Vasylkiv (Ukrainian: Васильків, romanizedVasylʹkiv, pronounced [wɐsɪlʲˈk⁽ʲ⁾iu̯]; Yiddish: וואַסלקעוו, romanizedVasilikev) is a city located on the Stuhna River in Obukhiv Raion, Kyiv Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Vasylkiv urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] A settlement with an over 1000 years history, Vasylkiv was incorporated as a city in 1796. The city has hosted the Vasylkiv Air Base since the Cold War. It is currently an industrial centre, producing electrical appliances and leather goods. Population: 37,068 (2022 est.).[2]

Vasylkiv
Василькiв
Собор Антонія і Феодосія (Васильків).jpg
Flag of Vasylkiv
Coat of arms of Vasylkiv
Vasylkiv is located in Kyiv Oblast
Vasylkiv
Vasylkiv
Location of Vasylkiv
Vasylkiv is located in Ukraine
Vasylkiv
Vasylkiv
Vasylkiv (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 50°10′42″N 30°18′57″E / 50.17833°N 30.31583°E / 50.17833; 30.31583Coordinates: 50°10′42″N 30°18′57″E / 50.17833°N 30.31583°E / 50.17833; 30.31583
Country
Oblast
Raion
 Ukraine
 Kyiv Oblast
Obukhiv Raion
First mentioned988
Magdeburg law1586
Area
 • Total29.6 km2 (11.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)
 • Total37,068
Postal code
8600 — 8612
Area code+380 4571

HistoryEdit

Vasylkiv was founded in 988 CE, and fortified in the 11th century.[3] According to the Primary Chronicle, it was the place where Vladimir the Great's numerous wives lived. After the Christianization of Kyiv, Vladimir built there a fortress and named it Vasilev, after his patron saint, Saint Basil (Vasily).[4]

In the early 11th century, it was the birthplace of Saint Theodosius of Kiev.[5] The Anthony and Theodosius Pechersky Church, built in the Ukrainian baroque style in the 1750s, commemorates both Theodosius and Anthony of Kiev.[4][6]

In 1240, the city was destroyed by the invading Mongol Empire. It slowly recovered, and was incorporated as a city in 1796.[3]

In 1658, the Russian military commander Yuri Baryatinsky defeated the army of hetman Ivan Vyhovsky's brother Konstantin near Vasylkiv, after the Ukrainian hetman switched sides in favour of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.[citation needed]

The first medical quarantine house in Ukraine was established in Vasylkiv in 1740.[6]

Through the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, Vasylkiv remained an obscure place, almost forgotten in spite of the glorious history and connection to many earlier historic events, it was put back on the map by an anecdotal story related to Catherine II of Russia. As per legend, while passing through it during the night, the carriage lost one wheel. Catherine II woke up from the sudden jerk, and asked the name of the town. When she fell asleep again, her servants repaired the wheel and the carriage moved again. She woke up again and upon learning that it is still Vasilkov, she remarked : "A large town, indeed".[citation needed]

Russian troops in the city took part in the failed Decembrist revolt against the Russian Empire in 1825.[3]

Until 18 July 2020, Vasylkiv was incorporated as a city of oblast significance and served as the administrative center of Vasylkiv Raion even though it did not belong to the raion. In July 2020, as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Kyiv Oblast to seven, the city of Vasylkiv was merged into Obukhiv Raion.[7][8]

In the early morning of 26 February 2022, Russian invasion forces landed near the city in an attempt to secure the Vasylkiv Air Base, resulting in the Battle of Vasylkiv.[9] According to the city's mayor Natalia Balasinovich [uk], the fighting had died down by later that day, with Ukraine still in possession of the city.[10]

In the morning of 27 February 2022, Russian forces struck an oil depot in the city, leading to large explosions and fires.[11]

GalleryEdit

People from VasylkivEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Васильковская городская громада". Gromada.info (in Russian). Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ a b c "Vasylkiv | city, Ukraine | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2022-02-26.
  4. ^ a b "Vasylkiv". www.encyclopediaofukraine.com. Retrieved 2022-02-26.
  5. ^ "Theodosius of Kiev". Oxford Reference. Retrieved 2022-02-26.
  6. ^ a b Alkov, Volodymyr (2018). History of Ukraine and Ukrainian Culture. Kharkiv: Kharkiv National Medical University.
  7. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  8. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  9. ^ "Окупанти намагаються висадити десант у Василькові, йдуть бої". www.ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-02-26.
  10. ^ "Fight for Vasylkiv ends with victory of Ukrainian Armed Forces - official". Trend.Az. 2022-02-26. Retrieved 2022-02-26.
  11. ^ NEXTA [@nexta_tv] (26 February 2022). "❗️ A massive explosion in #Kyiv It is reported that an oil depot near #Vasylkiv is on fire as a result of the strike. If this is true, a large-scale technogenic and environmental catastrophe is possible. t.co/Yq1mx6ZNKZ" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022 – via Twitter.

External linksEdit