Kamianske (Ukrainian: Кам'янське, IPA: [kɐmjɐnʲˈsʲkɛ], formerly Dniprodzerzhynsk is an industrial city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine and a port on the Dnieper. Administratively, it serves as the administrative center of Kamianske Raion. Kamianske hosts the administration of Kamianske urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 231,915 (2020 est.)
|• Mayor||Andriy Byelousov|
|• City||138 km2 (53 sq mi)|
|Elevation||120 m (390 ft)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)|
The city was known as Dniprodzerzhynsk from 1936 to 2016. On 19 May 2016, it was renamed back to its historical name of Kamianske. Along with the city's name change, the city's hydroelectric station was renamed to Middle Dnieper Hydroelectric Power Plant.
The first written evidence of settlement in the territory of Kamianske appeared in 1750. At that time the villages of Romankovo and Kamianske, which make up the modern city, formed a part of the Nova (New) Sich of the Zaporizhian cossacks. The city was known as Kamianske, lit. Stony Place (Ukrainian: Кам'янське, Russian: Каменское Kamenskoye) until 1936 when it was renamed to Dniprodzerzhynsk - the name honored the Dnieper River (Ukrainian: Дніпро, romanized: Dnipro) and the communist Felix Dzerzhynsky (1877-1926), the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka.
On 15 May 2015 the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill into law that started a six-month period for the removal of communist monuments and the mandatory renaming of settlements with names related to Communism.
Until 18 July 2020, Kamianske was incorporated as a city of oblast significance and the center of Kamianske Municipality. The municipality was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to seven. The area of Kamianske Municipality was merged into the newly established Kamianske Raion.
1979 mid-air collisionEdit
On 11 August 1979 two Aeroflot planes collided over the Central Ukraine, killing all 178 people on both planes.
1996 tram accidentEdit
On 2 July 1996 a traffic accident happened in Dniprodzerzhynsk. An overcrowded tram that was moving along a steep hill on Chapaeva Street began to slide rapidly downhill (because of a brake failure), causing it to derail and hit a concrete wall before coming to a stop very close to a school. A total of 34 people died and more than 100 received injuries as a result of the accident. Following a government inquiry into the causes of the accident, the then mayor, Serhiy Shershnev, and his deputy, Ihor Laktionov, resigned.
While mostly located on right bank of Dnieper, Kamianske stretches over the hydroelectric station onto the left bank where the portion of city is known as "Livyi bereh" neighborhood (literally Left bank). The neighborhood arches to the west of the Kamianske's suburb of Kurylivka.
- Dniprovskyi district (western city district)
- neighborhoods: Romankove (former settlement), Livyi bereh
- Zavodskyi district (central city district)
- neighborhoods: City center, Dnieper Metallurgical Combine
- Pivdennyi district (south and eastern city parts)
- settlements: Karnaukhivka, Svitle
- neighborhoods: Sotsmisto, Pivdennyi, Bahliy Coke Factory, DniproAzot and Prydniprovskyi Chemical Factory
The economic base of Kamianske is almost exclusively centered on heavy industry, with ferrous metallurgy being the backbone of the local economy. Around 57% of the total industrial production is metallurgy and metal working. The chemical industry comes second with ca. 17% share of the total industrial output. While the exceedingly industrialized nature of the local economy ensures a rather high employment rate (as of 01.11.2007, official unemployment stood at 1.40%), it also contributes to excessive pollution and radiation levels in the city.
- Prydniprovsky Chemical Plant (closed down)
- Bahley Coke Factory
- Dnieper Metallurgical Combine
- Dniprodzerzhynsk Cement Factory
- Dniprodzerzhynsk Electrical Central
- Middle Dnieper Hydroelectric Plant
Several Eastern Orthodox churches, the largest being the Orthodox Cathedral of Saint Nicholas, which dates from 1894, serve the faithful of the city. By 2018, there were 22 parishes of Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Kamianske.
The Roman Catholic Church of Saint Nicholas built by the city's Polish community at the end of the nineteenth century, has become one of the centers of Roman Catholicism in Eastern Ukraine. The Catholic Parish of Saint Nicholas also includes a monastery run by the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin.
Kamianske is a city with a very difficult environmental conditions. The city is on the top 10 of the most air-polluted cities of Ukraine. There have been suggestions to assign the status of the ecological disaster city. Right-bank part of the city is mostly polluted, where the metallurgical, chemical industrial enterprises are located.
In 2008, an interdepartmental commission for solving environmental problems was created.
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
Kamianske is twinned with:
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
- "Каменская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
- "Dniprodzerzhynsk renamed Kamianske". www.unian.info. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- (in Ukrainian) Dniprodzerzhinsk and several more cities got new names. Ukrayinska Pravda. 19 May 2016
- (in Ukrainian) Poroshenko signed the laws about decomunization. Ukrayinska Pravda. 15 May 2015
Poroshenko signs laws on denouncing Communist, Nazi regimes, Interfax-Ukraine. 15 May 20
Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)
- Рада перейменувала Дніпродзержинськ на Кам'янське (in Ukrainian). Українські Національні Новини. May 19, 2016. Archived from the original on May 19, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). July 18, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
- "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
- "Tram accident in the Soviet Union (24 photos)". Bashney.net. Bashney.net. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Pshenichniy, Stanislav (July 7, 2006). "Sad Anniversary in Dneprodzerzhinsk". Dneprovska Pravda (in Russian). Retrieved December 30, 2008.
- Baltaksa, Mikhail (February 19, 2007). В Днепродзержинске авария с трамваем. Sobytiya (in Russian). Archived from the original on December 22, 2008. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
Interfax-Ukraine (February 19, 2007). В Днепродзержинске трамвай сошел с рельсов, 5 человек ранены (in Russian). Podrobnosti. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
В Днепродзержинске в 1996 году было подобное ЧП. Тогда пострадало 34 человека. По результатам расследования был снят с должности председатель Днепродзержинского горсовета. [A similar accident took place in Dniprodzerzhynsk in 1996. On that occasion there were 34 victims. As one of the results of an investigation, the president of the Dniprodzerzhynsk city council was removed from office.]
- Чугай Н. С. Климат и климатические ресурсы Днепропетровщины. — Днепропетровск: Изд-во Днепропетровского отделения географического общества, 1973. — с.11-18.
- Географічна енциклопедія України: в 3х т.- К.: «Українська радянська енциклопедія» ім. М. П. Бажана,1989. — Т.1: А-Ж. — с.335
- "General Characteristics" (in Ukrainian). Dniprodzerzhynsk City Council home page. Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
- "Statistics" (in Ukrainian). Dniprodzerzhynsk City Council home page. Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
- Belitskaia, EN (May–June 1996). "[The characteristics of the air pollution of an industrial region]". Likarska Sprava (5–6): 74–8. PMID 9377406.
- "Каменская епархия УПЦ Официальный сайт - Свято-Николаевский Кафедральный собор УПЦ, г. Каменское". www.eparhia.net. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- "Каменская епархия УПЦ Официальный сайт - Днепродзержинский благочинный округ". www.eparhia.net. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- Roman Catholic Parish in Kamianske
- "770.com.ua - Днепродзержинская еврейская община". 770.com.ua - Еврейская община Каменского. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- Найбрудніші міста України
- Розпорядження Кабінету Міністрів України від 11.08.2010
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