Novohrad-Volynskyi

Novohrad-Volynskyi (Ukrainian: Новогра́д-Воли́нський, romanizedNovohrád-Volýns’kyj; Russian: Новоград-Волынский, romanizedNovograd-Volynsky; Yiddish: זווילtranslit. Zvil; Polish: Zwiahel) is a city in the Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Originally known as Zvyahel, the city was renamed in 1795 after annexation of territories of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth by the Russian Empire soon after the third Partition of Poland.

Novohrad-Volynskyi

Новогра́д-Воли́нський
Будинок Мезенцева.jpg
Храм Христа Царя Всесвіту РКЦ - panoramio.jpg
Меморіальний музей Лесі Українки.JPG
Будинок, в якому жила Леся Українка та пам'ятник Л. Українці.jpg
Flag of Novohrad-Volynskyi
Flag
Coat of arms of Novohrad-Volynskyi
Coat of arms
Novohrad-Volynskyi is located in Zhytomyr Oblast
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Location of Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi is located in Ukraine
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi
Novohrad-Volynskyi (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 27°38′0″E / 50.58333°N 27.63333°E / 50.58333; 27.63333Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 27°38′0″E / 50.58333°N 27.63333°E / 50.58333; 27.63333
Country Ukraine
Oblast Zhytomyr Oblast
RaionNovohrad-Volynskyi Raion
First mentioned1256
City status1795
Government
 • MayorVolodymyr Zahryvyi
Area
 • Total2,667 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Elevation
218 m (715 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total55,790
 • Density21/km2 (54/sq mi)
Postal code
11700—11709
Area code(s)1811000000
Websitehttp://novograd.osp-ua.info/

It serves as the administrative center of Novohrad-Volynskyi Raion (district), though administratively it does not belong to the raion and is incorporated separately as a city of oblast significance. Population: 55,790 (2020 est.)[1]

The city is located on the main route to Kyiv ( E 40) near its crossing at the Sluch River.

NameEdit

The city has previously been known as: Возвягель Vozvyahel’, Звяголь Zvyahol’, Звягель Zvyahel, Звягаль Zvyahal’, Dzwihel.

HistoryEdit

The city was mentioned in the Galician-Volhynian Chronicle under the year of 1256 as the town of Zvyahel. The original settlement was an Old Russian town of Bolokhiv Land located on the right bank of Sluch.[2] In 1257 it was razed by Daniel of Galicia.

The next mentioning of the settlement is found in 1432 as a rebuilt one on the left bank upstream from the original site.[2] Since 14th century it belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania owned by Zvyahelski princely family.[2] In 1501 to 1554 the town belonged to Ostrogski princely family.[2] In 1507 Konstanty Ostrogski built here a castle.[2] After formation of Volhynian Voivodeship, it was located in Lutsk County. Following the 1569 Union of Lublin it was passed on to the Crown of Poland.[2]

During the Khmelnytskyi Uprising, Cossacks destroyed portion of the city's fortification and burnt down the Catholic church (kosciol).[2] In September 1648 in the city was formed an insurgency group of local peasants led by Mykhalo Tysha.[2] In 1650s in Zvyahel existed Zvyahel Regiment.[2]

In 18th century the city belonged to Lubomirski princely family.[2]

The city had an important Jewish community. In the late 19th century it was home to 9,378 Jews, more than half the population of the town. Pogroms killed approximately 1,000 Jews in 1919.[3] After the Treaty of Riga, Novohrad-Volynskyi became part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union. By the start of World War II only 6,840 Jews remained, (30% of the total population). Hundreds of Jews were murdered in mass executions perpetrated by an Einsatzgruppen in 1941. Many Survivors were imprisoned in harsh conditions in a ghetto and murdered in November 1942,[4] and an important part of the town was destroyed during the war.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Novohrad-Volynskyi is twinned with:[5]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Zvizdetskyi, B. Vozvyahl (ВОЗВЯГЛЬ). Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine. 2003
  3. ^ https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Novohrad_Volynskyy/history.asp
  4. ^ המכון הבין-לאומי לחקר השואה - יד ושם. Yad Vashem (in Hebrew).
  5. ^ "Міста-партнери Новограда-Волинського". novograd.osp-ua.info (in Ukrainian). Novohrad-Volynskyi. Retrieved 2020-04-02.

External linksEdit