Raions of Ukraine

Raions of Ukraine (often translated "districts"; Ukrainian: райони України, romanizedraiony Ukrainy) are the second level of administrative division in Ukraine, below the oblast ("province"). Raions were created in a 1922 administrative reform of the Soviet Union, to which Ukraine, as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, belonged.[1][nb 1]

Raions of Ukraine
Raions of Ukraine (after Oct. 2020).svg
Raions after the administrative reform of 2020
CategorySecond level of subdivision
Location Ukraine
Created
  • 1922
Number136 (as of 2020)
Populations~150,000
Areas1,200 km2 (460 sq mi)
Government
  • Raion council
Subdivisions

On 17 July 2020, the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) approved an administrative reform to merge most of the 490 raions, along with the "cities of regional significance", which were previously outside the raions, into just 136 reformed raions.[3] These 136 districts include ten in Crimea, which have been de facto outside Ukrainian control since the start of the Russo-Ukrainian War in 2014. New third-level[clarification needed] hromadas have taken over most tasks of the raions (education, healthcare, sport facilities, culture, and social welfare).[4]

TerminologyEdit

Ukrainian Ukrainian translit. English
Район Raion District[5][6]
Район у місті Raion u misti Urban district, district of a city

Districts of citiesEdit

Some cities of oblast subordination, along with the two cities of national significance (Kyiv and Sevastopol[nb 2]), are also divided in city raions, also called urban raions. City raions have their own local administration and are subordinated directly to a city. They may contain other cities, towns, and villages.

July 2020 reformEdit

On 17 July 2020, the number of raions in Ukraine was reduced to 136 from the previous 490.

ListEdit

Source: New rayons(sic): maps and structure and with maps Note: the Russian Republic of Crimea continues to use the same administrative divisions. Raions located in the occupied Donbass territories (see below in grey) are currently only de jure.

Autonomous Republic of CrimeaEdit

Following the 2014 Crimean crisis, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea was annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea.[7]

The populations in the table are from the latest census, the Ukrainian Census (2001).

# Name Center Year Area
(km2)
Population Density Councils (municipalities)
City Town Village
1 Bakhchysarai Raion Bakhchysarai 1923 1,589 92,617 58 1 2 15
2 Bilohirsk Raion Bilohirsk 1930 3,106 122,259 39 1 2 35
3 Dzhankoi Raion Dzhankoi 1921 2,693 125,333 47 1 2 26
4 Feodosia Raion Feodosia 2020 3,177 231,666 73 3 8 47
5 Kerch Raion Kerch 2020 3,027 226,660 75 2 2 24
6 Perekop Raion Yani Qapu 1935 2,646 126,110 48 2 2 25
7 Qurman Raion Qurman 1944 3,240 134,035 41 0 3 34
8 Simferopol Raion Simferopol 1965 1,860 512,527 276 1 8 19
9 Yalta Raion Yalta 2020 883 198,161 224 3 22 33
10 Yevpatoria Raion Yevpatoria 2020 3,860 264,368 68 3 5 33
Changes

Other oblastsEdit

Name Center Center population Oblast Area
(km2)
Population
(2021 estimate)[8]
No. of
Hromadas
Vinnytsia Raion Vinnytsia 370,7 Vinnytsia Oblast 6,888.9 652,126 16
Haisyn Raion Haisyn 25,8 Vinnytsia Oblast 5,674.8 236,803 14
Zhmerynka Raion Zhmerynka 34,3 Vinnytsia Oblast 3,150.6 161,544 8
Mohyliv-Podilskyi Raion Mohyliv-Podilskyi 31,2 Vinnytsia Oblast 3,220.5 142,456 7
Tulchyn Raion Tulchyn 14,9 Vinnytsia Oblast 3,858.4 152,281 9
Khmilnyk Raion Khmilnyk 27,4 Vinnytsia Oblast 3,701.1 183,913 9
Volodymyr-Volynskyi Raion Volodymyr-Volynskyi 38,9 Volyn Oblast 2,558.2 171,264 11
Kamin-Kashyrskyi Raion Kamin-Kashyrskyi 12,5 Volyn Oblast 4,693.4 131,123 5
Kovel Raion Kovel 68,2 Volyn Oblast 7,647.9 268,082 23
Lutsk Raion Lutsk 221,1 Volyn Oblast 5,247.8 456,928 15
Dnipro Raion Dnipro 987,2 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 5,605.7 1,159,302 17
Kamianske Raion Kamianske 240,5 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 4,821.2 430,066 12
Kryvyi Rih Raion Kryvyi Rih 624,6 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 5,717.4 755,667 15
Nikopol Raion Nikopol 110,7 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 3,240.4 255,505 8
Novomoskovsk Raion Novomoskovsk 71,4 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 3,482.9 169,275 8
Pavlohrad Raion Pavlohrad 105,2 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 2,420.9 169,509 7
Synelnykove Raion Synelnykove 31,4 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 6,616.6 202,711 19
Bakhmut Raion Bakhmut 74,1 Donetsk Oblast 1,747.6 224,528 7
Volnovakha Raion Volnovakha 21,9 Donetsk Oblast 4,449.1 141,797 8
Horlivka Raion Horlivka 244 Donetsk Oblast 2,468.4 664,949 9
Donetsk Raion Donetsk 924,2 Donetsk Oblast 2,895.1 1,490,301 6
Kalmiuske Raion Kalmiuske 11,5 Donetsk Oblast 3,132.6 121,234 5
Kramatorsk Raion Kramatorsk 153,9 Donetsk Oblast 5,186.3 553,559 12
Mariupol Raion Mariupol 440,4 Donetsk Oblast 2,623.8 510,425 5
Pokrovsk Raion Pokrovsk 63,0 Donetsk Oblast 4,020.0 393,487 14
Berdychiv Raion Berdychiv 75,4 Zhytomyr Oblast 3,014.1 159,164 10
Zhytomyr Raion Zhytomyr 264,5 Zhytomyr Oblast 10,505.8 613,311 31
Korosten Raion Korosten 63,3 Zhytomyr Oblast 11,066.8 255,480 13
Novohrad-Volynskyi Raion Novohrad-Volynskyi 56,3 Zhytomyr Oblast 5,242.6 167,540 12
Berehove Raion Berehove 23,7 Zakarpattia Oblast 1,458.7 207,719 10
Mukachevo Raion Mukachevo 85,9 Zakarpattia Oblast 2,054.0 252,616 13
Rakhiv Raion Rakhiv 15,5 Zakarpattia Oblast 1,845.2 82,397 4
Tiachiv Raion Tiachiv 9 Zakarpattia Oblast 1,869.5 184,532 10
Uzhhorod Raion Uzhhorod 114,9 Zakarpattia Oblast 2,359.5 255,532 14
Khust Raion Khust 28,5 Zakarpattia Oblast 3,174.4 267,333 13
Berdiansk Raion Berdiansk 109,2 Zaporizhzhia Oblast 4,461.6 179,118 8[9]
Vasylivka Raion Vasylivka 13,7 Zaporizhzhia Oblast 4,287.3 184,224 11[9]
Zaporizhzhia Raion Zaporizhzhia 731,9 Zaporizhzhia Oblast 4,674.6 855,297 17[9]
Melitopol Raion Melitopol 153,1 Zaporizhzhia Oblast 7,081.0 280,816 16[9]
Polohy Raion Polohy 19,3 Zaporizhzhia Oblast 6,762.5 167,060 15[9]
Verkhovyna Raion Verkhovyna 5,8 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 1,271.7 30,399 3
Ivano-Frankivsk Raion Ivano-Frankivsk 236,6 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 3,913.1 558,130 20
Kalush Raion Kalush 66,5 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 3,555.0 282,692 13
Kolomyia Raion Kolomyia 61,3 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 2,484.5 275,512 13
Kosiv Raion Kosiv 8,6 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 853.7 84,437 5
Nadvirna Raion Nadvirna 22,1 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 1,872.0 129,939 8
Bila Tserkva Raion Bila Tserkva 208,9 Kyiv Oblast 6,513.1 436,115 13
Boryspil Raion Boryspil 62,3 Kyiv Oblast 3,874.9 203,273 11
Brovary Raion Brovary 108,7 Kyiv Oblast 2,883.1 242,180 8
Bucha Raion Bucha 35,6 Kyiv Oblast 1,544.3 362,382 12
Vyshhorod Raion Vyshhorod 29,9 Kyiv Oblast 6,913.4 131,957 7
Obukhiv Raion Obukhiv 33,6 Kyiv Oblast 3,526.3 228,829 9
Fastiv Raion Fastiv 45,9 Kyiv Oblast 2,886.7 183,794 9
Holovanivsk Raion Holovanivsk 6 Kirovohrad Oblast 4,244.3 121,150 10
Kropyvnytskyi Raion Kropyvnytskyi 227,4 Kirovohrad Oblast 9,716.9 437,018 17
Novoukrainka Raion Novoukrainka 16,7 Kirovohrad Oblast 5,198.9 138,509 13
Oleksandriia Raion Oleksandriia 79,3 Kirovohrad Oblast 5,409.7 223,451 9
Alchevsk Raion Alchevsk 107,4 Luhansk Oblast 2,006.1 437,513 3
Dovzhansk Raion Dovzhansk 64,2 Luhansk Oblast 2,139.0 206,360 2
Luhansk Raion Luhansk 403,9 Luhansk Oblast 2,147.4 529,716 3
Rovenky Raion Rovenky 46,7 Luhansk Oblast 2,087.6 295,057 3
Svatove Raion Svatove 17,1 Luhansk Oblast 5,329.1 78,278 7
Sievierodonetsk Raion Sievierodonetsk 102,4 Luhansk Oblast 2,685.7 369,421 6
Starobilsk Raion Starobilsk 16,9 Luhansk Oblast 6,930.6 126,010 8
Shchastia Raion Novoaidar 8,6 Luhansk Oblast 3,380.4 78,967 5
Drohobych Raion Drohobych 76 Lviv Oblast 1,496.9 235,405 5
Zolochiv Raion Zolochiv 24,3 Lviv Oblast 2,913.4 160,664 7
Lviv Raion Lviv 724,3 Lviv Oblast 4,968.5 1,146,538 23
Sambir Raion Sambir 34,8 Lviv Oblast 3,250.4 224,126 11
Stryi Raion Stryi 59,3 Lviv Oblast 3,840.5 322,853 14
Chervonohrad Raion Chervonohrad 67,2 Lviv Oblast 2,971.6 228,945 7
Yavoriv Raion Yavoriv 15 Lviv Oblast 2,378.4 179,219 6
Bashtanka Raion Bashtanka 12,7 Mykolaiv Oblast 6,714.9 136,739 12
Voznesensk Raion Voznesensk 34,4 Mykolaiv Oblast 6,081.0 178,336 13
Mykolaiv Raion Mykolaiv 483,2 Mykolaiv Oblast 7,433.7 645,562 19
Pervomaisk Raion Pervomaisk 66,1 Mykolaiv Oblast 3,797.2 147,757 8
Berezivka Raion Berezivka 9,6 Odesa Oblast 5,551.6 106,490 16
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi 49 Odesa Oblast 5,220.6 198,572 16
Bolhrad Raion Bolhrad 15 Odesa Oblast 4,559.4 146,424 10
Izmail Raion Izmail 71,8 Odesa Oblast 3,434.4 207,333 6
Odesa Raion Odesa 1017,7 Odesa Oblast 3,922.8 1,382,541 22
Podilsk Raion Podilsk 40,4 Odesa Oblast 7,063.6 224,163 12
Rozdilna Raion Rozdilna 17,8 Odesa Oblast 3,564.4 102,584 9
Kremenchuk Raion Kremenchuk 220,1 Poltava Oblast 6,105.8 392,341 12
Lubny Raion Lubny 46,2 Poltava Oblast 5,476.9 187,538 7
Myrhorod Raion Myrhorod 39,1 Poltava Oblast 6,287.4 201,728 17
Poltava Raion Poltava 286,7 Poltava Oblast 10,849.6 589,922 24
Varash Raion Varash 42,4 Rivne Oblast 3,327.2 138,599 8
Dubno Raion Dubno 38 Rivne Oblast 3,294.6 167,728 19
Rivne Raion Rivne 245,6 Rivne Oblast 7,218.0 629,531 26
Sarny Raion Sarny 29,2 Rivne Oblast 6,219.0 212,598 11
Konotop Raion Konotop 86,3 Sumy Oblast 5,190.6 198,238 8
Okhtyrka Raion Okhtyrka 48,5 Sumy Oblast 3,196.6 122,146 9
Romny Raion Romny 40,5 Sumy Oblast 3,882.7 109,658 8
Sumy Raion Sumy 263,5 Sumy Oblast 6,499.4 440,618 16
Shostka Raion Shostka 75 Sumy Oblast 5,072.3 182,792 10
Kremenets Raion Kremenets 21,2 Ternopil Oblast 2,635.7 141,675 8
Ternopil Raion Ternopil 221,8 Ternopil Oblast 6,162.3 562,142 25
Chortkiv Raion Chortkiv 29 Ternopil Oblast 5,022.0 326,745 22
Bohodukhiv Raion Bohodukhiv 15,2 Kharkiv Oblast 4,510.3 124,936 5
Izium Raion Izium 48,2 Kharkiv Oblast 5,910.2 175,986 8
Krasnohrad Raion Krasnohrad 20,9 Kharkiv Oblast 4,912.8 105,948 6
Kupiansk Raion Kupiansk 28,7 Kharkiv Oblast 4,618.1 133,135 8
Lozova Raion Lozova 64,7 Kharkiv Oblast 4,025.9 150,400 5
Kharkiv Raion Kharkiv 1443,2 Kharkiv Oblast 2,644.3 1,745,734 15
Chuhuiv Raion Chuhuiv 32,5 Kharkiv Oblast 4,807.0 197,695 9
Beryslav Raion Beryslav 12,4 Kherson Oblast 4,764.0 95,967 11
Henichesk Raion Henichesk 19,5 Kherson Oblast 6,521.7 119,901 4
Kakhovka Raion Nova Kakhovka 45,4 Kherson Oblast 6,289.7 219,783 15
Skadovsk Raion Skadovsk 17,6 Kherson Oblast 5,248.5 124,508 9
Kherson Raion Kherson 289,1 Kherson Oblast 3,649.9 456,548 10
Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion Kamianets-Podilskyi 99 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 4,521.2 284,010 15
Khmelnytskyi Raion Khmelnytskyi 273,9 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 10,755.8 679,374 27
Shepetivka Raion Shepetivka 41,2 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 5,346.7 280,403 18
Zvenyhorodka Raion Zvenyhorodka 17,1 Cherkasy Oblast 5,279.9 197,509 17
Zolotonosha Raion Zolotonosha 28,3 Cherkasy Oblast 4,249.1 138,036 11
Uman Raion Uman 83,1 Cherkasy Oblast 4,527.2 251,408 12
Cherkasy Raion Cherkasy 274,8 Cherkasy Oblast 6,882.1 591,313 26
Vyzhnytsia Raion Vyzhnytsia 4 Chernivtsi Oblast 1,882.0 90,354 9
Dnistrovskyi Raion Kelmentsi 7,3 Chernivtsi Oblast 2,122.5 154,440 10
Chernivtsi Raion Chernivtsi 266,5 Chernivtsi Oblast 4,101.5 651,772 33
Koriukivka Raion Koriukivka 12,9 Chernihiv Oblast 4,578.7 88,329 5
Nizhyn Raion Nizhyn 71,1 Chernihiv Oblast 7,226.6 220,640 17
Novhorod-Siverskyi Raion Novhorod-Siverskyi 13 Chernihiv Oblast 4,630.5 63,670 4
Pryluky Raion Pryluky 56,3 Chernihiv Oblast 5,214.2 152,632 11
Chernihiv Raion Chernihiv 288,3 Chernihiv Oblast 10,249.0 451,430 20

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union from 1922 until declaring its independence in 1991.[2]
  2. ^ Sevastopol, a city with special status under Ukrainian law, was annexed by Russia in 2014.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Liber, George O. (2016). Total Wars and the Making of Modern Ukraine, 1914-1954. University of Toronto Press. p. ix/xx. ISBN 9781442627086.
  2. ^ Magocsi, Paul Robert (2010). A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples. University of Toronto Press, pp. 563/564 & 722/723. ISBN 1442610212
  3. ^ "Україна з новим адмінтерустроєм: парламент створив 136 нових районів та ліквідував 490 старих". Decentralization Reform (in Ukrainian). 17 July 2020.
    "The council reduced the number of districts in Ukraine: 136 instead of 490". Ukrainska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 17 July 2020.
  4. ^ Where did 354 districts disappear to? Anatomy of loud reform, Glavcom (7 August 2020) (in Ukrainian)
  5. ^ "Regions and cities". vininvest.gov.ua. Archived from the original on 2016-12-26.
  6. ^ "Regions of Ukraine". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2014-10-16.
  7. ^ a b Gutterman, Steve (18 March 2014). "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
  8. ^ Official estimate as at 1.1.2021 by State Statistics Committee of Ukraine (on web).
  9. ^ a b c d e Атлас Адміністративно-територіального устрою Запорізької області

External linksEdit