The Pripyat or Prypiat (Belarusian: Прыпяць Prypiać [ˈprɨpʲaʦʲ], Russian: Припять Pripyat’ [ˈprʲipʲɪtʲ], Ukrainian: Прип’ять Pryp’yat’ [ˈprɪpjɑtʲ], / -/, PREE-pyət, PRIP-yət)[a] is a river in Eastern Europe, approximately 761 km (473 mi) long. It flows east through Ukraine, Belarus, and Ukraine again, draining into the Dnieper.
Course of the Pripyat.
|• location||Volyn Oblast, Ukraine|
|Length||761 km (473 mi)|
|Basin size||121,000 km2 (47,000 sq mi)|
|• average||377 m3/s (13,300 cu ft/s)|
|Progression||Dnieper→ Dnieper–Bug estuary→ Black Sea|
|• left||Pina, Yaselda, Tsna, Lan, Sluch, Ptsich, Brahinka|
|• right||Turiya, Stokhid, Styr, Horyn, Stsviha, Ubort, Zhelon, Slovechna, Uzh|
The Pripyat passes through the exclusion zone established around the site of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. The city of Pripyat, Ukraine (population 45,000) was completely evacuated after the Chernobyl disaster.
The Pripyat begins on the Volyn Hill, between the villages of Budnik and Horn Smolars of Lyubomlsky District in Ukraine. After 204 km downstream, it crosses the border of Belarus, where it travels 500 km through Polesia, Europe’s largest wilderness, within which lie the vast sandy wetlands known as the Pinsk marshes, a dense network of swamps, bogs. rivers and rivulets within a forested basin. For the last 50 kilometers the Pripyat flows again in Ukraine and flows several kilometers south of Chernobyl into the Kyiv reservoir.
The length of the river is 775 kilometers. The area of the pool is 114,300 km². The Pripyat valley in the upper reaches is weak, in the lower reaches it is clearer. The cave is developed all along, allocating two super-floodplain terraces. The width of the floodplain in the upper course of 2–4 km and more, in some years, is flooded for several months. In the lower reaches, the width of the floodplain reaches 10–15 km. The channel in the upper canalized; below - winding, forms meanders, elders, many ducts (one of them is combined with the lake Nobel); there are sandy islands. The width of the river in the upper reaches is up to 40 m, on the average - 50–70 m, in the lower reaches 100 - predominantly 250 m, with the entrance to the Kyiv reservoir - 4–5 km. The bottom is sandy and sandy-spruce. The slope of the river is 0.08 m / km
Max Vasmer in his etymological dictionary notes that the historical name of the river mentioned in the earliest East Slavic document, Primary Chronicle is Pripet' (Припеть) and cites the opinion of other linguists that the name meant "tributary", comparing with Greek and Latin roots. He also rejects some opinions which were improperly based on the stem -пять -pjat', rather than original -петь.
It might also derive from the local word pripech used for a river with sandy banks.
- Припять, Great Soviet Encyclopedia
- Pripyat // Dictionary of Contemporary Geographical Names / Rus. geogr. oh Moscow center; By common. Ed. acad. V. M. Kotlyakova. Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences. - Yekaterinburg: U-Factorium, 2006.
- Joint River Management Program. Final Report: River Pripyat Basin (February 2004)
- "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Main characteristics of the largest rivers of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Archived from the original on 15 January 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- Max Vasmer, Etymological dictionary of the Russian language, article "Припять" in Russian translation
- Room, Adrian (1997). Placenames of the World. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland.
Media related to Pripyat River at Wikimedia Commons