Sniatyn (Ukrainian: Сня́тин, romanizedSniatyn, Polish: Śniatyn, Romanian: Sneatîn, Yiddish: שניאַטין) is a town located in Kolomyia Raion of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, in western Ukraine along the Prut river. It is located at around 48°27′0″N 25°34′0″E / 48.45000°N 25.56667°E / 48.45000; 25.56667. Sniatyn hosts the administration of Sniatyn urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] Population: 9,844 (2021 est.)[2]. In 2001, population was around 10,500.

Sniatyn
Снятин
Sniatyn
Town hall
Town hall
Flag of Sniatyn
Coat of arms of Sniatyn
Sniatyn is located in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
Sniatyn
Sniatyn
Sniatyn is located in Ukraine
Sniatyn
Sniatyn
Coordinates: 48°27′00″N 25°34′00″E / 48.45000°N 25.56667°E / 48.45000; 25.56667Coordinates: 48°27′00″N 25°34′00″E / 48.45000°N 25.56667°E / 48.45000; 25.56667
Country Ukraine
Oblast Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
RaionKolomyia Raion
First mentioned1158
Population
 (2021)
 • Total9,844

In the interbellum period, it was a rail border crossing between Poland and Romania.

HistoryEdit

 
Austrian postal card sent in 1875 from Sniatyn, Polish version

The first mention of the town is in 1158. Ksniatyn was named after Kostiantyn Stroslavich, a boyar and general of Yaroslav Osmomysl. The town was given the Magdeburg Rights in 1448. As a result of the first of Partitions of Poland (Treaty of St-Petersburg dated 5 July 1772, Sniatyn (and Galicia) was attributed to the Habsburg Monarchy.[3]

For more details, see the article Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria.

In 1939 Sniatyn was the temporary seat of American embassy in Poland, as the diplomatic personnel abandoned Warsaw after the first German Nazi bombings.

Nearly all of Sniatyn's Jewish population was murdered during the Holocaust. Many were shot and buried in the local forest. Some died from disease and starvation in the ghetto. Approximately 1,500 people were sent to Belzec.

Until 18 July 2020, Sniatyn was the administrative center of Sniatyn Raion. The raion was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast to six. The area of Sniatyn Raion was merged into Kolomyia Raion.[4][5]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Снятынская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ Atlas des peuples d'Europe centrale, André et Jean Sellier, 1991, p.88
  4. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  5. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.

External linksEdit