Kharkiv Oblast

Kharkiv Oblast (Ukrainian: Харківська́ о́бласть, romanizedKharkivska oblast, also referred to as Kharkivshchyna, Ха́рківщина) is an oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. The oblast borders Russia to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the south-east, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the south-west, Poltava Oblast to the west and Sumy Oblast to the north-west. The area of the oblast is 31,400 km², corresponding to 5.2% of the total territory of Ukraine. Population: 2,633,834 (2021 est.)[2]

Kharkiv Oblast
Харківська область
Kharkivska oblast[1]
Nickname(s): 
Харківщина (Kharkivshchyna)
Kharkiv in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Coordinates: 49°35′N 36°26′E / 49.59°N 36.43°E / 49.59; 36.43Coordinates: 49°35′N 36°26′E / 49.59°N 36.43°E / 49.59; 36.43
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerCoat of arms of Kharkiv.svg Kharkiv
Government
 • GovernorOleh Synyehubov
 • Oblast council120 seats
Area
 • Total31,415 km2 (12,129 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 4th
Population
 (2021)[2]
 • TotalDecrease 2,633,834
 • RankRanked 3rd
Demographics
 • Official language(s)Ukrainian
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
61-64
Area code+380-57
ISO 3166 codeUA-63
Vehicle registrationAX
Raions7[3]
Cities (total)17
• Regional cities7
Urban-type settlements61
Villages1683
FIPS 10-4UP07
Websitewww.kharkivoda.gov.ua

The oblast is the third most populous province of Ukraine, with a population of 2,857,751 in 2004, more than half (1.5 million) of whom live in the city of Kharkiv, the oblast's administrative center. While the Russian language is primarily spoken in the cities of Kharkiv oblast, elsewhere in the oblast most inhabitants speak Ukrainian.


Following Russian invasion of Ukraine currently about one third territory of Kharkiv oblast is occupied including Izum,Balaklya and Kupiansk.

GeographyEdit

The oblast borders Russia (Belgorod Oblast) to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the south-east, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the south-west, Poltava Oblast to the west and Sumy Oblast to the north-west.

HistoryEdit

During the Soviet administrative reform of 1923–1929, in 1925, the Kharkov Governorate was abolished leaving its five okruhas: Okhtyrka (originally Bohodukhiv), Izyum, Kupyansk, Sumy, and Kharkiv. Introduced in the Soviet Union in 1923, a similar subdivisions existed in Ukraine back in 1918. In 1930 all okruhas were also abolished with raions becoming the first level of subdivision of Ukraine until 1932.

The modern Kharkiv Oblast was established on 27 February 1932. In the summer of 1932, some parts of the oblast were included in the newly created Donetsk Oblast originally centered in Artemivsk (later in Stalino). Then in the fall, some territories of the Kharkiv Oblast were used in creation of Chernihiv Oblast. More territories became part of Poltava Oblast in fall of 1937 and Sumy Oblast in winter of 1939.

During the Holodomor the population of the Kharkiv Oblast together with Kyiv Oblast suffered the most. The region saw major fighting during World War II in several Battles of Kharkov between 1941 and 1943.

During the 1991 referendum, 86.33% of votes in Kharkiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 4.2% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 71.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.[4]

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Russian military invaded and occupied parts of Kharkiv Oblast.

DemographicsEdit

Its population in 2001 was 2,895,800 million (1,328,900 males (45.9%) and 1,566,900 females (54.1%)).

At the 2001 census, the ethnic groups within the Kharkiv Oblast were:

the groups by native language:

Age structureEdit

0-14 years: 12.6%   (male 177,464/female 167,321)
15-64 years: 72.2%   (male 945,695/female 1,024,841)
65 years and over: 15.2%   (male 135,737/female 277,725) (2013 official)

Median ageEdit

total: 40.5 years  
male: 36.9 years  
female: 44.1 years   (2013 official)

Administrative divisionsEdit

The Kharkiv Oblast is administratively subdivided into 7[3] raions (districts). Prior to the 2020 decentralization reform, there were 25 raions,[3] and also 7 cities (municipalities) that were directly subordinate to the oblast government (Chuhuiv, Izium, Kupiansk, Liubotyn, Lozova, Pervomaiskyi, and the administrative center of the oblast, Kharkiv).

 
Map of Kharkiv Oblast
Name Ukrainian name Area
(km2)
Population
(2021)[5]
Admin. center
Bohodukhiv Raion Богодухівський район 1,160 124,936 Bohodukhiv
Chuhuiv Raion Чугуївський район 1,149 197,695 Chuhuiv
Izium Raion Ізюмський район 1,553 175,986 Izium
Kharkiv Raion Харківський район 1,403 1,745,734 Kharkiv
Krasnohrad Raion Красноградський район 9,851 105,948 Krasnohrad
Kupiansk Raion Куп’янський район 4,618 133,135 Kupiansk
Lozova Raion Лозівський район 1,404 150,400 Lozova

NomenclatureEdit

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially called "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Kharkiv is the center of the Kharkivs’ka oblast’ (Kharkiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Kharkiv Oblast, Kharkivshchyna.

EconomyEdit

The Kharkiv oblast has a primarily industrial economy, including engineering, metallurgy, manufacturing, production of chemicals and food processing. It also has an important agricultural sector with 19,000 square kilometres of arable land (comprising 5.9% of the total arable lands of Ukraine). Agricultural production grew substantially in 2015.[6]

Also in Kharkiv is the airplane plant for space controlling systems. It is a major center for all branches of engineering, from large-scale manufacture to microelectronics. Also situated in Kharkiv Oblast is a gas field, which is one of the biggest in Ukraine.

Points of interestEdit

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

SportEdit

It has a regional federation within Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
  2. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ a b c (in Ukrainian) Local elections. Kharkiv region: new block and "big change of shoes", The Ukrainian Week (7 September 2020)
  4. ^ Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015.
  5. ^ "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  6. ^ (in Russian) Agriculture in 2015: results SQ News (13 February 2016)

External linksEdit