Krasnoperekopsk (Russian: Краснопереко́пск, Ukrainian: Яни Капу, Краснопереко́пськ, Crimean Tatar: Yañı Qapı, Krasnoperekopsk) is a town of regional significance that was following the 2014 annexation of Crimea incorporated into Russia's Republic of Crimea, though the territory is recognised by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine within the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. It also serves as the administrative center of Krasnoperekopsk Raion, although it is not a part of the raion (district). Population: 26,268 (2014 Census).
Яни Капу,Yañı Qapı
Krasnoperekopsk railway station
|• Total||22 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Total||26 268|
|• Density||1,395.45/km2 (3,614.2/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK)|
96000 — 96005
It is located on the southern part of the Perekop Isthmus, on the shore of the Stare lake, and about 124 kilometres (77 mi) from the Crimean capital, Simferopol. It lies on the Dzhankoy-Kherson railroad line (one of the two railroad lines connecting the Crimea and the rest of the continent).
The city of Krasnoperekopsk should not be confused with the historic Crimean city of Perekop, which was destroyed in November 1920 during the Russian Civil War, and which is located in a 25 kilometres (16 mi) range to the north of Krasnoperekopsk. Perekop was depopulated and destroyed as the Crimean Peninsula was invaded by the Soviet Red Army.
The city was founded as Bromzavod (Russian: Бромзавод) in 1932 as an industrial settlement for a bromine factory located near the Staroe Lake (Lake Tuzla). In 1936, the settlement became known as Krasno-Perekopsk (Красно-Перекопск) in honor of the Red Army men who stormed Perekop in 1920. In 1964, the name was changed again to Krasnoperekopsk, and in 1966, it received the status of a city.
On 12 May 2016, Ukrainian authorities[nb 1] rechristened the city Yany Kapu (Ukrainian: Яни Капу; Crimean Tatar: Yañı Qapı) as part of its decommunization efforts, but this decision does not take effect until the return of Crimea to the jurisdiction of Ukraine.
Economy and IndustryEdit
- Soda Plant , soda alkaline and other different chemicals
- Bromine Plant , halogens halide and other different chemicals
Krasnoperekopsk's climate is mostly dry and hot in the summer, and mild in the winter. The average temperature ranges from −2.4 °C (27.7 °F) in January, to 23.3 °C (73.9 °F) in July. The average precipitation is 336 mm (13.2 in) per year.
- Since the 2014 Crimean crisis, the status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community considers the Crimea and Sevastopol an integral part of Ukraine, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea and Sevastopol an integral part of Russia, with Sevastopol functioning as a federal city within the Crimean Federal District.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
- Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Ukraine crisis timeline". BBC News.
- UN General Assembly adopts resolution affirming Ukraine's territorial integrity, China Central Television (28 March 2014)
- Верховна Рада України; Постанова від 12.05.2016 № 1352-VIII Про перейменування окремих населених пунктів та районів Автономної Республіки Крим та міста Севастополя (in Ukrainian)