Suomussalmi is a municipality in Finland and is located in the Kainuu region. The municipality has a population of 7,881 (31 January 2019)[2] and covers an area of 5,857.60 square kilometres (2,261.63 sq mi) of which 587.03 km2 (226.65 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 1.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.9/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Ämmänsaari is the biggest built-up area in the municipality.

Suomussalmen kunta
Suomussalmi kommun
Coat of arms of Suomussalmi
Coat of arms
Location of Suomussalmi in Finland
Location of Suomussalmi in Finland
Coordinates: 64°53′N 028°55′E / 64.883°N 28.917°E / 64.883; 28.917Coordinates: 64°53′N 028°55′E / 64.883°N 28.917°E / 64.883; 28.917
Country Finland
Sub-regionKehys-Kainuu sub-region
 • Municipal managerErno Heikkinen
 • Total5,857.60 km2 (2,261.63 sq mi)
 • Land5,270.56 km2 (2,034.97 sq mi)
 • Water587.03 km2 (226.65 sq mi)
Area rank9th largest in Finland
 • Total7,881
 • Rank122nd largest in Finland
 • Density1.5/km2 (4/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.7% (official)
 • Others1.3%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1412.7%
 • 15 to 6463%
 • 65 or older24.3%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19.5%

Suomussalmi is the second southernmost part of the reindeer-herding area in Finland.

During the Winter War of 1939–40, several battles were fought in the area around Suomussalmi, the most important ones being the Battle of Suomussalmi and the Battle of Raate. In these battles Finnish forces defeated numerically superior Soviet forces.

Formula One racing driver Heikki Kovalainen is from Suomussalmi, as well as the author Ilmari Kianto and the composer Osmo Tapio Räihälä, in addition to the ice hockey player, Janne Pesonen.[6]

Suomussalmi hosted the 2016 World Berry Picking Championship.[7]


Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Suomussalmi:


International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Suomussalmi is twinned with:


  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ Ask the expert - Heikki Kovalainen
  7. ^ C.G. (11 October 2017). "Explaining the Finnish love of tango". The Economist.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Suomussalmi at Wikimedia Commons