Demographics of Paraguay

This is a demography of the population of Paraguay including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Paraguay
Paraguay single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of Paraguay in 2020
Population7,356,409 (2022 est.)
Growth rate1.14% (2022 est.)
Birth rate16.32 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate4.87 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy78.37 years
Fertility rate1.89 children born/woman (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate23.21 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate-0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years23.41%
65 and over7.88%
Nationality
NationalityParaguayan
Language
OfficialSpanish and Guarani
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 1,328,452—    
1962 1,819,103+36.9%
1972 2,357,955+29.6%
1982 3,029,830+28.5%
1992 4,152,588+37.1%
2002 5,163,198+24.3%
2015 6,755,756+30.8%
2018 7,052,983+4.4%
Source:[1]

CharacteristicsEdit

The Paraguay's predominant ancestry is European, which represents a large part of the population, mainly descendants of Spaniards and Italians (who have contributed to repopulating the country after the Triple Alliance War) but there are also a large number of people of German ancestry, due to the German Mennonites (majority in the western part of the territory). There are 17 Mennonite colonies, only in the Paraguayan Chaco. It is one of the Latin American countries with the least indigenous traits (due to the fact that the traditional Paraguayan population - the Spanish mixture of Guaraní - has been annihilated by the war in 1870, which is why the country had to repopulate by resorting to immigration, especially the Italian in that country.) Taking into account the high fertility, Paraguay registers a majority young population structure. Of every ten people, four are under the age of 15 (2,339,000) and the population aged 15 to 29 represents a quarter of the total population. According to the Census (ECLAC, 1998), the population of indigenous nature that year was 29,482 people, that is, about 0.7% of the national population. There is a low percentage of people with distinctively Amerindian features and the absence of people with African features. The majority of the population is made up of mestizos who are descendants of the original population, the Guarani, and Europeans.

— Paraguay Embassy in Germany[2]

Paraguay's population is distributed unevenly through the country. The vast majority of the people live in the eastern region, most within 160 kilometres (99 mi) of Asunción, the capital and largest city, which borders on Argentina to the south and west. The Gran Chaco in the north-west, which accounts for about 60% of Paraguayan territory, is home to less than 2% of the population. The Paraguay government encouraged[when?] massive settlement of the vast Gran Chaco.

Ethnically, culturally, and socially, Paraguay has one of the most homogeneous populations in South America. About 75% of the people are mestizo (mixed Spanish and Guaraní Native American descent), 20% are Whites, and the rest are small minorities of Indigenous or Afro Paraguayan origin.[3] Little trace is left of the original Guaraní culture except the language, which is spoken by 90% of the population. About 75% of all Paraguayans also speak Spanish. Guaraní and Spanish are official languages.

Paraguay has a history of foreign settlement, especially in the 20th century: Germans (the majority are Mennonites) with long-time Paraguayan dictator Alfredo Stroessner (President, 1954-1989) himself of German ancestry; Italians (around 40% of the total Paraguayan population is of full or partial Italian descent);[4] Japanese with Okinawans; Koreans; Chinese; Arabs, Ukrainians; Poles; Southern Europeans; Jews; Brazilians; and Argentines are among those who have settled in Paraguay. There are also an estimated 234,000 Afro-Paraguayans, or 4% of the population.[5]

European and Middle Eastern immigrants began making their way to Paraguay in the decades following the Paraguayan War of 1864-1870 (from 1870 onward). Only 28,000 men and 200,000 women had survived the war, the reason why Paraguay had since then a high rate of illegitimate births. The government pursued a pro-immigration policy in an effort to increase population. Government records indicated that approximately 12,000 immigrants entered the port of Asunción between 1882 and 1907, of that total, almost 9,000 came from Italy, Germany, France, and Spain. Migrants also arrived from neighboring Spanish American countries, especially Argentina. The immigrant ethnic groups kept their cultures and languages to some extent, especially Brazilians - known as "Brasiguayos".[6][7]

Official records gave an imprecise sense of the number of Brazilians who came to the country. According to the 1982 census, 99,000 Brazilians resided in Paraguay. Most[quantify] analysts discounted this figure, however, and contended that between 300,000 and 350,000 Brazilians lived in the eastern border region.

Analysts also rejected government figures on the number of immigrants from South Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan. The 1982 census reported that there were 2,700 Koreans in Paraguay, along with another 1,100 non-Japanese or non-Korean Asian immigrants. Virtually all Koreans and Chinese lived in Ciudad del Este or Asunción and played a major role in the importation and sale of electronic goods manufactured in Asia.

Paraguay became the site of radical and progressive colonies inspired by political thinkers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A group of radical socialist Australians in the 1890s voluntarily went to create a failed master-planned community, known as Nueva (New) Australia (1893 -1897); and Elisabeth Nietzsche, a German racial ideologist and sister of philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche came to Paraguay in her attempt to build a colony, Nueva Germania (Neues Deutschland) (founded 1886) devoted to a hypothetical pure white "Nordic" society.

PopulationEdit

 
Demographics of Paraguay, Data of Our World in Data, year 2022 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
 
Paraguay population density (people per km2)

According to the 2022 revision of the World Population Prospects[8][9] the total population was 6,703,799 in 2021, compared to only 1,473,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 33.5%, 61.4% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 5.1% was 65 years or older .[10]

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 1 473 47.0 50.1 2.9
1955 1 674 47.5 49.5 3.0
1960 1 906 47.8 49.0 3.2
1965 2 176 47.5 49.2 3.3
1970 2 483 46.1 50.4 3.5
1975 2 802 44.1 52.3 3.6
1980 3 195 42.5 53.8 3.8
1985 3 698 41.6 54.5 3.9
1990 4 244 41.4 54.6 4.0
1995 4 795 40.3 55.4 4.3
2000 5 323 38.5 57.2 4.4
2005 5 824 35.5 59.8 4.7
2010 6 248 32.9 61.8 5.2
2015 6 689 30.4 63.7 5.9
2020 7 133 28.9 64.3 6.8

Structure of the populationEdit

Structure of the population per 1 July 2013. Projections are based on the 2002 Population Census.[11]

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 3 426 508 3 356 867 6 783 374 100
0–4 377 989 363 561 741 550 10,93
5–9 372 142 358 751 730 893 10,77
10–14 364 020 351 350 715 369 10,55
15–19 351 038 339 645 690 683 10,18
20–24 331 748 322 813 654 561 9,65
25–29 303 291 297 128 600 419 8,85
30–34 257 335 252 770 510 104 7,52
35–39 203 351 200 858 404 209 5,96
40–44 173 976 173 202 347 177 5,12
45–49 160 044 158 383 318 427 4,69
50–54 140 818 137 891 278 709 4,11
55–59 120 438 116 493 236 931 3,49
60–64 95 424 92 423 187 848 2,77
65–69 67 623 67 777 135 401 2,00
70–74 47 778 50 653 98 431 1,45
75–79 31 694 36 085 67 779 1,00
80+ 27 800 37 082 64 882 0,96
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 1 114 151 1 073 662 2 187 813 32,25
15–64 2 312 357 2 091 608 4 403 965 64,92
65+ 174 895 191 597 366 492 5,40

Vital statisticsEdit

Registration of vital events in Paraguay are not complete. The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [10]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950–1955 70,000 14,000 56,000 44.3 8.9 35.4 6.50 73 62.6 60.5 64.6
1955–1960 76,000 15,000 61,000 42.7 8.6 34.1 6.50 70 63.2 61.1 65.1
1960–1965 84,000 16,000 68,000 41.3 8.0 33.3 6.45 62 64.3 62.3 66.3
1965–1970 92,000 18,000 74,000 39.5 7.6 31.8 6.15 59 65.0 63.0 66.9
1970–1975 94,000 19,000 75,000 35.6 7.1 28.6 5.35 53 65.9 63.7 68.0
1975–1980 108,000 21,000 87,000 36.1 6.9 29.2 5.20 51 66.5 64.3 68.7
1980–1985 129,000 24,000 105,000 37.3 6.8 30.4 5.20 49 67.0 64.9 69.3
1985–1990 139,000 26,000 113,000 34.9 6.6 28.3 4.77 47 67.6 65.4 69.9
1990–1995 145,000 28,000 117,000 32.0 6.2 25.8 4.31 43 68.5 66.3 70.8
1995–2000 148,000 30,000 118,000 29.3 5.9 23.3 3.88 39 69.4 67.2 71.7
2000–2005 151,000 32,000 119,000 25.1 5.4 19.7 3.24 36 70.7 68.7 72.9
2005–2010 153,000 34,000 119,000 23.4 5.4 18.0 2.89 32 71.7 69.7 73.9
2010–2015 161,000 38,000 123,000 21.7 5.4 16.3 2.60 30 72.2 70.0 74.5
2015–2020 165,000 43,000 122,000 20.7 5.5 15.2 2.45 28 72.7 70.4 75.1
2020–2025 19.4 5.7 13.7 2.33
2025–2030 18.0 6.0 12.0 2.23
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deathsEdit

[12]

Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2009 6,168,757 103,309 18,758 84,551 16.7 3.0 13.7
2010 6,265,877 100,584 21,281 79,303 16.1 3.4 12.7
2011 6,363,276 111,945 22,652 89,293 17.6 3.6 14.0
2012 6,461,041 118,549 22,807 95,752 18.3 3.5 14.8
2013 6,559,027 114,619 24,193 90,426 17.5 3.7 13.8
2014 6,657,232 116,592 22,625 93,967 17.5 3.4 14.1
2015 6,755,756 132,241 24,885 107,356 19.6 3.7 15.9
2016 6,854,536 128,117 27,243 100,874 18.7 4.0 14.7
2017 6,953,646 129,903 26,404 103,499 18.7 3.8 14.9
2018 7,052,983 123,187 29,139 94,048 17.5 4.1 13.4
2019 7,152,703 117,347 32,362 84,985 16.4 4.5 11.9
2020[13] 7,252,672 95,649 36,466 59,183 13.2 5.0 8.2 2.41
2021[14] 7,353,038 112,966 50,898 63,314 15.4 6.9 8.5
  • Deaths from January – October 2021 =   47,730
  • Deaths from January – October 2022 =   33,794 [15]

Total fertility rateEdit

[16] Total Fertility Rate (Wanted Fertility Rate):

Year TFR (Total)
1990 4.6
1995/96 4.3
1998 4.3
2004 2.9
2008 2,5 (2,2)

Ethnic groupsEdit

Ethnic groups of Paraguay [3]
Ethnic groups percent
Mestizo
75%
White
20%
Afro-Paraguayans
3%
Indigenous
2%

ReligionsEdit

Religions of Paraguay [3]
Religions percent
Roman Catholic
89.6%
Protestant
6.2%
Other or Unspecified
1.9%
Other Christian
1.1%
None
1.1%

LanguagesEdit

Languages of Paraguay
Languages percent
Guaraní
90%
Spanish
87%

CIA World Factbook demographic statisticsEdit

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[17][18]

Age structureEdit

  • 0-14 years: 23.41% (male 857,303/female 826,470)
  • 15-24 years: 17.71% (male 640,400/female 633,525)
  • 25-54 years: 42.63% (male 1,532,692/female 1,532,851)
  • 55-64 years: 8.37% (male 306,100/female 295,890)
  • 65 years and over: 7.88% (male 267,351/female 299,103) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratiosEdit

  • total dependency ratio: 55.5
  • youth dependency ratio: 49.9
  • elderly dependency ratio: 10.6
  • potential support ratio: 9.4 (2020 est.)

Median ageEdit

  • total: 29.7 years
  • male: 29.5 years
  • female: 29.9 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rateEdit

  • 1.15% (2021 est.)

Sex ratioEdit

  • at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
  • 25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
  • 55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
  • total population: 1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rateEdit

0.3% (2020 est.)

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDSEdit

19,000 (2020 est.)

HIV/AIDS – deathsEdit

<500 (2020 est.)

LiteracyEdit

  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 94%
  • male: 94.5%
  • female: 93.5% (2018 est.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Evolución de la Población Total". DGEEC. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  2. ^ "Paraguay population's ethnicity & data".
  3. ^ a b c Francisco Lizcano Fernández (2005). "Composición Étnica de las Tres Áreas Culturales del Continente Americano al Comienzo del Siglo XXI" [Ethnic Composition of the Three Cultural Areas of the American Continent at the Beginning of the 21st Century]. Convergencia. Revista de Ciencias Sociales (in Spanish). 12 (38): 185–232.
  4. ^ "Italianos en el Paraguay elegirán representantes" (in Spanish). 1 December 2014. Archived from the original on 31 March 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Afro-Latino: A deeply rooted identity among U.S. Hispanics".
  6. ^ Hilton, Ronald (15 June 2001). "BRAZIL: Brazilians in Paraguay". Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Culture of Paraguay - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family". www.everyculture.com. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  8. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  9. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  10. ^ a b Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision Archived 6 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Demographic Yearbook". United Nations Statistics Division.[not specific enough to verify]
  12. ^ "Live births, deaths, and infant deaths, latest available year (2002–2016)" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2 January 2018.
  13. ^ "Proyecciones de población nacional, áreas urbana y rural, por sexo y edad, PARAGUAY 2020" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadistica. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Proyecciones de población nacional, áreas urbana y rural, por sexo y edad, PARAGUAY 2021" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadistica. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  15. ^ Ritchie, Hannah; Mathieu, Edouard; Rodés-Guirao, Lucas; Appel, Cameron; Giattino, Charlie; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe; MacDonald, Bobbie; Beltekian, Diana; Roser, Max (5 March 2020). "Excess mortality using raw death counts". Our World in Data. Retrieved 23 January 2023.
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "The World Factbook – Paraguay". 8 March 2022.
  18. ^ "IndexMundi".