Pervomaisk, Mykolaiv Oblast

Pervomaisk (Ukrainian: Первома́йськ, Pervomays'k, Russian: Первома́йск) is a city in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine and the administrative center of the Pervomaisk Raion. Administratively, the city is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. It is located on the Southern Bug river which bisects the city. Population: 63,377 (2021 est.)[1] In 2001, population was 70,170.

Pervomaisk
Первомайськ
Main square in Pervomaisk
Main square in Pervomaisk
Flag of Pervomaisk
Coat of arms of Pervomaisk
Pervomaisk is located in Mykolaiv Oblast
Pervomaisk
Pervomaisk
Location of Pervomaisk
Pervomaisk is located in Ukraine
Pervomaisk
Pervomaisk
Pervomaisk (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°02′38″N 30°51′00″E / 48.04389°N 30.85000°E / 48.04389; 30.85000Coordinates: 48°02′38″N 30°51′00″E / 48.04389°N 30.85000°E / 48.04389; 30.85000
Country
Oblast
Municipality
 Ukraine
 Mykolaiv Oblast
Pervomaisk
Founded1676
City status1773
Government
 • MayorDemchenko Oleg Mikhailovich
Area
 • Total25.14 km2 (9.71 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total63,377
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
Postal code
55200-55219
Area code(s)+380-5161
Websitehttp://www.pervomaisk.mk.ua/

The city is known for being a center (headquarters) of the Soviet Strategic Rocket Forces during the its Soviet period.

EtymologyEdit

The name derives from the Russian pervomay (первомай) meaning "the first of May," (May Day), referring also to the city's formation on 1 May 1919 from the merger of three neighbouring places.

The name for one of the merged towns, Bohopil (or Bohopol),[2] was derived from the name of a local river Southern Bug which in Polish and Ukrainian is named Boh.

HistoryEdit

The city was formed when three neighbouring settlements: the village of Holta (Голта) and the town of Bohopil (Богопіль) around a county city of Olviopol (Ольвіополь) were merged. The merger was adopted by the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee on June 6, 1919. These cities existed from 1773 and the first settlement in the area was mentioned as early as 1676.

In the 17th century Holta was part of Zaporizhian Sich, Bohopil was the customs point of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Olviopol was part of the Russian Empire.[3]

World War IIEdit

In World War II, Pervomaisk was occupied by the Axis Powers in 1941 and was divided between German occupation authorities on the east bank (Bohopol and Olviopol) and the Romanian-occupied region of Transnistria to the west (Holta). Holta served as the center of the Golta judeţ (district) of Transnistria. Pervomaisk had been more than 1/3 Jewish before the war but most were murdered during the occupation.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Pervomaisk, Mykolaiv Oblast (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
1.5
(34.7)
7.3
(45.1)
16.0
(60.8)
22.7
(72.9)
25.8
(78.4)
28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
21.8
(71.2)
14.7
(58.5)
6.7
(44.1)
1.5
(34.7)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.6
(27.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
2.6
(36.7)
10.0
(50.0)
16.2
(61.2)
19.6
(67.3)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
15.6
(60.1)
9.4
(48.9)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
9.4
(48.9)
Average low °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.1
(30.0)
4.7
(40.5)
9.9
(49.8)
13.8
(56.8)
15.7
(60.3)
14.9
(58.8)
10.1
(50.2)
5.0
(41.0)
0.1
(32.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
4.9
(40.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 34.6
(1.36)
34.3
(1.35)
32.8
(1.29)
33.2
(1.31)
48.4
(1.91)
79.3
(3.12)
74.0
(2.91)
52.5
(2.07)
56.3
(2.22)
38.8
(1.53)
44.1
(1.74)
37.8
(1.49)
566.1
(22.29)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.4 7.0 8.9 7.6 5.5 6.1 5.6 6.6 6.9 81.3
Average relative humidity (%) 83.9 81.7 75.6 65.1 63.4 68.1 65.5 63.4 70.0 76.7 84.1 85.6 73.6
Source: World Meteorological Organization[4]

Notable residentsEdit

Remarkable buildings and structuresEdit

In Pervomaisk, there is at 48°4'0"N 30°51'29"E a 196 metres tall guyed TV mast, equipped with 6 crossbars running from the mast body to the guys.

Pervomaisk was the former location of the 46th Rocket Division of the 43rd Rocket Army of the Soviet Strategic Rocket Forces, formed during the Cold War.[5] One of the commanders of the division, appointed in 1991, was General Major Mikhail Filatov.[6] The RT-23UTTKh intercontinental ballistic missile silos based at Pervomaisk were destroyed, partially with Nunn–Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction programme funding, during the 1990s.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-06. Retrieved 2014-03-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ No Holds Barred, The Ukrainian Week (19 July 2013)
  4. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  5. ^ Michael Holm, 46th Missile Division
  6. ^ Woff, Armed Forces of the Soviet Union, B39-16

External linksEdit