Voznesensk (Ukrainian: Вознесенськ, pronounced [wozneˈsɛnʲsʲk]; Russian: Вознесенск) is a city in Mykolaiv Oblast (region) of Ukraine and the administrative center of Voznesensk Raion (district). It hosts the administration of the Voznesensk urban hromada.[2] The city has a population of 34,050.[3]

Voznesensk
Вознесенськ
Garden chapel in Voznesensk
Garden chapel in Voznesensk
Flag of Voznesensk
Official seal of Voznesensk
Voznesensk is located in Mykolaiv Oblast
Voznesensk
Voznesensk
Voznesensk is located in Ukraine
Voznesensk
Voznesensk
Coordinates: 47°34′N 31°18′E / 47.567°N 31.300°E / 47.567; 31.300Coordinates: 47°34′N 31°18′E / 47.567°N 31.300°E / 47.567; 31.300
Country Ukraine
OblastMykolaiv Oblast
RaionVoznesensk Raion
Founded1795[1]
Area
 • Total22.56 km2 (8.71 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total34,050
Websitewww.voznesensk.org

HistoryEdit

This city was founded in 1795 on the site of the Cossack settlement of Sokoly after the liquidation of the Zaporozhian Sich.[4]

Voznesensk received city status in 1938.[1][5]

During World War II, the city was occupied by Axis troops from August 1941 until March 1944.

In January 1989, the population of the city was 43,881 people.[6][5]

Until 18 July 2020, Voznesensk was incorporated as a city of regional significance. It also served as the administrative center of Voznesensk Raion even though it did not belong to the raion. In July 2020, as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Mykolaiv Oblast to four, the city of Voznesensk was merged into Voznesensk Raion.[7][8]

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the city saw shelling and fighting as part of the Battle of Mykolaiv and the Battles of Voznesensk.[9][10] The city was a key objective for Russian forces, who sought to capture an important intersection on the route between Mykolaiv and Odesa, and cross the Southern Buh river immediately southwest of the city. Securing this intersection was an essential prerequisite for any subsequent offensive towards Odesa, as it would allow Russian tanks and armored fighting vehicles access to the most suitable highway to the city.[11] The first battle began on March 2, when a Russian armored column was defeated by Ukrainian forces in the vicinity of Voznesensk, in a battle which the Wall Street Journal described as "one of the war's most decisive routs" up to that point.[11][a][13] The Ukrainian army, in cooperation with local farmers, destroyed a strategically important bridge, over which the Russians aimed to cross the Southern Bug. Additionally, the Ukrainian fighters destroyed around 30 Russian tanks and armored vehicles and one helicopter, thereby preventing any further Russian advance towards Odesa and a nearby nuclear facility.[14] The second battle of Voznesensk began on March 9, with Russian troops occupying the city for three days until Ukraine retook the city.[15] Had the Russian-held Mykolaiv Military–Civilian Administration pushed northwards capturing Nova Odesa, Voznesensk would be the de jure capital of the oblast.

On August 20, 2022, a Russian airstrike on Voznesensk killed 9 civilians, 4 of which were children.[16]

TransportationEdit

The Voznesensk railway station[1][5] is an important stop along the Odesa railroad, with direct trains available to major cities including Kyiv and Dnipro. The main bus station offers many destinations including buses to Kyiv, Mykolayiv and Kherson. Local marshrutkas (route buses) run from the center to all of the cities' microregions and surrounding villages as well as every half-hour to Mykolayiv.

EducationEdit

Voznesensk has nine schools, a lyceum, a technicum, and a college.

RecreationEdit

Voznesensk has many available recreational opportunities. The city is situated along the Southern Buh river, where residents swim, fish, and relax on the riverbanks. To the north of Voznesensk, near Pervomaisk, the Southern Buh flows through a canyon which is famous for its whitewater rafting and mountain climbing. The stadium in the center of Voznesensk features a football pitch, tennis court, track, and playground. The sports club "VOSCO" in the third microregion has an indoor basketball/tennis court as well as a weight training room. In fall 2012, a new sports complex in the center, "Waterfall", opened, which has a swimming pool, training room and saunas.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Yevgeny Kibrik (1906-1978), a well-known artist who was born and grew up in Voznesensk. There is a museum featuring his art on Sobornosti Street, formerly called Lenin Street.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Voznesensk (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
2.4
(36.3)
16.6
(61.9)
23.3
(73.9)
26.8
(80.2)
29.3
(84.7)
29.0
(84.2)
22.8
(73.0)
15.8
(60.4)
7.5
(45.5)
2.4
(36.3)
15.4
(59.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.2
(28.0)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.4
(38.1)
10.5
(50.9)
16.7
(62.1)
20.4
(68.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.1
(71.8)
16.3
(61.3)
10.2
(50.4)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) −4.9
(23.2)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.2
(41.4)
10.4
(50.7)
14.5
(58.1)
16.4
(61.5)
15.6
(60.1)
10.8
(51.4)
5.7
(42.3)
0.8
(33.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
5.5
(41.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29.2
(1.15)
30.6
(1.20)
28.6
(1.13)
33.0
(1.30)
48.4
(1.91)
65.8
(2.59)
62.7
(2.47)
49.6
(1.95)
50.2
(1.98)
34.2
(1.35)
36.6
(1.44)
34.3
(1.35)
503.2
(19.81)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.1 6.3 5.9 6.3 7.1 8.4 6.9 5.2 5.1 4.7 5.8 6.5 74.3
Average relative humidity (%) 82.3 79.5 73.8 65.2 63.0 65.8 63.5 61.8 68.9 75.2 82.4 83.4 72.1
Source: World Meteorological Organization[17]

GalleryEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ On 2–3 March 2022 a Russian battalion tactical group (BTG) was routed by Ukrainian troops and volunteers; the local residents of Voznesensk constructed defenses to funnel BTG vehicles into locations where they could be destroyed in structured ambushes; Russian troops abandoned nearly two-thirds of their tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, multiple-rocket launchers and trucks in Voznesensk.[12][11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Вознесенск. Большая Советская Энциклопедия. под ред. А. М. Прохорова. 3-е изд. том 3. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1971.
  2. ^ "Вознесенская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  3. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  4. ^ "Пам'ятки та історія - Вознесенськ знайомий і незнайомий".
  5. ^ a b c Вознесенск Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.236
  6. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу. Demoscope.
  7. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  8. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  9. ^ "Video shows firefights between Ukrainian and Russian troops in streets of Ukrainian city of Voznesensk". CNN. 9 March 2022. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Inside a Ukrainian town's bloody battle to keep Russian invaders away from a nuclear plant and the vital port of Odesa - CBS News". CBS News. 2022-03-18. Archived from the original on 2022-03-18. Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  11. ^ a b c Trofimov, Yaroslav (2022-03-16). "A Ukrainian Town Deals Russia One of the War's Most Decisive Routs". The Wall Street Journal. Photographs by Manu Brabo. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2022-03-17.
  12. ^ Sravasti Dasgupta (17 Mar 2022) Ukrainian soldiers and volunteers defeated larger Russian force in strategically important town, report claims. MSN.
  13. ^ Harding, Andrew (2022-03-22). "Ukraine: The small town which managed to block Russia's big plans - BBC News". Archived from the original on 2022-03-22. Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  14. ^ «Ukraine: The small town which managed to block Russia's big plans», BBC, 22. mars 2022
  15. ^ "Voznesensk resists Russian takeover: City occupied 3 days, now freed & preparing to defend". France 24. 2022-03-14. Retrieved 2022-11-02.
  16. ^ "Number of victims in Voznesensk grows to 9 people, 4 of them children, they are in bad condition – Kim". Interfax-Ukraine. Retrieved 2022-08-23.
  17. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.

External linksEdit