Bilohirsk

Bilohirsk (until 1944 – Karasubazar, Ukrainian: Білогірськ, romanizedBilohirsk; Russian: Белого́рск, romanizedBelogorsk, Crimean Tatar: Qarasuvbazar) is a town and the administrative centre in Belohirsk Raion, one of the raions (districts) of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognised by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and annexed by Russia. Population: 16,354 (2014 Census).[2]

Bilohirsk
Къарасувбазар, Белогорск
Belogorsk
UA: Bilohirsk (uk); RU: Qarasuvbazar (crh), Belogorsk (ru), Bilohirsk (uk)
Ukrainian transcription(s)
 • Ukrainian NationalBilohirsk
 • ALA-LCBilohirsʹk
 • ISO 9Bìlogìrsʹk
Russian transcription(s)
 • ISO 9Belogorsk
Flag of Bilohirsk
Coat of arms of Bilohirsk
Etymology: white mountains (for Bilohirsk, Belogorsk)
Bilohirsk is located in Crimea
Bilohirsk
Bilohirsk
Location of Bilohirsk within Crimea
Coordinates: 45°3′16″N 34°36′8″E / 45.05444°N 34.60222°E / 45.05444; 34.60222Coordinates: 45°3′16″N 34°36′8″E / 45.05444°N 34.60222°E / 45.05444; 34.60222
CountryDisputed between Russia and Ukraine[1]
RaionBilohirsk Raion
Location in RussiaRepublic of Crimea Republic of Crimea
Location in UkraineAutonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea
Area
 • Total5.42 km2 (2.09 sq mi)
Elevation
180 m (590 ft)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total16,354
 • Density3,398.52/km2 (8,802.1/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+03:00 (MSK)
Postal code
97600 — 97609
Area code(s)+7-36559
Websitehttp://belogorsk.crimea.ua/

The city is located 25 miles east-northeast of Simferopol on the Biiuk Karasu river. The city's both Russian and Ukrainian names literally are translated as "white mountains", and the Crimean Tatar name Qarasuvbazar means "bazaar on the Karasu river".

HistoryEdit

 
The city in 1856, by Carlo Bossoli.

The site is low, but the town is surrounded by hills, which afford protection from the north wind. The town has a characteristic Crimean Tatar atmosphere. Placed on the high road between Simferopol and Kerch, and in the midst of a country rich in cereal land, vineyards and gardens, Qarasubazar ('black water market') [3] used to be a chief seat of commercial activity in Crimea; including a large slave market [4] but it is gradually declining in importance, though still a considerable centre for the export of fruit.

The caves of Akkaya close by give evidence of early occupation of the area. When in 1736 Khan Fetih Giray was driven by the Russian Empire from Bakhchysarayi, he settled at Karasubazar, but next year the town was captured, plundered and burned by the Russian army.

Retreating NKVD shot a number of local people in the streets in 1941.[5] Qarasuvbazar was occupied by the German army from 1941 to 1944 during World War II. During the occupation, the Germans executed the town's Jews in an anti-tank trench.[6]

After the deportation of the Crimean Tatars, the town was renamed Belogorsk per Stalinist detatarization policy.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Bilohirsk (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
4.8
(40.6)
8.9
(48.0)
15.7
(60.3)
21.4
(70.5)
25.4
(77.7)
28.3
(82.9)
28.0
(82.4)
22.8
(73.0)
16.7
(62.1)
10.4
(50.7)
5.8
(42.4)
16.0
(60.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
0.3
(32.5)
3.8
(38.8)
9.8
(49.6)
15.1
(59.2)
19.2
(66.6)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
16.2
(61.2)
10.7
(51.3)
5.4
(41.7)
1.8
(35.2)
10.5
(50.9)
Average low °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
4.3
(39.7)
8.7
(47.7)
12.9
(55.2)
15.3
(59.5)
14.5
(58.1)
10.1
(50.2)
5.6
(42.1)
1.3
(34.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.3
(41.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31.2
(1.23)
31.9
(1.26)
39.2
(1.54)
36.4
(1.43)
39.7
(1.56)
66.2
(2.61)
51.7
(2.04)
58.1
(2.29)
37.0
(1.46)
37.4
(1.47)
42.8
(1.69)
41.0
(1.61)
512.6
(20.18)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.8 7.1 7.5 6.1 6.2 7.2 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.9 7.1 8.1 78.8
Average relative humidity (%) 83.0 79.3 74.4 68.3 67.1 66.9 64.2 65.6 70.8 77.1 81.3 83.0 73.4
Source: World Meteorological Organization[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ This place is located on the Crimean peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia, which administers the contested area, and Ukraine, whose internationally recognised boundaries include the contested area. According to the political division of Russia, there are federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula. According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, there are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol) located on the peninsula.
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  3. ^ Conder, Josiah (1831). Russia. Philadelphia: Lilly and Wait. p. 247.
  4. ^ Kizilov, Mikhail (2006). "Post-Ottoman Cities: Changes in the Urban Structure of the Ottoman and Tatar Crimea after the Russian Annexation until the Crimean War (1783-1853/6)". Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 59 (2): 181–191. doi:10.1556/AOrient.59.2006.2.2. ISSN 0001-6446.
  5. ^ http://www.iccrimea.org/historical/crimeanturks.html[unreliable source?]
  6. ^ "Yahad-In Unum Interactive Map". Execution Sites of Jewish Victims Investigated by Yahad-In Unum. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  7. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2021.

External linksEdit