain exclusive authority in Gaza air space, and will continue to exercise security activity in the sea off the coast of the Gaza Strip as well as maintaining an Israeli military presence on the Egyptian-Gaza border, and reserving the right to reenter Gaza at will. Israel continues to control six of Gaza's seven land crossings, its maritime borders and airspace and the movement of goods and persons in and out of the territory. Egypt controls one of Gaza's land crossings. Gaza is also dependent on Israel for water, electricity, telecommunications and other utilities, currency, issuing IDs, and permits to enter and leave the territory. Israel also has sole control of the Palestinian Population Registry through which the Israeli Army regulates who is classified as a Palestinian and who is a Gazan or West Banker. Since 2000 aside from a limited number of exceptions Israel has refused to add people to the Palestinian Population Registry. It is this direct external control over Gaza and indirect control over life within Gaza that has led the United Nations, the UN General Assembly, the UN Fact Finding Mission to Gaza, International human rights organisations, US Government websites, the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office and a significant number of legal commentators, to reject the argument that Gaza is no longer occupied.
    * Scobbie, Iain (2012). Elizabeth Wilmshurst (ed.). International Law and the Classification of Conflicts. Oxford University Press. p. 295. ISBN 978-0-19-965775-9. Even after the accession to power of Hamas, Israel's claim that it no longer occupies Gaza has not been accepted by UN bodies, most States, nor the majority of academic commentators because of its exclusive control of its border with Gaza and crossing points including the effective control it exerted over the Rafah crossing until at least May 2011, its control of Gaza's maritime zones and airspace which constitute what Aronson terms the 'security envelope' around Gaza, as well as its ability to intervene forcibly at will in Gaza.
    * Gawerc, Michelle (2012). Prefiguring Peace: Israeli-Palestinian Peacebuilding Partnerships. Lexington Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780739166109. While Israel withdrew from the immediate territory, it remained in control of all access to and from Gaza through the border crossings, as well as through the coastline and the airspace. In addition, Gaza was dependent upon Israel for water, electricity sewage communication networks and for its trade (Gisha 2007. Dowty 2008). In other words, while Israel maintained that its occupation of Gaza ended with its unilateral disengagement Palestinians – as well as many human rights organizations and international bodies – argued that Gaza was by all intents and purposes still occupied.
  5. ^ Cuyckens, Hanne (2016). "Is Israel Still an Occupying Power in Gaza?". Netherlands International Law Review. 63 (3): 275–295. doi:10.1007/s40802-016-0070-1. ISSN 0165-070X.
  6. ^ a b "Gaza Strip profile". CIA. 20 Feb 2024. Retrieved 22 Feb 2024.
  7. ^ "Gibraltar profile". BBC. 19 May 2023. Retrieved 28 Oct 2023.
  8. ^ Calendario atlante De Agostini (in Italian). Istituto geografico De Agostini.
  9. ^ Calendario atlante De Agostini (in Italian). Istituto geografico De Agostini.
  10. ^ a b "Population" (in Italian). Vatican City State. 26 Jun 2023. Retrieved 16 August 2023.
  11. ^ "Estimated Population in the Palestine Mid-Year by Governorate,1997-2026". Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 7 December 2022. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  12. ^ "Nigeria". CIA. 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2023.
  13. ^ Data estimates are from 2018. "Moldova: Transnistria (Pridnestrovie)". City Population. 4 Sep 2019. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  14. ^ "Population". Statistics Poland. Retrieved 2023-10-30.
  15. ^ "Population & density". Statistics Poland. Retrieved 2023-10-30.
  16. ^ Population figure is from 2022. "The population of the TRNC was calculated as 382 thousand 836". 10 Oct 2022. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  17. ^ Area estimate is from 2020. "Northern Cyprus". City Population. 30 Nov 2020. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  18. ^ Data are from 2020. "Akrotiri and Dhekelia". City Population. 8 Apr 2023. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  19. ^ Data is from 2021. "Norfolk Island". City Population. 30 Oct 2022. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  20. ^ "DANE estimation". Archived from the original on 28 October 2022. Retrieved 14 March 2024.
  21. ^ Data are from 2021. "Cocos (Keeling) Islands". City Population. 30 Oct 2022. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  22. ^ Data are from 2019. "Somalia". City Population. 3 May 2021. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  23. ^ Data are from 2020. "Georgia: Abkhazia". City Population. 14 Jan 2021. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  24. ^ Data are from 2020. "South Ossetia". City Population. 14 Jan 2021. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  25. ^ "Paraguay has 6,109,644 inhabitants, according to the last Census". ABC Color (in Spanish). August 31, 2023.
  26. ^ Data are from 2021. "Australia: Christmas Island". City Population. 1 Nov 2022. Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  27. ^ BBC News: Western Sahara profile
  28. ^ City Population: Western Sahara (disputed territory)
  29. ^ "Visit Pitcairn". Retrieved 14 Jul 2023.
  30. ^ "Pitcairn Islands". Retrieved 30 Nov 2023.