Zhytomyr Oblast (Ukrainian: Жито́мирська о́бласть, romanizedZhytomyrska oblast), also referred to as Zhytomyrshchyna (Ukrainian: Жито́мирщина), is an oblast (province) in northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Zhytomyr. Its population is approximately 1,179,032 (2022 estimate).[4]

Zhytomyr Oblast
Житомирська область
Zhytomyrska oblast[1]
Flag of Zhytomyr Oblast
Coat of arms of Zhytomyr Oblast
Nickname: 
Житомирщина (Zhytomyrshchyna)
Coordinates: 50°39′N 28°31′E / 50.65°N 28.52°E / 50.65; 28.52
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerZhytomyr
Government
 • GovernorVitaliy Bunechko[2]
 • Oblast council64[3] seats
 • ChairpersonVolodymyr Shyrma
Area
 • Total29,832 km2 (11,518 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 5th
Population
 (2022)[4]
 • TotalDecrease 1,179,032
 • RankRanked 16th
GDP
 • Total₴ 114 billion
(€2.951 billion)
 • Per capita₴ 95,948
(€2,484)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
from 10 to 13
Area code+380-41
ISO 3166 codeUA-18
Raions4
Cities (total)11
• Regional cities5
Urban-type settlements43
Villages1625
FIPS 10-4UP27
Websiteoda.zht.gov.ua
"Volga Blue Granite" (anorthosite), a popular decorative stone quarried between the cities of Korosten and Zhytomyr, central Zhytomyr Oblast.
Centre of Zhytomyr at night

History edit

The oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on September 22, 1937, out of territories of Vinnytsia and Kyiv oblasts as well as two border okrugs of Kyiv Oblast – Korosten Okrug and Novohrad-Volynsky Okrug.

The oblast covers territories of the historic regions of Polesia, Volhynia, and Podolia, which are reflected on the oblast's coat of arms.

Before the 18th century the bigger half of the oblast belonged to the Kyiv Voivodeship (Polish: Kijów), while the smaller western half around the city of Zviahel belonged to the Volyn Voivodeship. Following the treaty of Andrusovo, the city of Zhytomyr (Polish: Zytomierz) continued to act as an administrative center of the Kyiv Voivodeship.

Following the second partition of Poland, on the newly annexed territory was formed oversized Izyaslav Vice-royalty (Russian: namestnichestvo) which included former Polish territories in Volhynia, Podolia, and Kyiv land and centered in Izyaslav. However a couple of years later the Russian Empire annexed more territories of the Polish Kingdom during the third partition of Poland contributing to the complete disappearance of the Polish statehood. The Izyaslav Vice-royalty was reformed and the territory of today's Zhytomyr Oblast predominantly ended up in the Russian Volhynian Governorate and the city of Zviahel which was renamed as Novohrad-Volynskyi (Russian: Novograd-Volynskiy) became its administrative center. Later the administrative center was transferred to the bigger city of Zhytomyr (Russian: Zhitomir).

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Russian troops partly occupied the region.[6] They were completely repulsed when the Narodychi settlement hromada [be; uk] (where Russian forces had been dug in from the opening of the offensive in late February 2022) was declared liberated on 4 April 2022.[6]

Geography edit

The total area of Zhytomyr Oblast is 29,832 km2 (11,518 sq mi).

Among the points of interest it is important to mention the following sites that were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine:

The Museum of Ukrainian home icons, which is the only one in Europe, is situated in Zhytomyr Oblast. It is located in Radomyshl, a small town, about 90 km (56 mi) away from Kyiv. The museum is the part of the Radomysl Castle historical and cultural complex. It was founded by Olga Bogomolets.[7]

Population edit

The current estimated population of the oblast is 1,268,903 (as of 2013). Zhytomyr Oblast is the most important center of the Polish minority in Ukraine, which numbers 49,000 locally.

Age structure edit

0-14 years: 15.8%   (male 103,194/female 97,617)
15-64 years: 68.1%   (male 420,285/female 444,803)
65 years and over: 16.1%   (male 65,301/female 138,472) (2013 official)

Median age edit

total: 39.4 years  
male: 36.1 years  
female: 42.6 years   (2013 official)

Economy edit

The economy of Zhytomyr Oblast mostly deals with mining of granite and other construction stone, forestry, agriculture and various machinery manufacturing.

The northern part of the province is highly affected by the Chernobyl disaster: some of the towns and raions are devastated and are included in the Chernobyl zone, while others are prohibited from producing their own agriculture.

Administrative divisions edit

Zhytomyr Oblast is subdivided into 4 raions (districts).

The districts of Zhytomyr oblast include:

Important cities and settlements edit

 
Detailed map of Zhytomyr Oblast.

List of biggest populated places of Zhytomyr Oblast with population in thousands:

Nomenclature edit

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Zhytomyr is the center of the Zhytomyrs'ka oblast' (Zhytomyr Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with Zhytomyr Oblast, Zhytomyrshchyna.

References edit

  1. ^ Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use (PDF). scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Retrieved 2020-10-06 – via United Nations Statistics Division.
  2. ^ Volodymyr Zelenskyy introduced new Zhytomyr RSA Head Vitaliy Bunechko Office of the President of Ukraine (12 August 2019)
  3. ^ Oblast Council website
  4. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  5. ^ "Валовии регіональнии продукт".
  6. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) Zhytomyr region is liberated from Russian troops - the head of the Regional Military administration, Ukrayinska Pravda (4 April 2022)
  7. ^ Богомолець. О. "Замок-музей Радомисль на Шляху Королів Via Regia". — Київ, 2013
  8. ^ "Сергей Виленский: бизнесмен и основатель компании «РесурсТранс» и холдинга «Ресурс Групп»". Клерк (in Russian). Retrieved 2023-06-14.

External links edit