Demographics of Kuwait

This is a demography of the population of Kuwait (Arabic: سكان الكويت).

Demographics of Kuwait
Kuwait single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of Kuwait in 2020
Population3,068,155 (2022 est.)
Growth rate1.17% (2022 est.)
Birth rate17.78 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate2.25 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy79.13 years
 • male77.67 years
 • female80.65 years
Fertility rate2.24 children born/woman (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate7.43 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate-3.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years24.29%
65 and over2.92%
Sex ratio
Total1.37 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
At birth1.05 male(s)/female
Under 151.09 male(s)/female
65 and over0.66 male(s)/female
Nationality
NationalityKuwaiti
Language
OfficialArabic
Crowd of Kuwaiti spectators.

Expatriates account for around 60% of Kuwait's total population, with Kuwaitis constituting 38%-42% of the total population. The government and some Kuwaiti citizens consider the proportion of expatriates (which has been relatively stable since the mid-1970s) to be a problem, and in 2016 the number of deportations increased.[1]

GovernoratesEdit

Kuwait consists of six governorates: Hawalli, Asimah, Farwaniyah, Jahra, Ahmadi and Mubarak Al-Kabeer.[2] Most people in Kuwait live in the governorates of Hawalli, Asimah, and Farwaniyah.[2]

Historical populationsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950152,000—    
1960264,000+73.7%
1970753,000+185.2%
19801,377,000+82.9%
19902,088,000+51.6%
20001,941,000−7.0%
20102,737,000+41.0%
20204,464,000+63.1%
Source:[3]
Population of Kuwait according to nationality
Census year Kuwaiti non-Kuwaiti Total Change
Population % Population % Population %
1975 307,755 30.9 687,082 69 994,837 -
1985 470,473 35 1,226,828 65 1,697,301 70.6
1995 653,616 41.5 921,954 58.5 1,575,570 -7.2
2005 860,324 39.2 1,333,327 60.8 2,193,651 39.2
2015 1,208,643 32.3 2,535,017 67.7 3,743,660 70.6

The biggest population difficulty in Kuwait involves the Bedoon, stateless people. According to Human Rights Watch in 1995, Kuwait has produced 300,000 stateless Bedoon.[4] Kuwait has the largest number of stateless people in the entire region.[5][6][7] The Bedoon issue in Kuwait is largely sectarian.[8][9][10][11][12]

Vital statisticsEdit

UN estimates

[13]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 8,000 2,000 6,000 43.7 12.3 31.4 7.21 113
1955-1960 9,000 2,000 7,000 40.0 9.6 30.4 7.21 90
1960-1965 16,000 3,000 13,000 43.4 7.6 35.8 7.31 70
1965-1970 30,000 4,000 26,000 48.8 6.3 42.5 7.41 53
1970-1975 43,000 5,000 38,000 47.6 5.2 42.4 6.90 40
1975-1980 49,000 5,000 44,000 40.7 4.2 36.5 5.89 29
1980-1985 58,000 5,000 52,000 37.1 3.4 33.6 5.10 22
1985-1990 51,000 5,000 45,000 26.5 2.8 23.7 3.34 16
1990-1995 33,000 5,000 28,000 18.0 2.7 15.3 2.20 13
1995-2000 43,000 5,000 38,000 24.1 3.0 21.1 2.93 11
2000-2005 39,000 6,000 32,000 18.5 3.1 15.4 2.24 10
2005-2010 47,000 7,000 40,000 18.7 3.1 15.6 2.32 8
2010-2015 58,000 9,000 49,000 16.1 2.4 13.7 2.08 8
2015-2020 60,000 12,000 48,000 12.6 2.9 9.7 2.07 7
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)
Registered births and deaths

[14][15]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) TFR
1958 6,881
1959 9,023
1960 11,616 1,235 10,381
1961 296,000 12,942 2,504 10,438 43.7 8.4 35.2
1962 337,000 15,204 2,180 13,024 45.1 6.5 38.6
1963 384,000 17,397 2,139 15,258 45.4 5.6 39.8
1964 433,000 19,428 2,618 16,810 44.8 6.0 38.8
1965 484,000 21,950 2,454 19,496 45.3 5.1 40.3
1966 536,000 23,732 2,813 20,919 44.3 5.3 39.0
1967 588,000 28,334 3,111 25,223 48.2 5.3 42.9
1968 642,000 33,026 3,346 29,680 51.5 5.2 46.3
1969 697,000 35,135 3,378 31,757 50.4 4.8 45.6
1970 753,000 33,842 3,735 30,107 44.9 5.0 40.0
1971 811,000 35,558 3,832 31,726 43.8 4.7 39.1
1972 870,000 37,688 4,149 33,539 43.3 4.8 38.5
1973 931,000 40,165 4,601 35,564 43.2 4.9 38.2
1974 992,000 41,060 4,693 36,367 41.4 4.7 36.7
1975 1,054,000 42,861 4,778 38,083 40.7 4.5 36.1
1976 1,116,000 46,039 4,661 41,378 41.3 4.2 37.1
1977 1,179,000 46,864 5,365 41,499 39.8 4.6 35.2
1978 1,243,000 48,010 4,936 43,074 38.6 4.0 34.7
1979 1,309,000 48,273 5,028 43,245 36.9 3.8 33.0
1980 1,377,000 51,090 4,932 46,158 37.1 3.6 33.5
1981 1,446,000 52,041 4,678 47,363 36.0 3.2 32.8
1982 1,514,000 54,257 4,992 49,265 35.8 3.3 32.5
1983 1,584,000 55,617 4,654 50,963 35.1 2.9 32.2
1984 1,660,000 56,776 4,544 52,232 34.2 2.7 31.5
1985 1,742,000 55,087 4,711 50,376 31.6 2.7 28.9
1986 1,836,000 53,845 4,390 49,455 29.3 2.4 26.9
1987 1,937,000 52,412 4,113 48,299 27.1 2.1 24.9
1988 2,028,000 53,080 4,581 48,499 26.2 2.3 23.9
1989 2,084,000 52,858 4,628 48,230 25.4 2.2 23.1
1990 2,088,000
1991 2,031,000 20,609 3,380 17,229 10.1 1.7 8.5
1992 1,924,000 34,817 3,369 31,448 18.1 1.8 16.3
1993 1,796,000 37,379 3,441 33,938 20.8 1.9 18.9
1994 1,688,000 38,868 3,464 35,404 23.0 2.1 21.0
1995 1,628,000 41,169 3,781 37,388 25.3 2.3 23.0
1996 1,628,000 44,620 3,812 40,808 27.4 2.3 25.1
1997 1,679,000 42,815 4,017 38,798 25.5 2.4 23.1
1998 1,764,000 41,424 4,216 37,208 23.5 2.4 21.1
1999 1,857,000 41,135 4,187 36,948 22.1 2.3 19.9
2000 1,941,000 41,843 4,227 37,616 21.6 2.2 19.4
2001 2,010,000 41,342 4,364 36,978 20.6 2.2 18.4
2002 2,070,000 43,490 4,342 39,148 21.0 2.1 18.9
2003 2,127,000 43,982 4,424 39,558 20.7 2.1 18.6
2004 2,189,000 47,274 4,793 42,481 21.6 2.2 19.4
2005 2,264,000 50,941 4,784 46,157 22.5 2.1 20.4
2006 2,351,000 52,759 5,247 47,512 22.4 2.2 20.2
2007 2,448,000 53,587 5,293 48,294 21.9 2.2 19.7
2008 2,548,000 54,571 5,701 48,870 21.4 2.2 19.2
2009 2,778,000 56,503 6,266 50,237 20.3 2.3 18.1
2010 2,933,000 57,533 5,448 52,085 19.6 1.9 17.8
2011 3,099,000 58,198 5,339 52,859 18.7 1.7 17.0 1.95
2012 3,246,622 59,753 5,950 53,803 18.4 1.8 16.6 1.86
2013 3,427,595 59,426 5,909 53,517 17.3 1.7 15.6 1.72
2014 3,588,092 61,313 6,031 55,282 16.3 1.6 14.7 1.90
2015 3,743,660 59,271 6,481 52,790 14.9 1.6 13.3
2016 3,925,487 58,797 6,338 52,459 14.4 1.5 12.9 1.47
2017 4,082,704 59,172 6,679 52,493 14.7 1.7 13.0 2.15
2018 4,226,920 56,121 6,807 49,314 13.6 1.7 11.9 2.16
2019 4,420,110 53,565 7,306 46,259 12.1 1.6 10.4 2.08
2020 4,464,521 52,463 10,569 41,894 11.7 2.4 9.3 2.03
2021 4,336,012 51,585 10,938 40,647 11.9 2.5 9.4 2.08
2022 4,216,900

Structure of the populationEdit

Structure of the population (1.01.2020) (Census - provisional):[16]

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 2,743,617 1,720,904 4,464,521 100
0-4 123,863 111,800 235,663 5,27
5-9 190,736 153,412 344,148 7,7
10-14 160,820 129,882 290,702 6,51
15-19 135,324 111,798 247,122 5,53
20-24 126,687 102,773 229,460 5,13
25-29 113,416 93,183 206,599 4,62
30-34 205,555 157,101 362,656 8,12
35-39 341,766 192,989 534,755 11,97
40-44 368,779 180,249 549,028 12,29
45-49 342,307 165,443 507,750 11,37
50-54 234,060 112,764 346,824 7,76
55-59 158,989 76,976 235,965 5,28
60-64 105,746 46,617 152,363 3,41
65-69 59,345 27,921 87,266 1,95
70-74 26,885 15,982 42,867 0,96
75-79 11,984 8,711 20,695 0,46
80+ 10,839 7,912 18,751 0,42
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 475,419 395,094 870,513 19,49
15-64 2,132,629 1,239,893 3,372,522 75,54
65+ 109,053 60,526 169,579 3,80

Life expectancyEdit

Period Life expectancy in
Years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 53.6 1985–1990 71.6
1955–1960 58.3 1990–1995 72.4
1960–1965 62.0 1995–2000 73.0
1965–1970 64.9 2000–2005 73.3
1970–1975 67.1 2005–2010 73.7
1975–1980 68.7 2010–2015 74.3
1980–1985 70.3 2015–2020 75.1

Source: UN World Population Prospects[17]

Ethnic groups[18]
Languages[18]
Religion[18]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kuwait steps up deportations of expat workers". 29 April 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b "2013 Population Census". Government of Kuwait. 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  3. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision Archived February 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "THE BEDOONS OF KUWAIT Citizens without Citizenship". Human Rights Watch.
  5. ^ "Kuwait's humanitarian disaster Inter-generational erasure, ethnic cleansing and genocide of the Bedoon". OHCHR. 2019.
  6. ^ "No Dignity for Kuwait's 'Humanitarian' State - Kuwaiti's Laws and Policies of Ethnic Discrimination, Erasure and Genocide Against The Bedoon Minority Submission on 'Human Rights Protections for Minorities Recognised in the UN System'". Susan Kennedy Nour al Deen. 2020.
  7. ^ "Kuwait Bedoon - Special Rapporteurs, United Nations, Requesting Investigation of Kuwait's Treatment of the Bedoon". Un Special Procedures Request. January 2019.
  8. ^ "Government of United Kingdom". "The Kuwaiti Bedoon`s continued exclusion from nationality can only be understood in the light of the power struggle in a system which was largely based on sectarianism and tribalism within newly emerging emirates striving to assert their legitimacy and authority. The majority of the Bedoon are in fact an extended branch of tribes across the borders between Iraq, Iran, Syria and Saudi Arabia and are largely of the Muslim Shi'ite faith".
  9. ^ "State formation of Kuwait" (PDF). p. 83.
  10. ^ "Exploring the perceptions of informed individuals about the education provisions of Bidoun in Kuwait". p. 13.
  11. ^ Eman Shams Aldeen (September 19, 2012). "البدون فــي الكويـــت.. مواطنون بلا هوية". As-Safir Al-Arabi (in Arabic).
  12. ^ "כוויית: עושר רב לצד מתחים אתניים ודיכוי". Israel Hayom (in Hebrew).
  13. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision". Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  14. ^ [1] United nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  15. ^ [2] Archived 2013-03-09 at the Wayback Machine Central Statistical Bureau
  16. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Archived from the original on 2004-09-21. Retrieved 2013-05-11.
  17. ^ "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  18. ^ a b c "Middle East ::KUWAIT". CIA The World Factbook. 6 October 2022.