Pripyat (river)

The Pripyat or Prypiat (Belarusian: Прыпяць Prypiać [ˈprɨpʲaʦʲ], Russian: Припять Pripyat’ [ˈprʲipʲɪtʲ], Ukrainian: Прип’ять Pryp’yat’ [ˈprɪpjɑtʲ], /ˈprpjət, ˈprɪp-/ PREE-pyət, PRIP-yət)[a] is a river in Eastern Europe, approximately 761 km (473 mi) long.[1] It flows east through Ukraine, Belarus, and Ukraine again, draining into the Dnieper.

Pripyat
Prypiat, Prypyats'
The Pripyat River (02710031).jpg
Pripyat River
Bo-map.png
Course of the Pripyat.
Location
CountryUkraine, Belarus
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationVolyn Oblast, Ukraine
 • coordinates51°28′05″N 24°18′54″E / 51.468°N 24.315°E / 51.468; 24.315
MouthDnieper
 • location
Kyiv Reservoir
 • coordinates
51°09′31″N 30°29′27″E / 51.15861°N 30.49083°E / 51.15861; 30.49083Coordinates: 51°09′31″N 30°29′27″E / 51.15861°N 30.49083°E / 51.15861; 30.49083
Length761 km (473 mi)
Basin size121,000 km2 (47,000 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • average377 m3/s (13,300 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDnieperDnieper–Bug estuaryBlack Sea
Tributaries 
 • leftPina, Yaselda, Tsna, Lan, Sluch, Ptsich, Brahinka
 • rightTuriya, Stokhid, Styr, Horyn, Stsviha, Ubort, Zhelon, Slovechna, Uzh
The Pripyat at Mazyr, Belarus
Another map of the Pripyat

OverviewEdit

The Pripyat passes through the exclusion zone established around the site of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. The city of Pripyat, Ukraine (population 45,000) was completely evacuated after the Chernobyl disaster.

Pripyat has a catchment area of 121,000 km2 (47,000 sq mi), 50,900 km2 (19,700 sq mi) of which are in Belarus. 495 km (308 mi) of the whole river length lies within Belarus.[1]

LocationEdit

The Pripyat begins on the Volyn Hill, between the villages of Budnik and Horn Smolars of Lyubomlsky District in Ukraine. After 204 km downstream, it crosses the border of Belarus, where it travels 500 km through Polesia, Europe’s largest wilderness, within which lie the vast sandy wetlands known as the Pinsk marshes, a dense network of swamps, bogs. rivers and rivulets within a forested basin. For the last 50 kilometers the Pripyat flows again in Ukraine and flows several kilometers south of Chernobyl into the Kyiv reservoir.

GeographyEdit

The length of the river is 775 kilometers. The area of the pool is 114,300 km². The Pripyat valley in the upper reaches is weak, in the lower reaches it is clearer. The cave is developed all along, allocating two super-floodplain terraces. The width of the floodplain in the upper course of 2–4 km and more, in some years, is flooded for several months. In the lower reaches, the width of the floodplain reaches 10–15 km. The channel in the upper canalized; below - winding, forms meanders, elders, many ducts (one of them is combined with the lake Nobel); there are sandy islands. The width of the river in the upper reaches is up to 40 m, on the average - 50–70 m, in the lower reaches 100 - predominantly 250 m, with the entrance to the Kyiv reservoir - 4–5 km. The bottom is sandy and sandy-spruce. The slope of the river is 0.08 m / km

Name etymologyEdit

Max Vasmer in his etymological dictionary notes that the historical name of the river mentioned in the earliest East Slavic document, Primary Chronicle is Pripet' (Припеть) and cites the opinion of other linguists that the name meant "tributary", comparing with Greek and Latin roots. He also rejects some opinions which were improperly based on the stem -пять -pjat', rather than original -петь.[2]

It might also derive from the local word pripech used for a river with sandy banks.[3]

See alsoEdit

BooksEdit

  • (in Russian, English and Polish) Ye.N.Meshechko, A.A.Gorbatsky (2005) Belarusian Polesye: Tourist Transeuropean Water Mains, Minsk, Four Quarters,
  • (in Belorussian, Russian and English) T.A.Khvagina (2005) POLESYE from the Bug to the Ubort, Minsk Vysheysha shkola, ISBN 985-06-1153-7.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ukrainian: Прип'ять, romanizedPryp"jat', pronounced [ˈprɪpjɐtʲ]; Belarusian: Прыпяць, romanizedPrypiać, pronounced [ˈprɨpʲat͡sʲ]; Polish: Prypeć, pronounced [ˈprɨpɛtɕ]; Russian: Припять, romanizedPripjat′, pronounced [ˈprʲipʲɪtʲ] ( listen).

ReferencesEdit

  • Припять, Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  • Pripyat // Dictionary of Contemporary Geographical Names / Rus. geogr. oh Moscow center; By common. Ed. acad. V. M. Kotlyakova. Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences. - Yekaterinburg: U-Factorium, 2006.
  • Joint River Management Program. Final Report: River Pripyat Basin (February 2004)
  1. ^ a b "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Main characteristics of the largest rivers of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Archived from the original on 15 January 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  2. ^ Max Vasmer, Etymological dictionary of the Russian language, article "Припять" in Russian translation
  3. ^ Room, Adrian (1997). Placenames of the World. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Pripyat River at Wikimedia Commons