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Central Election Commission (Ukraine)

The Central Election Commission of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Центральна виборча комісія України, commonly abbreviated in Ukrainian as ЦВК (Tse-Ve-Ka); sometimes referred to as the Central Electoral Commission of Ukraine) is a permanent and independent collegiate body of the Ukrainian state that acts on the basis of the Constitution of Ukraine, the laws of Ukraine and is responsible for organizing the arrangements and the conduct of the presidential and parliamentary elections in Ukraine as well as the local elections at all levels, managing the all-Ukrainian and local referenda according to the procedure and within the legal framework defined by the laws of Ukraine.

Central Election Commission
(Центральна виборча комісія)
Emblem of the Central Election Commission of Ukraine.png
Commission Emblem
Agency overview
FormedNovember 1997
Jurisdiction Ukraine
Headquarters1, Lesia Ukrainka Square,
Kiev, Ukraine, 01196 [1]
Agency executive
  • Chairperson of the Commission
WebsiteOfficial website

Legislative statusEdit

The Commission manages the system of election commissions and referendum commissions established to arrange and conduct the presidential and parliamentary elections in Ukraine as well as the all-Ukrainian referenda. The Commission supervises activities and provides the advisory and methodological support to the commissions established to arrange and conduct the local elections at all levels as well as the local referenda.

The Commission discharges its mandate independently, separately from other government authorities, municipalities, officials and public officers.

General Information, Composition and AppointmentEdit

In November 1997 a new state institution, the Central Election Commission, was established according to the Constitution requirements. The Law of Ukraine "On the Central Election Commission" stipulates that the Central Election Commission shall be a permanent state body, which, in compliance with the Constitution of Ukraine, ensures the arrangements and the conduct of the presidential and parliamentary elections in Ukraine as well as the all-Ukrainian referenda.

The Central Election Commission also provides advisory-methodological support of elections and local referenda to local councils, village, town, city mayors. It supervises the system of election commissions established to arrange and conduct the presidential and parliamentary elections in Ukraine as well as the all-Ukrainian referenda , coordinates their activities.

The Central Election Commission is an independent state body. In order to perform its functions the Commission is entitled to enable the involvement of public authorities at all levels into the implementation of this extremely important state activity. The Commission performs its duties on the principles of legality, independence, objectivity, competence, professionalism, collegial decision-making, reliability, openness and transparency.

The activities of the Commission are carried out openly and publicly.

The Commission has its own publication - "The Bulletin of the Central Election Commission".

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine appoints and terminates the authority of the CEC members upon the proposal of the President of Ukraine. The presidential submission on the CEC members shall take into account the nominee proposals of current parliamentary factions and groups.

Composition

The Commission consists of 17 CEC members (prior to September 2018 15 members).[2] The Commission functions on a regular basis. Member of the Commission is a public officer. Each member is appointed for a 7-year term by the Verkhovna Rada (parliament) of Ukraine. A Commission member may be a citizen of Ukraine, who shall not be under twenty five years old on the appointment date, has the right to vote, has been lived in Ukraine for at least the last five years and commands the official language. The Chairperson of the Commission, the Deputy Chair of the Commission, the Secretary of the Commission, as well as at least five other members of the Commission shall have higher education in the field of law.

Secretariat of the CommissionEdit

  • Chairman
  • Deputy
  • Operation-Methodical Department
  • Legal Department
  • Informational Department
  • Department of Document Support
  • Managing and Material-Technical Support Department
  • Division in relationships with public media
  • Division of human resources and the state service
  • Division of planning and financing
  • Division of control and use of funds
  • Accounting division
  • Division of international cooperation
  • Editorial-publishing division
  • Supporting service of the Central Election Commission

AppointmentEdit

HistoryEdit

The first election commission in Ukraine was created in 1917 as an Electoral Bureau of the General Secretary of Internal Affairs and was headed by Mykhailo Kovenko. It prepared elections to the Ukrainian Constituent Assembly, which were interrupted by the Ukrainian-Soviet War. In 1989 the modern election commission was created under the Cabinet of Ukraine, which in 1997 became an independent body of the Ukrainian government.

DistrictsEdit

There are different electoral divisions depending on the level of elections. Before the electoral of 1997 and the installation of the Central Election Commission the country consisted of 450 electoral districts (number of parliamentarians in Verkhovna Rada). With the introduction of party voting principle the number of districts changed to 225. Each electoral district includes around 120-180 smaller electoral precincts (dilnytsi).

Beside the national level elections the country conducts local elections as well. Each region (oblast or Autonomous Republic Crimea), district (raion), urban or rural settlement (see Administrative divisions of Ukraine) has its own council (rada) amounting altogether to some 12,088 councils of various size across the nation.[3]

Western UkraineEdit

Election
year
Zakarpattia Chernivtsi Ivano-Frankivsk Lviv Ternopil Volyn Rivne
districts number districts number districts number districts number districts number districts number districts number
total change total change total change total change total change total change total change
1990 167-177 11   0 430-437 8   0 196-207 12   0 258-281 24   0 355-364 10   0 40-48 9   0 332-341 10   0
1994 167-176 10   1 431-438 8   0 195-206 12   0 260-282 23   1 356-365 10   0 64-72 9   0 333-342 10   0
1998 70-74 5   5 202-205 4   4 84-89 6   6 115-126 12   11 163-167 5   5 19-23 5   4 152-156 5   5
1999 70-74 5   0 202-205 4   0 84-89 6   0 115-126 12   0 163-167 5   0 19-23 5   0 152-156 5   0
2002 70-75 6   1 202-205 4   0 85-90 6   0 116-127 12   0 164-168 5   0 19-23 5   0 153-157 5   0
2004 70-75 6   0 204-207 4   0 85-90 6   0 117-128 12   0 166-170 5   0 19-23 5   0 155-159 5   0
2006 66-70 5   1 207-210 4   0 79-85 7   1 112-125 14   2 165-172 8   3 20-26 7   2 151-157 7   2
2007 66-70 5   0 207-210 4   0 79-85 7   0 112-125 14   0 165-172 8   0 20-26 5   0 151-157 7   0
2010 69-74 6   1 204-207 4   0 84-90 7   0 117-128 12   2 165-169 5   3 19-23 5   2 154-158 5   2
2012 68-73 5   0 201-204 4   0 83-89 7   0 115-126 12   0 163-167 5   0 19-23 5   0 152-156 5   0
  

Presidential elections

Northern UkraineEdit

Election
year
Zhytomyr Kiev Kiev city Chernihiv Sumy
districts number districts number districts number districts number districts number
total change total change total change total change total change
1990 153-166 14   0 208-224 17   0 1-22 22   0 438-450 13   0 342-354 13   0
1994 154-166 13   1 207-223 17   0 1-23 23   1 439-450 12   1 343-355 13   0
1998 64-69 6   7 90-97 8   9 212-223 12   11 206-211 6   6 157-162 6   7
1999 64-69 6   0 90-97 8   0 212-223 12   0 206-211 6   0 157-162 6   0
2002 64-69 6   0 91-98 8   0 212-223 12   0 206-211 6   0 158-163 6   0
2004 64-69 6   0 91-99 9   1 214-223 10   2 208-213 6   0 160-165 6   0
2006 56-65 10   4 86-94 9   0 218-224 7   3 211-217 7   1 158-164 7   1
2007 56-65 10   0 86-94 9   0 218-224 7   0 211-217 7   0 158-164 7   0
2010 63-68 6   4 91-99 9   0 214-223 10   3 208-213 6   1 159-164 6   1
2012 62-67 6   0 90-98 9   0 211-223 13   3 205-210 6   0 157-162 6   0
  

Presidential elections

MembersEdit

Former membersEdit

On 5 October 2018[4] 14 new members began to exercise their powers (the Ukrainian parliament had appointed on 20 September 2018[5]):

  • Tetiana Slipachuk (Chairperson of the Central Election Commission[4])
  • Alla Basalaieva
  • Natalia Bernatska (Secretary of the Central Election Commission)
  • Mykhailo Verbenskyi
  • Andriy Yevstigneiev
  • Iryna Yefremova
  • Olha Zheltova
  • Oleh Konopolskyi (Deputy Chair of the Central Election Commission)
  • Svitlana Kustova
  • Olha Lotiuk
  • Vitaliy Plukar
  • Yevhenіі Radchenko (Deputy Chair of the Central Election Commission)
  • Leontiy Shypilov
  • Tetiana Yuzkova

In April 2014 parliament had already appointed:[6]

  • Kateryna Makhnitska
  • Oleh Didenko

As of 20 September 2018 one seat was vacant.[6]

All members (appointed on 20 September 2018 and since) were dismissed by parliament on 13 September 2019.[7]

The Ukrainian parliament dismissed the following 13 members of the Central Election Commission on 20 September 2018:[8]

  • Mykhaylo Okhendovsky (Охендовський Михайло Володимирович) (chairman)[9]
  • Andriy Mahera (Магера Андрій Йосипович) (deputy chairman)
  • Zhanna Usenko-Chorna (Усенко-Чорна Жанна Іванівна) (deputy chairwoman)
  • Tetiana Lukash (Лукаш Тетяна Леонідівна) (secretary)
  • Tamara Astakhova (Астахова Тамара Валеріївна)
  • Yuriy Danylevskyi (Данилевський Юрій Миколайович)
  • Yuriy Donchenko (Донченко Юрій Григорович)
  • Ihor Zhydenko (Жиденко Ігор Григорович)
  • Bronislav Raykovskyy (Райковський Броніслав Станіславович)
  • Oleksandr Chupakhin (Чупахін Олександр Михайлович)
  • Yulia Shvets (Швець Юлія Вікторівна)
  • Oleksandr Shelestov (Шелестов Олександр Миколайович)
  • Valeriy Sheludko (Шелудько Валерій Євгенович)

Former members of the Commission were appointed by the parliament on December 8, 2004. This appointment was an integral part of the legislative package to resolve the presidential election crisis in Ukraine. These members supervised the repeat of the second round of the presidential elections on December 26, 2004.

Members of the Commission as of January 1, 2005 were:

  • Yaroslav Davydovych (Давидович Ярослав Васильович) (chairman)
  • Maryna Stavniychuk (Ставнійчук Марина Іванівна) (deputy chairwoman)
  • Mykola Melnyk (Мельник Микола Іванович) (deputy chairman)
  • Serhiy Dubovyk (Дубовик Сергій Олегович) (secretary)
  • Yuriy Donchenko (Донченко Юрій Григорович)
  • Valentyna Zavalevska (Завалевська Валентина Олександрівна)
  • Ihor Kachur (Качур Ігор Анатолійович)
  • Ruslan Knyazevych (Князевич Руслан Петрович)
  • Andriy Mahera (Магера Андрій Йосипович)
  • Mykhaylo Okhendrovskyy (Охендовський Михайло Володимирович)
  • Anatoliy Pysarenko (Писаренко Анатолій Аркадійович)
  • Bronislav Raykovskyy (Райковський Броніслав Станіславович)
  • Zhanna Usenko-Chorna (Усенко-Чорна Жанна Іванівна)
  • Oleksandr Chupakhin (Чупахін Олександр Михайлович)
  • Valeriy Sheludko (Шелудько Валерій Євгенович)

Previous MembersEdit

  • Valeriy Bondyk (Бондик Валерій Анатолійович) (February 17, 2004 - December 8, 2004)
  • Yuriy Danylevskyy (Данилевський Юрій Миколайович) (April 7, 1999 - December 8, 2004)
  • Serhiy Kivalov (Ківалов Сергій Васильович) (February 17 - December 8, 2004); currently a member of the Parliament of Ukraine[10]
  • Mykola Rybachuk (Рибачук Микола Филимонович) (April 7, 1999 - December 8, 2004)

ChairmenEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Official website. Address (bottom of the page) ("Kyiv" spelling)". March 2017.
  2. ^ Rada backs increase in composition of CEC to 17 people, Interfax-Ukraine (18 September 2018)
  3. ^ 2010 local elections
  4. ^ a b Slipachuk elected head of Central Election Commission at closed meeting, Ukrinform (5 October 2018)
  5. ^ Rada updates CEC composition, appointing 14 new members, Interfax-Ukraine (20 September 2018)
  6. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) The council approved a new composition of the CEC, Ukrayinska Pravda (20 September 2018)
  7. ^ (in Ukrainian) "We are all", "This is a new reality": the CEC reacted to the decision of the Council, Ukrayinska Pravda (13 September 2019)
  8. ^ Verkhovna Rada dismisses 13 CEC members, UNIAN (20 September 2018)
  9. ^ Mykhailo Okhendovsky appointed head of Central Election Commission, Interfax-Ukraine (6 July 2013)
  10. ^ Nation’s law enforcers have dismal track record, Kyiv Post (December 11, 2009)
  • The Law of Ukraine "On the Central Election Commission", No. 1932-IV (1932-15), dated June 30, 2004, promulgated July 9, 2004 (text in Ukrainian).
  • The Decree of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine "On Appointing the Members of the Central Election Commission", No. 2225-IV (2225-15), dated December 8, 2004, promulgated December 8, 2004 (text in Ukrainian)

External linksEdit