Suomussalmi (Finnish: [ˈsuo̯muˌsːɑlmi]) is a municipality in Finland and is located in the Kainuu region about 90 kilometres (56 mi) northeast of Kajaani, the capital of Kainuu and 120 kilometres (75 mi) south of Kuusamo. The municipality has a population of 7,509 (31 December 2021) and covers an area of 5,857.60 square kilometres (2,261.63 sq mi) of which 587.03 km2 (226.65 sq mi) is water. The population density is 1.42 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.7/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Ämmänsaari is the biggest built-up area in the municipality.
|• Municipal manager||Erno Heikkinen|
|• Total||5,857.60 km2 (2,261.63 sq mi)|
|• Land||5,270.56 km2 (2,034.97 sq mi)|
|• Water||587.03 km2 (226.65 sq mi)|
|• Rank||9th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||129th largest in Finland|
|• Density||1.42/km2 (3.7/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||98.7% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||10.1%|
|• 15 to 64||52%|
|• 65 or older||37.9%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||21.5%|
Suomussalmi is the second southernmost part of the reindeer-herding area in Finland.
During the Winter War of 1939–40, several battles were fought in the area around Suomussalmi, the most important ones being the Battle of Suomussalmi and the Battle of Raate. In these battles Finnish forces defeated numerically superior Soviet forces.
Formula One racing driver Heikki Kovalainen is from Suomussalmi, as well as the author Ilmari Kianto and the composer Osmo Tapio Räihälä, in addition to the ice hockey player, Janne Pesonen. Also, the first President of the Republic of Finland, K. J. Ståhlberg, was born in the Karhula rectory (Karhulan pappila) in Suomussalmi.
Suomussalmi hosted the 2016 World Berry Picking Championship.
- Suomussalmi (Kirkonkylä)
- Ämmänsaari (administrative center)
Kuivajärvi and Hietajärvi, located close to the Russian border, have long belonged to the poetic villages of White Karelia, and the Karelian language, Viena Karelian, has traditionally been spoken in the area.
Highway 5 (E63) comes from Hyrynsalmi via Suomussalmi to Kuusamo. The rest of the municipality's most important roads are mainly smaller regional roads; regional road 912 from Kuhmo comes to Suomussalmi, regional road 843 from Palovaara to Suomussalmi continues to Kuusamo's Poussuu, regional road 892 runs from Suomussalmi through Korpikylä and Kytömäki to Hyrynsalmi, regional road 897 takes you from Alajärvi from Suomussalmi via Hattuvaara to Yli-Näljänkä, and connecting road 9125 or Raatteentie (also included parts of the current regional road 912) is a connecting road from Raatteenportti to Raate in the municipality of Suomussalmi, which was named after the Battle of Raate in 1940.
Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Suomussalmi:
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
Suomussalmi is twinned with:
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- Ask the expert - Heikki Kovalainen Formula1.com
- Presidentti K. J. Ståhlbergin lapsuudenkotimuseo (in Finnish)
- C.G. (11 October 2017). "Explaining the Finnish love of tango". The Economist.
- "Kuivajärvi ja Hietajärvi". www.juminkeko.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 2021-06-14.
- "Kartta runokylien alueesta". www.juminkeko.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 2021-06-14.
- "Kotus. Karjalan kieli, kartta" (in Finnish). Kotimaisten kielten keskus. Retrieved 2021-06-14.
Media related to Suomussalmi at Wikimedia Commons
- Municipality of Suomussalmi – Official website