Dzhankoi

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Dzhankoi or Jankoy[2] (Ukrainian and Russian: Джанкóй, German: Dshankoj,[3]Crimean Tatar: Canköy, Yiddish: דזשאנקאיע) is a town of regional significance in the north of the Crimea. It also serves as administrative centre of Dzhankoi Raion although it is not a part of the raion (district). Population: 38,622 (2014 Census).[4]

Dzhankoi
Джанкой
Canköy
Ночной джанкой.jpg
Coat of arms of Dzhankoi
Dzhankoi is located in Crimea
Dzhankoi
Dzhankoi
Location of Dzhankoi within Crimea
Coordinates: 45°42′31″N 34°23′36″E / 45.70861°N 34.39333°E / 45.70861; 34.39333Coordinates: 45°42′31″N 34°23′36″E / 45.70861°N 34.39333°E / 45.70861; 34.39333
CountryDisputed between Russia and Ukraine[1]
RepublicCrimea
RegionDzhankoi city municipality
Area
 • Total26 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total38,622
 • Density1,648.5/km2 (4,270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK)
Postal code
96100 — 96114
Area code(s)+7-36564
Websitedzhankoy.rk.gov.ru

The name Dzhankoi is often translated into English from Crimean Tatar as "spirit-village" (can — spirit, köy — village) -Canköy. But the real meaning of this name is "new village": canköy < cañı köy (cañı is "new" in the northern dialect of Crimean Tatar).

In the city there are many types of industrial factories, some of which are: automobile, reinforced concrete, fabric, meat, and others. Dzhankoi also contains professional technical schools.

GeographyEdit

Dzhankoi serves as the administrative centre of the Dzhankoi Raion. It is located about 93 kilometres (58 mi) from the Crimean capital, Simferopol. Two railroad lines, Solionoye ozero-Sevastopol and Armiansk-Kerch, cross Dzhankoi. In 1926, Dzhankoi was granted city status.

TransportEdit

Dzhankoi is a transport hub. Through the city pass two major railways of the peninsula as well as two major European highways. It has two railroad terminals - the central one, where only passenger and fast trains stop and the suburban one - where only suburban trains, known as elektrichkas, are allowed.

DemographicsEdit

Year #Inhabitants
1805 173
1926 8,310
1939 19,576
1970 43,000
1989 53,464
2001 42,861

ClimateEdit

Dzhankoi's climate is mostly hot in the summer, and mild in the winter. The average temperature ranges from −2 °C (28 °F) in January, to 23 °C (73 °F) in July. The average precipitation is 420 millimetres (17 in) per year.

In popular cultureEdit

Dzhankoi is the subject of a popular Yiddish song "Hey! Zhankoye," as popularized by The Limeliters, Pete Seeger, and by Theodore Bikel, a Soviet-era song praising the life of Jews on collective farms in Crimea.[5][6][7]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ This place is located on the Crimean peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia, which administers the contested area, and Ukraine, whose internationally recognised boundaries include the contested area. According to the political division of Russia, there are federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula. According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, there are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula.
  2. ^ "6 KILOGRAMMES OF MERCURY FOUND OUT IN THE CENTRE OF JANKOY IN CRIMEA".
  3. ^ https://chort.square7.ch/Pis/Orte.pdf
  4. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  5. ^ Kann, Kenneth L. (1993). Comrades and Chicken Ranchers. Cornell University Press. pp. 87–88.
  6. ^ Silverman, Jerry (2010). Songs of the Jewish People. Mel Bay Publications. pp. 54–55.
  7. ^ "Video Archives: Yosl Kogan, Bershad Ghetto". AHEYM: Archives of Historical and Ethnographic Yiddish Memories. Indiana University (Bloomington), College of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 27 February 2014.

External linksEdit