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Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2014

A snap election of the Verkhovna Rada took place on 26 October 2014.

Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2014
Ukraine
← 2012 26 October 2014 2019 →

423 of 450 seats of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
226 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Yuriy Lutsenko crop.jpeg Arseniy Yatsenyuk 2011 (cropped).jpg AndriiSadovyi.JPG
Leader Yuri Lutsenko Arseniy Yatsenyuk Andriy Sadovyi
Party Petro Poroshenko Bloc People's Front Self Reliance
Last election New New New
Seats won 132 82 33
Seat change New New New
Percentage 21.8% 22.1% 11.0%
Swing New New New

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Yuriy Boyko, June 2012 cropped (3×4).jpeg Maidan Kiev 2014.04.13 12-09.JPG Yulia Tymoshenko, 2010.JPG
Leader Yuriy Boyko Oleh Lyashko Yulia Tymoshenko
Party Opposition Bloc Radical Fatherland
Last election New 1.1%, 1 seat 25.5%, 101 seats
Seats won 29 22 19
Seat change New Increase 21 Decrease 82
Percentage 9.4% 7.4% 5.7%
Swing New Increase 6.4 pp Decrease 19.9 pp

Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2014.png
Winning party in each constituency in party-list (above) and single-member voting (below)

Prime Minister before election

Arseniy Yatsenyuk
People's Front

Prime Minister-designate

Arseniy Yatsenyuk
People's Front

Petro Poroshenko, the President of Ukraine, had pressed for early parliamentary elections since his victory in the presidential election.[1] The July breakup of ruling coalition gave him the right to dissolve the parliament, so on 25 August 2014 he announced the early election.[2]

The voting was not provided in the annexed Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol. The voting also did not reach significant parts of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts because of the ongoing War in Donbass.[3] Because of this, 27 out of the 450 seats in the 8th Verkhovna Rada remained unfilled.

This election can be called a realigning. Ruling in 2010-2014, the Party of Regions did not participate in this election, while its informal successor Opposition Bloc showed modest result with only 9.43%. For the first time since Ukrainian independence, the Communist Party of Ukraine gained no parliamentary representation. Four newly created parties got the highest support in this election: Petro Poroshenko Bloc (formed in July 2014 by Poroshenko's supporters), People's Front (split from Fatherland in August 2014), Self Reliance (registered in 2012) and Opposition Bloc (formed in September 2014 by a group of the former Party of Regions members).

Since the parallel voting system was used, the allocation of seats is not proportional. For example, the winner in party-list voting (22.12%) People's Front got second faction with 82 seats, while Petro Poroshenko Bloc took 123 seats with 21.82% of votes.

The work of the new parliament started on 27 November 2014.[4] On the same day, five factions formed the "European Ukraine" coalition: Petro Poroshenko Bloc, People's Front, Self Reliance, Radical Party and Fatherland.[5] On 2 December the second Yatsenyuk government was approved.[6]

Contents

BackgroundEdit

According to the election law of November 2011, elections to the Verkhovna Rada must take place at least every five years.[7][8] That law came into effect with the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election. If the Rada had sat for the maximum allotted time, the next parliamentary election would have occurred on 29 October 2017.[7] Despite this, the president-elect Petro Poroshenko said that he wanted to hold early parliamentary elections following his victory in the presidential election on 25 May 2014.[1] At 26 June session of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Poroshenko said that he hoped to hold parliamentary elections in October 2014, portraying this as "the most democratic way".[9][nb 1]

The parliamentary coalition that supported the Yatsenyuk Government, formed in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and of the Euromaidan movement, was dissolved on 24 July.[11] If no new coalition formed within thirty days, President Poroshenko would become entitled to dissolve the Rada and to call early parliamentary elections.[11] On the same day as the dissolution, the Sovereign European Ukraine faction submitted a bill to the Rada that called for elections to take place on 28 September 2014.[12]

In an interview with Ukrainian television channels on 14 August, Poroshenko justified early elections because the Rada refused to recognise the self-proclaimed breakaway Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics as terrorist organisations.[13] The two republics, situated in the eastern Ukrainian region of the Donbass, originated in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine respectively, and have been fighting Ukrainian government forces in the War in Donbass.[14] President Poroshenko said: "I don't know how to work with a parliament in which a huge number [of deputies], whole factions, make up 'the fifth column' controlled from abroad [referring to Russia]. And this danger is only increasing".[13] He also said that new elections "are the best and the most efficient form of lustration of not only the parliament but also the political forces".

Poroshenko announced on 25 August that he had called for elections to the Rada to take place on 26 October 2014.[2][15] In his accompanying television address, he portrayed the elections as necessary to "purify the Rada of the mainstay of [former president] Viktor Yanukovych". These deputies, Poroshenko said, "clearly do not represent the people who elected them".[16] Poroshenko also painted these Rada deputies as responsible for "the [January 2014] Dictatorship laws that took the lives of the Heavenly Hundred".[16] Poroshenko also stated that many of the (then) current MPs were "direct sponsors and accomplices or at least sympathizers of the militants/separatists".[16]

Electoral systemEdit

The Verkhovna Rada has 450 members, elected to a five-year term in parallel voting, with 225 members elected in single-member constituencies using FPTP system and 225 members elected by proportional representation (closed list) in a single nationwide constituency using the largest remainder method with 5% threshold.[17] Parties are not allowed to form electoral blocs (in contrast to 1998-2007 elections). Attempts to return to proportional representation with open party lists and electoral blocs were failed.[18]

The division into 225 electoral districts was the same as at the 2012 election. The voting was organized only in 198 of them.

 
Electoral districts

Non-voting areasEdit

The voting was impossible to provide on the territories that was not under government control. Particularly, because of Russian occupation of Crimea there was no voting in all 10 districts in Autonomous Republic of Crimea and 2 in Sevastopol. The voting in Donbass was provided partially. The democratic watchdog OPORA estimated that 4.6 million Ukrainians were unable to vote: 1.8 million in Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, 1.6 million in Donetsk Oblast and 1.2 million in Luhansk Oblast.[19]

 
Light green coloured parts of the Donetsk Oblast took part in the Ukrainian parliamentary election, purple coloured parts in the 2 November Donetsk People's Republic elections and yellow parts took part in neither.

CrimeaEdit

About 1.8 million of eligible voters live in Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, that is 5% of the whole number of voters in Ukraine. Ukrainian government lost control over the region in March 2014 during the Crimean crisis. Since that time no legitimate elections are provided there. In the 2014 legislative election Crimean voters had ability to vote in any other region for party-lists in the single nationwide constituency, but they were unable to vote for candidates in single-member constituencies.[20]

DonbassEdit

"Donbass" is an unofficial name of 2 the most eastern Ukrainian oblasts: Donetsk and Luhansk. About 5 million of eligible voters live there, that is 14% of the whole number of voters in Ukraine. After an active phase of War in Donbass in the summer 2014 and September ceasefire, roughly a half of the region remained to be controlled by pro-Russian separatists. On the day before the election CEC stated that there was no ability to provide the voting in the captured areas.[3] Thus, full-fledged voting was provided only in 8 districts of 32. Other 9 districts were split by the front line for controlled and not controlled areas, so voting was provided there only partly. In 2 of them only slight number of polling station was opened: in 53rd district only 9% of voters were able to vote and in 45th district only 2%. In spite of this, the elections in these single-member constituencies were recognized as successful, and the winners (Oleh Nedava and Yukhym Zvyahilsky) got mandates. To the other 15 districts ballots were not transferred at all.

Donetsk Oblast Luhansk Oblast Total
Districts with full-fledged voting 7 1 8
Districts with partial voting 5 4 9
Districts with no voting 9 6 15

Instead of this election, on the captured territories separatists organized so-called "Donbass general elections" on 2 November, that were a violation of Minsk agreement and were not recognized by the world community.[21]

CampaignEdit

In the 225 electoral districts some 3,321 candidates participated, out of which 2,018 were independent candidates.[22] 52 political parties nominated candidates.[22] 147 candidates withdrew after the 1 October candidate registration deadline.[23]

In the election campaign the parties positions on foreign relations and the War in Donbass could be roughly divided into two groups.[24] The first group consisted of pro-European parties that advocated to end the War in Donbass by use of force and consisted of Fatherland Party, Civic Position, Radical Party and People's Front (this party was ambiguous about use of force).[24] Svoboda also wanted to end the War in Donbass by use of force.[24] The party Petro Poroshenko Bloc was the only pro-European party that wanted to end the War in Donbass by a peaceful solution.[24] The second group was Strong Ukraine and Opposition Bloc who were considered pro-Russian and they advocated to end the War in Donbass by a peaceful solution.[24] The Communist Party of Ukraine (according to political scientist Tadeusz A. Olszański) "effectively supports the separatist rebellion".[24]

According to Olszański Radical Party and the Communists were the only left-wing parties.[24]

Registered parties and candidatesEdit

Nationwide party listsEdit

On 26 September 2014 the Central Election Commission of Ukraine finished registering the nationwide party lists. A total of 29 parties participated in the election.[25] Parties appeared on the ballot in the following order:[26]

  1. Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko
  2. Solidarity of Ukrainian Women
  3. Internet Party of Ukraine
  4. Opposition Bloc
  5. People's Front
  6. 5.10
  7. All-Ukrainian Agrarian Union "ZASTUP"
  8. Revival
  9. New Politics
  10. United Country
  11. People's Power
  12. Svoboda
  13. National Democratic Party of Ukraine
  14. Communist Party of Ukraine
  15. Self Reliance Party
  16. Ukraine is United
  17. Right Sector
  18. Ukraine of the Future
  19. Liberal Party of Ukraine
  20. Party of Greens of Ukraine
  21. Green Planet
  22. Petro Poroshenko Bloc
  23. Strength and Honour
  24. Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists
  25. Strong Ukraine
  26. Fatherland
  27. Civil Position
  28. Bloc of Ukrainian Left Forces
  29. Ukrainian Civil Movement
Forming of political coalitionsEdit

On 2 September Vitaliy Kovalchuk (the parliamentary leader) of UDAR stated that since his party and Petro Poroshenko Bloc had agreed to "joint participation in parliamentary elections" on 29 March 2014 the two parties were "in discussion" about "the format" for how to do so in these elections. On 15 September it became clear that 30% of the Petro Poroshenko Bloc election list would be filled by members of UDAR and that UDAR leader Vitali Klitschko is at the top of this list, Klitschko vowed not to resign as incumbent Mayor of Kiev.[27][28]

7 September party congress of Civil Position decided that the party would participate in the election on a partly list with members of Democratic Alliance.[29]

On 10 September, the Fatherland Party split because party leaders Yatsenyuk and Turchynov became founding members of the new party People's Front.[30]

The biggest party in the previous 2012 parliamentary elections, Party of Regions, chose not to participate in the election because of a perceived lack of legitimacy (of the election), because not every resident of the Donbas could vote.[31] Individual members of the Party of Regions would take part in the election as candidates of the party Opposition Bloc.[32] According to Yuriy Boyko, who is heading the party's election list, Opposition Bloc does not represent parties, but consists only of individual politicians.[32]

ResultsEdit

The counting of votes was greatly delayed: Central Electoral Commission announced that all ballots were counted on 10 November only.[33] The announcement of the final result for 38th electoral district was delayed till mid-November because of challenging the results in a court.[34]

Voter turnoutEdit

 
Voter turnout throughout Ukraine.

In 2014 election the number of participated voters was much less than in 2012 (16,052,228 down from 20,797,206).[35] The main reason of this decrease was impossibility to organize voting in some regions. That is why official turnout was calculated by division by the number of people who live in areas where voting was provided only (due to CEC it is 30,921,218).[35] So, official voter turnout was 51.91%. Anyway, this percent is less than in 2012, when turnout was 57.43%.

The turnout level had obvious geographical differences. The highest turnout (60-70%) was registered in western regions (except Zakarpattia and Chernivtsi Oblast), the level of turnout in central regions was average (54-58%) and in southern and eastern regions it was quite low (40-48%). The turnout in two oblasts of Donbass (or more exactly in the parts of these oblasts where the voting was provided) was 32% - the lowest in the country.[36]

Previously Donbass region displayed high turnout for every election. Party of regions that had plenitude of the power over this region until 2014 Ukrainian revolution artificially increased voter turnout there by use of management reserves and falsifications. The 2014 election was the end of this artificial increase. One more reason of low turnout in Donbass as well as in other south-eastern regions was a feeling of significant part of inhabitants that no party represented their interests.[37]

Summary resultsEdit

 
Seat composition of the Verkhovna Rada after the 2014 election
e • d  Summary of the 26 October 2014 Verkhovna Rada election results
Party Nationwide constituency Constit.
seats
Total seats
Votes  % ±pp Seats Seats +/-
People's Front 3,488,114 22.14 New 64 18
82 / 450
New
Petro Poroshenko Bloc 3,437,521 21.82 New 63 69
132 / 450
New
Association "Self Reliance" 1,729,271 10.97 New 32 1
33 / 450
New
Opposition Bloc 1,486,203 9.43 New 27 2
29 / 450
New
Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko 1,173,131 7.44   6.36 22 0
22 / 450
  21
Fatherland 894,837 5.68   19.86 17 2
19 / 450
  82
Freedom 742,022 4.71   5.73 0 6
6 / 450
  31
Communist Party of Ukraine 611,923 3.88   9.30 0 0 0   32
Strong Ukraine 491,471 3.11 New 0 1
1 / 450
New
Civil Position 489,523 3.1 [a] 0 0 0
Zastup 418,301 2.65 New 0 1
1 / 450
New
Right Sector 284.943 1.80   1.72[b] 0 1
1 / 450
  1
Solidarity of Women of Ukraine 105,094 0.66 0 0 0
5.10 67,124 0.42 New 0 0 0 New
Internet Party of Ukraine 58,197 0.36 [c] 0 0 0
Party of Greens of Ukraine 39,636 0.25   0.09 0 0 0
Green Planet 37,726 0.23   0.11 0 0 0
Revival 31,201 0.19 0 0 0
United Country 28,145 0.17 0 0 0
Ukraine — United Country 19,838 0.12 New 0 0 0 New
New Politics 19,222 0.12   0.02 0 0 0
Force of People 17,817 0.11 New 0 0 0 New
Ukraine of the Future 14,168 0.08   0.10 0 0 0
Force and Honour 13,549 0.08 0 0 0
Civil Movement of Ukraine 13,000 0.08 0 0 0
Bloc of Left Forces of Ukraine 12,499 0.07 0 0 0
National Democratic Party of Ukraine 11,826 0.07 0 0 0
Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists 8,976 0.05 [d] 0 0 0
Liberal Party of Ukraine 8,523 0.05   0.02 0 0 0
Volia [e] 1
1 / 450
New
Independents 96
96 / 450
  53
Total valid votes 15,753,826 100 225 198 423
Invalid ballot papers 298,402 1.86
Vacant (constituencies with no voting) 27
27 / 450
Total 16,052,228 225 225 450
Registered voters/turnout 30,921,218 51.91
Source: CEC (Proportional votes, Single-member constituencies)
Notes:
  1. ^ At the previous election the party participated in joint "Fatherland" list
  2. ^ As UNA at the previous election
  3. ^ Did not participate in party voting at previous election
  4. ^ At the previous election the party participated in Our Ukraine list
  5. ^ Ran together with Self Reliance in the party-list voting

Opinion pollsEdit

ConductEdit

The elections were monitored by 2,321 accredited foreign observers,[42] 304 of them on behalf of 21 states and 2,017 from 20 international organisations.[42]

The Ukrainian democratic watchdog OPORA stated about the elections that they were legitimate, but that "the [election] campaign cannot be called fully free within the limits of the country" because of the fighting in the Donbass region.[43] The NGO Committee of Voters of Ukraine asked the Central Election Commission of Ukraine to declare invalid the results of constituencies 45 and 102 because there "significant irregularities were numerous".[43]

The OSCE stated about the elections that they were "in line with international commitments, and were characterized by many positive aspects, including an impartial and efficient Central Election Commission, competitive contests that offered voters real choice, and general respect for fundamental freedoms".[43] European Council President Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission President José Manuel Barroso called the elections "a victory of the people of Ukraine and of democracy".[43] US President Barack Obama and his Secretary of State John Kerry also congratulated Ukraine "on successful parliamentary elections".[43] The day after the election Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov stated "I think we will recognize this election because it is very important for us that Ukraine will finally have authorities that do not fight one another, do not drag Ukraine to the West or to the East, but that will deal with the real problems facing the country".[44] He also hoped that the new Ukrainian government "will be constructive, will not seek to continue escalating confrontational tendencies in society, (in ties) with Russia".[44] Lavrov's Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Karasin stated "the election is valid in spite of the rather harsh and dirty election campaign".[44] Karasin also "welcomed the success of parties supporting a peaceful resolution of the conflict in eastern Ukraine" and warned that "nationalistic and chauvinistic forces" in parliament could undermine peace efforts and were "extremely dangerous".[44] Senator Vladimir Dzhabarov, acting chairman of the (Russian) Federation Council's International Affairs Committee, stated that "The contacts earlier established between the State Duma and the Federation Council on the one hand and the Verkhovna Rada on the other will hopefully be re-launched in some format" although he stated he could not imagine how these contacts would be developed since he believed "The new Ukrainian parliament has become more radical-minded".[44] Dzhabarov claimed about the elections that "If such elections had been held in some other country, in Russia for instance, the West would have never recognized them as legitimate. Nevertheless, the West and Europe have recognized the Ukrainian elections as valid".[44] Observers of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation were positive about the elections and in particular welcomed that "administrative resources" were not used in the elections.[43] Observers of the International Republican Institute also expressed this opinion and stated that its observers had witnessed only minor non-systemic irregularities that could not have affected the outcome of the election.[43]

Government formationEdit

By-electionsEdit

2015Edit

On 26 July 2015 mid-term election were held in constituency 205 located in Chernihiv.[45] These were necessary after 2014 winner Valeriy Kulich had left parliament because of his appointment as Governor of Chernihiv Oblast.[45] 91 candidates took part in the elections; eight of them for political parties, the others were self-nominated candidates.[45] On election day the ballot paper stretched to about 1 meter.[45] 36 candidates had withdrawn from participation in the elections.[45] During the election campaign top candidates Hennadiy Korban and Serhiy Berezenko were repeatedly accused of bribing voters, the use of black PR and other violations (of the electoral legislation).[46]

The election was won by Berezenko of Petro Poroshenko Bloc with 35.90% of the vote.[41] Second most votes were won by Korban of UKROP who received 14.76%.[41] The official voter turnout was set at 35.3%.[47]

2016Edit

On 17 July 2016 mid-term election were held in 7 single-member districts (constituency 23, 27, 85, 114, 151, 183 and 206) because their representatives had been elected to executive political positions and the death of Ihor Yeremeyev.[48] Turnout varied from about 50% until less than 20%.[49] The elections were monitored by 57 international official observers.[50]

Vote counting in constituency 114 (situated in Stanytsia Luhanska) was disrupted after several members of the election commission refused to count votes.[51] In the same constituency 14 criminal cases for violating the election were opened.[52] Constituency 151 was last in announcing its final results when it did so on 21 July 2016.[53]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In a Research & Branding Group opinion poll held from 26 July until 5 August 72% of respondents supported the call for early elections.[10]
  2. ^ Although not a member of any political party, Tetyana Rychkova joined the Petro Poroshenko Bloc faction in parliament.[55]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Poroshenko hopes for early parliamentary elections in Ukraine this fall - presidential envoy, Interfax-Ukraine (19 June 2014)
  2. ^ a b Ukraine President Poroshenko Calls Snap General Election, Bloomberg News (25 August 2014)
  3. ^ a b Parliamentary elections not to be held at nine constituencies in Donetsk region and six constituencies in Luhansk region - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (25 October 2014)
  4. ^ Parliament to form leadership and coalition on November 27, UNIAN (26 November 2014)
  5. ^ http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/236635.html
  6. ^ http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/237576.html
  7. ^ a b "Parliament passes law on parliamentary elections". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2015. 
  8. ^ (in Ukrainian) Law of Ukraine "On Elections of People's Deputies of Ukraine " dated 17 November 2011, Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
  9. ^ Poroshenko hopes early parliamentary elections in Ukraine will take place in October, Interfax-Ukraine (26 June 2014)
  10. ^ (in Ukrainian) Більше 70% українців - за переобрання Ради (Over 70% of Ukrainians for the re-election of the Rada), Ukrayinska Pravda (15 August 2014)
  11. ^ a b Rada speaker announces dissolution of parliamentary coalition, Interfax-Ukraine (24 July 2014)
  12. ^ Rada registers bill setting early parliamentary elections date for September 28, 2014, Interfax-Ukraine (24 July 2014)
  13. ^ a b Poroshenko frustrated by Rada refusing to recognize self-proclaimed republics as terrorist organizations, Interfax-Ukraine (14 August 2014)
  14. ^ "Ukraine crisis timeline". BBC News. Archived from the original on 27 May 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  15. ^ Ukraine crisis: President calls snap vote amid fighting, BBC News (25 August 2014)
  16. ^ a b c Ukrainian President dissolves Parliament, announces early elections, United Press International (25 August 2014)
    Ukraine's Petro Poroshenko Dissolves Parliament, Sets Election Date, The Moscow Times (26 August 2014)
    President's address on the occasion of early parliamentary elections of October 26, Presidential Administration of Ukraine (25 August 2014)
  17. ^ IFES
  18. ^ Rada fails to put on today's agenda three bills on elections of MPs, Interfax-Ukraine (14 August 2014)
  19. ^ На выборах не смогут проголосовать почти 5 млн украинцев Подробности читайте на УНИАН: http://www.unian.net/politics/1000335-na-vyiborah-ne-smogut-progolosovat-pochti-5-mln-ukraintsev.html, Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (24 October 2014)
  20. ^ (in Ukrainian) The CEC explained how to vote to inhabitants of Russian-occupied territories, 5 Kanal (2 September 2014)
  21. ^ "Russia calls for talks with Kiev after separatist elections". The Guardian. 3 November 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-03. 
  22. ^ a b Basic electoral statistics 2014 extraordinary parliamentary election, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  23. ^ Registration of candidates to run in early parliamentary elections in Ukraine ended, Interfax Ukraine (01.10.2014)
  24. ^ a b c d e f g Olszański, Tadeusz A. (17 September 2014), Ukraine's political parties at the start of the election campaign, OSW—Centre for Eastern Studies 
  25. ^ ЦИК завершила регистрацию партий на внеочередных выборах в парламент, Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (26 September 2014)
  26. ^ ЦИК определила порядковые номера партий на выборах в Раду, Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (27 September 2014)
  27. ^ (in Russian) Pilots, combatants, and journalists. Who goes to the new Verkhovna Rada , Korrespondent.net (15 September 2014)
    Klitschko: I lead my team to Parliament, UDAR official website (14 September 2014)
    Deadline for nomination of candidates running in early election to Rada expires, ITAR-TASS (15 September 2014)
  28. ^ Klitschko has no plans to leave post of Kyiv mayor, Interfax-Ukraine (27 October 2014)
  29. ^ (in Ukrainian) The party decided Gritsenko, who will go to Council, Ukrayinska Pravda (7 September 2014)
  30. ^ (in Ukrainian)Yatsenyuk became a leader of the "People's Front" political council, while Turchynov is a head of its headquarters. Ukrayinska Pravda. 10 September 2014
    Ukrainian PM, Parliament Speaker to Head Newly Formed Popular Front Party, RIA Novosti (10 September 2014)
  31. ^ Ukraine's Party of Regions Refuses to Participate in Rada Elections, RIA Novosti (23 September 2014)
  32. ^ a b Opposition Bloc chooses top ten candidates for parliamentary elections, Interfax Ukraine (23 September 2014)
    Allies of Yanukovych trying for parliament, Kyiv Post (21 September 2014)
    Party Of Regions Will Not Contest Snap Parliamentary Elections Independently, Ukrainian News Agency (14 September 2014)
  33. ^ People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections – CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (10 November 2014)
  34. ^ (in Ukrainian) In the 38th district of Dnipropetrovsk stop recount, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (17 November 2014)
  35. ^ a b CEC report
  36. ^ CEC data about turnout in Donetsk region
    CEC data about turnout in Luhansk region
  37. ^ Olszański, Tadeusz A. (29 October 2014), A strong vote for reform: Ukraine after the parliamentary elections, OSW—Centre for Eastern Studies 
  38. ^ Central electoral commission
  39. ^ a b 2012 Parliamentary Elections Boundary Delimitation Summary and Analysis, International Foundation for Electoral Systems (May 2012)
  40. ^ a b c Data on vote counting at percincts within single-mandate districts Extraordinary parliamentary election on 26.10.2014, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
    (in Ukrainian) Candidates and winners for the seat of the constituencies in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, RBK Ukraine
  41. ^ a b c d e With 100% of ballots counted in Rada by-election, Berezenko gets 35.90% of votes, Korban 14.76% – CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (28 July 2015)
  42. ^ a b Almost 2,500 foreign observers to watch Ukrainian elections – CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (21 October 2014)
  43. ^ a b c d e f g Ukrainian Rada elections generally without incident – OPORA, Interfax-Ukraine (27 October 2014)
    CVU to ask CEC to declare invalid elections at constituencies Nos. 45 and 102, Interfax-Ukraine (27 October 2014)
    OSCE claims elections in Ukraine held up to democratic standards, Interfax-Ukraine (27 October 2014)
    Voting, tabulation in Rada elections organized properly - OSCE observers, Interfax-Ukraine (27 October 2014)
    OSCE: Ukraine elections a step forward, Interfax-Ukraine (27 October 2014)
    Barroso, Van Rompuy call Ukraine elections a victory of democracy, Interfax-Ukraine (27 October 2014)
    PABSEC speaks positively of Verkhovna Rada elections, Interfax-Ukraine (27 October 2014)
    International Republican Institute congratulates Ukraine on elections that meet international standards, Interfax-Ukraine (28 October 2014)
    John Kerry: Ukraine's parliamentary elections, Kyiv Post (28 October 2014)
  44. ^ a b c d e f Moscow acknowledges Ukrainian election as valid, Interfax-Ukraine (27 October 2014)
    Ukraine elections: Pro-Western parties set for victory, BBC News (27 October 2014)
    Russia to Recognize Ukraine Election Results, Says Lavrov, The Moscow Times (27 October 2014)
    Russia's Lavrov hopes for 'constructive' Ukrainian government: Tass, Reuters (27 October 2014)
    Russian senators prepared to cooperate with new Verkhovna Rada, Kyiv Post (28 October 2014)
  45. ^ a b c d e Mid-term elections start in Chernihiv (constituency No.205), UNIAN (26 July 2015)
  46. ^ Корбан: Я потерял моральное право возглавлять политсовет партии "Укроп" "Гордон", .07.2015
    This crazy Ukrainian election shows the country has a ways to go toward reform, Global Post (28 July 2015)
  47. ^ Additional Rada election in Chernihiv: 87.95% of protocols processed, UNIAN (27 July 2015)
  48. ^ (in Ukrainian) CEC appointed elections in four constituencies, Ukrayinska Pravda (10 May 2016)
    (in Ukrainian) Довибори до ВР: У Дніпрі 51 кандидат, є представник КПУ (By-election to the Verkhovna Rada: in Dnipro 51, a candidate is a representative of the Communist Party), Ukrayinska Pravda (19 June 2016)
    (in Russian)/(website has automatic Google Translate option) Short bio of Ihor Yeremeyev, LIGA
  49. ^ (in Ukrainian) CEC: Voter turnout for midterm elections nearly 33%. No data Luhansk, Ukrayinska Pravda (17 July 2016)
  50. ^ (in Ukrainian) CEC registered 43 observers to the Rada by-election, Ukrayinska Pravda (12 July 2016)
  51. ^ (in Ukrainian) Problem county in the Luhansk region resumed counting votes, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 July 2016)
  52. ^ (in Ukrainian) In Luhansk opened 14 cases for violating the election, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 July 2016)
  53. ^ (in Ukrainian) Became known the results of the vote in the last of the 7 districts, Ukrayinska Pravda (21 July 2016)
  54. ^ a b c (in Ukrainian)Data on vote counting at percincts within single-mandate districts Extraordinary parliamentary election on 17.06.2016, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  55. ^ (in Ukrainian) Tetyana Rychkova profile on the Verkhovna Rada website

External linksEdit