Rahachow or Rahačoŭ (Belarusian: Рагачо́ў, pronounced [raɣaˈtʂou̯]; Russian: Рогачёв, romanizedRogachyov, also transliterated Rogachev; Polish: Rohaczów; Yiddish: ראגאטשאוו, Rogatshov, pronounced [ragat͡ʃov]) is a town in the Gomel Region of Belarus. It is center of Rahachow District. Rahachow is located at 53°6′N 30°3′E / 53.100°N 30.050°E / 53.100; 30.050, between the Drut and Dnieper rivers. The population is 34,727 (2004 estimate).

Rahachow
Рагачо́ў (Belarusian)
Рогачёв (Russian)
Rogachyov transcription(s)
Rahačoŭ, kamianica (3.07.2009).jpg
Flag of Rahachow
Coat of arms of Rahachow
Rahachow is located in Belarus
Rahachow
Rahachow
Coordinates: 53°6′N 30°3′E / 53.100°N 30.050°E / 53.100; 30.050Coordinates: 53°6′N 30°3′E / 53.100°N 30.050°E / 53.100; 30.050
Country Belarus
VoblastGomel Region
Founded1142
Area
 • Total18.06 km2 (6.97 sq mi)
Elevation
136 m (446 ft)
Population
 (2009)[1]
 • Total33,702
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (FET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (not observed)
Postal code
247250
Area code+375 2339
Licence plate3
WebsiteOfficial website (in Russian)

The town is first mentioned in 1142 in Russian chronicles. From the late thirteenth century it was part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and then the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1772 the Rahačoŭ District was annexed by the Russian Empire.

On 16 July 1863 the local landowner Tomasz Hryniewicz was executed here by a Russian firing squad for leading the Rahačoŭ detachment of Polish insurgents.

During World War II, Rahačoŭ was occupied by the German Army from 2 July 1941 to 13 July 1941, and again from 14 August 1941 to 24 February 1944.

The notable Rabbi, Yosef Rosen (1858–1936), known as the Rogatshover Gaon ("The Genius of Rogatshov" (the Yiddish pronunciation of Rahachow), was born and raised here. The artist Anatoli Lvovich Kaplan was born (1902) and brought up here, as was former NHL hockey player Sergei Bautin. Rahachow also has a popular dairy product factory, whose products are supplied across Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus.

SightsEdit

  • Church of St. Anthony of Padua
  • Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky
  • "Castle Hill" - a hill on which the castle of Queen Bona was located
  • Monument to the founding of the city in the center of the "Castle Hill" with the inscription "From here the city of Rogachev went in the summer of 1142."
  • Jewish Cemetery in Rahachow
  • The building of the former zemstvo council
  • House of merchant Belenky
  • Eco-Museum "Belarusian Lyalka"
  • Museum of Popular Glory
  • House of Uladzimir Karatkievich's grandfather
  • Monument to condensed milk
  • Rahachow booms[clarification needed]
  • Icon of the Mother of God with four hands
  • Three family tombs - Greshnerov, Iolshinov, Verzheisky
  • Memorial to the leader of the national liberation uprising of 1863 Tomas Grinevich

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 11 January 2013.

External linksEdit