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Kirovohrad Oblast (Ukrainian: Кіровоградська область, translit. Kirovohrads’ka oblast’; also referred to as Kirovohradschyna - Ukrainian: Кіровоградщина) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kropyvnytskyi, formerly known as Kirovohrad. Its population is 965,756 (2017 est.)[2]. Between 1939 and 2016, Kropyvnytskyi was called Kirovohrad and was named after the First Secretary of the Leningrad City Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) Sergei Kirov.[3] Due to decommunization laws (on 14 July 2016) the name of the city was changed to Kropyvnytskyi.[3] Kirovohrad Oblast was not renamed because as such it is mentioned in the Constitution of Ukraine, and the Oblast can only be renamed by a constitutional amendment.[4] On 20 June 2018, the Committee on State Building, Regional Policy and Local Self-Government of the Ukrainian parliament backed the proposal to rename Kirovohrad Oblast to Kropyvnytskyi Oblast.[5] The renaming was criticized by Serhiy Lyovochkin on behalf of the Opposition Bloc.[6] In February 2019, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine declared constitutional the bill on renaming Kirovohrad Oblast to Kropyvnytskyi Oblast.[7][8]

Kirovohrad Oblast

Кіровоградська область
Kirovohrads’ka oblast’
Flag of Kirovohrad Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Kirovohrad Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Кіровоградщина (Kirovohradschyna)
Kirovohrad in Ukraine.svg
Coordinates: 48°28′N 32°16′E / 48.46°N 32.27°E / 48.46; 32.27Coordinates: 48°28′N 32°16′E / 48.46°N 32.27°E / 48.46; 32.27
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerKropyvnytskyi
Government
 • GovernorSerhiy Kovalenko (Acting)[1]
 • Oblast council64 seats
 • ChairpersonOleksandr Chornoivanenko (Batkivshchyna)
Area
 • Total24,588 km2 (9,493 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 15th
Population
 (2017)
 • Total965,756
 • RankRanked 25th
 • Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code+380-52
ISO 3166 codeUA-35
Vehicle registrationВA
Raions21
Cities (total)12
• Regional cities4
Urban-type settlements26
Villages1015
FIPS 10-4UP10
Websitekr-admin.gov.ua

GeographyEdit

The area of the province is 24,600 km2 (9,498.11 sq mi).

The city of Dobrovelychkivka is the geographical center of Ukraine.

HistoryEdit

The oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on January 10, 1939 out of the northern raions of Mykolaiv Oblast. In 1954 the oblast lost some raions to the newly created Cherkasy Oblast, but later that year received its western raions from the Odessa Oblast.

Points of interestEdit

Administrative divisionsEdit

The Kirovohrad Oblast is administratively subdivided into 21 raions (districts) as well as 4 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Oleksandriia, Svitlovodsk, Znamianka, and the administrative center of the oblast, Kropyvnytskyi.

Name Ukrainian Name Area
(km2)
Population
census 2015[9]
Admin.center Urban Population Only
Kropyvnytskyi Кропивницький (місто) 103 239,837 Kropyvnytskyi (city) 231,228
Oleksandriia Олександрія (місто) 55 91,881 Oleksandriia (city) 82,269
Svitlovodsk Світловодськ (місто) 45 53,449 Svitlovodsk (city) 45,746
Znamianka Знам'янка (місто) 15 28,507 Znamianka (city) 23,245
Bobrynets'kyi raion Бобринецький район 1,496 25,993 Bobrynets 10,998
Dobrovelychkivs'kyi raion Добровеличківський район 1,297 33,925 Dobrovelychkivka 14,726
Dolyns'kyi raion Долинський район 1,200 34,535 Dolynska 20,713
Haivorons'kyi raion Гайворонський район 700 38,335 Haivoron 21,556
Holovanivs'kyi raion Голованівський район 992 31,084 Holovanivsk 11,996
Kropyvnytskyi Raion Кропивницький район 1,600 37,123 Kropyvnytskyi (city) N/A *
Kompaniyivs'kyi raion Компаніївський район 967 15,413 Kompaniivka 4,537
Malovyskivs'kyi raion Маловисківський район 1,111 43,678 Mala Vyska 20,660
Novhorodkivs'kyi raion Новгородківський район 997 15,567 Novhorodka 5,775
Novoarkhanhel's'kyi raion Новоархангельський район 1,200 24,743 Novoarkhanhelsk 6,286
Novomyrhorods'kyi raion Новомиргородський район 1,032 28,554 Novomyrhorod 13,894
Novoukrains'kyi raion Новоукраїнський район 1,668 42,055 Novoukrainka 17,176
Oleksandrivs'kyi raion Олександрівський район 1,159 27,558 Oleksandrivka 11,279
Oleksandriys'kyi raion Олександрійський район 1,854 35,765 Oleksandriia (city) N/A *
Onufriyivs'kyi raion Онуфріївський район 889 18,445 Onufriivka 8,695
Petrivs'kyi raion Петрівський район 1,195 24,329 Petrove 8,173
Svitlovods'kyi raion Світловодський район 1,219 12,420 Svitlovodsk (city) N/A *
Ul'yanovs'kyi raion Ульяновський район 701 22,742 Ulianovka 6,080
Ustynivs'kyi raion Устинівський район 942 13,106 Ustynivka 3,467
Vilshans'kyi raion Вільшанський район 645 12,650 Vilshanka 4,689
Znamyans'kyi raion Знам'янський район 1,334 23,030 Znamianka (city) N/A *
Total Oblast Кіровоградська Область 24,588 974,724 612,237

Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that its named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

DemographicsEdit

Age structureEdit

0-14 years: 14.3%   (male 72,646/female 68,970)
15-64 years: 68.7%   (male 324,698/female 355,058)
65 years and over: 17.0%   (male 55,718/female 111,666) (2013 official)

Median ageEdit

total: 41.2 years  
male: 37.7 years  
female: 44.5 years   (2013 official)

NomenclatureEdit

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Kirovohrad is the center of the Kirovohrads’ka oblast’ (Kirovohrad Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Kirovohrad Oblast, Kirovohradshchyna.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Zelensky appoints acting heads of 12 regional state administrations". Interfax-Ukraine. June 11, 2019. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)
    (in Ukrainian) Verkhovna Rada renamed Kirovograd, Ukrayinska Pravda (14 July 2016)
  4. ^ Ukraine, The World Factbook
  5. ^ Ukraine's parliament committee backs renaming of Dnipropetrovsk, Kirovohrad regions, UNIAN (20 June 2018)
  6. ^ Serhiy Lovochkin: Renaming of the Dnipropetrovsk and Kirovohrad regions should be voted in local referendums Serhiy Lovochkin Opposition Block
  7. ^ "Надано Висновок Конституційного Суду України в справі щодо перейменування Кіровоградської області | Конституційний Суд України". www.ccu.gov.ua. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  8. ^ "Constitutional Court Declares Bill Renaming Kirovohrad Region As Kropyvnytskyi Region Constitutional". ukranews_com. 2019-02-06. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  9. ^ "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016.

External linksEdit

  • "Main". Official web-site of the Kirovohrad Oblast State Administration (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 April 2014.