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Demographics of Slovakia

YearPop.±%
18482,442,000—    
18692,481,811+1.6%
18802,477,521−0.2%
18902,595,180+4.7%
19002,782,925+7.2%
19102,916,657+4.8%
19212,993,859+2.6%
19303,324,111+11.0%
19463,327,803+0.1%
19503,442,317+3.4%
19614,174,046+21.3%
19704,537,290+8.7%
19804,991,168+10.0%
19915,274,335+5.7%
20015,379,455+2.0%
20115,397,036+0.3%
20185,450,421+1.0%
Source:

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Slovakia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. The demographic statistics are from the Statistical Office of the SR, unless otherwise indicated.

PopulationEdit

 
Population of Slovakia, Data of FAO, year 2009 ; Number of inhabitants in millions.

Total population: 5,453,014[1][2] (as of 2018).

Population censuses in 1848-2011Edit

Census Date Population Population
Density
(per km2)
31-12-1848 2,442,000 (est.) 50
31-12-1869 2,481,811 51
31-12-1880 2,477,521 51
31-12-1890 2,595,180 53
31-12-1900 2,782,925 57
31-12-1910 2,916,657 60
15-2-1921 2,993,859 61
1-12-1930 3,324,111 68
4-10-1946 3,327,803 68
1-3-1950 3,442,317 70
1-3-1961 4,174,046 85
1-12-1970 4,537,290 93
1-11-1980 4,991,168 102
3-3-1991 5,274,335 108
26-5-2001 5,379,455 110
21-5-2011 5,397,036 110
31-12-2018 5,450,421 111

Total Fertility Rate from 1876 to 1918Edit

The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[3]

Years 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[3]
Total Fertility Rate in Slovakia 5.96 5.96 5.92 5.87 5.83 5.78 5.74 5.77 5.8 5.83 5.86 5.9 5.83 5.76 5.7
Years 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900[3]
Total Fertility Rate in Slovakia 5.63 5.56 5.54 5.52 5.5 5.49 5.47 5.42 5.37 5.31
Years 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910[3]
Total Fertility Rate in Slovakia 5.26 5.21 5.16 5.1 5.04 4.99 4.93 4.86 4.78 4.71
Years 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918[3]
Total Fertility Rate in Slovakia 4.63 4.56 4.13 3.7 3.28 2.85 2.43 3.03

Vital statisticsEdit

 
Slovakia total fertility rate by region (2014)
  1.5 - 1.7
  1.4 - 1.5
  1.3 - 1.4
  < 1.3

Births and deaths since 1919Edit

Average
population
Live births Deaths Natural
change
Births
(per 1000)
Deaths
(per 1000)
Natural
change
(per 1000)
Fertility
rates
Induced
abortions
1919 2 940 000 91 729 56 866 34 863 31.2 19.3 11.9 3.64
1920 3 001 000 97 680 61 084 36 596 32.6 20.4 12.2 4.25
1921 3 006 000 114 947 63 507 51 440 38.2 21.1 17.1 4.96
1922 3 046 000 111 059 62 902 48 157 36.5 20.7 15.8 4.67
1923 3 095 000 111 070 54 176 56 894 35.9 17.5 18.4 4.55
1924 3 135 000 106 062 56 322 49 740 33.8 18.0 15.9 4.25
1925 3 168 000 102 867 56 171 46 696 32.5 17.7 14.7 4.01
1926 3 202 000 103 955 59 701 44 254 32.5 18.6 13.8 3.98
1927 3 232 000 99 891 59 172 40 719 30.9 18.3 12.6 3.76
1928 3 258 000 99 673 58 320 41 353 30.6 17.9 12.7 3.69
1929 3 286 000 95 387 56 447 38 940 29.0 17.2 11.9 3.48
1930 3 315 000 96 898 52 268 44 630 29.2 15.8 13.5 3.49
1931 3 350 000 93 309 54 273 39 036 27.9 16.2 11.7 3.33
1932 3 388 000 93 140 52 992 40 148 27.5 15.6 11.9 3.29
1933 3 424 000 84 975 50 655 34 320 24.8 14.8 10.0 2.96
1934 3 456 000 83 493 50 178 33 315 24.2 14.5 9.6 2.86
1935 3 486 000 82 382 49 830 32 552 23.6 14.3 9.3 2.8
1936 3 515 000 80 923 48 547 32 376 23.0 13.8 9.2 2.79
1937 3 540 000 79 862 49 527 30 335 22.6 14.0 8.6 2.77
1938 3 726 000 80 800 49 700 31 100 21.7 13.3 8.3 2.8
1939 3 577 000 81 200 48 800 32 400 22.7 13.6 9.1 2.83
1940 3 553 000 85 300 52 900 32 400 24.0 14.9 9.1 2.87
1941 3 542 000 85 700 53 600 32 100 24.2 15.1 9.1 2.9
1942 3 523 000 87 200 55 900 31 300 24.8 15.9 8.9 2.93
1943 3 503 000 87 700 50 900 36 800 25.0 14.5 10.5 2.96
1944 3 484 000 91 600 58 100 33 500 26.3 16.7 9.6 3
1945 3 459 000 81 880 67 505 14 375 23.7 19.5 4.2 3.03
1946 3 392 000 82 204 47 589 34 615 24.2 14.0 10.2 3.09
1947 3 399 000 87 659 41 491 46 168 25.8 12.2 13.6 3.21
1948 3 446 000 91 189 40 873 50 316 26.5 11.9 14.6 3.24
1949 3 447 000 91 053 41 727 49 326 26.4 12.1 14.3 3.28
1950 3 463 000 99 721 39 668 60 053 28.8 11.5 17.4 3.56
1951 3 509 000 100 663 40 505 60 158 28.5 11.5 17.0 3.58
1952 3 558 000 100 824 36 897 63 927 28.0 10.2 17.7 3.57
1953 3 599 000 99 124 35 598 63 526 26.9 9.7 17.3 3.50
1954 3 661 000 98 310 34 866 63 444 26.2 9.3 16.9 3.45
1955 3 727 000 99 305 32 917 66 388 26.0 8.6 17.4 3.47
1956 3 787 000 99 467 32 815 66 652 25.5 8.4 17.1 3.46
1957 3 844 000 97 311 35 755 61 556 24.5 9.0 15.5 3.34
1958 3 900 000 93 272 32 106 61 166 23.1 7.9 15.1 3.25 12 383
1959 3 946 000 87 991 34 077 53 914 21.5 8.3 13.1 3.07 17 217
1960 3 994 000 88 412 31 609 56 803 22.1 7.9 14.2 3.08 20 738
1961 4 182 000 87 359 31 403 55 956 21.6 7.8 13.8 3.04 24 244
1962 4 238 000 83 899 34 398 49 501 19.8 8.1 11.7 2.84 23 784
1963 4 282 000 87 158 32 978 54 180 20.4 7.7 12.7 2.95 19 076
1964 4 327 000 86 878 32 875 54 003 20.1 7.6 12.5 2.91 19 174
1965 4 371 000 84 257 35 910 48 347 19.3 8.2 11.1 2.80 21 037
1966 4 412 000 81 453 36 357 45 096 18.5 8.2 10.2 2.68 24 445
1967 4 449 000 77 537 35 458 42 079 17.4 8.0 9.5 2.50 26 571
1968 4 484 000 76 370 38 076 38 294 17.0 8.5 8.5 2.40 27 398
1969 4 519 000 79 769 40 623 39 146 17.7 9.0 8.7 2.43 28 534
1970 4 550 000 80 666 42 240 38 426 17.7 9.3 8.4 2.40 27 873
1971 4 557 000 83 062 42 856 40 206 18.2 9.4 8.8 2.42 28 619
1972 4 597 000 87 794 41 410 46 384 19.1 9.0 10.1 2.49 26 213
1973 4 641 000 92 953 43 759 49 194 20.0 9.4 10.6 2.56 25 335
1974 4 690 000 97 585 44 934 52 651 20.8 9.6 11.2 2.60 26 086
1975 4 739 000 97 649 45 248 52 401 20.6 9.5 11.1 2.53 26 160
1976 4 790 000 99 814 45 420 54 394 20.8 9.5 11.4 2.52 27 700
1977 4 841 000 99 533 47 181 52 352 20.6 9.7 10.8 2.47 27 875
1978 4 890 000 100 193 47 778 52 415 20.5 9.8 10.7 2.45 28 641
1979 4 939 000 100 240 47 837 52 403 20.3 9.7 10.6 2.44 29 981
1980 4 984 000 95 100 50 579 44 521 19.1 10.1 8.9 2.31 31 240
1981 5 016 000 93 290 49 632 43 658 18.6 9.9 8.7 2.28 31 943
1982 5 055 000 92 618 50 393 42 225 18.3 10.0 8.4 2.26 33 107
1983 5 092 000 92 053 52 433 39 620 18.1 10.3 7.8 2.27 33 625
1984 5 127 000 90 843 51 739 39 104 17.7 10.1 7.6 2.25 34 268
1985 5 162 000 90 155 52 464 37 691 17.5 10.2 7.3 2.26 36 283
1986 5 193 000 87 138 53 233 33 905 16.8 10.3 6.5 2.20 40 624
1987 5 224 000 84 006 52 980 31 026 16.1 10.1 5.9 2.18 49 690
1988 5 251 000 83 242 52 475 30 767 15.9 10.0 5.9 2.15 51 000
1989 5 276 000 80 116 53 902 26 214 15.2 10.2 5.0 2.08 48 602
1990 5 298 000 79 989 54 619 25 370 15.1 10.3 4.8 2.08 48 437
1991 5 283 000 78 569 54 618 23 951 14.9 10.3 4.5 2.05 45 902
1992 5 307 000 74 640 53 423 21 217 14.1 10.1 4.0 1.99 42 626
1993 5 325 000 73 256 52 707 20 549 13.8 9.9 3.9 1.93 38 815
1994 5 347 000 66 370 51 386 14 984 12.4 9.6 2.8 1.67 34 883
1995 5 364 000 61 427 52 686 8 741 11.5 9.8 1.6 1.52 29 409
1996 5 374 000 60 123 51 236 8 887 11.2 9.5 1.7 1.47 25 173
1997 5 383 000 59 310 52 080 7 230 11.0 9.7 1.3 1.43 22 318
1998 5 391 000 57 582 53 156 4 426 10.7 9.9 0.8 1.37 21 109
1999 5 396 000 56 223 52 402 3 821 10.4 9.7 0.7 1.33 19 949
2000 5 401 000 55 151 52 724 2 427 10.2 9.8 0.4 1.29 18 468
2001 5 379 000 51 136 51 980 -844 9.5 9.7 -0.2 1.20 18 026
2002 5 379 000 50 841 51 532 -691 9.5 9.6 -0.1 1.19 17 382
2003 5 379 000 51 713 52 230 -517 9.6 9.7 -0.1 1.20 16 222
2004 5 383 000 53 747 51 852 1 895 10.0 9.6 0.4 1.24 15 307
2005 5 387 000 54 430 53 475 955 10.1 9.9 0.2 1.25 14 427
2006 5 391 000 53 904 53 301 603 10.0 9.9 0.1 1.24 14 243
2007 5 398 000 54 424 53 856 568 10.1 10.0 0.1 1.26 13 424
2008 5 407 000 57 360 53 164 4 196 10.6 9.8 0.8 1.32 13 394
2009 5 418 000 61 217 52 913 8 304 11.3 9.8 1.5 1.41 13 240
2010 5 431 000 60 410 53 445 6 965 11.1 9.8 1.3 1.40 12 582
2011 5 398 000 60 813 51 903 8 910 11.3 9.6 1.7 1.45 11 789
2012 5 408 000 55 535 52 437 3 098 10.3 9.7 0.6 1.34 11 214
2013 5 416 000 54 823 52 089 2 734 10.1 9.6 0.5 1.34 11 105
2014 5 421 000 55 033 51 346 3 687 10.2 9.5 0.7 1.37 10 582
2015 5 426 000 55 604 53 826 1 778 10.3 9.9 0.3 1.40 10 058
2016 5 435 000 57 557 52 351 5 206 10.6 9.6 1.0 1.48 9 390
2017[4][5] 5 443 000 57 969 53 914 4 055 10.7 9.9 0.7 1.52 9 083
2018 5 450 000 57 639 54 293 3 346 10.6 10.0 0.6 1.54 9 039

Current natural increaseEdit

  • Number of births from January-June 2018 =   27,738
  • Number of births from January-June 2019 =   27,344
  • Number of deaths from January-June 2018 =   27,144
  • Number of deaths from January-June 2019 =   26,962
  • Natural growth from January-June 2018 =   594
  • Natural growth from January-June 2019 =   382[6]
  • Number of marriages from January-October 2017 =   28,052
  • Number of marriages from January-October 2018 =   28,107
  • Number of induced abortions from January-June 2018 = 4,683
  • Number of induced abortions from January-June 2019 =   3,509

Other demographics statisticsEdit

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[7]

  • One birth every 9 minutes
  • One death every 9 minutes
  • One net migrant every 480 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 360 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.[8]

PopulationEdit

5,445,040 (July 2018 est.)

Age structureEdit

 
Population pyramid of Slovakia in 2017
0-14 years: 15.2% (male 424,921 /female 402,483)
15-24 years: 10.48% (male 293,573 /female 277,041)
25-54 years: 45.04% (male 1,239,670 /female 1,212,687)
55-64 years: 13.32% (male 345,114 /female 380,077)
65 years and over: 15.97% (male 339,350 /female 530,124) (2018 est.)
0–14 years: 15.6% (male 437,755; female 417,797)
15–64 years: 71.6% (male 1,955,031; female 1,965,554)
65 years and over: 12.8% (male 262,363; female 438,538 (2011 est)

Median ageEdit

total: 41 years. Country comparison to the world: 46th
male: 39.3 years
female: 42.7 years (2018 est.)
total: 38 years
male: 36.5 years
female: 39.5 years (2012 est)

Birth rateEdit

 
Birth and death rates in Slovakia, 1950-2008.
9.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 198th

Death rateEdit

9.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 38th

Total fertility rateEdit

1.42 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 210th

Net migration rateEdit

0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 73rd

Population growth rateEdit

-0.02% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 197th

Mother's mean age at first birthEdit

27.6 years (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birthEdit

total population: 77.4 years
male: 73.9 years
female: 81.2 years (2018 est.)

Dependency ratiosEdit

total dependency ratio: 41.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 21.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 19.9 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 5 (2015 est.)

Ethnic groupsEdit

Slovak 80.7%, Hungarian 8.5%, Romani 2%, other 1.8% (includes Czech, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish), unspecified 7% (2011 est.)

LanguagesEdit

Slovak (official) 78.6%, Hungarian 9.4%, Roma 2.3%, Ruthenian 1%, other or unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.)

ReligionsEdit

Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, other or unspecified 12.5%, none 13.4% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)Edit

total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 16 years (2016)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24Edit

total: 22.2%. Country comparison to the world: 59th
male: 19.8%
female: 26.3% (2016 est.)

Sex ratioEdit


at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

ImmigrationEdit

 
Foreign population of Slovakia in 2010.

Immigration to Slovakia is one of the lowest in the European Union.[citation needed]

Largest groups of foreign residents
Nationality Population (2016)[9]
  Ukraine 13,024
   Czech Republic 10,137
   Hungary 7,813
  Serbia 7,232
   Romania 6,907
   Poland 5,562
   Germany 4,380
  Russia 4,035
   Italy 2,757
  Vietnam 2,580
  China 2,346
   Austria 2,334
   United Kingdom 1,970
   Bulgaria 1,789
  South Korea 1,638
   France 1,398
   Croatia 1,058
  Iran 1,056

Infant mortality rateEdit


total: 6.47 deaths/1,000 live births
male 7.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female 5.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birthEdit

Life expectancy from 1950 to 2015 (UN World Population Prospects)[10]:

Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 64.43
1955–1960   68.64
1960–1965   70.63
1965–1970   70.32
1970–1975   70.08
1975–1980   70.48
1980–1985   70.63
1985–1990   70.97
1990–1995   71.61
1995–2000   72.74
2000–2005   73.82
2005–2010   74.77
2010–2015   76.30
 
Linguistic structure of Slovakia in 1910
 
Linguistic structure of Slovakia in 2011


Ethnic groupsEdit

 
Ethnic composition of territory of Slovakia in 1880
 
Ethnic structure of Slovakia according to Census 2011

The majority of the 5.4 million inhabitants of Slovakia are Slovak (80.7%). Hungarians are the largest ethnic minority (8.5%) and are concentrated in the southern and eastern regions of Slovakia. Other ethnic groups include Roma (2.0%), Czechs, Croats, Rusyns, Ukrainians, Germans, Poles, Serbs[11] and Jews (about 2,300 remain of the estimated pre-WWII population of 120,000).

While both international organizations (the United Nations and the World Bank) and the official Slovak statistics office offer population figures for ethnic groups, these figures seldom come close to agreement. Figures for the Roma population (for a variety of reasons) vary between 1% and 10% of the population. In the most recent survey carried out by the Slovak Government's Roma Plenipotentiary, the figure for the percentage of Roma was arrived at through interview with municipality representatives and mayors, according to how many Roma they think live in their jurisdictions. The figure arrived at by this means was in the region of 300,000 (about 5.6%). Note that in the case of the 5.6%, however, the above percentages of Hungarians and Slovaks are lower accordingly.[citation needed]

Population of Slovakia according to ethnic group 1950–2018[12][13]
Ethnic
group
census 1950 census 1961 census 1970 census 1980 census 1991 census 2001 census 2011 statistics 2018[14]
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Slovaks 86.6 85.3 85.5 4,317,008 86.5 4,519,328 85.7 4,614,854 85.8 4,352,775 80.7 4,444,758 81.5%
Hungarians 10.3 12.4 12.2 559,490 11.2 567,296 10.8 520,528 9.7 458,467 8.5 451,914 8.3%
Romani1 - - - - - 75,802 1.4 89,920 1.7 105,738 2.0 111,889 2.1%
Czechs 1.2 1.1 1.0 57,197 1.1 59,326 1.1 44,620 0.8 30,367 0.6 37,219 0.7%
Rusyns 1.4 - 0.9 36,850 0.7 17,197 0.3 24,201 0.4 33,482 0.6 30,153 0.6%
Ukrainians 13,281 0.3 10,814 0.2 7,430 0.1 10,501 0.2%
Others/undeclared 0.5 1.2 0.4 20,623 0.4 22,105 0.4 74,518 1.4 408,777 7.5 363,987 6.7%
Total 3,442,317 4,174,046 4,537,290 4,991,168 5,274,335 5,379,455 5,397,036 5,450,421
1 Before 1991 the Romani were not recognized as a separate ethnic group

The official state language is Slovak, and Hungarian is widely spoken in the southern regions.

Despite its modern European economy and society, Slovakia has a significant rural element. About 45% of Slovaks live in villages with fewer than 5,000 inhabitants, and 14% in villages with fewer than 1,000.

ReligionEdit

 
Religious structure of Slovakia in 2011

The Slovak constitution guarantees freedom of religion. The majority of Slovak citizens (62%) practice Roman Catholicism; the second-largest group consider themselves atheists (13%). About 6.9% are Protestants, 4.1% are Greek Catholics, and 0.9% are Orthodox. Reformed Christian Church 2.0%, other 6.4% (2004 survey).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  2. ^ ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e Max Roser (2014), "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Our World In Data, Gapminder Foundation
  4. ^ "Štatistický úrad SR". Portal.statistics.sk. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Main demographic data". Infostat.sk. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  6. ^ "DATAcube". Datacube.statistics.sk. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Slovakia Population 2019", World Population Review
  8. ^ "The World FactBook - Serbia", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  9. ^ "Statistical Overview of Legal and Illegal Migration in the Slovak Republic" (PDF).
  10. ^ "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-18. Retrieved 2010-09-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Demographic data from population and housing censuses in Slovakia". Sodb.infostat.sk. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Development of prices in production area in July 2017" (PDF). Portal.statistics.sk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 July 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Bilancia podľa národnosti a pohlavia - SR-oblasť-kraj-okres, m-v [om7002rr]". Statistics of Slovakia (in Slovak). Statistics of Slovakia. Retrieved 28 April 2019.

External linksEdit