Shepetivka (Ukrainian: Шепеті́вка; Polish: Szepetówka, Russian: Шепето́вка, Shepetovka) is a city located on the Huska River in Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. Shepetivka is the administrative center of Shepetivka Raion (district). It hosts the administration of Shepetivka urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] Population: 40,802 (2021 est.)[2]

Shepetivka
Шепетівка
Залізничний вокзал станції Шепетівка 3254006.jpeg
Музей М. О. Островського. Панорама з паровозом.jpg
Будинок райдержадміністрації Шепетівщини.jpg
Shepetivka railway station, Museum of Propaganda, Shepetivka District Council
Flag of Shepetivka
Coat of arms of Shepetivka
Shepetivka is located in Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Shepetivka
Shepetivka
Location of Shepetivka in Ukraine
Shepetivka is located in Ukraine
Shepetivka
Shepetivka
Shepetivka (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 50°11′0″N 27°04′0″E / 50.18333°N 27.06667°E / 50.18333; 27.06667Coordinates: 50°11′0″N 27°04′0″E / 50.18333°N 27.06667°E / 50.18333; 27.06667
Country Ukraine
Oblast Khmelnytskyi Oblast
RaionShepetivskyi Raion
First mentioned1594
Town rights1619
Area
 • Total40 km2 (20 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total40,802
 • Density1,199/km2 (3,110/sq mi)
Postal code
30400 - 30409
Area code(s)+380 3840
Websitewww.shepetivka.com.ua

Shepetivka is an important railway junction with five intersecting transit routes. It is located 100 km away from Khmelnytskyi, the oblast's capital.

The city is located near historic city of Izyaslav, the center of Ruthenian Zasławski princely estate.

HistoryEdit

Historical affiliations

  Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1594–1793
  Russian Empire 1793–1917
  Republic of Poland 1919–1920
  Soviet Ukraine 1920–1922
  Soviet Union 1922–1991
    Nazi Germany 1941–1944 (occupation)
  Ukraine 1991–present

A settlement called Shepetovka, belonging to the prince Ivan Zaslavsky, was first mentioned in a written document in 1594. In the 16th century Shepetivka didn't differ from other settlements of Volhynia. The settlement had a community and a windmill. It was given Magdeburg Rights at the end of the 16th century. This contributed the settlement's expansion and growing population. At the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries, the peasantry was intensively enslaved. Population of Shepetivka also suffered from frequent attacks of the Crimean Tatars. Peasants and craftsmen responded to the feudal oppression with the revolt in 1591-1593, led by Krzysztof Kosiński, and the revolt in 1594-1596, led by Severyn Nalyvaiko. When during the Ukrainian war of liberation from Poland in July 1648, peasant-Cossack regiments of Maxym Kryvonis had conquered Polonne, the inhabitants of Shepetivka joined the troops.

At the end of the 17th century, Shepetivka became property of Lubomirski family, and in 1703, of the Sanguszko family. And at the end of the 18th century, it became part of Iziaslav county, Volhynian Governorate. In 1866, Shepetivka became the capital of the county.

The first written mention of Shepetivka was in 1594.

In 1795 it became part of Iziaslav County, Volhynian Governorate. The first railway station was built in 1873.

In 1923, it got the status of a town, becoming the capital of Shepetovka district. In 1932 it became the capital of Shepetivka Raion, Vinnytsia Oblast. In 1937 Shepetivka Raion became part of Kamianets-Podilskyi (since 1954 Khmelnytskyi) Oblast. In 1991, Ukraine became an independent state, and Shepetovka became part of the state (and the town name took on the Ukrainian variant of "Shepetivka").

Shepetovka was a town with extensive settlement by Jews, similar to the surrounding region.[3] There were 20,000 Jews counted in a census in the late 1670s, and 52,000 in the 1760s.[4] Several important rabbis were active in the region in the 1700s, including Rabbi Pinchas Shapira, who is buried in Shepetovka.[5] Significant emigration from Shepetovka occurred between 1880 and 1925.

During World War II, the Jewish population of Shepetovka was decimated. Hundreds of people were shot to death over the summer of 1941, and thousands more in the summer of 1942. Some number of Jews, however, survived the war because they had been evacuated to safety in Uzbekistan.[6]

Until 18 July 2020, Shepetivka was incorporated as a city of oblast significance and served as the administrative center of Shepetivka Raion though it did not belong to the raion. In July 2020, as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Khmelnytskyi Oblast to three, the city of Shepetivka was merged into Shepetivka Raion.[7][8]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Shepetivka (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
5.0
(41.0)
13.6
(56.5)
20.1
(68.2)
22.4
(72.3)
24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
18.4
(65.1)
12.2
(54.0)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.3
(31.5)
11.9
(53.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.1
(34.0)
8.2
(46.8)
14.3
(57.7)
16.9
(62.4)
18.8
(65.8)
18.1
(64.6)
13.1
(55.6)
7.7
(45.9)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
7.6
(45.7)
Average low °C (°F) −6.4
(20.5)
−6.1
(21.0)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.5
(38.3)
8.9
(48.0)
11.9
(53.4)
13.7
(56.7)
12.9
(55.2)
8.8
(47.8)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.8
(30.6)
−5.0
(23.0)
3.6
(38.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36.1
(1.42)
38.4
(1.51)
35.9
(1.41)
46.1
(1.81)
64.0
(2.52)
98.2
(3.87)
101.9
(4.01)
72.3
(2.85)
63.5
(2.50)
43.5
(1.71)
41.9
(1.65)
41.6
(1.64)
683.4
(26.91)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.2 9.5 8.8 8.1 9.2 11.0 10.4 8.4 8.2 7.6 8.3 10.4 109.1
Average relative humidity (%) 86.6 84.8 80.3 71.1 69.0 74.3 75.8 75.2 79.3 81.9 87.2 88.3 79.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 42.8 66.7 121.7 182.9 264.1 239.3 254.3 250.8 168.2 120.6 51.9 25.3 1,788.6
Source: World Meteorological Organization[9]

Local mediaEdit

There are several media types represented in Shepetivka:

  • newspapers
    • Shepetivsky Visnyk is a city district publication (founders - Shepetivka city and district councils, RSA, the editorial staff of the newspaper); circulation is up to 7800 copies per week; comes out twice a week
    • Denʹ za dnem is a regional information-analytical weekly; weekly circulation — 7600 copies
  • TV
    • TV and Radio Company LLC Like TV (former Chance)
  • radio
    • editorial office of the city district radio broadcasting

Notable residentsEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Шепетовская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ "Shepetovka Descendants".
  4. ^ "Shepetovka Descendants - History".
  5. ^ "Shepetovka Descendants - History".
  6. ^ "Shepetovka Descendants - History".
  7. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  8. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  9. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  10. ^ УІНП. "Музей Миколи Островського в Шепетівці за сприяння Інституту перепрофілювали у Музей пропаганди". УІНП (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-03-24.
  11. ^ Знані постаті Шепетівщини
  12. ^ Володимир Федотов: Так як загинув Валя Котик?
  13. ^ Історія та культура євреїв Шепетівщини

External linksEdit