Zmiiv (Ukrainian: Зміїв, Russian: Змиёв) is a city in Kharkiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Zmiiv is the administrative center of Zmiiv Raion.

Zmiiv

Зміїв

Змиёв
Downtown Zmijiv
Downtown Zmijiv
Coat of arms of Zmiiv
Coat of arms
Zmiiv is located in Kharkiv Oblast
Zmiiv
Zmiiv
Zmiiv is located in Ukraine
Zmiiv
Zmiiv
Coordinates: 49°41′40″N 36°21′33″E / 49.69444°N 36.35917°E / 49.69444; 36.35917Coordinates: 49°41′40″N 36°21′33″E / 49.69444°N 36.35917°E / 49.69444; 36.35917
Country Ukraine
Oblast Kharkiv Oblast
RaionZmiiv Raion
Founded1640
City rights1797
Area
 • Total55.77 km2 (21.53 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total14 432[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
63409
Licence plateAX, KX, ХА (old), 21 (old)

HistoryEdit

It was an administrative centre of Zmiev uyezd in Kharkov Governorate of Russian Empire.

In 1891 - 1892, Zmiev paper mill was built here[2].

A local newspaper is published in the city since November 1930.[3]

During World War II, Zmiev was occupied by the German Army from 22 October 1941 to 17-18 August 1943[4].

In 1956, a machine-building plant was established here[2].

The population as of 1971 was 16600[5].

Between 1976 and 1990, the city was renamed after Klement Gottwald, a Czechoslovak politician, to Gotwald (Ukrainian: Готвальд)[2].

In January 1989 the population was 20 031 people[6][2].

In January 2013 the population was 15 211 people[7].

GeographyEdit

Zmiiv is situated on the right bank of the Seversky Donets River at the confluence of the right-hand tributary of the Mzha river[5].

EconomyEdit

A machine-building plant is the largest company in town. Zmiiv also has a paper mill, dairy plant, food-processing plant, packaging works, construction materials plant, publishing company, and some repair shops.

TransportationEdit

Zmiiv is served by the Zmiiv station[5][2] on the Southern Railway. The station was opened in 1910. It is served by the commuter rail (also known as elektrichki) connecting Kharkiv, Merefa, and Izium with intermediate stops.

Zmiiv has a bus station, which serves as a terminus for local bus routes. Zmiiv has also a regular bus connection with Kharkiv.

SportsEdit

Zmiiv has one soccer club playing in the Kharkiv Oblast Premier League, "Mayak".

Points of interestEdit

GalleryEdit

Notable residentsEdit

  • Igor Volk, cosmonaut and test pilot
  • Ruslan Polovinko, helicopter pilot and lieutenant, awarded the title of National Hero of Azerbaijan

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2019 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2019. стор. 68
  2. ^ a b c d e Готвальд // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.329
  3. ^ № 3148. Известия Змиевщины // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986 - 1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.412
  4. ^ История второй мировой войны 1939—1945 (в 12 тт.) / редколл., гл. ред. А. А. Гречко. том 7. М., Воениздат, 1976. стр.195
  5. ^ a b c Змиев // Большая Советская Энциклопедия. / под ред. А. М. Прохорова. 3-е изд. том 9. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1972.
  6. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу
  7. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2013 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2013. стор.98

External linksEdit