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The demographics of Ukraine include statistics on population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population of Ukraine.

Population of Ukraine.png
Population of Ukraine (in millions) from 1950-2012.
Population42,386,403 Decrease (1 January 2018: excluding Crimea and Sevastopol)[1]
Growth rate−8.4 Decrease people/1,000 population (2015)
Birth rate10.3 Decrease births/1,000 population (2016)
Death rate14.7 Negative increase deaths/1,000 population (2016)
Life expectancy71.68 years Increase (2016)
 • male66.73 Increase years
 • female76.46 Increase years
Fertility rate1.47 Decrease children born/woman (2016)
Infant mortality rate7.4 deaths/1,000 Decrease infants (2016)
Net migration rate−5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015)
0–14 yearsIncrease 15.4%
15–64 yearsDecrease 68.4%
65 and overIncrease 16.2% (2017)
At birth1.06 male(s)/female
Under 151.06 male(s)/female
15–64 years0.92 male(s)/female
65 and over0.51 male(s)/female
Nationalitynoun: Ukrainian(s) adjective: Ukrainian
Major ethnicUkrainians (85.9%[citation needed]) 2015
Minor ethnicRussians (8.1%[citation needed]) 2015
OfficialUkrainian
SpokenUkrainian, Russian, others

The data in this article are based on the 2001 Ukrainian census which is the most recent,[2] the CIA World Factbook, and the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. The next census is scheduled to take place in 2020.[3][4]

The total population of 42,386,403[1] depicted here excludes the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol which were annexed by Russia in 2014. (The total population including those territories is 44,727,181[5])

Contents

Historical dataEdit

There were roughly four million Ukrainians at the end of the 17th century.[6] The majority of the historical information is sourced from Demoscope.ru.[7] Please note that territory of modern Ukraine at the times listed above varied greatly. The western regions of Ukraine, west of Zbruch river, until 1939 for most of time were part of the Kingdom of Galicia and later the Polish Republic. The detailed information for those territories is missing, for more information see Demographics of Poland. The Crimean peninsula changed hands as well, in 1897 it was a part of the Taurida Governorate, but after the October Revolution became part of the Russian SFSR, and later was turned under the administration of the Ukrainian SSR.

The territory of Budjak (southern Bessarabia) became a part of the Ukrainian SSR in June 1940. The censuses of 1926 through 1989 were taken in the Ukrainian SSR. The census of 1897 is taken with the correspondence to nine gubernias that included in the territory of today's Ukraine. The statistics of 1906 records are taken from www.statoids.com which provides a broad degree of historical explanation on the situation in the Imperial Russia. The census statistics of 1931 was estimated by the professor Zenon Kuzela (1882–1952)[8] from Berlin. His calculations are as of 1 January 1931. This ethnographer is mentioned in the encyclopedia of Ukraine as one of the sources only available due to lack of the official census.[9][10]

The 2001 census was the first official census of the independent republic of Ukraine. Its data is given as on 1 January. The 2003–2009 stats were taken from the official website of Ukrstat and represent the data as of February of each year for the real population.

Vital statisticsEdit

Ukrainian provinces of the Russian EmpireEdit

The figures below refer to the nine governorates of the Russian Empire (Volhynia, Yekaterinoslav, Kiev, Podolia, Poltava, Taurida, Kharkov, Kherson and Chernigov) with a Ukrainian majority.[11]

Average population (thousands) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000) Total fertility rates
1900 24,969 1,203,334 660,723 542,611 48.2 26.5 21.7
1901 25,505 1,123,519 657,883 465,636 44.1 25.8 18.3
1902 25,935 1,207,512 681,580 525,932 46.6 26.3 20.3
1903 26,449 1,188,404 663,067 525,337 44.9 25.1 19.9
1904 26,961 1,228,116 682,068 546,048 45.6 25.3 20.3
1905 27,210 1,160,308 779,107 381,201 41.1 27.6 13.5
1906 27,949 1,225,951 724,045 501,906 43.9 25.9 18.0
1907 28,418 1,279,027 701,451 577,576 45.0 24.7 20.3
1908 29,069 1,232,862 692,624 540,238 42.4 23.8 18.6
1909 29,700 1,226,155 744,818 481,337 41.3 25.1 16.2
1910 30,297 1,225,658 839,491 386,167 40.5 27.7 12.7
1911 30,858 1,240,985 670,742 570,243 40.2 21.7 18.5
1912 30,580 1,245,358 654,157 591,201 40.7 21.4 19.3
1913 31,142 1,222,277 715,924 506,353 39.2 23.0 16.3 6.00
1914 30,973 1,240,114 716,875 523,239 40.0 23.1 16.9

Between WWI and WWIIEdit

Average population (thousands) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000) Fertility rates
1924 27,400 1,150,577 484,880 665,697 42.0 17.7 24.3
1925 28,000 1,185,028 531,819 653,209 42.3 19.0 23.3 5.39
1926 28,700 1,207,907 518,656 689,251 42.1 18.1 24.0
1927 29,589 1,184,400 522,600 661,700 40.0 17.7 22.4
1928 30,251 1,139,300 495,700 643,600 37.7 16.4 21.3
1929 30,894 1,081,000 538,700 542,300 35.0 17.4 17.6
1930 31,436 1,023,000 578,100 484,900 32.5 18.4 14.2
1931 31,882 975,300 514,700 460,600 30.6 16.1 14.4
1932 32,342 782,000 668,200 113,800 24.2 20.7 3.5
1933 32,456 564,000 2,104,000 -1,540,000 17.4 64.8 -47.4
1934 30,916 551,500 462,000 89,500 17.8 14.9 2.9
1935 31,006 759,100 341,900 417,200 24.5 11.0 13.5
1936 31,423 893,100 359,500 533,500 28.4 11.4 17.0
1937 31,957 1,214,000 428,400 785,600 38.0 13.4 24.6
1938 32,742 1,113,500 430,800 682,600 34.0 13.2 20.9
1939 33,425 1,073,500 412,600 660,900 32.1 12.3 19.8
1940 (b) 40,649 1,100,000 27.3 3.80

(a) Information is given for Ukraine's territory within its old boundaries up to 17 September 1939 (b) Information is given for Ukraine's territory within its present-day boundaries, after the annexation of Eastern Galicia and Volhynia in September 1939

After WW IIEdit

Average population
(thousands)
Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000) Fertility rates Urban fertility Rural fertility Abortions, reported
1946 753,493
1947 712,994
1948 757,783
1949 911,641
1950 36,905 844,585 315,300 529,300 22.9 8.5 14.3 2.81
1951 37,569 858,052 327,500 530,600 22.8 8.7 14.1
1952 38,141 846,434 325,700 520,700 22.2 8.5 13.7
1953 38,678 795,652 326,800 468,900 20.6 8.4 12.1
1954 39,131 845,128 318,500 526,600 21.6 8.1 13.5
1955 39,506 792,696 296,200 496,500 20.1 7.5 12.6 2.70
1956 40,082 822,569 293,000 529,600 20.5 7.3 13.2
1957 40,800 847,781 304,800 543,000 20.8 7.5 13.3
1958 41,512 873,483 286,700 586,800 21.0 6.9 14.1 2.30
1959 42,155 880,552 316,800 563,800 20.9 7.5 13.4 2.29
1960 42,469 878,768 296,171 582,597 20.7 7.0 13.7 2.24
1961 43,097 843,482 304,346 539,136 19.6 7.1 12.5 2.17
1962 43,559 823,151 331,454 491,697 18.9 7.6 11.3 2.14
1963 44,088 794,969 323,556 471,413 17.9 7.3 10.6 2.06
1964 44,664 741,668 315,340 426,328 16.5 7.0 9.5 1.96
1965 45,133 692,153 342,717 349,436 15.3 7.6 7.7 1.99
1966 45,548 713,492 344,850 368,642 15.6 7.5 8.1 2.02
1967 45,997 699,381 368,573 330,808 15.1 8.0 7.2 2.01
1968 46,408 693,064 374,440 318,624 14.9 8.0 6.8 1.99
1969 46,778 687,991 404,151 283,840 14.7 8.6 6.0 2.04
1970 47,127 719,213 418,679 300,534 15.2 8.9 6.4 2.10 1,130,315
1971 47,507 736,691 424,717 311,974 15.4 8.9 6.5 2.12
1972 47,903 745,696 443,038 302,658 15.5 9.2 6.3 2.08
1973 48,274 719,560 449,351 270,209 14.9 9.3 5.6 2.04
1974 48,571 736,616 455,970 280,646 15.1 9.4 5.8 2.04
1975 48,881 738,857 489,550 249,307 15.1 10.0 5.1 2.02 1,110,223
1976 49,151 747,069 500,584 246,485 15.2 10.2 5.0 1.99
1977 49,388 726,217 517,967 208,250 14.7 10.5 4.2 1.94
1978 49,578 732,187 529,681 202,506 14.7 10.7 4.1 1.96
1979 49,755 735,188 552,019 183,169 14.7 11.1 3.7 1.96
1980 50,044 742,489 568,243 174,246 14.8 11.4 3.5 1.95 1,197,000
1981 50,222 733,183 568,789 164,394 14.6 11.3 3.3 1.93 1,112,734
1982 50,388 745,591 568,231 177,360 14.8 11.3 3.5 1.94 1,131,437
1983 50,573 807,111 583,496 223,615 16.0 11.6 4.4 2.11 1,125,686
1984 50,768 792,035 610,338 181,697 15.6 12.0 3.6 2.08 1,127,627
1985 50,941 762,775 617,548 145,227 15.0 12.1 2.9 2.02 1,179,000
1986 51,143 792,574 565,150 227,424 15.5 11.1 4.4 2.13 1,166,039
1987 51,373 760,851 586,387 174,464 14.8 11.4 3.4 2.07 1,168,136
1988 51,593 744,056 600,725 143,331 14.4 11.6 2.8 2.04 1,080,029
1989 51,770 690,981 600,590 90,391 13.3 11.6 1.7 1.92 1.78 2.33 1,058,414
1990 51,838 657,202 629,602 27,600 12.7 12.1 0.6 1.84 1.69 2.27 1,019,038
1991 51,944 630,813 669,960 −39,147 12.1 12.9 −0.8 1.77 1.61 2.33 957,022
1992 52,056 596,785 697,110 −100,325 11.4 13.4 −2.0 1.67 1.48 2.19 932,272
1993 52,244 557,467 741,662 −184,195 10.7 14.2 −3.5 1.56 1.37 2.07 860,996
1994 52,114 521,545 764,669 −243,124 10.0 14.7 −4.7 1.47 1.28 1.97 798,538
1995 51,728 492,861 792,587 −299,726 9.6 15.4 −5.8 1.40 1.22 1.86 740,172
1996 51,297 467,211 776,717 −309,506 9.2 15.2 −6.1 1.33 1.16 1.77 687,035
1997 50,818 442,581 754,151 −311,570 8.7 14.9 −6.2 1.27 1.11 1.68 596,740
1998 50,370 419,238 719,954 −300,716 8.4 14.4 −6.0 1.20 1.04 1.62 525,329
1999 49,918 389,208 739,170 −349,962 7.8 14.9 −7.0 1.12 0.97 1.51 495,760
2000 49,429 385,126 758,082 −372,956 7.8 15.4 −7.6 1.11 0.96 1.49 434,223
2001 48,923 376,479 745,953 −369,474 7.7 15.3 −7.6 1.085 0.96 1.41 369,750
2002 48,457 390,687 754,911 −364,224 8.1 15.7 −7.6 1.12 1.03 1.47 345,967
2003 48,003 408,591 765,408 −356,817 8.5 16.0 −7.5 1.17 1.09 1.48 315,835
2004 47,622 427,259 761,263 −334,004 9.0 16.0 −7.0 1.21 1.12 1.53 289,065
2005 47,280 426,085 781,964 −355,879 9.0 16.6 −7.6 1.21 1.16 1.48 263,950
2006 46,929 460,368 758,093 −297,725 9.8 16.2 −6.4 1.31 1.21 1.61 229,618
2007 46,646 472,657 762,877 −290,220 10.2 16.4 −6.2 1.34 1.28 1.69 210,454
2008 46,372 510,588 754,462 −243,874 11.0 16.3 −5.3 1.46 1.31 1.72 201,087
2009 46,143 512,526 706,740 −194,214 11.1 15.3 −4.2 1.46 1.33 1.77 194,845
2010 45,962 497,689 698,235 −200,546 10.8 15.2 −4.4 1.44 1.31 1.78 176,774
2011 45,778 502,595 664,588 −161,993 11.0 14.5 −3.5 1.46 1.32 1.80 156,193
2012 45,633 520,704 663,139 −142,435 11.4 14.5 −3.1 1.53 1.39 1.87 141,396
2013 45,553 503,656 662,368 −158,712 11.1 14.6 −3.5 1.51 1.37 1.83
2014 43,001 465,882 632,296 −166,414 10.8 14.7 −3.9 1.50 1.35 1.83
2015 42,844 411,783 594,795 −183,012 9.6 13.9 −4.3 1.51 1.39 1.71
2016 42,672 397,039 583,631 −186,592 9.3 13.6 −4.3 1.47 1.36 1.64
2017 42,386 363,987 574,123 −210,136 8.6 13.5 −5.0 1.38 (e)
2018 42,153.201 335,874 587,665 –251,791 8.0 14.0 –6.0

(e) estimate

Urban live births Urban deaths Urban natural change Urban crude birth rate (per 1,000) Urban crude death rate (per 1,000) Urban natural change (per 1,000) Rural live births Rural deaths Rural natural change Rural crude birth rate (per 1,000) Rural crude death rate (per 1,000) Rural natural change (per 1,000)
1990 442,869 357,114 85,755 12.7 10.2 2.5 214,333 272,488 −58,155 12.7 16.1 −3.4
1991 419,205 380,988 38,917 11.9 10.8 1.1 211,608 288,972 −77,364 12.6 17.2 −4.6
1992 387,696 401,849 −14,153 11.0 11.4 −0.4 209,089 295,261 −86,172 12.5 17.6 −5.1
1993 356,833 432,462 −75,629 10.1 12.2 −2.1 200,634 309,200 −108,566 12.0 18.5 −6.5
1994 328,522 450,823 −122,301 9.3 12.8 −3.5 193,023 313,846 −120,823 11.6 18.8 −7.2
1995 308,408 476,434 −168,026 8.8 13.6 −4.8 184,453 316,153 −131,700 11.1 19.1 −8.0
1996 291,121 460,805 −169,684 8.4 13.3 −4.9 176,090 315,912 −139,822 10.7 19.2 −8.5
1997 274,961 444,446 −169,485 8.0 13.0 −5.0 167,620 309,705 −142,805 10.2 18.9 −8.7
1998 258,724 425,521 −166,797 7.6 12.6 −5.0 160,514 294,433 −133,919 9.9 18.1 −8.2
1999 239,408 439,986 −200,578 7.1 13.1 −6.0 149,800 299,184 −149,384 9.3 18.5 −9.2
2000 238,014 457,069 −219,055 7.2 13.8 −6.6 147,112 301,013 −153,901 9.2 18.8 −9.6
2001 237,228 450,329 −213,101 7.2 13.8 −6.6 139,250 295,623 −156,373 8.7 18.6 −9.9
2002 248,877 454,406 −205,529 7.7 14.0 −6.3 141,811 300,505 −158,694 9.0 19.1 −10.1
2003 266,415 459,965 −193,550 8.3 14.3 −6.0 142,174 305,443 −163,269 9.1 19.6 −10.5
2004 284,361 460,492 −176,131 8.9 14.4 −5.5 142,898 300,769 −157,871 9.3 19.6 −10.3
2005 284,257 471,561 −187,304 8.9 14.8 −5.9 141,829 310,400 −168,571 9.4 20.5 −11.1
2006 306,635 461,774 −155,139 9.6 14.5 −4.9 153,733 296,318 −142,585 10.3 19.8 −9.5
2007 314,065 466,253 −152,188 9.9 14.7 −4.8 158,592 296,624 −138,032 10.7 20.1 −9.4
2008 340,594 462,897 −122,303 10.8 14.6 −3.8 169,995 291,563 −121,568 11.6 19.9 −8.3
2009 339,497 432,294 −92,797 10.8 13.7 −2.9 173,028 274,445 −101,417 11.9 18.9 −7.0
2010 326,587 431,130 −104,543 10.4 13.7 −3.3 171,102 267,105 −96,003 11.9 18.6 −6.7
2011 328,934 411,025 −82,091 10.5 13.1 −2.3 173,661 253,563 −79,902 12.1 17.7 −5.6
2012 341,599 411,787 −70,788 10.9 13.1 −2.2 179,106 251,352 −72,246 12.6 17.7 −5.1
2013 330,284 412,552 −82,268 10.5 13.1 −2.6 173,372 249,816 −76,444 12.3 17.7 −5.4
2014 304,190 391,739 −87,549 10.2 13.2 −3.0 161,692 240,557 −78,865 12.2 18.1 −5.9
2015 266,082 358,749 −92,667 10.4 13.2 −2.8 145,699 236,047 −90,348 11.3 18.0 −6.7
2016 258,688 354,634 −95,946 10.0 13.2 −3.2 138,349 228,997 −90,648 10.8 17.6 −6.8

Note: Data excludes Crimea starting in 2014.[12]

 
The natural population growth of Ukraine since 1950.[13][14][15]
  Birth rate
  Death rate
  Natural growth rate

Current vital statisticsEdit

  • Number of births for January-March 2019 = 76,125
  • Number of deaths for January-March 2019 = 159,264
  • Natural increase from January-March 2019 = −83,139

Note: Starting 2014 territories of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol and part of the anti-terrorist operation zone are not included in Demographics of Ukraine. These territories are included to the Demographics of Russia. All data from State Statistics Service of Ukraine.[16]

Life expectancy at birthEdit

 
Life expectancy at birth in Ukraine by oblast in 2012
  • total population: 71.37   years
  • male: 66.34   years
  • female: 76.22   years (2013 official)

Average life expectancy at age 0 of the total population.[17]

Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 61.83
1955–1960   67.11
1960–1965   69.69
1965–1970   70.66
1970–1975   70.57
1975–1980   69.65
1980–1985   69.15
1985–1990   70.55
1990–1995   68.72
1995–2000   67.36
2000–2005   67.46
2005–2010   67.89
2010–2015   71.12

Total fertility rateEdit

  • 6.00   children born/woman (1913 est.)
  • 5.39   children born/woman (1925 est.)
  • 1.08   children born/woman (2001)
  • 1.46   children born/woman (2011)
  • 1.53   children born/woman (2012)
  • 1.51   children born/woman (2013)

In 2001 Ukraine recorded the lowest fertility rate ever recorded in Europe for an independent country: 1.08 child/woman. During this year the number of children born was less than half of that born in 1987. Lower rates were recorded only in former East Germany, which registered 0.77 child/woman in 1994, as well as Taiwan (from 2008 to 2010), and both Hong Kong and Macau (from about 2000 to 2010). After neglect by the Kuchma administration, both the Yushchenko and the Yanukovych governments have made increasing the birth rate a priority.

Demographic statisticsEdit

Birth data by oblastEdit

Note: Recent data for Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts has been affected by the War in Donbass, and may only include births within the government-held parts of the oblasts.[18]

Number of births by oblast for January–November Birth/2016 Birth/2015 Death/2016 Death/2015
  Kyiv City 33416   32382   27772   27767  
  Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 28473   30620   47934   49258  
  Lviv Oblast 25708   25007   29247   30010  
  Odessa Oblast 24246   25182   30479   31512  
  Kharkiv Oblast 21992   22864   38502   38965  
  Donetsk Oblast 17772   15608   33464   36883  
  Kiev Oblast 17559   18485   25623   26046  
  Zakarpattia Oblast 14862   15525   13880   14164  
  Rivne Oblast 14454   14809   13261   13426  
  Zaporizhia Oblast 14430   15140   25533   25657  
  Vinnytsia Oblast 14153   15126   22521   23237  
  Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 13547   14412   15616   16144  
  Volyn Oblast 12047   12307   12311   12602  
  Zhytomyr Oblast 11958   12526   18301   19085  
  Khmelnytskyi Oblast 11793   12768   18097   18702  
  Poltava Oblast 11503   12381   22084   22440  
  Mykolaiv Oblast 9904   10626   15834   16316  
  Kherson Oblast 9877   10476   14891   15055  
  Cherkasy Oblast 9721   10560   18437   18315  
  Chernivtsi Oblast 9461   9851   10399   10738  
  Ternopil Oblast 9177   9912   13584   13962  
  Kirovohrad Oblast 8189   8662   14810   14809  
  Sumy Oblast 8169   8959   16982   17322  
  Chernihiv Oblast 7816   8359   17515   18199  
  Luhansk Oblast 5960   4978   12689   13401  
Number of births by oblast Birth/2014 Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Death/2014 Death/2013 Death/2012 Death/2011
  Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 36497   36134   37087   36116   52722   51134   51486   52106  
  Donetsk Oblast 35595   41034   42839   41720   71799   69345   70496   71042  
  Kyiv City 34821   33305   33887   32068   29992   28003   27840   27050  
  Lviv Oblast 30270   29542   30220   28904   32450   31666   31667   31162  
  Odessa Oblast 29465   29075   30384   29225   34155   33523   33648   33688  
  Kharkiv Oblast 27690   26700   27244   26317   41891   39465   40130   40079  
  Kiev Oblast 20900   20511   20966   20083   28264   27198   27161   26847  
  Zaporizhia Oblast 18713   18134   18882   18198   27773   26498   26406   27033  
  Zakarpattia Oblast 18377   18490   18968   18460   14808   14801   14813   14588  
  Vinnytsia Oblast 17547   17437   18339   17894   25567   25453   25158   25376  
  Rivne Oblast 17169   17445   18316   17697   14714   14556   14302   14168  
  Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 16886   16716   17101   16497   17670   17358   16801   16657  
  Zhytomyr Oblast 15115   15001   15486   15154   21185   20859   20685   20417  
  Volyn Oblast 14668   14700   15346   14620   13748   13666   13710   13842  
  Khmelnytskyi Oblast 14631   14548   14881   14492   20408   20581   20362   20116  
  Poltava Oblast 14504   14296   14635   14167   24784   24358   24223   24384  
  Mykolaiv Oblast 13076   13043   13515   13029   17750   17353   17277   17441  
  Cherkasy Oblast 12351   12100   12798   12473   20800   20477   20667   20848  
  Kherson Oblast 12308   12300   12643   12085   16141   16048   15904   15828  
  Ternopil Oblast 11717   11807   12202   11964   15180   14682   14838   14829  
  Chernivtsi Oblast 11679   11465   11592   11281   11619   11520   11321   11192  
  Luhansk Oblast 11442   20531   21743   21320   22755   35822   36316   37256  
  Kirovohrad Oblast 10576   10562   11029   10578   16716   16513   16521   16697  
  Sumy Oblast 10344   10411   11093   10473   19452   19219   19002   18833  
  Chernihiv Oblast 9552   9852   10222   10134   20324   19909   20208   20179  
Birth rate by oblast Birth/2014 Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Death/2014 Death/2013 Death/2012 Death/2011
  Rivne Oblast 14.8   15.1   15.9   15.3   12.7   12.6   12.4   12.3  
  Zakarpattia Oblast 14.6   14.7   15.1   14.8   11.8   11.8   11.8   11.7  
  Volyn Oblast 14.1   14.1   14.8   14.1   13.2   13.1   13.2   13.3  
  Chernivtsi Oblast 12.9   12.6   12.8   12.5   12.8   12.7   12.5   12.4  
  Odessa Oblast 12.3   12.1   12.7   12.2   14.3   14.0   14.1   14.1  
  Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 12.2   12.1   12.4   12.0   12.8   12.6   12.2   12.1  
  Kiev Oblast 12.1   11.9   12.2   11.7   16.4   15.8   15.8   15.6  
  Kyiv City 12.1   11.7   12.0   11.4   10.4   9.8   9.8   9.6  
  Zhytomyr Oblast 12.0   11.9   12.2   11.9   16.8   16.5   16.3   16.0  
  Lviv Oblast 11.9   11.6   11.9   11.4   12.8   12.4   12.5   12.3  
  Kherson Oblast 11.5   11.4   11.7   11.1   15.1   14.9   14.7   14.6  
  Mykolaiv Oblast 11.2   11.1   11.5   11.0   15.2   14.8   14.7   14.8  
  Khmelnytskyi Oblast 11.2   11.1   11.3   11.0   15.6   15.7   15.5   15.2  
  Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 11.1   11.0   11.2   10.9   16.0   15.5   15.5   15.7  
  Vinnytsia Oblast 10.9   10.8   11.2   10.9   15.9   15.7   15.4   15.5  
  Ternopil Oblast 10.9   11.0   11.3   11.1   14.2   13.7   13.8   13.7  
  Kirovohrad Oblast 10.8   10.7   11.0   10.5   17.0   16.7   16.5   16.6  
  Zaporizhia Oblast 10.6   10.2   10.6   10.1   15.7   14.9   14.8   15.0  
  Kharkiv Oblast 10.1   9.8   9.9   9.6   15.3   14.4   14.6   14.6  
  Poltava Oblast 10.0   9.8   9.9   9.5   17.1   16.7   16.5   16.4  
  Cherkasy Oblast 9.8   9.6   10.1   9.8   16.5   16.2   16.2   16.3  
  Sumy Oblast 9.2   9.2   9.7   9.1   17.2   16.9   16.6   16.3  
  Chernihiv Oblast 9.0   9.2   9.4   9.3   19.2   18.6   18.7   18.5  
  Donetsk Oblast 8.2   9.4   9.8   9.5   16.6   15.9   16.1   16.1  
  Luhansk Oblast 5.1   9.1   9.6   9.3   10.2   15.9   16.0   16.3  

Year in review 2013Edit

Compared to 2012, amount of attrition increased by 16,278 persons, or 3.1 to 3.5 persons per 1,000 inhabitants real. Natural decrease was observed in 23 oblasts of the country, while natural increases were recorded only in the capital Kiev, Zakarpattya, Rivne and Volyn oblast (respectively 5,302, 3,689, 2,889 and 1,034 people).

Some regions registered a low natural decline, such as Chernivtsi, Ivano-Frankivsk, Sevastopol, Lviv, Ternopil, Crimea, Kherson and Odessa (respectively, −55, −642, −863, −2,124, −2,875, −2,974, −3,748 and −4,448 people). The largest declines were recorded in Donetsk, Luhansk, Dnipro, Kharkiv, Poltava and Chernihiv (respectively −28,311, −15,291, −15,007, −12,765, −10,062 and −10,057), regions which have in common a low birth rate and high mortality of a large urban population and a strong rural population aging.

Net migration rateEdit

−5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015).

Infant mortality rateEdit

  • 9.1   deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4,564 deaths. (2010)
  • 9.0   deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4,511 deaths. (2011)
  • 8.4   deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4,371 deaths. (2012)
  • 8.0   deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4,030 deaths. (2013)
  • 8.9   deaths/1,000 infants live births for 2,193 death for January–June 2011
  • 8.6   deaths/1,000 infants live births for 2,190 death for January–June 2012
  • 7.8   deaths/1,000 infants live births for 1,993 deaths for January–June 2013[19]
Infant mortality by oblast Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010 Death/2009
  Donetsk Oblast 540   473   497   533  
  Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 370   343   347   329  
  Odessa Oblast 267   268   263   280  
  Kyiv City 262   255   233   244  
  Lviv Oblast 233   272   266   238  
  Kharkiv Oblast 203   234   243   252  
  Zakarpattia Oblast 168   195   199   238  
  Vinnytsia Oblast 166   186   148   149  
  Luhansk Oblast 165   188   199   252  
  Zaporizhia Oblast 154   169   182   174  
  Rivne Oblast 147   156   158   164  
  Khmelnytskyi Oblast 134   89   109   174  
  Zhytomyr Oblast 124   134   135   127  
  Cherkasy Oblast 122   101   125   132  
  Kiev Oblast 119   143   140   146  
  Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 109   145   170   157  
  Volyn Oblast 106   116   123   118  
  Kirovohrad Oblast 103   139   112   119  
  Kherson Oblast 100   120   116   136  
  Mykolaiv Oblast 97   97   104   112  
  Ternopil Oblast 97   96   98   93  
  Chernihiv Oblast 94   80   82   103  
  Chernivtsi Oblast 92   96   90   91  
  Poltava Oblast 85   86   87   105  
  Sumy Oblast 76   78   97   91  
Infant mortality per 1,000 by Oblast Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010 Death/2009
  Donetsk Oblast 12.7   11.4   12.0   12.3  
  Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 10.0   9.5   9.7   8.8  
  Cherkasy Oblast 9.6   8.1   10.0   10.5  
  Kirovohrad Oblast 9.4   13.2   10.6   10.9  
  Chernihiv Oblast 9.2   7.9   8.1   9.9  
  Vinnytsia Oblast 9.1   10.4   8.4   8.3  
  Khmelnytskyi Oblast 9.0   6.2   7.5   11.8  
  Zakarpattia Oblast 8.9   10.6   10.9   13.1  
  Odessa Oblast 8.8   9.2   9.2   9.7  
  Zaporizhia Oblast 8.2   9.3   10.1   9.4  
  Rivne Oblast 8.1   8.9   9.2   9.4  
  Kherson Oblast 8.0   9.9   9.4   11.0  
  Zhytomyr Oblast 8.0   8.9   9.1   8.5  
  Chernivtsi Oblast 8.0   8.5   8.2   8.2  
  Ternopil Oblast 8.0   8.0   8.2   7.5  
  Lviv Oblast 7.8   9.4   9.2   8.0  
  Kyiv City 7.8   8.0   7.3   7.5  
  Luhansk Oblast 7.6   8.8   9.4   11.6  
  Kharkiv Oblast 7.5   8.9   9.2   9.3  
  Mykolaiv Oblast 7.3   7.5   8.1   8.5  
  Volyn Oblast 7.0   7.9   8.2   7.7  
  Sumy Oblast 6.9   7.5   9.3   8.5  
  Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 6.4   8.8   10.3   9.1  
  Poltava Oblast 5.8   6.1   6.1   7.1  
  Kiev Oblast 5.7   7.2   7.0   7.1  

Total fertility rate by oblastEdit

 
Fertility rate in Ukraine by oblast in 2011

Although none of the oblasts in 2013 has recorded a higher fertility rate 2.10 children per woman. However, the rate has been in rural areas in the Rivne Oblast (2.50) and the Volyn Oblast (2.20). While a very close generational renewal rate was achieved in the Odessa Oblast (2.04), Zakarpattia Oblast (2.00), Mykolaiv Oblast (1.95), Chernivtsi Oblast (1.93) and Zhytomyr Oblast (1.91) weaker when they have been recorded in the Luhansk oblast (1.41), Sumy oblast (1.47) and Cherkasy Oblast (1.53).

The fertility rate of the highest urban areas were recorded in the Zakarpattia Oblast (1.80), the city of Sevastopol (1.57), Volyn Oblast (1.56), Kiev Oblast (1.56) and the Rivne Oblast (1.54). The lowest rates were recorded in the Sumy Oblast (1.23), Kharkiv Oblast (1.26), Cherkasy Oblast (1.28), Chernihiv Oblast (1.28), Chernivtsi Oblast (1.28), Luhansk oblast (1.28), Poltava oblast (1.29), Donetsk oblast (1.29) and Zaporizhia Oblast (1.32).

Children born per woman by oblast Total fertility rate/2013 Total fertility rate/2012 Total fertility rate/2011 Total fertility rate/2010
  Rivne Oblast 2.00   2.08   1.99   1.93  
  Zakarpattia Oblast 1.93   1.95   1.90   1.83  
  Volyn Oblast 1.86   1.92   1.81   1.85  
  Zhytomyr Oblast 1.68   1.71   1.65   1.61  
  Odessa Oblast 1.65   1.71   1.62   1.58  
  Kiev Oblast 1.64   1.67   1.58   1.58  
  Chernivtsi Oblast 1.63   1.64   1.58   1.53  
  Khmelnytskyi Oblast 1.61   1.62   1.56   1.55  
  Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 1.60   1.63   1.55   1.58  
  Kherson Oblast 1.60   1.61   1.51   1.51  
  Kirovohrad Oblast 1.57   1.61   1.51   1.50  
  Lviv Oblast 1.55   1.58   1.49   1.50  
  Mykolaiv Oblast 1.55   1.57   1.47   1.44  
  Vinnytsia Oblast 1.53   1.59   1.53   1.50  
  Ukraine 1.51   1.53   1.46   1.45  
  Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 1.51   1.52   1.44   1.43  
  Ternopil Oblast 1.48   1.50   1.45   1.46  
  Zaporizhia Oblast 1.43   1.46   1.37   1.34  
  Poltava Oblast 1.40   1.41   1.33   1.34  
  Cherkasy Oblast 1.38   1.43   1.37   1.36  
  Chernihiv Oblast 1.37   1.40   1.36   1.36  
  Kyiv City 1.36   1.38   1.29   1.30  
  Donetsk Oblast 1.32   1.34   1.27   1.26  
  Kharkiv Oblast 1.32   1.32   1.25   1.24  
  Sumy Oblast 1.30   1.36   1.25   1.23  
  Luhansk Oblast 1.30   1.33   1.27   1.23  

Other demographics statisticsEdit

 
Population pyramid of Ukraine in 1897
 
Population pyramid of Ukraine in 1926
 
Population pyramid of Ukraine in 2017
 
Population change, 1970–2010
 
Population change, 1970–1979
 
Population change, 1989–2001
 
Population change, 1989–2012
 
Population change of urban settlements, 1970–1989
 
Population change of urban settlements, 1989–2010

The population of Ukraine has undergone a major crisis since the 1990s. This is mainly because of the high death rate and a very low birth rate. The country's population is shrinking by over 150,000 people every year. However, things have changed a little since the year 2000. The birth rate, which was previously very low, has risen recently.[20]

The fertility rate, however, is fairly low: 1.29 children born/woman. The death rate of almost 15 deaths/1000 persons is higher than the birth rate, which is almost 9.59 births/1000 population.[20]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[20]

  • One birth every 1 minutes
  • One death every 48 seconds
  • Net loss of one person every 2 minutes
  • One net migrant every 30 minutes

Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[21]

Population
43,952,299 (July 2018 est.)
44,033,874 (July 2017 est.)
  45,426,249 (1 January 2013)[22]
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.95% (male 3,609,386 /female 3,400,349)
15-24 years: 9.57% (male 2,156,338 /female 2,047,821)
25-54 years: 44.03% (male 9,522,108 /female 9,831,924)
55-64 years: 13.96% (male 2,638,173 /female 3,499,718)
65 years and over: 16.49% (male 2,433,718 /female 4,812,764) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 15.76% (male 3,571,358/female 3,366,380)
15-24 years: 9.86% (male 2,226,142/female 2,114,853)
25-54 years: 44.29% (male 9,579,149/female 9,921,387)
55-64 years: 13.8% (male 2,605,849/female 3,469,246)
65 years and over: 16.3% (male 2,409,049/female 4,770,461) (2017 est.)
0–14 years: 15.1% = 6,449,171 (2015 official.)
15–64 years: 69.3% = 29,634,710
65 years and over: 15.6% = 6,675,780
0–14 years: 14.8% = 6,989,802
15–64 years: 69.2% = 32,603,475
65 years and over: 16.0% = 7,507,185 (2005 official.)
0–14 years: 21.6% = 11,101,469
15–64 years: 66.7% = 34,320,742
65 years and over: 11.7% = 6,022,934 (1989 official.)
Median age
total: 40.8 years. Country comparison to the world: 47th
male: 37.7 years
female: 43.9 years (2018 est.)
total: 40.6 years
male: 37.4 years
female: 43.7 years (2017 est.)
total: 39.8 years
male: 39.7 years
female: 40.1 years (2014 official)
total: 39.7 years
male: 39.5 years
female: 40.1 years (2013 official)
total: 34.8 years
male: 31.9 years
female: 37.7 years (1989 official)
Birth rate
10.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 190th
10.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate
14.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 6th
14.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.55 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 190th
1.54 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Net migration rate
4.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 29th
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
24.9 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate
0.04% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 187th
-0.41% (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 72.4 years. Country comparison to the world: 148th
male: 67.7 years
female: 77.4 years (2018 est.)
Ethnic groups

Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 est.)

Languages

Ukrainian (official) 67.5%, Russian (regional language) 29.6%, other (includes small Crimean Tatar-, Moldovan/Romanian-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 2.9% (2001 est.)
Note: in February 2018, the Constitutional Court ruled that 2012 language legislation entitling a language spoken by at least 10% of an oblast's population to be given the status of "regional language" - allowing for its use in courts, schools, and other government institutions - was unconstitutional, thus making the law invalid; Ukrainian remains the country's only official nationwide

Religions

Orthodox (includes Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox (UAOC), Ukrainian Orthodox - Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP), Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP)), Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Jewish
Note: Ukraine's population is overwhelmingly Christian; the vast majority - up to two-thirds - identify themselves as Orthodox, but many do not specify a particular branch; the UOC-KP and the UOC-MP each represent less than a quarter of the country's population, the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church accounts for 8-10%, and the UAOC accounts for 1-2%; Muslim and Jewish adherents each compose less than 1% of the total population (2013 est.)

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 44.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 21.8 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 23 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4.3 (2015 est.)
note: data include Crimea
Urbanization
urban population: 69.4% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: -0.33% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15–24
total: 23%. Country comparison to the world: 53rd
male: 24%
female: 21.5% (2016 est.)

Statistic rate of regional capitalsEdit

Birth rate in

regional centers

Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Birth/2010 Birth/2009 Birth/2007 Birth/2005 Birth/2003
Simferopol 13.6   12.8   11.8   11.8   11.0   9.5   9.2  
Lutsk 12.6   12.3   12.6   13.9   12.6   11.7   10.0  
Rivne 12.6   12.0   11.8   12.3   10.9   10.1   9.4  
Uzhhorod 12.1   11.9   12.0   12.4   12.8   12.6   10.8  
Kiev 12.0   11.4   11.5   11.7   10.4   9.8   8.8  
Khmelnytskyi 12.0   11.2   11.8   11.5   10.4   10.2   9.2  
Sevastopol 12.0   11.1   11.0   11.2   10.5   9.6   8.7  
Kherson 11.9   11.1   10.1   10.5   9.6   8.6   8.5  
Ternopil 11.8   12.2   11.7   12.3   11.9   11.6   10.4  
Ivano-Frankivsk 11.6   11.6   10.1   10.8   11.3   10.7   9.3  
Vinnytsia 11.5   11.2   10.9   11.1   10.1   9.4   9.1  
Kropyvnytskyi 11.5   11.1   10.5   11.3   10.5   8.9   8.4  
Zhytomyr 11.4   11.5   10.8   11.7   10.6   9.5   8.7  
Sumy 11.3   10.3   10.0   10.3   9.6   8.2   7.8  
Lviv 11.0   10.4   10.0   10.5   9.7   9.3   9.0  
Ukraine Urban 10.9   10.5   10.4   10.8   9.9   8.9   8.3  
Dnipro 10.5   10.2   10.0   10.5   9.4   8.5   7.9  
Luhansk 10.5   9.8   8.8   9.2   8.2   7.4   6.8  
Chernivtsi 10.2   10.3   10.1   10.2   9.2   9.6   8.3  
Odessa 10.1   9.8   9.6   9.9   9.0   8.3   7.5  
Cherkasy 9.9   9.4   9.4   9.4   8.7   7.8   7.4  
Poltava 9.9   9.1   8.8   9.7   8.4   7.8   7.3  
Zaporizhia 9.5   9.2   9.2   9.3   8.9   8.2   7.5  
Mykolaiv 9.4   9.3   9.1   9.4   8.7   8.0   7.9  
Chernihiv 9.3   9.2   9.1   9.6   8.4   8.0   7.6  
Kharkiv 9.2   8.9   8.8   9.2   8.4   7.6   7.1  
Donetsk 9.1   8.7   8.6   9.0   8.2   7.5   6.6  
Death rate in

regional centers

Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010 Death/2009 Death/2007 Death/2005 Death/2003
Kherson 15.2   15.6   14.0   14.2   14.9   14.8   14.5  
Luhansk 14.2   14.3   13.6   13.4   13.8   14.2   14.1  
Simferopol 14.0   14.8   13.6   13.8   15.3   15.3   15.2  
Sevastopol 13.7   14.1   14.7   14.5   15.5   15.4   14.1  
Kropyvnytskyi 13.7   13.7   13.8   14.0   14.4   14.1   14.1  
Dnipro 13.5   13.7   14.1   13.8   15.1   15.1   16.0  
Donetsk 13.4   13.5   14.0   13.9   15.2   15.4   14.7  
Zaporizhia 13.2   13.4   14.2   13.8   15.0   14.7   14.2  
Ukraine Urban 13.1   13.1   13.7   13.7   14.7   14.8   14.3  
Mykolaiv 12.8   12.8   13.8   13.8   14.5   14.5   14.9  
Poltava 12.8   12.6   13.2   13.0   13.7   13.6   13.6  
Sumy 12.1   11.9   12.4   12.6   13.0   13.1   11.9  
Kharkiv 12.0   11.8   12.4   12.2   13.1   13.1   13.0  
Odessa 11.9   12.2   13.0   12.5   13.9   14.1   14.0  
Cherkasy 11.2   10.7   11.3   11.2   11.7   11.7   11.0  
Chernihiv 11.4   11.1   12.0   11.8   12.5   12.4   12.0  
Lviv 11.0   10.8   10.5   10.8   11.5   11.4   11.5  
Zhytomyr 10.7   10.9   11.2   11.1   12.0   12.2   11.4  
Uzhhorod 10.3   10.2   10.5   11.3   12.0   12.4   10.3  
Kiev 9.8   9.6   10.3   10.2   11.4   11.2   10.7  
Lutsk 9.6   9.4   9.6   9.1   10.4   10.2   10.5  
Chernivtsi 9.5   9.4   9.9   10.3   11.0   11.0   10.8  
Khmelnytskyi 9.4   8.8   9.0   9.5