Cherkasy Raion

Cherkasy Raion (Ukrainian: Черкаський район, translit.: Cherkas'kyi raion) is a raion (district) of Cherkasy Oblast. It is located in the central part of Cherkasy oblast, and the center of the raion is the city of Cherkasy. The population is 591,313 (2021 est.)[1].

Cherkasy Raion
Черкаський район
Flag of Cherkasy Raion
Coat of arms of Cherkasy Raion
Cherkasskiy rayon 2020.svg
Coordinates: 49°30′0″N 31°48′0″E / 49.50000°N 31.80000°E / 49.50000; 31.80000Coordinates: 49°30′0″N 31°48′0″E / 49.50000°N 31.80000°E / 49.50000; 31.80000
Country Ukraine
Region Cherkasy Oblast
Established4 January 1965
Admin. centerCherkasy
Subdivisions26 hromadas
Government
 • ChairmanKostiantyn Omargalieva
Area
 • Total1,617 km2 (624 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total591,313
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Postal index
19601—19646
Area code380-472
Websitehttp://cherkassy-rda.gov.ua/

On 18 July 2020, as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, the number of raions of Cherkasy Oblast was reduced to four, and the area of Cherkasy Raion was significantly expanded. Four abolished raions, Chyhyryn, Kamianka, Kaniv, and Smila Raions, parts of two more abolished raions, Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi and Horodyshche Raions, as well as the cities of Cherkasy, Kaniv, and Smila, which were previously incorporated as cities of oblast significance and did not belong to any raion, were merged into Cherkasy Raion.[2][3] The January 2020 estimate of the raion population was 73,883 (2020 est.)[4].

The approximate length if the raion was 76 km (47 mi) and its width is up to 25 km (16 mi), and the raion consisted of 39 settlements - 38 villages and 1 urban-type settlement - Irdyn. There were 23 village councils (sil's'ka rada) in Cherkasy raion. The biggest villages of them were Ruska Polyana (Ukrainian: Руська Поляна), Chervona Sloboda (Ukrainian: Червона Слобода), Bilozirya (Ukrainian: Білозір'я), and Moshny (Ukrainian: Мошни). The area of the raion was 1,617 km2 (624 sq mi), with the density of 49 inhabitants per square kilometre (130/sq mi). The population consisted of Ukrainians (96.4%), Russians (2.9%), Belorussians (0.2%), and others (0.5%).

SubdivisionsEdit

CurrentEdit

After the reform in July 2020, the raion consisted of 26 hromadas:[3]

Before 2020Edit

 
Cherkasy Raion in Cherkasy Oblast before 2020

Before the 2020 reform, the raion consisted of eight hromadas:[14]

  • Biloziria rural hromada with the administration in Biloziria;
  • Budyshche rural hromada with the administration in Budyshche;
  • Chervona Sloboda rural hromada with the administration in Chervona Sloboda;
  • Lesky rural hromada with the administration in Lesky;
  • Moshny rural hromada with the administration in Moshny;
  • Ruska Poliana rural hromada with the administration in Ruska Poliana;
  • Sahunivka rural hromada with the administration in Sahunivka;
  • Stepanky rural hromada with the administration in Stepanky.

GeographyEdit

The raion is located on lowlands, on the bank of Kremenchuk Reservoir, on the Dnieper. Rivers, such as the Ros, the Vilshyanka, and the Tyasmyn are flowing through the raion. Forests cover about 62 hectares of the district, including the famous Cherkasy Forest.[15]

EconomyEdit

TransportationEdit

The raion is crossed with highways which connect Cherkasy with other cities like Kaniv, Zolotonosha, Uman. The length of all routes is 3,209 km (1,994 mi), from which 1,012 km (629 mi) are national routes. The region also hosts a part of Odessa-Moscow railway route.

HistoryEdit

Since January 2015, the chairman of the district administration has been Kostiantyn Omargaliev.[16]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  2. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  3. ^ a b "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  4. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2020 року / Population of Ukraine Number of Existing as of January 1, 2020 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  5. ^ a b c d "Смілянська районна рада (состав до 2020 г.)" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  6. ^ a b c "Канівська районна рада (состав до 2020 г.)" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  7. ^ "Черкасская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  8. ^ a b "Чигиринська районна рада (состав до 2020 г.)" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  9. ^ a b "Городищенська районна рада (состав до 2020 г.)" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  10. ^ a b "Кам'янська районна рада (состав до 2020 г.)" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  11. ^ "Каневская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  12. ^ a b "Корсунь-Шевченківська районна рада (состав до 2020 г.)" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  13. ^ "Смелянская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  14. ^ "Черкаська районна рада (состав до 2020 г.)" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  15. ^ "Черкаський район" [Cherkasy Raion] (in Ukrainian). Cherkasy Regional State Administration. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  16. ^ "ПЕТРО ПОРОШЕНКО ПРИЗНАЧИВ ГОЛОВОЮ ЧЕРКАСЬКОЇ РДА КОСТЯНТИНА ОМАРГАЛІЄВА" [Poroshenko appointes Kostiantyn Omargalieva head of Cherkasy RDA] (in Ukrainian). Cherkasy District State Administration. 19 January 2015. Archived from the original on 10 August 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.