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After registering a steady increase during Soviet period, the population of Armenia declined from peak value 3.633 mln in 1992 to 2.986 mln in 2017.[1]

Population of Armenia since 1949.svg
Population of Armenia (in millions) from 1949–2010.
Population3,046,100 (November 7, 2018)[1]
Density102.73/km2
Growth rate0.27/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Birth rate2.97 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate1.76 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
NationalityArmenian(s)
Major ethnicArmenian
Minor ethnicRussian, Yazidis, Kurds, Assyrian people
OfficialArmenian
SpokenArmenian, Kurdish, Russian, and others

The country's population has declined due to increased emigration since the break-up of the Soviet Union. The rates of emigration and population decline, however, have decreased in recent years, and there has been a moderate influx of Armenians returning to Armenia.

Population growth rates in Armenia in years 1980-2016. Data from World Bank.
Population of Armenia 1950-2010.
Data NSSRA [1] ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
YearPop.±%
1831161,747—    
1873496,140+206.7%
1897797,853+60.8%
1926878,929+10.2%
19391,282,338+45.9%
19591,763,048+37.5%
19702,491,873+41.3%
19793,037,259+21.9%
19893,304,776+8.8%
20013,213,011−2.8%
20113,018,854−6.0%
For 1831 and 1897[2] For 1873[3]

Contents

Human developmentEdit

According to 2016 human development report [4] Armenia has the highest inequality-adjusted HDI and the lowest coefficient of human inequality compared to all of its neighbouring countries.

Vital statisticsEdit

Life expectancyEdit

During the Soviet period, life expectancy was traditionally high in Armenia and topped all other republics of USSR and most of countries in Eastern Europe in 1978-1980.[5][6]

After a setback during 1986-1996 mostly due to the Spitak Earthquake and the Nagorno-Karabakh War, Armenia regained its position and was consistently among the top three former Soviet republics during 1997-2016, topping the list in 2007.[7]

In 2016 the average life expectancy at birth for males was 71.6 years and for females was 78.3 years, with the average at 75.0 years.[1]

Period Life expectancy in
Years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 62.8 1985–1990 68.4
1955–1960 64.9 1990–1995 68.1
1960–1965 67.0 1995–2000 70.2
1965–1970 69.2 2000–2005 72.4
1970–1975 70.8 2005–2010 72.7
1975–1980 70.6 2010–2015 74.0
1980–1985 70.9

Source: UN[8]

Reproduction indicatorsEdit

Global map of changes in population growth rates
  Population growth rates in 2010-2015 vs. 2005-2010 A study revealed that population growth rate changes were more favorable in Armenia than in its surrounding countries in specified period.

In 2016 natural increase of population comprised 12 366 persons and the crude rate of natural increase made 4.1‰, per 1000 population, decreasing by 0.4 pro mile points compared to the previous year.[1]

After double-digit (in pro mile) crude natural increase rates during 1982-1992 these did not exceed 5.5 after 1998. At regional level slightly better situation is in Yerevan city, where the value of 5.5 is consistently being surpassed since 2009. Particularly weak is natural increase in Tavush and Syunik provinces, not much better off are Lori and Vayots Dzor provinces.[1]

Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and CBR (Crude Birth Rate):[9]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
2000 13.9 1.7 (1.5) 12.1 1.5 (1.3) 16.3 2.1 (1.7)
2005 14.6 1.7 (1.6) 14.5 1.6 (1.6) 14.9 1,8 (1,6)
2010 14.0 1.7 (1.6) 12.8 1.6 (1.5) 16.2 1.8 (1.8)
2015-2016 12.9 1.7 (1.7) 12.7 1.7 (1.6) 13.2 1.8 (1.8)

Armenia's Total Fertility Rate at 1.6 was lowest in the region in 2017.[10]

The mean age of mother at birth was 26.8 years and at first birth it was 24.7 years in 2016.[1]

In 2016, infant mortality rate (in the first year of their life) was 8.6 ‰ per 1 000 live births.[1]

A study revealed that population growth rate changes were more favorable in Armenia than in its surrounding countries during 2005-2015.

Structure of the populationEdit

Mean age in 2016 : 36.2 years.[1]

36.3% of women who gave birth in 2016 had higher education.[1]

 
Pyramid Armenia 2012
http://www.armstat.am

Structure of the population (12.10.2011) (Census):[11]

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 1 448 052 1 570 802 3 018 854 100
0-4 110 565 97 007 207 572 6,88
5-9 96 429 83 500 179 929 5,96
10-14 95 458 83 179 178 637 5,92
15-19 117 938 115 137 233 075 7,72
20-24 143 897 148 337 292 234 9,68
25-29 132 109 139 820 271 929 9,01
30-34 108 114 114 891 223 005 7,39
35-39 89 073 98 348 187 421 6,21
40-44 82 502 94 462 176 964 5,86
45-49 98 064 112 996 211 060 6,99
50-54 109 294 125 238 234 532 7,77
55-59 80 989 96 769 177 758 5,89
60-64 56 189 71 410 127 599 4,23
65-69 28 020 37 353 65 373 2,17
70-74 44 041 63 637 107 678 3,57
75-79 30 734 44 643 75 377 2,50
80-84 18 662 30 244 48 906 1,62
85+ 5 974 13 831 19 805 0,66
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 302 452 263 686 566 138 18,75
15-64 1 018 169 1 117 408 2 135 577 70,74
65+ 127 431 189 708 317 139 10,51

In 2016 households with up to four members prevailed in urban areas of Armenia with share of such households coming to 70.2% in urban communities compared to 60.1% in rural communities.[12]

From sixties of the past century Armenia has highest share of urban population among South Caucasus countries.[13]

Vital statistics summary data [14][15][16][17][18]Edit

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Infant mortality rate (per 1000 births) Life expectancy males Life expectancy females
1950 1,354 43,414 11,525 31,889 32.1 8.5 23.6
1951 1,378 49,790 12,482 37,308 36.1 9.1 27.1
1952 1,415 53.845 12,916 40,929 38.1 9.1 28.9
1953 1,454 51,025 14,007 37,018 35.1 9.6 25.5
1954 1,504 57,995 12,301 45,900 38.6 8.2 30.4
1955 1,564 59,477 13,763 45,714 38.0 8.8 29.2
1956 1,616 62,119 12,286 50,000 38.5 7.6 30.8
1957 1,671 66,862 14,101 52,761 40.0 8.4 31.6
1958 1,732 71,213 14,089 57,124 41.1 8.1 33.0
1959 1,796 72,211 13,968 58,243 40.2 7.8 32.4
1960 1,867 74,825 12,675 62,150 40.1 6.8 33.3 4.63
1961 1,942 72,377 12,496 59,881 37.3 6.4 30.8 4.27
1962 2,005 69,505 13,297 56,208 34.7 6.6 28.0 4.17
1963 2,064 67,382 12,046 55,336 32.6 5.8 26.8 4.11
1964 2,133 64,454 12,415 52,039 30.2 5.8 24.4 3.98
1965 2,205 62,969 12,582 50,387 28.6 5.7 22.9 3.91
1966 2,273 61,594 12,445 49,149 27.1 5.5 21.6 3.69
1967 2,337 57,031 12,622 44,409 24.4 5.4 19.0 3.55
1968 2,401 57,503 12,231 45,272 23.9 5.1 18.9 3.46
1969 2,462 56,203 12,782 43,421 22.8 5.2 17.6 3.20
1970 2,518 55,694 12,844 42,850 22.1 5.1 17.0 3.17
1971 2,580 58,188 12,518 45,670 22.6 4.9 17.7 3.18
1972 2,644 59,313 13,730 45,583 22.4 5.2 17.2 3.07
1973 2,708 59,593 14,102 45,491 22.0 5.2 16.8 2.92
1974 2,770 60,419 14,276 46,143 21.8 5.2 16.7 2.82
1975 2,826 62,866 15,498 47,368 22.2 5.5 16.8 2.79
1976 2,883 65,065 15,688 49,377 22.6 5.4 17.1 2.72
1977 2,943 65,830 15,813 50,017 22.4 5.4 17.0 2.61
1978 3,001 66,698 16,465 50,233 22.2 5.5 16.7 2.46
1979 3,051 69,786 17,125 52,661 22.9 5.6 17.3 2.38
1980 3,096 70,324 17,124 53,200 22.7 5.5 17.2 2.33
1981 3,144 73,682 16,659 57,023 23.4 5.3 18.1 2.31
1982 3,194 74,225 17,469 56,756 23.2 5.5 17.8 2.26
1983 3,243 76,436 18,369 58,067 23.6 5.7 17.9 2.35
1984 3,292 79,767 19,043 60,724 24.2 5.8 18.4 2.44
1985 3,339 80,306 19,581 60,725 24.1 5.9 18.2 2.56
1986 3,387 81,192 19,410 61,782 24.0 5.7 18.2 2.58
1987 3,435 78,492 19,727 58,765 22.9 5.7 17.1 2.55
1988 3,453 74,707 35,5672 39,140 21.6 10.3 11.3 2.49
1989 3,482 75,250 20,853 54,397 21.6 6.0 15.6 2.61
1990 3,545 79,882 21,993 57,889 22.5 6.2 16.3 2.63
1991 3,604 77,825 23,425 54,400 21.6 6.5 15.1 2.60
1992 3,549 70,581 25,824 44,757 19.9 7.3 12.6 2.44
1993 3,410 59,041 27,500 31,541 17.3 8.1 9.2 2.14
1994 3,309 51,143 24,648 26,495 15.5 7.4 8.0 1.878
1995 3,255 48,960 24,842 24,118 15.0 7.6 7.4 1.842
1996 3,247 48,134 24,936 23,198 14.8 7.7 7.1 1.834
1997 3,242 43,929 23,985 19,944 13.5 7.4 6.2 1.680
1998 3,235 39,366 23,210 16,156 12.2 7.2 5.0 1.509
1999 3,230 36,502 24,087 12,415 11.3 7.5 3.8 1.388
2000 3,221 34,276 24,025 10,251 10.6 7.5 3.2 1.305
2001 3,214 32,065 24,003 8,062 10.0 7.5 2.5 1.239
2002 3,205 32,229 25,554 6,675 10.1 8.0 2.1 1.207
2003 3,188 35,793 26,014 9,779 11.2 8.2 3.1 1.349
2004 3,172 37,520 25,679 11,841 11.8 8.1 3.7 1.383
2005 3,155 37,499 26,379 11,120 11.9 8.4 3.5 1.366
2006 3,139 37,639 27,202 10,437 12.0 8.7 3.3 1.348 13.9 70.0 76.4
2007 3,122 40,105 26,830 13,275 12.8 8.6 4.3 1.417 10.9 70.2 76.6
2008 3,106 41,185 27,412 13,773 13.3 8.8 4.4 1.444 10.8 70.4 76.9
2009 3,089 44,466 27,528 16,938 14.4 8.9 5.5 1.551 10.4 70.6 77.0
2010 3,073 44,825 27,921 16,904 14.6 9.1 5.5 1.556 11.3 70.6 77.2
2011 3,056 43,340 27,963 15,377 14.2 9.1 5.0 1.499 11.6 70.7 77.5
20123 3,037 42,480 27,599 14,881 14.0 9.1 4.9 1.58 10.7
2013 3,022 41,770 27,165 14,605 13.8 9.0 4.8 1.57 9.8
2014 3,014 43,183 27,196 15,987 14.3 9.0 5.3 1.65 8.7
2015 3,007 41,763 27,878 13,885 13.9 9.3 4.6 1.64 8.8
2016 2,998 40,592 28,226 12,366 13.5 9.4 4.2 1.64
2017 2,986 37,700 27,157 10,543 12.7 9.2 3.5 1.57
2018 2,973 36,502 25,645 10,857 12.3 8.6 3.7
2019 2,965

1 The numbers of life births and deaths until 1959 were calculated from the birth rate and death rate, respectively

2 The high number of deaths in 1988 is related to the Spitak earthquake While in the 19th century the death rate was equal to the rate of other Europeans (excluding England) and lower than the death rate among the Indo-Portuguese, Hindus and Muslims.[19]

3 The population estimate for 2012 has been recalculated on the basis of the 2011 Census.

Ethnic groupsEdit

Armenia is the most ethnically homogeneous country of Europe [20] and former Soviet Union. It is also the third most densely populated post-Soviet state.[21]

Population of Armenia according to ethnic group 1926–2011
Ethnic
group
census 19261 census 19392 census 19593 census 19704 census 19795 census 19896 census 20017 census 20118
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Armenians 743,571 84.5 1,061,997 82.8 1,551,610 88.0 2,208,327 88.6 2,724,975 89.7 3,083,616 93.3 3,145,354 97.9 2,961,514 98.1
Yazidis 12,237 1.4 20,481 1.6 25,627 1.5 37,486 1.5 50,822 1.7 56,127 1.7 40,620 1.3 35,308 1.2
Kurds 2,973 0.3 1,519 0.0 2,162 0.1
Russians 19,548 2.2 51,464 4.0 56,464 3.2 66,108 2.7 70,336 2.3 51,555 1.6 14,660 0.5 11,911 0.4
Assyrian people 2,215 0.3 3,280 0.3 4,326 0.2 5,544 0.2 6,183 0.2 5,963 0.2 3,409 0.1 2,769 0.1
Ukrainians 2,286 0.3 5,496 0.4 5,593 0.3 8,390 0.3 8,900 0.3 8,341 0.3 1,633 0.1 1,176 0.0
Greeks 2,980 0.3 4,181 0.3 4,976 0.3 5,690 0.2 5,653 0.2 4,650 0.1 1,176 0.0 900 0.0
Georgians 274 0.0 652 0.1 816 0.0 1,439 0.1 1,314 0.0 1,364 0.0 694 0․0 617 0.0
Azerbaijanis 76,870 8.7 130,896 10.2 107,748 6.1 148,189 5.9 160,841 5.3 84,860 2.6 29 0․0
Jews 335 0.0 512 0.0 1,024 0.1 1,047 0.0 959 0.0 720 0.0 109 0․0 127[22] 0․0
Others 18,001 2.0 3,379 0.3 4,864 0.3 9,653 0.4 7,276 0.2 7,580 0.2 3,808 0.1 1,983 0.1
Total 880,464 1,282,338 1,763,048 2,491,873 3,037,259 3,304,776 3,213,011 3,018,467
1 Source: [2]. 2 Source: [3]. 3 Source: [4]. 4 Source: [5]. 5 Source: [6]. 6 Source: [7]. 7 Source: [8]. 8 Source: [9].

In 2002 review ethnic minorities included Russians, Assyrians, Ukrainians, Yazidi Kurds, Iranians, Greeks, Georgians, and Belarusians. There were also smaller communities of Vlachs, Mordvins, Ossetians, Udis, and Tats. Minorities of Poles and Caucasus Germans also exist though they are heavily Russified.[23]

LanguagesEdit

Armenian 97.7%, Kurdish 1%, Russian 0.9%, and other 0.4% (2001 census).

Armenian is the only official language.

Armenia is a member of the La Francophonie and hosted its annual summit in 2018.[24]

The largest communities of the ethnic Armenian diaspora are fluent in Russian and English.

ReligionsEdit

Most Armenians are Christian, primarily of Apostolic Church rite. Armenia is considered the first nation to adopt Christianity, which was first preached in Armenia by two Apostles of Jesus, St. Bartholomew and St. Thaddeus in the 1st century. The Armenian Apostolic Church can trace its roots back to the 3rd and 4th centuries. The country formally adopted the Christian faith in 301 A.D. Over 90% of Armenians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. It is a very ritualistic, conservative church, roughly comparable to the Coptic and Syrian churches. Armenia also has a population of Catholics and evangelical Protestants.

According to the Census of 2011 the religion in Armenia is the following: Christianity 2,862,366 (94.8%) of whom 2,797,187 Armenian Apostolic (92.5%), 29,280 Evangelical, 13,996 Armenian and Roman (Latin) Catholic, 8,695 Jehovah's Witness, 8,587 Eastern Orthodox (Russian, Ukrainian, Georgian, Greek), 2,874 Molokan (non-Orthodox Russians), 1,733 Assyrian Church of the East (Nestorian), 733 Protestant, 241 Mormon, Yazidism (0.8%), Paganism (0.2%), 812 Islam, 5,299 Other Religion (0.2%), 121,587 No Response (4%).[25]

MigrationEdit

The estimated number of population net migration is -24.8 thousand persons, according to the Integrated living conditions survey of households of 2016; for urban population -13.8 thousand and for rural population -11.0 thousand persons.[1]

24.9% of households were involved in external and internal migration processes over the period of 2013- 2016. Migration directions were distributed as follows: 12% - internal, 10.5% - Republic of Artsakh, rest (76.4%) - international (of which 89.8% - Russia). Among household members of age 15 and above, who left the place of their permanent residence in 2013-2016 for 3 months and longer and had not returned as of 2016, 11.9% were in Armenia, 13.0% in Artsakh, and 75.1% in other countries, predominantly in the Russian Federation. More than 54% of migrant household members of the age 15 years and above sent money and/ or goods to their families/relatives/friends within the 12 months preceding the survey.[26]

Wealth and povertyEdit

Out of 41 emerging economies Armenia was among only 4, which recorded rising inequality (measured by Gini coefficient) in years 2007-2015.[27]

According to official data 29.4% of population was below poverty line in year 2016. The poverty indicators in Shirak, Lori, Kotayk, Tavush and Armavir provinces are higher than the country average. The highest poverty rate in the country has been recorded in Shirak province, where 46% of the population is below the poverty line. To overcome poverty, Armenia would need AMD 63.2 billion, or an amount equal to 1.2% of GDP, in addition to the resources already allocated for social assistance, assuming that such assistance would be efficiently targeted to the poor only.[12]

In terms of international poverty line corresponding to US$1.25 at 2005 PPP poverty in Armenia went down from 19.3% in year 2001 to 1.5% in year 2008 and remained nearly unchanged until year 2015 moving in range 1.5% - 2.7%.[12]

According to Global Wealth report prepared by Credit Suisse mean wealth per adult in Armenia in 2018 is estimated at $7,583 rising 3.96 times from estimated $1,913 in year 2000. Mean wealth per adult in Armenia surpasses corresponding values for neighboring countries Iran and Azerbaijan, as well as for Ukraine and Belarus.[28][29]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "The Demographic Handbook of Armenia, 2017 - Summary" (PDF).
  2. ^ The Impact of Soviet Policies in Armenia, Mary Allerton Kilbourne Matossian, page 12, Brill Archive 1955
  3. ^ A Modern History of Transcaucasian Armenia: Social, Cultural, and Political, Manuel Sarkisyanz, Brill (Distribution), 1975, page 61
  4. ^ http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf
  5. ^ "World Development Indicators - Google Public Data Explorer". www.google.com. Retrieved 2018-10-23.
  6. ^ d_zykin (2016-01-02). "Продолжительность жизни по республикам СССР". Журнал Летучего Мыша: каждому свое и подобное к подобному. Retrieved 2018-10-23.
  7. ^ "World Development Indicators - Google Public Data Explorer". www.google.com. Retrieved 2018-10-23.
  8. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". Retrieved 2017-07-16.
  9. ^ "The DHS Program - Quality information to plan, monitor and improve population, health, and nutrition programs". www.dhsprogram.com.
  10. ^ "Map". Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  11. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". unstats.un.org.
  12. ^ a b c "Social Snapshot and Poverty in Armenia, 2017, PART 1: POVERTY PROFILE IN 2008-2016" (PDF).
  13. ^ "Share of rural population in Europe (animation)". Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  14. ^ B.R. Mitchell. International historical statistics 1750-2005: Africa. Asia and Oceania
  15. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm#2001 United nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  16. ^ "Armenian Statistical Service of Republic of Armenia". www.armstat.am.
  17. ^ "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru.
  18. ^ "The Demographic Handbook of Armenia, 2014 / Armenian Statistical Service of Republic of Armenia". www.armstat.am.
  19. ^ Baten, Jörg (2016). A History of the Global Economy. From 1500 to the Present. Cambridge University Press. p. 265. ISBN 9781107507180.
  20. ^ "Map of ethnically homogeneous countries of Europe".
  21. ^ "World Development Indicators - Google Public Data Explorer". www.google.com. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
  22. ^ "ԱԶԳԱՅԻՆ ՓՈՔՐԱՄԱՍՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐԸ ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆՈՒ". Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  23. ^ Garnik Asatryan and Victoria Arakelova, The Ethnic Minorities of Armenia Archived August 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Routledge, part of the OSCE, 2002
  24. ^ "La Francophonie Ministerial Conference kicks off with moment of silence in honor of late Charles Aznavour".
  25. ^ "ՀՀ մշտական բնակչության սեռատարիքային կազմն ըստ քաղաքային եւ գյուղական բաշխվածության" (PDF). 2011.
  26. ^ "The Demographic Handbook of Armenia, 2017 - Migration" (PDF).
  27. ^ "WORLD DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2019" (PDF).
  28. ^ "Global Wealth Databook 2018".
  29. ^ "Visualizing the Huge Disparities Between People's Wealth Around the World". HowMuch. Retrieved 2018-11-13.

External linksEdit