Demographics of the Dominican Republic

This is a demography of the population of the Dominican Republic including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of Dominican Republic in 2020
Population10,694,700 (2022 est.)
Growth rate0.91% (2022 est.)
Birth rate18.03 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate6.29 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy72.56 years
 • male70.86 years
 • female74.33 years (2022 est.)
Fertility rate2.21 children born/woman (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate21.18 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate-2.68 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years26.85%
65 and over8.17%
Sex ratio
Total1.02 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
At birth1.04 male(s)/female
Under 151.03 male(s)/female
65 and over0.73 male(s)/female
Nationality
Major ethnicMixed (70.4%) - Mestizo/Indio (58%)
Language
OfficialSpanish

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 894,665—    
1935 1,479,417+65.4%
1950 2,135,872+44.4%
1960 3,047,070+42.7%
1970 4,009,458+31.6%
1981 5,545,741+38.3%
1993 7,293,390+31.5%
2002 8,562,541+17.4%
2010 9,445,281+10.3%
2017 10,169,172+7.7%
Source:[1]
 
Dominican Republic students. Dominicans in Santiago.

The area was first included in world trade in 1492 where Christopher Columbus docked on the island of Hispaniola. When Spain occupied the country in 1496, the population consisted of (arawak, Taíno Indians). When Spain returned in 1496, they founded the current capital, Santo Domingo, as the first European city in America. The country came under Spanish rule. France took over the part of Hispaniola that is today Haiti. During the colony era, The Dominican Republic acted as a sugar supplier to Spain and France. Many whites moved to the country during this period. In 1496, Santo Domingo was built and became the new capital, and remains the oldest continuously inhabited European city in the Americas. Today, two other large groups have joined, while the indigenous population has completely disappeared. 45% of Dominicans consider themselves Endemic, 18% are white, 16% are black and 9% are mulatto. During the many years that have passed since the great immigration, the race have been mixed and it can be difficult to distinguish. In terms of race, they are all similar to the other Caribbean islands. The Spaniards brought Christianity to the Dominican Republic, and today 95% of the population are Catholics. One last clear remnant of the Spanish colonial era on the population is the language. They speak Spanish.

 
The Dominican Republic's population (1961–2003).

According to the 2022 revision of the World Population Prospects[2][3] the total population was 11,117,873 in 2021, compared to 2,380,000 in 1950. The proportion of the population aged below 15 in 2010 was 31.2%, 62.8% were aged between 15 and 65 years of age, while 6% were aged 65 years or older.[4]

 
Group of Dominicans in the town of Moca.
Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 2 380 45.5 51.7 2.7
1955 2 796 46.3 51.1 2.6
1960 3 312 48.2 49.2 2.6
1965 3 900 48.9 48.5 2.6
1970 4 524 47.7 49.7 2.7
1975 5 169 45.3 51.9 2.8
1980 5 826 42.6 54.4 3.1
1985 6 524 40.4 56.2 3.4
1990 7 245 38.5 57.6 3.9
1995 7 978 37.0 58.5 4.5
2000 8 663 34.9 59.9 5.1
2005 9 343 33.1 61.3 5.7
2010 10 017 31.2 62.8 6.0
2015 10 528 30.0 63.4 6.7
2020 11 107 28.3 62.8 7.6

Vital statisticsEdit

UN estimatesEdit

 
Population, fertility rate and net reproduction rate, United Nations estimates

Registration of vital events is not universal in the Dominican Republic. The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates: [4]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950–1955 140 000 53 000 87 000 54.3 20.5 33.8 7.60 153 46.0 44.7 47.3
1955–1960 163 000 54 000 109 000 53.4 17.6 35.8 7.64 139 49.9 48.6 51.4
1960–1965 178 000 52 000 126 000 49.5 14.5 35.0 7.35 124 53.6 52.1 55.2
1965–1970 186 000 50 000 136 000 44.2 11.8 32.3 6.65 109 56.9 55.4 58.7
1970–1975 190 000 47 000 143 000 39.2 9.7 29.6 5.68 96 59.8 58.1 61.8
1975–1980 194 000 46 000 149 000 35.4 8.3 27.1 4.76 86 62.0 60.3 64.0
1980–1985 206 000 46 000 160 000 33.4 7.5 25.9 4.15 75 64.0 62.1 66.1
1985–1990 213 000 46 000 168 000 31.0 6.7 24.3 3.65 63 66.5 64.3 69.0
1990–1995 218 000 46 000 172 000 28.7 6.0 22.7 3.31 48 69.0 66.5 71.9
1995–2000 215 000 50 000 165 000 25.8 6.0 19.8 2.98 41 70.0 67.3 73.1
2000–2005 219 000 54 000 165 000 23.8 6.1 17.7 2.75 35 71.1 68.1 74.4
2005–2010 221 000 58 000 163 000 22.0 6.0 16.0 2.57 30 72.2 69.2 75.5
2010–2015 20.9 6.1 14.8 2.57
2015–2020 19.7 6.1 13.6 2.45
2020–2025 18.0 6.4 11.6 2.36
2025–2030 16.5 6.7 9.8 2.23
2030–2035 15.2 7.1 8.1 2.12
2035–2040 14.2 7.5 6.7 2.03
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deathsEdit

[5]

Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2001 8,512,996 193,960 30,166 163,794 22.8 3.5 19.2 2.562
2002 8,627,509 190,369 27,322 163,047 22.1 3.2 18.9 2.481
2003 8,745,084 176,866 29,839 147,027 20.2 3.4 16.8 2.260
2004 8,857,648 167,747 34,685 133,062 18.9 3.9 15.0 2.130
2005 8,968,144 165,297 34,095 131,202 18.4 3.8 14.6 2.076
2006 9,071,458 157,471 33,180 124,291 17.4 3.7 13.7 1.967
2007 9,174,058 155,999 33,993 122,006 17.0 3.7 13.3 1.929
2008 9,279,602 162,913 35,130 127,783 17.6 3.8 13.8 2.009
2009 9,380,152 166,900 34,153 132,747 17.8 3.6 14.2 2.037
2010 9,478,612 168,837 36,643 132,194 17.8 3.9 13.9 2.036
2011 9,580,139 175,433 37,014 138,419 18.3 3.9 14.4 2.097
2012 9,680,963 168,949 37,206 131,743 17.5 3.8 13.6 2.009
2013 9,784,680 170,401 37,589 132,812 17.4 3.8 13.6 2.017
2014 9,883,486 173,972 42,113 131,859 17.6 4.3 13.3 2.044
2015 9,980,243 169,538 43,185 126,353 17.0 4.3 12.7 1.977
2016 10,075,045 160,685 46,030 114,655 15.9 4.6 11.4 1.862
2017 10,169,172 168,450 44,767 123,683 16.6 4.4 12.2 1.948
2018 10,266,149 174,559 44,123 130,436 17.0 4.3 12.7 2.020
2019 10,358,320 177,691 46,910 130,781 17.2 4.5 12.6 2.052
2020 10,448,499 155,703 45,495 110,208 14.9 4.4 10.5 1.806
2021 10,535,535 157,084 53,707 103,377 14.9 5.1 9.8 1.821

Structure of the populationEdit

Structure of the population (01.07.2017) (Estimates):[6]

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 5 082 876 5 086 296 10 169 172 100
0–4 492 808 472 820 965 628 9,49
5–9 492 702 474 348 967 050 9,50
10–14 492 107 477 445 969 552 9,53
15–19 480 035 471 501 951 536 9,51
20–24 455 440 453 444 930 505 9,15
25–29 420 715 423 382 844 907 8,30
30–34 377 850 385 180 763 030 7,50
35–39 339 877 348 143 688 020 6,76
40–44 306 907 313 858 616 955 6,07
45–49 275 488 282 105 557 593 5,48
50–54 245 299 249 766 495 065 4,87
55–59 206 257 210 188 416 445 4,10
60–64 162 912 168 103 331 015 3,25
65–69 121 894 126 929 248 523 2,44
70–74 86 739 90 761 177 500 1,74
75–79 61 133 65 274 126 407 1,24
80+ 65 523 73 349 138 872 1,36
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 1 595 851 1 538 432 3 134 283 30,56
15–64 3 213 973 3 268 108 6 482 081 63,19
65+ 306 501 334 859 641 360 6,25

Structure of the population (DHS 2013) (Males 19 686, Females 19 878 = 39 564) :

Age Group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0–4 10,2 9,6 9,9
5–9 9,6 9,1 9,4
10–14 10,5 10,7 10,6
15–19 10,0 9,8 9,9
20–24 9,6 9,1 9,3
25–29 7,9 7,8 7,9
30–34 7,7 7,6 7,6
35–39 6,4 6,2 6,3
40–44 6,2 5,9 6,0
45–49 5,2 5,4 5,3
50–54 4,1 5,2 4,7
55–59 3,3 3,5 3,4
60–64 3,0 3,5 3,2
65–69 1,9 2,0 2,0
70–74 1,7 1,7 1,7
75–79 1,2 1,1 1,1
80+ 1,7 1,8 1,8
Age group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0–14 30,3 29,4 29,9
15–64 63,2 64,0 63,5
65+ 6,5 6,6 6,6

Fertility and birthsEdit

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[7]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1965–69 7,1
1970–74 5,8
1975–79 4,7
1980–82 4,31
1983–85 3,69
1986 3,8 (2,8) 3,2 (2,5) 5,1 (3,5)
1991 30,1 3,3 (2,6) 29,7 2,8 (2,3) 30,5 4,4 (3,1)
1996 27,7 3,2 (2,5) 24,4 2,8 (2,2) 29,8 4,0 (3,0)
1999 2,9 (2,3) 2,7 (2,1) 3,4 (2,7)
2002 25,2 3,0 (2,3) 25,3 2,8 (2,3) 24,9 3,3 (2,5)
2007 20,4 2,4 (1,9) 20,0 2,3 (1,8) 21,4 2,8 (2,1)
2013 20,9 2,5 (2,0) 21,2 2,4 (1,9) 20,3 2,6 (2,1)

Other demographic statisticsEdit

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2022.[8]

  • One birth every 3 minutes
  • One death every 8 minutes
  • One net migrant every 18 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 5 minutes

Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[9]

PopulationEdit

10,694,700 (2022 est.)
10,298,756 (July 2018 est.)

Ethnic groupsEdit

mixed 70.4% (Mestizo/Indio 58%, Mulatto 12.4%), Black 15.8%, White 13.5%, other 0.3% (2014 est.)
note: respondents self-identified their race; the term "indio" in the Dominican Republic is not associated with people of indigenous ancestry but people of mixed ancestry or skin color between light and dark

Age structureEdit

 
Population pyramid of Dominican Republic in 2020
0-14 years: 26.85% (male 1,433,166/female 1,385,987)
15-24 years: 18.15% (male 968,391/female 937,227)
25-54 years: 40.54% (male 2,168,122/female 2,088,926)
55-64 years: 8.17% (male 429,042/female 428,508)
65 years and over: 6.29% (2020 est.) (male 310,262/female 350,076)
0-14 years: 27.56% (male 1,442,926 /female 1,395,809)
15-24 years: 18.52% (male 969,467 /female 937,765)
25-54 years: 40.28% (male 2,112,813 /female 2,035,902)
55-64 years: 7.71% (male 397,821 /female 396,172)
65 years and over: 5.92% (male 286,300 /female 323,781) (2018 est.)

Median ageEdit

total: 27.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 144th
male: 27.8 years
female: 28.1 years (2020 est.)
total: 27.3 years. Country comparison to the world: 145th
male: 27.1 years
female: 27.4 years (2018 est.)

Birth rateEdit

18.03 births/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 81st
18.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 84th

Death rateEdit

6.29 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 147th
6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 145th

Total fertility rateEdit

2.21 children born/woman (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 86th
2.28 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 88th

Net migration rateEdit

-2.68 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 174th
-2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 170th

Population growth rateEdit

0.91% (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 106th
0.99% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 109th

Mother's mean age at first birthEdit

20.9 years (2013 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-49

Contraceptive prevalence rateEdit

69.5% (2014)

Dependency ratiosEdit

total dependency ratio: 57.8 (2015 est.) Country comparison to the world: 151st
youth dependency ratio: 47.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 10.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 9.5 (2015 est.)

Life expectancy at birthEdit

 
Life expectancy at birth in the Dominican Republic
total population: 72.56 years. Country comparison to the world: 151st
male: 70.86 years
female: 74.33 years (2022 est.)

ReligionsEdit

Roman Catholic 44.3%, Evangelical 13%, Protestant 7.9%, Adventist 1.4%, other 1.8%, atheist 0.2%, none 29.4%, unspecified 2% (2018 est.)

UrbanizationEdit

urban population: 83.8% of total population (2022)
rate of urbanization: 1.64% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

LanguagesEdit

Education expendituresEdit

4% of GDP (2019) Country comparison to the world: 102nd

LiteracyEdit

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2016 est.)

total population: 93.8%
male: 93.8%
female: 93.8% (2016 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)Edit

total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2017)

Unemployment, youth ages 15–24Edit

total: 14.9%
male: 11.6%
female: 20.7% (2020 est.)

See alsoEdit

Census information:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Censos de Población y Vivienda". Oficina Nacional de Estadística. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  2. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  3. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". population.un.org. Archived from the original on May 6, 2011.
  5. ^ "Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE)". Archived from the original on 2015-11-14. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  6. ^ https://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic-social/products/dyb/documents/dyb2017/table07.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  7. ^ "MEASURE DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys". microdata.worldbank.org.
  8. ^ "Dominican Republic Population 2022", World Population Review
  9. ^   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: "World Factbook CENTRAL AMERICA : DOMINICAN REPUBLIC", The World Factbook, 2022