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Poltava Oblast (Ukrainian: Полта́вська о́бласть, romanized: Poltavska oblast), also referred to as Poltavshchyna (Ukrainian: Полта́вщина), is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Poltava. Most of its territory was part of the southern regions of the Cossack Hetmanate. Population: 1,352,283 (2022 estimate).
|• Governor||Filip Pronin|
|• Oblast council||84 seats|
|• Chairperson||Oleksandr Bilenky|
|• Total||28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi)|
|• Rank||Ranked 6th|
|• Rank||Ranked 12th|
|Gross Regional Product|
|• Total||₴ 267 billion|
|• Per capita||₴ 195,825|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-53|
|• Regional cities||5|
The Poltava Oblast was established on 22 September 1937 according to the resolution of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union. It was based mostly on rayons (districts) that were part of Kharkiv Oblast and only few from Kyiv Oblast. The region somewhat corresponds to the earlier Poltava Governorate (1802-1925).
During the Nazi Germany occupation in 1941-43, most of the region belonged to Kiew Generalbezirke (general district), while the rest was part of the German military rear area.
After withdrawal of German forces, the region was reinstated almost to the same borders. In 1950s it lost some of its territories to Kyiv Oblast and the newly created Cherkasy Oblast as well as some were submerged under the Kremenchuk Reservoir in 1959.
In 2020 as part of all Ukrainian administrative reform, Poltava Oblast decreased number of its rayons by increasing them in size.
During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the town of Myrhorod was bombed. However as of August 2023, there has been no ground fighting and the province remains completely under Ukrainian control.
Poltava Oblast is situated in the central part of Ukraine. Located on the left bank of the Dnieper, the Poltava region was part of the Cossack Hetmanate. It has an area of 28,800 km2. The oblast borders upon Chernihiv, Sumy, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kirovohrad, Cherkasy and Kyiv Oblasts.The Oblast does not contain any notable landforms apart from the Dnieper river, the land is gently undulating.
Points of interest edit
The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.
Age structure edit
- 0–14 years: 13.2% (male 99,444/female 93,949)
- 15–64 years: 69.9% (male 483,389/female 530,911)
- 65 years and over: 16.9% (male 81,435/female 164,861) (2013 official)
Median age edit
- total: 41.4 years
- male: 38.0 years
- female: 44.7 years (2013 official)
The oblast is a center of Ukraine's oil and natural gas industry, with many wells and pipelines situated here. There is a major oil refinery plant in the city of Kremenchuk. Important iron ore processing facilities also present. In general, there are 374 large industrial organization and 618 small industrial organizations.
In 1999 the gross grain yield was about 14,529 thousand tons, sugar beets – 1,002,900 tons, sunflower seeds – 166,200 tons, potatoes – 279,900 tons. The oblast also produced 120,500 tons of meat, 645,900 tons of milk and 423,200,00 eggs. At the beginning of 1999 there were 1,311 registered farms in the region.
Administrative divisions edit
This section needs to be updated.(May 2023)
The oblast is divided into 25 districts, 5 cities, 21 urban villages, and 1862 villages.
The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Poltava Oblast’:
- Administrative Center – 1 (Poltava)
- Raions – 25;
- City raions – 5;
- Settlements – 1526, including:
- Rural councils – 384.
The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Poltava Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast’ is the Poltava Oblast’ Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.
|Admin.center||Urban Population Only|
|Poltava||Полта́ва (місто)||103||293,945||Poltava (city)||293,945|
|Horishni Plavni||Горішні Плавні (місто)||34||54,701||Horishni Plavni (town)||52,144|
|Kremenchuk||Кременчу́к (місто)||96||223,942||Kremenchuk (city)||223,942|
|Lubny||Лубни (місто)||46||46,820||Lubny (city)||46,820|
|Myrhorod||Миргород (місто)||20||40,440||Myrhorod (city)||40,440|
|Chornukhy Raion||Чорнухинський район||682||11,485||Chornukhy||2,581|
|Chutove Raion||Чутівський район||861||22,976||Chutove||9,468|
|Dykanka Raion||Диканський район||679||18,993||Dykanka||7,804|
|Hadiach Raion||Гадяцький район||1,595||29,767||Hadiach||24,005|
|Hlobyne Raion||Глобинський район||2,500||44,007||Hlobyne||16,182|
|Hrebinka Raion||Гребінківський район||595||22,589||Hrebinka||10,926|
|Karlivka Raion||Карлівський район||854||34,121||Karlivka||14,997|
|Khorol Raion||Хорольський район||1,062||34,670||Khorol||13,304|
|Kobeliaky Raion||Кобеляцький район||1,823||42,419||Kobeliaky||14,982|
|Kotelva Raion||Котелевський район||800||19,674||Kotelva||12,406|
|Kozelshchyna Raion||Козельщинський район||930||19,575||Kozelshchyna||5,981|
|Kremenchuk Raion||Кременчуцький район||1,200||39,699||Kremenchuk (city)||N/A *|
|Lokhvytsia Raion||Лохвицький район||1,300||43,274||Lokhvytsia||20,187|
|Lubny Raion||Лубенський район||1,378||31,983||Lubny (city)||N/A *|
|Mashivka Raion||Машівський район||889||19,609||Mashivka||3,815|
|Myrhorod Raion||Миргородський район||1,540||32,115||Myrhorod (city)||N/A *|
|Novi Sanzhary Raion||Новосанжарський район||1,300||34,620||Novi Sanzhary||8,375|
|Orzhytsia Raion||Оржицький район||1,000||24228||Orzhytsia||5,369|
|Poltava Raion||Полтавський район||1,259||67,095||Poltava (city)||N/A *|
|Pyriatyn Raion||Пирятинський район||864||31,809||Pyriatyn||15,796|
|Reshetylivka Raion||Решетилівський район||1,009||26,399||Reshetylivka||9,340|
|Semenivka Raion||Семенівський район||1,300||25,456||Semenivka||6,244|
|Shyshaky Raion||Шишацький район||790||20,423||Shyshaky||4,545|
|Velyka Bahachka Raion||Великобагачанський район||1,000||25,145||Velyka Bahachka||8,350|
|Zinkiv Raion||Зіньківський район||1,360||34,700||Zinkiv||15,179|
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.
Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Poltava is the center of the Poltavs’ka oblast’ (Poltava Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Poltava Oblast, Poltavshchyna.
Monument to those killed in the Great Patriotic War.
Detail of Diorama of Battle of Poltava
- Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use (PDF). scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-01-25. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
- "Zelenskyy appoints new head of Poltava Oblast Military Administration". Ukrainska Pravda. 10 October 2023. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
- Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
- "Валовии регіональнии продукт".
- "Poltava Oblast, Ukraine Travel Guide". ukrainetrek.com. Archived from the original on 2019-09-04. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
- "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 30 December 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2016.