Yavoriv (Ukrainian: Яворів, Polish: Jaworów, Yiddish: יאַוואָראָוו Yavorov) is a city located in Lviv Oblast (region) of western Ukraine near the Polish border. It is the administrative center of Yavoriv Raion and rests approximately 50 kilometres (31 miles) west of the oblast capital, Lviv. Its population is approximately 13,057 (2017 est.).
Yavoriv city hall
|• Total||23.35 km2 (9.02 sq mi)|
|Elevation||296 m (971 ft)|
|• Density||569.050/km2 (1,473.83/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
The town was first mentioned in written documents in 1376, when it belonged to the Duke of Opava and Racibórz, Wacław. It received Magdeburg rights in 1569, from King Sigismund II Augustus. It was a favorite residence of king John III Sobieski, who there received the congratulations from the Pope on his success against the Turks at Vienna (1683).
Until the Partitions of Poland, Jaworów was an important center of commerce, located along main merchant route from Jarosław to Lwów. In 1772 it was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, as part of Austrian Galicia, where it remained until late 1918. In Galicia, it was the seat of a county, with the population of almost 11,000 (Poles, Jews, Ukrainians and Czechs).
The Jews of the village were merchants or artisans. There was a synagogue. The Germans arrived in June 26, 1941. A Jewish ghetto was established in fall 1942. Before the creation of the ghetto, 1,200 Jews were deported to Belzec. In April 16, 1943, the Jews of the ghetto were taken to the forest. 4,400 Jews were shot in four graves.
In the immediate post-World War I period, the area of Jaworów witnessed Polish – Ukrainian fighting (see Polish-Ukrainian War). After the war, the town became part of the Second Polish Republic, where it remained until the Invasion of Poland in September 1939.
Among notable people born here are Władysław Langner (General of the Polish Army), Stanisław Nowakowski (president of the Polish Scouting and Guiding Association), and mathematician Wawrzyniec Żmurko.
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
Yavoriv is twinned with:
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jaworów". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 294.