Tourism in Ukraine
Ukraine used to attract more than 20 million foreign citizens every year (23 million in 2012). But since 2014 this has lowered to about 10 million. Visitors primarily come from Eastern Europe, but also from Western Europe as well as Turkey and Israel.
|Tourism in Ukraine|
|Most Visited Cities in Ukraine|
Ukraine is a destination on the crossroads between central and eastern Europe, between north and south. It borders Russia and is not far from Turkey. It has mountain ranges – the Carpathian Mountains suitable for skiing, hiking, fishing and hunting. The coastline on the Black Sea is a popular summer destination for vacationers. Ukraine has vineyards where they produce native wines, ruins of ancient castles, historical parks, Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant churches as well as a few mosques and synagogues. Kiev, the country's capital city has many unique structures such as Saint Sophia Cathedral and broad boulevards. There are other cities well known to tourists, such as the harbour town Odesa and the old city of Lviv in the west. Most of Western Ukraine, which used to be within the borders of the Republic of Poland before World War II, is a popular destination for Poles. Crimea, a little "continent" of its own, had been a popular vacation destination for tourists for swimming or sun tanning on the Black Sea with its warm climate, rugged mountains, plateaus and ancient ruins, though the tourist trade has been severely affected by Russia's occupation and annexation of the territory in 2014. Cities there include: Sevastopol and Yalta – location of the peace conference at the end of World War II. Visitors can also take cruise tours by ship on the Dnieper River from Kiev to the Black Sea coastline. Ukrainian cuisine has a long history and offers a wide variety of original dishes.
The country's tourism industry is generally considered to be underdeveloped, but it does provide crucial support for Ukraine's economy. Ukraine does have certain advantages, including much lower costs than other European destinations, as well as visa-free access for most people from Europe, the former Soviet Union, and North America. Since 2005 citizens of European Union and EFTA, United States, Canada, Japan and South Korea no longer require a visa to visit Ukraine for tourism purposes. Also, no visa has been required for citizens of Russia, and other CIS countries (except Turkmenistan).
Popular tourist city destinationsEdit
- Kiev – The historical capital of Kievan Rus' and modern Ukraine on the river Dnipro. Ancient churches, broad boulevards, beautiful landscapes and a variety of cultural facilities make it fascinating destination.
- Chernihiv – ancient city of Kievan Rus', one of the oldest cities in Ukraine, has lots of Medieval architecture. Some of the oldest human settlements in Europe have also been discovered in the area.
- Pereiaslav – "living museum", one of the biggest History and Ethnography Reserve in Ukraine. There are over 20 different museums, city hosts various exhibition and fairs.
- Vinnytsia – the largest city in the historic region of Podillia. In Vinnytsia there is the largest floating fountain in Europe, built in the river Southern Bug near Festivalny Isle.
- Sumy – city's history started in the mid-17th century.
- Lviv – old city in the west of country, with its medieval old town and unique architecture with Polish and Austrian influences. The top tourist destination in Ukraine, when it comes to architecture and culture.
- Ivano-Frankivsk – western Ukrainian city that was recognized as the best city to live in Ukraine.
- Chernivtsi – the capital of Bukovina offers Balkan atmosphere and fine classical Habsburg architecture in Central-European style, as it was part of Austrian empire (prior to 1918).
- Uzhhorod – the capital of Transcarpathia, one of the oldest cities in Ukraine, attracts tourists because its location close to the Carpathian Mountains.
- Kharkiv – city's history started in the mid-17th century, when the Cossacks created the Sloboda settlements; and since then, the city has turned into one of the largest commercial, cultural and educational centers in Ukraine with a population of over 1.7 million people. From December 1919 to June 1934, Kharkiv was the capital of Soviet Ukraine. The Ukrainian cultural renaissance commenced here in the years 1920–1930.
- Sviatohirsk and Bakhmut
- Odesa – a harbor city on the Black Sea with a mixture of different cultures, including Jewish, Armenian, German, Russian and Greek cultures along with the native Ukrainian culture. Odessa is Black Sea resort and the largest trading center of Ukraine.
- Zaporizhia – the sixth largest city in Ukraine, famous by Khortytsia island, DniproHES and "Sotsgorod" (Socialistic city).
- Izmail – a historic town near the Danube river in the Odessa Oblast (province) of south-western Ukraine.
- Crimean Southern Coast (Crimean Riviera) - a coastline of Yalta and Alushta municipalities (currently under administration of the Russian Federation)
- Sevastopol (currently under administration of the Russian Federation)
- Carpathian Mountains – impressive mountain landscapes with skiing and hiking possibilities, spas with cold and hot springs. Ski resorts include Bukovel, Slavske, Verkhovyna, Vorokhta.
- Hoverla – the highest mountain of Ukraine. Hiking.
- Azov coast – bathing resorts.
- Dnieper – cruises.
- Dniester – canoeing, boat sailing.
- Shatsk lakes – bathing, camping, hiking.
- Sofiyivsky Park, located in Uman, Ukraine.
- Waterfalls of Ukraine – ecotourism.
The rhododendrons at the Chornohora valley
Dniester Canyon National Nature Park near Chervona mountain
Village in the Ivano-Frankivsk oblast
At the top of Hoverla in winter
Bukovel - is the largest ski resort in Eastern Europe and Ukraine
Buky Canyon in the Cherkasy Oblast
Seven Wonders of UkraineEdit
The Seven Wonders of Ukraine are the seven historical and cultural monuments of Ukraine, which were chosen in the Seven Wonders of Ukraine contest held in July 2007.
- Sofiyivsky Park in Uman, Cherkasy Oblast
- Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Monastery of the Caves)
- Kamianets-Podilskyi Historical Complex in Kamianets-Podilskyi, Khmelnytskyi Oblast
- Khortytsia in Zaporizhia, Zaporizhia Oblast
- Chersonesos in Sevastopol
- Saint Sophia's Cathedral, Kiev
- Khotyn Fortress in Khotyn, Chernivtsi Oblast
Seven natural wonders of UkraineEdit
Winners of all Ukraine competition Seven natural wonders of Ukraine:
- Askania-Nova near Askania-Nova, Kherson Oblast
- Granite-steppe lands of Buh in Mykolaiv Oblast
- Dniester Canyon, Dnister
- Marble Cave (Crimea)
- Tovtry Podillian Banks in Khmelnytskyi Oblast
- Lake Svitiaz part of a group of lakes near Shatsk, Volyn Oblast
- Lake Synevyr near village of Synevyrska Poliana in Carpathian Mountains
Recognized World Heritage sitesEdit
- Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Kiev Caves Monastery) and Saint Sophia's Cathedral
- Lviv city historic centre (mainly Old Town)
- Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans (Chernivtsi)
- Ruins of Chersonesus in Sevastopol
- Segments of the Struve Geodetic Arc
- Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests in Ukrainian Carpathians
- Wooden tserkvas of the Carpathian region
Lately many modern dental clinics with high quality dentistry equipment and high quality materials have been established in Ukraine. They provide patients with high quality dentistry services for prices much cheaper in comparison with Western and Russian clinics. Many tourists from United States, European Union and Russia arrive for dental services, providing a sort of dental tourism.
Other popular sorts of medical tourism in Ukraine are soas, eye and plastic surgery, and mud baths.
In recent years a variety of festivals emerged in major Ukrainian cities. Among the most popular are international jazz festival in Lviv, street food festival in Kiev, various summer festivals in Odessa—a popular tourist destination in summer. Many of these festivals take place in former industrial buildings of the Soviet era and are thus helping to rejuvenate these areas.
|Film festival||Molodist International Film Festival||Kiev||April|
|Film festival||Odesa International Film Festival||Odessa||Second half of July|
|Food festival||Deruny Festival||Korosten'||September|
|Food festival||Lviv Cheese and Wine Festival||L'viv||October|
|Music festival||Zakhid||Rodatychi, L'viv region||Middle of August|
|Music festival||Fajne Misto||Ternopil'||July|
|Music festival||Alfa Jazz Fest||L'viv||June|
|Poetry festival||Meridian Czernowitz||Chernivtsi||September|
|Music festival||Atlas Weekend||Kiev||June|
|Sports festival||Hot Air Balloon Festival||Kamianets-Podilskyi||May|
|Cultural festival||Forpost Fest||Kamianets-Podilskyi||August|
|Sports festival||Leopolis Grand Prix||Lviv||June|
|Cultural festival||Book Forum Lviv||Lviv||September|
|L'viv||The Lviv Publishers’ Forum||Books|
|Kiev||Metal-Forum of Ukraine||Metal branch|
|Velyki Sorochyntsi||Sorochyntsi Fair||Cuisine|
|Kiev||Jeweller Expo Ukraine||Jewellery|
|Kiev||Kyiv Fashion||Clothes and style|
|Kiev||Arms and Security||Weapons|
Governing body of tourist industry and its chairsEdit
- Main Directorate of Foreign Tourism (at the Government of the Ukrainian SSR and part of the Soviet Goskominturist)
- 1964–74 Yosyp Zatyahan
- 1974–89 Viktor Dobrotvor
- Ukrintur Association
- 1989–93 Volodymyr Skrynnyk
- State Committee of Ukraine on tourism
- State Department of Tourism (State Committee of Youth Policy, Sport and Tourism)
- 2001–02 Anatoliy Matviyenko
- State Tourist Administration of Ukraine
- 2002–05 Valeriy Tsybukh
- State Service of Tourism and Resorts (Ministry of Culture and Tourism)
- 2005–06 Ihor Prystavskyi
- 2006–10 Anatoliy Pakhlya
- State Agency of Ukraine on Tourism and Resorts (Ministry of Infrastructure)
- 2011–14 Olena Shapovalova
- Department (Directorate) of Tourism and Resorts (Ministry of Economic Development and Trade)
- 2016–17 Ivan Liptuha
- 2018–present Oksana Serdyuk
Foreign travel statisticsEdit
Most visitors arriving to Ukraine were from the following countries of nationality:
- Number of foreign citizens visiting Ukraine (from 2014, excluding Crimea)
Statistics are based on data from the State Statistics Agency of Ukraine.
- 2000: 6.4 million
- 2001: 9.2 million
- 2002: 10.5 million
- 2003: 12.5 million
- 2004: 15.6 million
- 2005: 17.6 million
- 2006: 18.9 million
- 2007: 23.1 million
- 2008: 25.4 million
- 2009: 20.8 million
- 2010: 21.2 million
- 2011: 21.4 million
- 2012: 23.0 million
- 2013: 24.7 million
- 2014: 12.7 million
- 2015: 12.4 million
- 2016: 13.3 million
- 2017: 14.2 million
- List of museums in Ukraine
- List of places named after people (Ukraine)
- List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ukraine
- Seven Wonders of Ukraine
- Biosphere reserves of Ukraine
- Lists of Nature Reserves of Ukraine
- National Parks of Ukraine
- Transport in Ukraine
- Ukrainian cuisine
- Ukrainian culture
- Ukrainian historical regions
- Visa policy of Ukraine
- Wooden churches in Ukraine
- Tourist group, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine
- Tourism takes a nosedive in Crimea BBC. Retrieved 29 December 2015
- Ukrainian Consulate General of Ukraine in New York – Nationalities with no Visa requirements
- "Foreign citizens who visited Ukraine in 2016 year, by countries".
- Найкращим українським містом визнано Івано-Франківськ (Ukr.)
- Foreign citizens who visited Ukraine by country - State Statistics Service of Ukraine
- "Tourist group".
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ukraine.|