Gomel Region

Gomel Region or Gomel Oblast or Homyel Voblasts (Belarusian: Го́мельская во́бласць, Homielskaja vobłasć, Russian: Гомельская область, Gomelskaya oblast) is one of the regions of Belarus. Its administrative center is Gomel.

Gomel Region

Гомельская вобласць (Belarusian)
Гомельская область (Russian)

Gomel Oblast, Homyel Voblasts
Location of Gomel Region
Administrative centerGomel
Largest citiesGomel – 481,200
Mazyr – 111,800
Zhlobin – 72,800
Districts21
Cities – 17
Urban localities – 278
Villages – 2,608
City raions4
Area
 • Total40,361.66 km2 (15,583.72 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total1,426,674
 • Density35/km2 (92/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeBY-HO
HDI (2017)0.803[1]
very high · 4th
Websitewww.gomel-region.by

The total area of the region is 40,400 square kilometres (15,600 sq mi), the population in 2011 stood at 1,435,000 with the number of inhabitants per km2 at 36.[2]

Important cities within the region include: Gomel, Mazyr, Zhlobin, Svietlahorsk, Rechytsa, Kalinkavichy, Rahachow, Dobrush.

Both the Gomel Region and the Mogilev Region suffered severely after the Chernobyl nuclear reactor catastrophe.[3] The Gomel Province borders the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone in places, and parts of it is designated as mandatory or voluntary resettlement areas as a result of the radioactive contamination.[4]

Administrative territorial entitiesEdit

Gomel Region comprises 21 districts and 2 city municipalities. The districts have 278 selsovets, and 17 cities and towns.

Districts of Gomel RegionEdit

Cities and townsEdit

English Belarusian Pop.
Gomel Belarusian: Го́мель 481,200
Mazyr Belarusian: Мазы́р 111,800
Zhlobin Belarusian: Жло́бін 72,800
Svietlahorsk Belarusian: Светлаго́рск 71,700
Rechytsa Belarusian: Рэчыца 66,200
Kalinkavichy Belarusian: Калінкавічы 37,900
Rahachow Belarusian: Рагачоў 34,700
Dobrush Belarusian: Добруш 19,300
Zhytkavichy Belarusian: Жыткавічы 16,900
Khoyniki Belarusian: Хойнікі 14,200
Pietrykaw Belarusian: Петрыкаў 10,600
Yel’sk Belarusian: Ельск 10,000
Buda-Kashalyova Belarusian: Буда-Кашалёва 9,500
Naroulia Belarusian: Нароўля 8.200
Vietka Belarusian: Ветка 7,800
Chachersk Belarusian: Чачэрск 7,700
Vasilievichy Belarusian: Васілевічы 4,500
Brahin Belarusian: Брагін 3,700
Turov Belarusian: Ту́раў 3,200

City municipalities: Gomel, Mazyr.

GeographyEdit

 
The frozen Biarezina River in Svietlahorsk.

Pripyatsky National Park covers 2% of the territory of the region. Eleven wildlife preserves of national importance cover 2.1% of the region.[5]

The extreme southern point of Belarus is located in Gomel Region, on the Dnieper River to the south of the urban-type settlement of Kamaryn, Brahin District.[6]

The 3rd largest lake in Belarus, Lake Chervonoye, is located in Gomel Region, Zhytkavichy District.[7]

Gomel Region borders Mogilev Region on the north, Brest Region on the west, Russia (Bryansk Oblast) on the east and Ukraine (Chernihiv Oblast, Kyiv Oblast and Zhytomyr Oblast) on the south and southeast.

DemographyEdit

EconomyEdit

The processing industry is represented by alcohol, alcoholic beverage, wine, beer and soft drinks, vegetable-drying and canning industries. Mazyr is home to one of Belarus' major oil refineries.

TransportEdit

Gomel Region is a major transport hub. Major railway junctions include Gomel, Zhlobin, and Kalinkavichy. Gomel is located at the intersection of the highways 95E OdessaKyivSt. Petersburg, BakhmachVilnius, and M10 BryanskBrest. River transport is also common in the region with regular navigation on the Pripyat, Dnieper and Berezina rivers.

TourismEdit

The number of travel agencies in Gomel Region has grown from 21 in 2000 to 54 in 2010.[8][9] Main tourist destinations of the region are Pripyatsky National Park and Gomel.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Territory and population density of Belarus by region as of January 1, 2011". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  3. ^ http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chernobyl_radiation_map_1996.svg
  4. ^ Mould, Richard Francis (2000-05-01). Chernobyl Record: The Definitive History of the Chernobyl Catastrophe. CRC Press. ISBN 9780750306706.
  5. ^ "Nature reserves and national parks, wildlife preserves and nature sanctuaries". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Coordinates of the extreme points of the state frontier". Land of Ancestors. The Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
  7. ^ "Main characteristics of the largest lakes of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Research Laboratory for Lake Study of the Belarus State University. 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  8. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organizations engaged in tourist activities in 2010 in Belarus". Land of Ancestors. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  9. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organisations engaged in tourist activities in Belarus by region". Land of Ancestors. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 9 October 2013.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 52°20′N 29°40′E / 52.333°N 29.667°E / 52.333; 29.667