Cherkasy Oblast

Cherkasy Oblast (Ukrainian: Черкаська область, romanizedCherkas'ka oblast', pronounced [tʃerˈkɑsʲkɐ ˈɔblɐstʲ]; also referred to as Черкащина Cherkashchyna [tʃerˈkɑʃtʃɪnɐ]) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine located along the Dnieper River. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Cherkasy (population: 1,192,137 (2020 est.)[3]).

Cherkasy Oblast

Черкаська область
Cherkaska oblast[1]
Coat of arms of Cherkasy Oblast
Coat of arms
Черкащина (Cherkashchyna)
Cherkasy in Ukraine.svg
Country Ukraine
EstablishedJanuary 7, 1954
Administrative centerCherkasy
Largest citiesCherkasy, Uman, Smila, Zolotonosha
 • GovernorSerhiy Serhiychuk[2]
 • Oblast council84 seats
 • ChairpersonAnatoliy Pidhornyy
 • Total20,900 km2 (8,100 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 18th
 • Total1,192,137
 • RankRanked 15th
 • Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Official language(s)Ukrainian
 • Average salaryUAH 817 (2006)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code+380 47
ISO 3166 codeUA-71
Vehicle registrationCA
Cities (total)25
• Regional cities6
Urban-type settlements34
FIPS 10-4UP01


With 20,900 km², the Cherkasy oblast is the 18th largest oblast of Ukraine, comprising about 3.5% of the area of the country. The south flowing Dnieper River with the hilly western bank and the plain eastern bank divides the oblast into two unequal parts. The larger western part belongs to the Dnieper Upland. The low-lying eastern part of the oblast used to be subject to the frequent Dnieper flooding before the flow of the river became controlled by multiple dams of Hydroelectric Power Plants constructed along the river in the 20th century.

The oblast extends for 245 km from south-west to north-east, and for 150 km from north to south. The northernmost point of the oblast is located is near the village of Kononivka in the Drabivskyi Raion (district), the southernmost point near the village of Kolodyste in the Talnivskyi Raion, the westernmost point near the village of Korytnya in the Zhashkivskyi Raion, and the easternmost point near the village of Stetsivka in the Chyhyrynsky Raion. The geometric centre of the oblast is located near the village Zhuravky of the Horodyshchenskyi Raion. The oblast borders the Kyiv Oblast to the north, the Kirovohrad Oblast to the south, the Poltava Oblast to the east, and the Vinnytsia Oblast to the west.


The Cherkasy Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on January 7, 1954. The oblast's territory was the major cities of Cherkasy, Smila and Uman, their corresponding raions (districts), as well as 30 former raions of the Vinnytsia, Kyiv, Kirovohrad and Poltava Oblasts.

Archaeological discoveries, have shown that people have inhabited the valley of the Dnieper (Dnipro) River since the times immemorial. The oldest objects excavated on the territory of the region date back to the Stone Age – the Palaeolithic period.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Map of Cherkasy Oblast.

Cherkasy Oblast is administratively subdivided into 20 raions (districts), as well as 6 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Vatutine, Zolotonosha, Kaniv, Smila, Uman, and the administrative center of the oblast, Cherkasy. There are a total of 25 cities, 34 urban-type settlements, and 838 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of Cherkasy Oblast:

  • Administrative Center—1 (Cherkasy);
  • Raions—20;
  • City raions—2;
  • Settlements—855, including:
    • Villages—824;
    • Cities/Towns—31, including:
      • Urban-type settlements—15;
      • Cities—16, including:
        • Cities of oblast subordinance—6;
        • Cities of raion subordinance—10;
  • Selsovets—525.

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Cherkasy Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Cherkasy Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Name Ukrainian Name Area
census 2015[4] Urban Population Only
Cherkasy Черка́си (місто) 69 284,479 Cherkasy (city) 283,610
Kaniv Канів (місто) 18 25,169 Kaniv (city) 25,169
Smila Сміла (місто) 40 68,664 Smila (city) 68,657
Uman Умань (місто) 41 86,050 Uman (city) 86,050
Vatutine Ватутіне (місто) 11 17,616 Vatutine (city) 16,958
Zolotonosha Золотоноша (місто) 22 29,277 Zolotonosha (city) 28,301
Cherkasy Raion Черкаський (район) 1,617 75,758 Cherkasy (city) N/A *
Chornobai Raion Чорнобаївський (район) 1,554 41,217 Chornobai 7,312
Chyhyryn Raion Чигири́нський (район) 1,217 27,012 Chyhyryn 9,002
Drabiv Raion Драбівський (район) 1,160 35,387 Drabiv 9,349
Horodyshche Raion Городищенський (район) 883 40,986 Horodyshche 18,562
Kamianka Raion Кам'янканський (район) 726 27,539 Kamianka 12,059
Kaniv Raion Канівський (район) 1,282 19,218 Kaniv (city) N/A *
Katerynopil Raion Катеринопільський (район) 672 24,337 Katerynopil 9,740
Khrystynivka Raion Христинівський (район) 632 35,108 Khrystynivka 14,533
Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi Raion Новобузький (район) 896 43,296 Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi 21,994
Lysianka Raion Лисянський (район) 746 23,808 Lysianka 7,998
Mankivka Raion Маньківський (район) 765 27,773 Mankivka 9,642
Monastyryshche Raion Монастирищенський (район) 720 36,395 Monastyryshche 12,575
Shpola Raion Шполянський (район) 1,106 43,729 Shpola 17,331
Smila Raion Смілянський (район) 934 32,422 Smila (city) N/A *
Talne Raion Тальнівський (район) 910 34,371 Talne 14,048
Uman Raion Уманський (район) 1,393 43,046 Uman (city) N/A *
Zhashkiv Raion Жашківський (район) 964 37,310 Zhashkiv 14,111
Zolotonosha Raion Золотоніський (район) 1,492 41,605 Zolotonosha (city) N/A *
Zvenyhorodka Raion Звенигородський (район) 1,010 44,594 Zvenyhorodka 17,463
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.


The region has 16 populated places that are cities.


A church in Subotiv near Chyhyryn, the birthplace of Ukrainian Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky.
The Sviato-Uspenskyi Cathedral in Zolotonosha.

The current estimated population is 1,335,064 (as of 2006).

According to the 2001 Ukrainian census, the oblast's population is almost equally divided between the urban and rural areas (53.7% and 46.3%, respectively).[5] The demographic situation in this largely agricultural territory is somewhat complicated by population ageing.[6]

By ethnic composition, Ukrainians represent the overwhelming majority of the oblast's population (93.6%).[7] Ethnic Russians are the distant second group of population (5.4%), and are concentrated mainly in the city of Cherkasy.

The oblast is primarily Ukrainophone.

Age structureEdit

0-14 years: 13.4%   (male 87,557/female 82,340)
15-64 years: 69.1%   (male 417,426/female 457,390)
65 years and over: 17.5%   (male 72,835/female 147,711) (2013 official)

Median ageEdit

total: 41.7 years  
male: 38.4 years  
female: 45.0 years   (2013 official)


The economy of the Cherkasy Oblast is largely dominated by agriculture. While the winter wheat and sugar beets are the main products grown in the oblast, barley, corn, tobacco and hemp are also grown. Cattle breeding is also important.

The industry is mainly concentrated in Cherkasy, the oblast's capital and the largest city. A chemical industry was developed in the city in late 1960s in addition to machine building, furniture making and agricultural processing.


Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Cherkasy is the center of the Cherkas’ka oblast’ (Cherkasy Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Cherkasy Oblast, Cherkashchyna.


There are 5 universities in the region:


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
  2. ^ Зеленський призначив нового голову Черкаської ОДА, Radio Free Europe (28 August 2020)
  3. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Population Quantity" (PDF). UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  5. ^ "General results of the census / Urban and rural population / Cherkasy region". 2001 Ukrainian Census. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
  6. ^ "General results of the census / Age composition of population / Cherkasy region". 2001 Ukrainian Census. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
  7. ^ "General results of the census / National composition of population / Cherkasy region". 2001 Ukrainian Census. Archived from the original on 2007-07-02. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
  • "Cherkasy Region". Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Retrieved 2007-06-01.
  • (1972) Історіа міст і сіл Української CCP - Черкаська область (History of Towns and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR - Cherkasy Oblast), Kiev. (in Ukrainian)

External linksEdit

  •—Official website of Cherkasy Oblast Administration (in Ukrainian, Russian, and English)
  •—Cherkasy oblast: facts and figures

Coordinates: 49°26′41″N 32°03′37″E / 49.44472°N 32.06028°E / 49.44472; 32.06028