List of raions of Ukraine
|Raions of Ukraine|
|Category||Second level of subdivision|
|Number||136 (as of 2020)|
|Areas||1,200 km2 (460 sq mi)|
As an administrative unit raions have existed in Ukraine since 1922 as part of an administrative reform in the Soviet Union.[nb 1] On 17 July 2020, the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) approved the administrative reform to merge most of the existing 490 raions, resulting in creation of 136 new raions. The amalgamated hromadas have taken over most tasks of the raions (education, healthcare, sport facilities, culture, and social welfare).
|Район у місті||Rajon u misti||Urban district, district of a city|
Districts of citiesEdit
Some cities of oblast subordination along with the two cities of national significance (Kyiv and Sevastopol) are also divided in city raions, also called urban raions. City raions have their own local administration and are subordinated directly to a city. They may contain other cities, towns, and villages.
July 2020 reformEdit
On 17 July 2020, the number of raions in Ukraine was reduced: since then there are 136 instead of 490.
Note: region is a general term referring to oblasts, the republic[nb 2] and cities with special status.[nb 3] The population recorded in the table is listed in accordance to the latest census taken in the country, Ukrainian Census (2001). Asterisk (*) identifies raions with administrative centers located outside of them (usually separately incorporated).
Source: New rayons: maps and structure and with maps Note: de facto Crimea continue to use the old administrative division. Raions located in the temporarily occupied territories of Donbass (see below in grey) exist only de jure.
|6||Perekop Raion||Yani Qapu||1935||2,646||126,110||48||2||2||25|
- Nyzhnohirskyi Raion merged into Bilohirsk Raion.
- Yevpatoria Raion (new) created from Saky Raion, Chornomorske Raion, and Yevpatoria.
- Kerch Raion (new) created from Kerch and Lenine Raion.
- Perekop Raion (new) created from Krasnoperekopsk, Armiansk, Krasnoperekopsk Raion, and Rozdolne Raion.
- Dzhankoi Raion included the city of Dzhankoi.
- Simferopol Raion included the city of Simferopol.
- Feodosia (new) created from Sovietskyi Raion, Kirovske Raion, Feodosia, and Sudak.
- Yalta Raion (new) created from Yalta and Alushta.
- Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union from 1920 until Ukraine declared its independence from the Soviet Union on 24 August 1991.
- Following the 2014 Crimean crisis, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea was annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea.
- The under Ukrainian law city with special status Sevastopol was in 2014 annexed by Russia also.
- Liber, George O. (2016). Total Wars and the Making of Modern Ukraine, 1914-1954. University of Toronto Press. p. ix/xx. ISBN 9781442627086.
- A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples by Paul Robert Magocsi, University of Toronto Press, 2010, ISBN 1442610212 (page 563/564 & 722/723)
- "Україна з новим адмінтерустроєм: парламент створив 136 нових районів та ліквідував 490 старих". Decentralization Reform (in Ukrainian). 17 July 2020.
"The council reduced the number of districts in Ukraine: 136 instead of 490". Ukrainska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 17 July 2020.
- Where did 354 districts disappear to? Anatomy of loud reform, Glavcom (7 August 2020) (in Ukrainian)
- "Regions and cities". vininvest.gov.ua. Archived from the original on 2016-12-26.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2014-10-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
- Атлас Адміністративно-територіального устрою Запорізької області