Demographics of Kuwait

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Kuwait (Arabic: سكان الكويت‎).

Kuwait population pyramid in 2020
Kuwaityouth5020.jpg

Expatriates account for around 70% of Kuwait's total population, with Kuwaitis constituting 28%-32% of the total population. The government and some Kuwaiti citizens consider the proportion of expatriates (which has been relatively stable since the mid-1970s) to be a problem, and in 2016 the number of deportations increased.[1] Kuwait consists of six governorates: Hawalli, Asimah (Capital), Farwaniyah, Jahra, Ahmadi and Mubarak Al-Kabeer.[2]

GovernoratesEdit

Kuwait consists of six governorates: Hawalli, Asimah, Farwaniyah, Jahra, Ahmadi and Mubarak Al-Kabeer.[3] Most Kuwaitis live in the governorates of Hawalli, Asimah and Farwaniyah.[3]

Historical populationsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950152,000—    
1960264,000+73.7%
1970753,000+185.2%
19801,377,000+82.9%
19902,088,000+51.6%
20001,941,000−7.0%
20102,737,000+41.0%
Source:[4]
Population of Kuwait according to nationality
Census year Kuwaiti non-Kuwaiti Total Change
Population % Population % Population %
1975 307,755 30.9 687,082 69 994,837 -
1985 470,473 35 1,226,828 65 1,697,301 70.6
1995 653,616 41.5 921,954 58.5 1,575,570 -7.2
2005 860,324 39.2 1,333,327 60.8 2,193,651 39.2
2011 1,089,969 36 1,975,881 64 3,065,850 39.8
2013 1,403,962 33 2,291,354 67 3,695,316 20

The biggest population difficulty in Kuwait involves the Bedoon, a stateless people numbering just over 100,000 who are classed as illegal residents and who are trying to claim Kuwaiti citizenship.[5] Critics argue that these people are Arabs who migrated from Iraq, Syria and Saudi Arabia; a large part of the problem the Bedoon face is that these other states do not consider them as their nationals either.[6] In 2013, a law was passed to grant citizenship to 4,000 of these people as part of an attempt to resolve the problem. However, the government has said that only a third of the Bedoon would qualify for possible naturalization as it considers that the rest hold other nationalities, with officials alleging that they have destroyed their documents in order to claim Kuwaiti citizenship.[5]

Vital statisticsEdit

UN estimates

[7]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 8,000 2,000 6,000 43.7 12.3 31.4 7.21 113
1955-1960 9,000 2,000 7,000 40.0 9.6 30.4 7.21 90
1960-1965 16,000 3,000 13,000 43.4 7.6 35.8 7.31 70
1965-1970 30,000 4,000 26,000 48.8 6.3 42.5 7.41 53
1970-1975 43,000 5,000 38,000 47.6 5.2 42.4 6.90 40
1975-1980 49,000 5,000 44,000 40.7 4.2 36.5 5.89 29
1980-1985 58,000 5,000 52,000 37.1 3.4 33.6 5.10 22
1985-1990 51,000 5,000 45,000 26.5 2.8 23.7 3.34 16
1990-1995 33,000 5,000 28,000 18.0 2.7 15.3 2.20 13
1995-2000 43,000 5,000 38,000 24.1 3.0 21.1 2.93 11
2000-2005 39,000 6,000 32,000 18.5 3.1 15.4 2.24 10
2005-2010 47,000 8,000 39,000 18.7 3.1 15.6 2.32 8
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)
Registered births and deaths

[8][9]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) TFR
1958 6,881
1959 9,023
1960 11,616 1,235 10,381
1961 296,000 12,942 2,504 10,438 43.7 8.4 35.2
1962 337,000 15,204 2,180 13,024 45.1 6.5 38.6
1963 384,000 17,397 2,139 15,258 45.4 5.6 39.8
1964 433,000 19,428 2,618 16,810 44.8 6.0 38.8
1965 484,000 21,950 2,454 19,496 45.3 5.1 40.3
1966 536,000 23,732 2,813 20,919 44.3 5.3 39.0
1967 588,000 28,334 3,111 25,223 48.2 5.3 42.9
1968 642,000 33,026 3,346 29,680 51.5 5.2 46.3
1969 697,000 35,135 3,378 31,757 50.4 4.8 45.6
1970 753,000 33,842 3,735 30,107 44.9 5.0 40.0
1971 811,000 35,558 3,832 31,726 43.8 4.7 39.1
1972 870,000 37,688 4,149 33,539 43.3 4.8 38.5
1973 931,000 40,165 4,601 35,564 43.2 4.9 38.2
1974 992,000 41,060 4,693 36,367 41.4 4.7 36.7
1975 1,054,000 42,861 4,778 38,083 40.7 4.5 36.1
1976 1,116,000 46,039 4,661 41,378 41.3 4.2 37.1
1977 1,179,000 46,864 5,365 41,499 39.8 4.6 35.2
1978 1,243,000 48,010 4,936 43,074 38.6 4.0 34.7
1979 1,309,000 48,273 5,028 43,245 36.9 3.8 33.0
1980 1,377,000 51,090 4,932 46,158 37.1 3.6 33.5
1981 1,446,000 52,041 4,678 47,363 36.0 3.2 32.8
1982 1,514,000 54,257 4,992 49,265 35.8 3.3 32.5
1983 1,584,000 55,617 4,654 50,963 35.1 2.9 32.2
1984 1,660,000 56,776 4,544 52,232 34.2 2.7 31.5
1985 1,742,000 55,087 4,711 50,376 31.6 2.7 28.9
1986 1,836,000 53,845 4,390 49,455 29.3 2.4 26.9
1987 1,937,000 52,412 4,113 48,299 27.1 2.1 24.9
1988 2,028,000 53,080 4,581 48,499 26.2 2.3 23.9
1989 2,084,000 52,858 4,628 48,230 25.4 2.2 23.1
1990 2,088,000
1991 2,031,000 20,609 3,380 17,229 10.1 1.7 8.5
1992 1,924,000 34,817 3,369 31,448 18.1 1.8 16.3
1993 1,796,000 37,379 3,441 33,938 20.8 1.9 18.9
1994 1,688,000 38,868 3,464 35,404 23.0 2.1 21.0
1995 1,628,000 41,169 3,781 37,388 25.3 2.3 23.0
1996 1,628,000 44,620 3,812 40,808 27.4 2.3 25.1
1997 1,679,000 42,815 4,017 38,798 25.5 2.4 23.1
1998 1,764,000 41,424 4,216 37,208 23.5 2.4 21.1
1999 1,857,000 41,135 4,187 36,948 22.1 2.3 19.9
2000 1,941,000 41,843 4,227 37,616 21.6 2.2 19.4
2001 2,010,000 41,342 4,364 36,978 20.6 2.2 18.4
2002 2,070,000 43,490 4,342 39,148 21.0 2.1 18.9
2003 2,127,000 43,982 4,424 39,558 20.7 2.1 18.6
2004 2,189,000 47,274 4,793 42,481 21.6 2.2 19.4
2005 2,264,000 50,941 4,784 46,157 22.5 2.1 20.4
2006 2,351,000 52,759 5,247 47,512 22.4 2.2 20.2
2007 2,448,000 53,587 5,293 48,294 21.9 2.2 19.7
2008 2,548,000 54,571 5,701 48,870 21.4 2.2 19.2
2009 2,778,000 56,503 6,266 50,237 20.3 2.3 18.1
2010 2,933,000 57,533 5,448 52,085 19.6 1.9 17.8
2011 3,099,000 58,198 5,339 52,859 18.7 1.7 17.0 1.95
2012 3,246,622 59,753 5,950 53,803 18.4 1.8 16.6 1.86
2013 3,427,595 59,426 5,909 53,517 17.3 1.7 15.6 1.72
2014 3,588,092 61,313 6,031 55,282 16.3 1.6 14.7 1.90
2015 3,743,660 59,271 6,481 52,790 14.9 1.6 13.3
2016 3,925,487 58,797 6,338 52,459 14.4 1.5 12.9 1.47
2017 4,082,704 59,172 6,679 52,493 14.7 1.7 13.0 2.15
2018 4,226,920 56,121 6,807 49,314 13.6 1.7 11.9 2.16
2019 4,420,110
2020 4,464,521

Structure of the population [10]Edit

Structure of the population (10.04.2011) (Census - provisional) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 1 738 372 1 327 478 3 065 850 100
0-4 138 688 128 265 266 953 8,71
5-9 116 278 109 797 226 075 7,37
10-14 104 034 98 101 202 135 6,59
15-19 96 131 87 401 183 532 5,99
20-24 132 661 128 040 260 701 8,50
25-29 219 431 173 309 392 740 12,81
30-34 249 945 159 492 409 437 13,35
35-39 201 460 133 526 334 986 10,93
40-44 170 762 108 085 278 847 9,10
45-49 121 610 76 804 198 414 6,47
50-54 83 022 48 509 131 531 4,29
55-59 49 821 30 238 80 059 2,61
60-64 25 262 18 688 43 950 1,43
65+ 29 267 27 223 56 490 1,84
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 359 000 336 163 695 163 22,67
15-64 1 350 105 964 092 2 314 197 75,48
65+ 29 267 27 223 56 490 1,84

Life expectancyEdit

Period Life expectancy in
Years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 53.6 1985–1990 71.6
1955–1960 58.3 1990–1995 72.4
1960–1965 62.0 1995–2000 73.0
1965–1970 64.9 2000–2005 73.3
1970–1975 67.1 2005–2010 73.7
1975–1980 68.7 2010–2015 74.3
1980–1985 70.3

Source: UN World Population Prospects[11]

CIA World Factbook demographic statisticsEdit

 
Population pyramid 2017

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Age structure
  • 0–14 years: 25.8% (male 348,816; female 321,565)
  • 15–64 years: 72.2% (male 1,153,433; female 720,392)
  • 65 years and over: 2% (male 25,443; female 25,979) (2011 est.)
Population growth rate
  • 1.986% (2011 est.)
Gender ratio
  • at birth: 1.047 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 15–64 years: 1.79 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 1.65 male(s)/female
  • total population: 1.54 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
  • total population: 77.09 years
  • male: 75.95 years
  • female: 78.3 years (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate
  • 2.64 children born/woman (2011 est.)
Nationality
  • noun: Kuwaiti(s)
  • adjective: Kuwaiti
Ethnic groups )[12]
Languages[12]
Religions[12]
Literacy[12]
  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 96.1%
  • male: 96.7%
  • female: 94.9% (2018 est.)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kuwait steps up deportations of expat workers". Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Thousands born in Kuwait are stuck in limbo". Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b "2013 Population Census". Government of Kuwait. 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  4. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision Archived February 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b "Kuwait MPs pass law to naturalise 4,000 stateless Bidun". BBC News. 20 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Stateless in Kuwait: Who Are the Bidoon?". Open Society Foundations. 24 March 2011.
  7. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision". Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  8. ^ [1] United nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  9. ^ [2] Archived 2013-03-09 at the Wayback Machine Central Statistical Bureau
  10. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  11. ^ "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  12. ^ a b c d "Middle East ::KUWAIT". CIA The World Factbook.