Fastiv (Ukrainian: Фа́стів) is a city in the Kyiv Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. It also serves as the administrative center of the Fastiv Raion (district), to which it does not administratively belong. Its population is approximately 46,879 (2017 est.).
|• Total||43 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||199 m (653 ft)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+380 4565|
Lying on conjunction of railway lines, Fastiv is an important node station on the rail route from central Europe to Russia and Asia. Brewing and machinery industry are also present, although the majority of inhabitants are employed by the Ukrzaliznytsia's 12 railway installations in the city.
In September 1919, a pogrom of the Jewish population of Fastiv was carried out by Denikin's White Army forces; about 1,800 people were murdered and about 8,000 died in the following year from wounds or epidemics. In 1941 the German Einsatzgruppe C under Paul Blobel murdered all Fastiv Jews between the ages of 12 and 60.
Historical landmarks include the Intercession Church (Ukrainian: Pokrovska Tserkva; Intercession of the Theotokos Church) - a 17th-century Orthodox church, also known as Paliy Church (after the Cossack leader Semen Paliy). There is also an early 20th-century Catholic church.
Fastiv's brewery by the Unava River in early 20th-century (postcard).
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
- "The Murder of a Race". The Nation. 114. 8 March 1922.
- Yitzhak Arad (ed.): The Einsatzgruppen Reports. New York 1989, p. 129