Rivne Oblast (Ukrainian: Рі́вненська о́бласть, romanized: Rivnenska oblast), also referred to as Rivnenshchyna (Рі́вненщина), is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine. Its administrative center is Rivne. The surface area of the region is 20,100 km². Its population is: 1,141,784 (2022 est.). Previously part of the Second Republic of Poland's Wojewódstwo Wołyńskie and earlier the Ukrainian People's Republic's Volhynian Governorate, the Rivne Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 4, 1939 after the Soviet invasion and occupation of eastern Poland on 17 September 1939.
|• Governor||Vitaliy Koval|
|• Oblast council||64 seats|
|• Chairperson||Oleksandr Danylchuk|
|• Total||20,047 km2 (7,740 sq mi)|
|• Rank||Ranked 22nd|
|• Rank||Ranked 20th|
|• Average salary||UAH 846 (2006)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-56|
|• Regional cities||4|
The region is located almost in the middle of the historical region of Volhynia which is indicated on its coat of arms with a white cross on a red background. Volhynia was completely partitioned after the Soviet occupation of Poland in September 1939 and divided between three oblasts, Volyn, Rivne, and Ternopil, with some additional eastern portions in Zhytomyr Oblast.
The relief of the region varies, its northern portion lies in the Polesian Lowland, while its southern is located within Volhynian Upland. The highest hills known as Povcha Upland reach over 350 meters. The main water artery of the region is river Horyn, while northwestern area also reaches Prypiat. Big portions of the oblast covered in woodlands. It also has a great deal of such excavated minerals like amber and basalt. In recent years (2016–2017) there were reports of illegal extraction of so called Rovno amber in the area.
On 19 July 2020, the number of districts was reduced to four. These are:
- Dubno (Дубенський район), the center is in the town of Dubno;
- Rivne (Рівненський район), the center is in the city of Rivne;
- Sarny (Сарненський район), the center is in the town of Sarny;
- Varash (Вараський район), the center is in the town of Varash.
Until 19 july 2020 the Rivne Oblast is administratively subdivided into 16 raions (districts) as well as 4 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Dubno, Varash, Ostroh, and the administrative center of the oblast, Rivne.
|In English||In Ukrainian||Administrative Center|
|Berezne Raion||Березнівський район
|Demydivka Raion||Демидівський район
|Dubno Raion||Дубенський район
|Dubrovytsia Raion||Дубровицький район
|Hoshcha Raion||Гощанський район
|Korets Raion||Корецький район
|Kostopil Raion||Костопільський район
|Mlyniv Raion||Млинівський район
|Ostroh Raion||Острозький район
|Radyvyliv Raion||Радивилівський район
|Rivne Raion||Рівненський район
|Rokytne Raion||Рокитнівський район
|Sarny Raion||Сарненський район
|Volodymyrets Raion||Володимирецький район
|Zarichne Raion||Зарічненський район
|Zdolbuniv Raion||Здолбунівський район
Rivne is one of the regions with the highest birth rate in all of Ukraine. The heavy rural (about two thirds of the population is rural) and ethnic Ukrainian (close to 95%) composition of the population might be responsible for this. However the birth rate is not uniform across Rivne, with raions like Ostroh having extremely low birth rates (9.7 per 1000) and other raions like Rokytne Raion having extremely high birth rates (24.0 per 1000).
Vital statistics by raion (2008)Edit
In 2012, it increased by 2612 people. This was due to natural increase 4014 people at the same time reduce the migration of the population -1,402 people.
Compared to 2011, the volume of natural growth increased by 485 people. Natural movement of the population in 2012 was characterized by an increase in fertility and mortality, compared to 2011. In 2012, the number of births in the region was 619 more than in 2011.
Compared to 2011, the mortality rate in 2012 rose from 12.3 to 12.4 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants. The mortality rate in rural areas is 1.6 pa za higher than in urban areas.
- 0-14 years: 19.7% (male 116,507/female 110,834)
- 15-64 years: 68.2% (male 385,381/female 402,566)
- 65 years and over: 12.1% (male 45,796/female 94,724) (2013 official)
- total: 35.2 years
- male: 32.8 years
- female: 37.5 years (2013 official)
Points of interestEdit
The some listed historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.
Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Rivne is the center of the Rivnens’ka oblast’ (Rivne Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Rivne Oblast, Rivnenshchyna.
Before 1992, under the policy of Russification, the region was officially known under its Russian name of Rovno Oblast.
- Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
- Interfax-Ukraine (September 10, 2019). "Zelensky introduces new head of Rivne regional administration Vitaliy Koval". Kyiv Post. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
- The Dramatic Impact of Illegal Amber Mining in Ukraine’s Wild West. The National Geographic. 31 January 2017
- Ukraine's illegal amber mining boom is scarring the earth and making criminal gangs rich. abc.net.au. 20 January 2020
- "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів".
- http://www.oblstat.rivne.com/statinform/demograf/2008/ruxmis1208.htm[dead link]