Demographics of New Caledonia

Historical populationEdit

YearPop.±%
195065,000—    
196078,000+20.0%
1970105,000+34.6%
1980142,000+35.2%
1990170,000+19.7%
2000212,000+24.7%
2010251,000+18.4%
Source:[1]

Ethnic groupsEdit

Ethnic Melanesians known as Kanak constituted 39% of the population in 2014, followed by Europeans with 27%. The Europeans are the largest ethnic group in the province Sud (South), while Kanak are the majority in the two other provinces. There is also a large minority from other Polynesian islands, mainly from Wallis and Futana (8%), but also from Tahiti (2%) and Vanuatu (1%). The remainder of the population (23%) is mainly from Asian countries.[2][3]

Population of New Caledonia according to ethnic group 1963-2014
Ethnic
group
census
1963
census
1969
census
1976
census
1983
census
1989
census
1996
census
2009
census
2014
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Kanak 41,190 47.6 46,200 45.9 55,598 41.7 61,870 42.6 73,598 44.8 86,788 44.1 99,078 40.3 104,958 39.1
Europeans 33,355 38.6 41,268 41.0 50,757 38.1 53,974 37.1 55,085 33.6 67,151 34.1 71,721 29.2 73,199 27.1
Wallisians and Futunians 11,974 13.8 13,111 13.0 9,571 7.2 12,174 8.4 14,186 8.6 17,763 9.0 21,262 8.7 21,926 8.2
Tahitians 6,391 4.8 5,570 3.8 4,750 2.9 5,871 2.6 4,985 2.0 5,608 2.1
Ni-Vanuatu 1,050 0.8 1,212 0.8 1,683 1.0 2,244 1.1 2,327 0.9 2,568 1.0
Indonesians 5,111 3.8 5,319 3.7 5,191 3.2 5,003 2.5 3,767 1.6 3,859 1.4
Vietnamese 1,943 1.5 2,381 1.6 2,461 1.5 2,822 1.4 2,357 1.0 2,506 0.9
Others 2,812 2.1 2,868 2.0 7,219 4.4 9,894 5.0 39,865 16.2 54,143 20.1
Total 86,519 100,579 133,233 145,368 164,173 196,836 245,580 268,767

CIA World Factbook demographic statisticsEdit

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.[4]

Age structureEdit

  • 0–14 years: 23.19% (male 32,178/female 30,804)
  • 15–24 years: 16.89% (male 23,435/female 22,448)
  • 25–54 years: 42.99% (male 58,769/female 57,994)
  • 55–64 years: 8.21% (male 10,874/female 11,417)
  • 65 years and over: 8.72% (male 10,558/female 13,138)

PopulationEdit

  • 271,615

Population growth rateEdit

  • 1.38%

Birth rateEdit

  • 15.33 births/1,000 population

Death rateEdit

  • 5.52 deaths/1,000 population

Net migration rateEdit

  • 4.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population

Sex ratioEdit

  • At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 0–14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 15–24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 25–54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
  • 55–64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
  • Total population: 1 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Infant mortality rateEdit

  • Total: 5.37 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Male: 6.33 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Female: 4.37 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birthEdit

  • Total population: 77.5 years
  • Male: 73.49 years
  • Female: 81.71 years )

Total fertility rateEdit

  • 1.97 children born/woman

NationalityEdit

  • noun: New Caledonian(s)
  • adjective: New Caledonian

ReligionsEdit

Ethnic groupsEdit

LanguagesEdit

LiteracyEdit

  • Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • Total population: 96.9%
  • Male: 97.3%
  • Female: 96.5%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  2. ^ Recensement de la population en Nouvelle-Calédonie en 2014
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Australia-Oceania ::NEW CALEDONIA". CIA The World Factbook.