Kyiv Oblast (Ukrainian: Ки́ївська о́бласть, romanizedKyivska oblast), also called Kyivshchyna (Ukrainian: Ки́ївщина), is an oblast (province) in central and northern Ukraine. It surrounds, but does not include, the city of Kyiv, which is a self-governing city with special status. The administrative center of the oblast is in Kyiv city, the capital of Ukraine, despite the city not being part of the oblast. The Kyiv metropolitan area extends out from Kyiv city into parts of the oblast, which is significantly dependent on the urban economy and transportation of Kyiv.

Kyiv Oblast
Київська область
Kyivska oblast[1]
Flag of Kyiv Oblast
Coat of arms of Kyiv Oblast
Nickname(s): 
Київщина (Kyivshchyna)
Kiev (oblast) in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerKyiv
Government
 • GovernorVasyl Volodin[2]
 • Oblast council84 seats
 • ChairpersonHanna Starykova [uk] (All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland")
Area
 • Total28,131 km2 (10,861 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 8th
Population
 (2021)[3]
 • TotalIncrease1,788,530
 • RankRanked 10th
Demographics
 • Average salaryUAH 4.174[4] (2011)
 • Salary growth+28.73
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
07-09
Area code+380 44 (Kyiv city)
+380 45 (outside Kyiv city)[5]
ISO 3166 codeUA-32
Vehicle registrationAI
Raions7
Cities (total)26[6]
• Regional cities12[6]
Urban-type settlements30
Villages1,127[6]
FIPS 10-4UP13
Websitekyiv-obl.gov.ua

The population of Kyiv Oblast is 1,788,530 (2021 est.)[3]. Its largest city is Bila Tserkva, with a population over 200,000.

The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone is in the northern part of Kyiv Oblast. It is administered separately from the oblast and public access is prohibited.

HistoryEdit

Kyiv Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on February 27, 1932 among the first five original oblasts in Ukraine. It was established on territory that had been known as Ruthenian land.[7]

Earlier historical administrative units that became the territory of the oblast include the Kiev Voivodeship under the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Kiev Viceroyalty and Kiev Governorate under the Russian Empire. The northern part of the oblast belongs to the historical region of Polesia (Polissia).

In Kyiv region, there was a specific folk icon-painting style much influenced by the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra painting school. Saints were depicted on the deep purple or black background, their clothes dark, their haloes dark blue, dark green or even black, outlined by thin white dotted contours. The Kyiv region's icons collection is the part of the exhibition of the Museum of Ukrainian home icons in the Historical and cultural complex "The Radomysl Castle".[8]

The current borders of the oblast were set following the Chernobyl disaster in 1986. Administrative oversight of the new city of Slavutych, which was constructed as part of the Chernihiv Oblast, was then transferred to the Kyiv Oblast (see Chernobyl zone below).

On 24 February 2022, Russian Armed Forces invaded Kyiv Oblast as part of its 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[9] Ukraine launched a counter-offensive to retake the region in March 2022. The oblast was declared free of invaders on 2 April 2022 by the Ukrainian Deputy Minister of Defense Hanna Malyar.[9][10] According to the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense its troops had retaken more than 30 towns and villages around Kyiv.[9] However, a few days ago the Russians attacked the Oblast again, even destroying a railway station in Bucha. [11]

GeographyEdit

Kyiv Oblast has a total area of 28,100 km2 (10,849 sq mi) (approximately 35 times the area of Kyiv city) and is located in north-central Ukraine. On the west it borders the Zhytomyr Oblast, on the southwest – Vinnytsia Oblast, on the south – Cherkasy Oblast, on the southeast – Poltava Oblast, on the east and northeast – Chernihiv Oblast, and on the north – Homyel Voblasts of Belarus.

The oblast is equally split between both banks of the Dnieper River (Dnipro) north and south of Kyiv. Other significant rivers in the oblast are the Dnieper's tributaries: Pripyat (Prypiat) (R), Desna (L), Teteriv (R), Irpin' (R), Ros' (R) and Trubizh (L).

The length of the Dnipro River within the boundaries of the oblast totals 246 km (153 mi). The oblast has a total number of 177 rivers intersecting the region; 13 reservoirs (the most notable ones being Kyiv Reservoir and the Kaniv Reservoir), over 2000 ponds, and approximately 750 small lakes.

ClimateEdit

The climate of Kyiv Oblast is characteristic of the Polesia area and other neighboring forested areas. The oblast has a moderately continental climate with relatively mild winters and warm summers. The temperatures range from −6.1 °C (21.0 °F) in January to 19.2 °C (66.6 °F) degrees in July[dubious ].

 
View of the historical landscape park "Alexandria" in the city of Bila Tserkva.

VegetationEdit

Kyiv Oblast has small mountains and slopes on the right bank of the Dnieper River. This entire area is surrounded by a continuous belt by greenery and forests. The oblast's "green area" covers 436 km2 (168 sq mi), characterized by 250 different sorts of trees and bushes.

Points of interestEdit

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Administrative divisionsEdit

The oblast is divided into 7 raions.

Flag Coat

of

arms

Name Ukrainian Name Administrative center Area
(km2)
Population
estimate 2021[12]
    Bila Tserkva Raion Білоцерківський район Bila Tserkva 6,514.8 436,115
    Boryspil Raion Бориспільський район Boryspil 3,873.2 203,273
    Brovary Raion Броварський район Brovary 2,881.9 242,180
- - Bucha Raion Бучаньский район Bucha 2,558.3 362,382
    Fastiv Raion Фастівський район Fastiv 1,761.2 183,794
    Obukhiv Raion Обухівський район Obukhiv 3,639.1 228,829
    Vyshhorod Raion Вишгородський район Vyshhorod - 131,957
    Total Oblast Київська область Kyiv 28,131 1,788,530

Before the July 2020 reform, the oblast was subdivided into 25 raions (administrative districts). It consists of 26 cities, 30 towns, and more than 1,000 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of Kyiv Oblast:[6]

  • Administrative Center – 1 (Kyiv)
  • Raions – 25;
  • Settlements – 1183, including:
    • Villages – 1127;
    • Cities/Towns – 56, including:
      • Urban-type settlement – 30;
      • Cities – 25, including:
        • Cities of oblast' subordinance – 13;
        • Cities of raion subordinance – 14;
  • Selsoviets – 605.


As with other oblasts of Ukraine, the head of the Kyiv Oblast State Administration (governor) is appointed by the President of Ukraine and subordinated to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Local self-government body is the popularly elected Kyiv Oblast Rada, chaired by a Speaker (elected from among the councilors).

The "exclaves"Edit

The municipality of Slavutych is within the borders of the neighboring Chernihiv Oblast on the eastern bank of the Dnieper river and the municipality has no common border with the Kyiv Oblast. Still, Slavutych is administrated by the Kyiv Oblast authorities (being a kind of administrative exclave).

Similarly, the town of Kotsiubynske, which is within the borders of Kyiv city (which is surrounded by the Kyiv Oblast), is administrated by the Irpin city council.

Chernobyl zoneEdit

The north-western end of the oblast is a part of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone due to the radioactive contamination caused by the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident. The largest cities within zone are Chernobyl and Prypiat, which are now abandoned. The city of Slavutych was built outside of the zone to host evacuated residents of Prypyat and personnel of the zone installations.

Important cities and townsEdit

Important cities and towns of Kyiv Oblast include:

Biggest settlements (population in thousands)

GovernorsEdit

DemographicsEdit

Kyiv Oblast's largest nationality group are Ukrainians (1,684,800 people, or 92.5%), followed by Russians, Jews, Belarusians, Poles, and others. The current estimated population (excluding Kyiv) is around 1.72 million (as of 2013). The population density is 63.01/km2.

The urban population, according to the 2001 Ukrainian Census data, accounted for 1,053,500 people, or 57.6%, and the rural population – for 774,400 people, or 42.4%.[15]

According to the data, the number of men accounted for 845,900 people, or 46.3%, that of women – 982,000 people, or 53.7%.

Age structureEdit

0-14 years: 14.9%   (male 132,559/female 123,816)
15-64 years: 69.8%   (male 576,559/female 621,753)
65 years and over: 15.3%   (male 84,026/female 177,360) (2013 official)

Median ageEdit

total: 39.7 years  
male: 36.3 years  
female: 43.0 years   (2013 official)

Age structure of Kyiv CityEdit

0-14 years: 14.1%   (male 203,453/female 192,111)
15-64 years: 73.3%   (male 962,391/female 1,093,183)
65 years and over: 12.6%   (male 129,293/female 223,285) (2013 official)

Median age of Kyiv CityEdit

total: 37.6 years  
male: 35.4 years  
female: 39.9 years   (2013 official)

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

Kyiv Oblast's main industry's include: power production, food, chemical and petrochemical industries, mechanical engineering and metal-working. The national share of tire production for automobiles constitutes – 63%, excavators – 53%, paper and cardboard – 40%, hoisting cranes – 39%. In general, the oblast has 330 licensed industrial enterprises and 742 smaller industrial enterprises.[16] The Boryspil Bus Plant in Prolisky produces 1,700 buses per year of various modifications, and several other auto-industry factories are also located in the oblast'.

AgricultureEdit

In addition to industry, the oblast also has a developed agriculture production. In 1999, the gross grain yield in the region was about 1,118,600 tons, sugar-beets – 1,570,900 tons, sunflower seeds – 18,1 thousand tons, potatoes – 669,200 tons. The region also produced 156,900 tons of meat, 738,500 tons of milk and 855,2 million eggs. At the beginning of 1999, there were 1,130 registered farms within the oblast.[16]

TransportationEdit

 
Simplified map of the major railway lines in Kyiv Oblast.

Kyiv Oblast has a highly developed rail transport system. The total length of the oblast's working railway lines is 88 km (as of 1985). Through the territory of the oblast pass the: Moscow—Kyiv—Lviv, Kyiv—DniproDonetsk and other railway routes. In addition to inter-Ukraine and international rail routes, local Elektrychka lines also pass through the oblast: Kyiv—Fastiv—Koziatyn, Kyiv—Fastiv—Myronivka, Kyiv—Teteriv, Kyiv—Nizhyn, and Kyiv—Yahotyn.

The length of the oblast's roads totals 7,760 km, including 7,489 km of paved roads. The main roads passing thorough the oblast include:

The oblast's main airports include two international airports: the Boryspil Airport and the Hostomel (Antonov) Cargo Airport. Ukrainian military airbases are located in the cities of Bila Tserkva and Uzyn.

Strategic gas-pipelines in the oblast include Urengoy–Pomary–Uzhhorod pipeline, and ShebelynkaPoltava—Kyiv.

EducationEdit

Kyiv Oblast has 795 state-run schools of general education, 219 (27.5%) of which are situated in urban areas and 576 (72.5%) of which – in rural areas.[19] These schools are attended by 232,260 students, 141,416 (60.6%) which attend urban schools, and 98,944 (39.4%) which attend rural area schools.[19] In addition, there are 12 evening schools with an enrollment of over 6,000 students, 15 private institutions teaching about 7,000 students, 23 vocational schools teaching over 14,300 students, 22 higher schools with an enrollment of over 34,900 students), and 52 home-school institutions containing over 48,700 children.[19] There are also 756 institutions of pre-school education attended by a total of 44,400 children, 52 home-school institutions, 22 vocational institutions, having an enrollment of 17,300 students.[19]

 
Aerial view of Boryspil, home of the Boryspil Airport from an airplane.

Also, educational institutions for orphans, physically and mentally disabled children represent an important component of Kyiv Oblast's educational system.

In addition to general education schools, the oblast has educational institutions specifically for gifted children, including:

  • Fastiv Regional Natural and Mathematic School
  • Kyiv Regional Lyceum of Physical Education and Sports
  • Stritiv Higher Pedagogical School of Kobza Music
  • Brovary Higher School of Physical Education (training ground for several world- and Olympic champions).

NomenclatureEdit

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers". The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Kyiv (in transliterated Ukrainian) is the center of the Kyivs’ka oblast' (Kyiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Kyiv Oblast, Kyivshchyna.

NotesEdit

a. ^ These neighboring settlements are practically merged into a conurbation

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Retrieved October 6, 2020.
  2. ^ "Зеленський дав Київській області керівника" [Zelensky gave Kyiv oblast a leader]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). June 18, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2022.
  3. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  4. ^ "The average salary in Kiev reached 4 thousand UAH". Archived from the original on April 23, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  5. ^ announcement of new telephone codes in Kyiv Post
  6. ^ a b c d Statistical Yearbook of Kyiv Region for 2007, Main Department of Statistics in Kyiv Region, 2008
  7. ^ Tolochko, O.P. Ruthenian land (РУСЬКА ЗЕМЛЯ). Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine.
  8. ^ Богомолець. О. "Замок-музей Радомисль на Шляху Королів Via Regia". — Київ, 2013
  9. ^ a b c Ukraine ‘retakes whole Kyiv region’ as Russia looks east, aljazeera.com (3 April 2022)
  10. ^ "Ukraine NOW".
  11. ^ "Ukraine latest: Zelenskyy denounces Russian missile strike on train station as a war crime, bodies recovered from mass graves in Bucha". ABC News. April 9, 2022.
  12. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  13. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) Maksym Melnychuk Poroshenko appointed Head of Kyiv Regional State Administration Archived February 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, hromadske.tv (3 February 2016)
    Poroshenko sees direct elections of regional administration heads as threat to Ukraine's federalization, Interfax-Ukraine (3 February 2016)
  14. ^ "Новини | Українська правда".
  15. ^ Ukrcensus.gov.ua – Kyiv region Archived February 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine URL accessed on November 26, 2006
  16. ^ a b Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine – Kyiv Region URL accessed on November 26, 2006
  17. ^ Київська область: Карта автошляхів. – К.: ДНВП "Картографія", 2006
  18. ^ Україна: Карта автомобільних шляхів. – К.: Укрегеодезкартографія, 1993.
  19. ^ a b c d "Secondary and Higher Education". Kyiv Regional State Administration. Archived from the original on December 10, 2006. Retrieved December 25, 2006.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 50°15′N 30°30′E / 50.250°N 30.500°E / 50.250; 30.500