Sumy Oblast (Ukrainian: Сумська́ о́бласть, romanizedSumska oblast), also known as Sumshchyna (Су́мщина), is an oblast (province) in northeast Ukraine. The oblast was created in its most recent form, from the merging of raions from Kharkiv Oblast, Chernihiv Oblast, and Poltava Oblast in 1939 by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.

Sumy Oblast
Сумська область
Sumska oblast[1]
Coat of arms of Sumy Oblast
Nickname: 
Сумщина (Sumshchyna)
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerSumy
Government
 • GovernorVolodymyr Artyukh
 • Oblast council64[2] seats
 • ChairpersonVolodymyr Tokar
Area
 • Total23,834 km2 (9,202 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 16th
Population
 (2022)[3]
 • TotalDecrease 1,035,772
 • RankRanked 19th
GDP
 • Total₴ 105 billion
(€2.726 billion)
 • Per capita₴ 100,760
(€2,609)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code+380-54
ISO 3166 codeUA-59
Raions18
Cities (total)15
• Regional cities7
Urban-type settlements20
Villages1492
FIPS 10-4UP21
Websitesorada.gov.ua

The estimated population is 1,035,772 (2022 estimate).[3]

The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Sumy. Other important cities within the oblast include Konotop, Okhtyrka, Romny, and Shostka. The oblast has a heavy mix of agriculture and industry, with over 600 industrial locations. Importantly, seven rivers pass through the oblast.

Geography edit

The Sumy Oblast is situated in the northeastern part of Ukraine. It is situated on a border of two historical regions of Ukraine — Cossack Hetmanate (annexed by Russia in the 18th century as Little Russia, previously known as Severia) and Sloboda Ukraine. Elevation is 110–240m above sea level.[5] Its area (23,800 km2) constitutes 3.95% of the country.

The oblast borders the oblasts of Bryansk (Russia) on the northeast, Kursk and Belgorod (Russia) on the east, Kharkiv on the southeast, Poltava on the south, and Chernihiv on the west.

Seven main rivers flow through the oblast, with Desna River being the largest.[5]

The Sumy Oblast contains 168 objects and territories of natural reserve. The oblast is rich in picturesque banks of numerous rivers, and sources of mineral waters. Major environmental problems are: soil erosion, pesticide pollution, air and water pollution. The city has a problem of garbage utilization. The only place for pesticide utilization in Ukraine[citation needed] is Shostka, Sumy region.

History edit

The region was created on the ukase of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union on 10 January 1939 as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. The newly created Sumy Oblast included 12 former raions of Kharkiv Oblast, 17 former raions of Chernihiv Oblast, and 2 former raions of Poltava Oblast.

During World War II in 1941–43, it was occupied by Nazi Germany under administration of the German Wehrmacht. After the German forces were driven out, the Soviet Union regained control of the region under jurisdiction of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

In 1965 one of former Chernihiv Oblast raions (Talalaivka Raion) was returned to Chernihiv Oblast.

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine the Sumy Oblast was one of the first regions where Russian and Ukrainian forces clashed.[6][7][8] Parts of the oblast came under Russian occupation during the invasion. On 4 April 2022 Governor of Sumy Oblast Dmytro Zhyvytskyi stated that Russian troops no longer occupied any towns or villages in Sumy Oblast and had mostly withdrawn, while Ukrainian troops were working to push out the remaining units.[9] On 8 April 2022 Zhyvytskyi stated that all Russian troops had left Sumy Oblast.[10]

Points of interest edit

The following historic-cultural sited were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Administrative divisions edit

 
Detailed map of Sumy Oblast.
 
Block of 4 stamps "Beauty and greatness of Ukraine. Sumy region" (2018)

It comprises 5 raions (districts) that are further subdivided into 51 territorial hromadas (communities).

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Sumy Oblast:

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Sumy Oblast council. The governor of the oblast (chairman of state regional administration) is appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Demographics edit

 
Students of the Sumy State Pedagogical University
 
The most common native language in the cities and village councils of the Sumy region according to the 2001 census - Ukrainian 88.88%

At the 2001 census, the ethnic groups within the Sumy Oblast were: 88.8% Ukrainians, 9.4% Russians.[11]

Age structure edit

0-14 years: 12.7%   (male 74,529/female 70,521)
15-64 years: 70.8%   (male 386,250/female 422,077)
65 years and over: 16.5%   (male 60,374/female 127,306) (2013 official)[citation needed]

Median age edit

total: 42.0 years  
male: 38.6 years  
female: 45.4 years   (2013 official)[citation needed]

Economy edit

Industry edit

The main industrial activities of the oblast are: chemical mechanical engineering, pumping and energy mechanical engineering, agricultural machine-construction, instrument-making industry and radio electronics, technical equipment production for processing fields of agro-industrial complexes, mining and iron ore production industry, polygraph industry and medicine production, oil and gas processing, chemical production, film and photo material production (See: Svema), and chemical fertilizer production. In general, there are 273 large industry enterprises and 327 small industry enterprises.

Agriculture edit

In 1999, the gross grain yield was about 446,000 tons, sugar beets – 664,000 tons, sunflower seeds – 27,700 tons, potatoes – 343,600 tons. The region also produced 108,700 tons of meat, 517,800 tons of milk and 295,300,000 eggs. At the beginning of 1999, there were 781 registered farms in the oblast.

Notable people from Sumy Oblast edit

Nomenclature edit

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Sumy is the center of the Sums’ka oblast (Sumy Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Sumy Oblast, Sumshchyna.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use (PDF). scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Retrieved 6 October 2020. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  2. ^ (in Ukrainian) List of members of the Sumy Regional Council of the Sixth Convocation Archived 1 October 2020 at the Wayback Machine, Official website Sumy Parliament
  3. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  4. ^ "Валовии регіональнии продукт".
  5. ^ a b "ІNVESTMENT PASSPORT of Sumy oblast" (PDF). investukraine.com. State Agency for Investment and National Projects of Ukraine. 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Украинские пограничники сообщили об атаке границы со стороны России и Белоруссии". Interfax. 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  7. ^ "Войска России на севере Украины продвинулись вглубь до пяти километров – Арестович". Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  8. ^ "Перші три дні повномасштабної російсько-української війни (текстовий онлайн) | Громадське телебачення". Hromadske (in Ukrainian). 24 February 2022. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  9. ^ Russian troops no longer hold any settlements in Ukraine's Sumy region, says governor, National Post (4 April 2022)
  10. ^ Sumy region liberated from Russian troops, Ukrayinska Pravda (8 April 2022)
  11. ^ "Results of the population census of Ukraine in 2001". Demoscope Weekly.

External links edit

51°00′N 34°00′E / 51.000°N 34.000°E / 51.000; 34.000