1902 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives held in 1902 occurred in the middle of President Theodore Roosevelt's first term, about a year after the assassination of President William McKinley in September 1901.

1902 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1900 June 2, September 12, September 18, and November 8, 1902[a] 1904 →

All 386 seats in the United States House of Representatives
194 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JGCannon.jpg John Sharp Williams.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon John Sharp Williams
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 4, 1903 March 4, 1903
Leader's seat Illinois 18th Mississippi 8th
Last election 200 seats 151 seats
Seats before 198 seats[b] 152 seats[c]
Seats won 206[1][2][d] 176[1][2]
Seat change Increase 6 Increase 25
Popular vote 5,470,468 4,942,208
Percentage 49.81% 45.00%
Swing Decrease 0.84% Increase 0.55%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Independent Populist
Last election 0 seats 5 seats
Seats before 0 seats 5 seats
Seats won 4 [d][e] 0
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 5
Popular vote 61,629 151,192
Percentage 0.56% 1.38%
Swing Increase 0.23% Decrease 0.97%

Speaker before election

David Henderson
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Due to the increased size of the House and the reapportionment that resulted from the 1900 U.S. Census, the Republican Party and the Democratic Party both gained seats simultaneously, which has not occurred in any elections since. The Democrats increased their share of the House, but not by enough to regain control.

With a stable economy and no cornerstone issue, Democratic gains can mostly be linked to the effects of redistricting. Many of the new seats were in areas with high numbers of immigrants (mostly Eastern and Southern European industrial workers, and Northern European farmers), with new immigrants tending to vote Democrat. The Populist Party disappeared from the House, with its supporters almost unanimously switching to the Democratic Party.[citation needed]

This election marked the third and most recent time in American history where the incumbent President's party gained House seats in a midterm election while still losing seats in the Senate, the first two being in 1814 and 1822.

Election summariesEdit

29 new seats were added in reapportionment following the 1900 Census.[3] No states lost seats, 16 had no change in apportionment, 14 gained 1 seat, 3 gained 2 seats, and 3 gained 3 seats. Two of the states that gained representation elected the new seat at-large.

176 3 207
Democratic IR Republican
State Type Total seats Democratic Republican
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama Districts 9   9   0  
Arkansas Districts 7   1 7   1 0  
California Districts 8   1 3   3 5   2
Colorado District
+at-large[f]
3[g]   1 0   3   2[h]
Connecticut District
+at-large[f]
5   1 0   5   1
Delaware At-large 1   1   1 0   1
Florida Districts 3   1 3   1 0  
Georgia Districts 11   11   0  
Idaho At-large 1[g]   0   1   1
Illinois Districts 25   3 8   3 17   6
Indiana Districts 13   4   9  
Iowa Districts 11   1   1 10   1
Kansas District
+at-large
8   0   1 8   1
Kentucky Districts 11   10   1 1   1
Louisiana Districts 7   1 7   1 0  
Maine[i] Districts 4   0   4  
Maryland Districts 6   2   2 4   2
Massachusetts Districts 14   1 4   1 10  
Michigan Districts 12   1   1 11   1
Minnesota Districts 9   2 1   1 8   1
Mississippi Districts 8   1 8   1 0  
Missouri Districts 16   1 15   3 1   2
Montana At-large 1[g]   0   1   1
Nebraska Districts 6[j]   1   1 5   3
Nevada At-large 1   1   0  
New Hampshire Districts 2   0   2  
New Jersey Districts 10   2 3   1 7   1
New York Districts 37   3 17   4 20   1
North Carolina Districts 10   1 10   3 0   2
North Dakota At-large 2   1 0   2   1
Ohio Districts 21   4   17  
Oregon[i] Districts 2   0   2  
Pennsylvania District[k] 32   2 3   1 29[d]   3
Rhode Island Districts 2   1   1 1   1
South Carolina Districts 7   7   0  
South Dakota At-large 2   0   2  
Tennessee Districts 10   8   2  
Texas Districts 16   3 16   3 0  
Utah At-large 1   0   1  
Vermont[i] Districts 2   0   2  
Virginia Districts 10   9   1 1   1
Washington At-large 3   1 0   3   1
West Virginia Districts 5   1 0   5   1
Wisconsin Districts 11   1 1   1 10  
Wyoming At-large 1   0   1  
Total 386   29 176
45.6%
  25 210[d]
54.4%
  9
Popular vote
Democratic
45.00%
Independent
0.56%
Populist
1.38%
Republican
49.81%
Others
3.25%
House seats
Democratic
45.60%
Independent
1.04%
Republican
53.37%

The previous election had 5 Populists, but the party completely disappeared from the U.S. House in the 1902 elections.

 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  80+% to 100% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Special electionsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 7
Pennsylvania 17
Kentucky 3
Massachusetts 6
Missouri 12 James Joseph Butler Democratic 1901 Seat declared vacant.
Incumbent re-elected November 4, 1902 to finish his term.
Special election later successfully contested by George C. R. Wagoner.
New York 10
Virginia 6
New Jersey 4
Texas 3
New York 26
Texas 4
Connecticut 3

Election datesEdit

All the states held their elections November 4, 1902, except for 3 states, with 8 seats among them:

AlabamaEdit

Arizona TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

ArkansasEdit

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 Samuel D. Woods
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Republican 1900 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y James N. Gillett (Republican) 50.5%
  • Thomas S. Ford (Democratic) 46.7%
  • M. E. Shore (Socialist) 1.9%
  • W. O. Clark (Prohibition) 0.9%
California 2 Frank Coombs
Redistricted from the 1st district
Republican 1900 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Theodore A. Bell (Democratic) 49.2%
  • Frank Coombs (Republican) 48.3%
  • G. H. Rogers (Socialist) 1.7%
  • W. P. Fassett (Prohibition) 0.8%
California 3 Victor H. Metcalf Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Victor H. Metcalf (Republican) 66.2%
  • Calvin B. White (Democratic) 27.7%
  • M. W. Wilkins (Socialist) 5%
  • T. H. Montgomery (Prohibition) 1.1%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Edward J. Livernash (Democratic) 49.2%
  • Julius Kahn (Republican) 48.7%
  • William Costley (Socialist) 1.9%
  • Joseph Rowell (Prohibition) 0.2%
California 5 Eugene F. Loud Republican 1890 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y William J. Wynn (Democratic) 56.5%
  • Eugene F. Loud (Republican) 41.2%
  • Joseph Lawrence (Socialist) 1.5%
  • Frank W. Caton (Prohibition) 0.7%
California 6 James C. Needham
Redistricted from the 7th district
Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James C. Needham (Republican) 53.5%
  • Gaston N. Ashe (Democratic) 42.5%
  • J. L. Cobb (Socialist) 2.5%
  • L. C. Jolley (Prohibition) 1.4%
California 7 James McLachlan
Redistricted from the 6th district
Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James McLachlan (Republican) 64.8%
  • Carl A. Johnson (Democratic) 27%
  • George H. Hewes (Socialist) 4.2%
  • Frederick F. Wheeler (Prohibition) 4%
California 8 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

ColoradoEdit

ConnecticutEdit

DelawareEdit

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Robert Wyche Davis Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 3 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

GeorgiaEdit

Hawaii TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

IdahoEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Idaho at-large Thomas L. Glenn Populist 1900 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

IllinoisEdit

IndianaEdit

IowaEdit

KansasEdit

KentuckyEdit

LouisianaEdit

MaineEdit

MarylandEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 William H. Jackson Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William H. Jackson (Republican) 50.6%
  • James E. Ellegood (Democratic) 45.5%
  • R. J. McAllen (Prohibition) 3.9%
Maryland 2 Albert Blakeney Republican 1900 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Maryland 3 Frank C. Wachter Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank C. Wachter (Republican) 48.8%
  • Lee S. Meyer (Democratic) 48.2%
  • B.F. Lewis (Prohibition) 1.4%
  • F. Mareck (Socialist) 1.6%
Maryland 4 Charles R. Schirm Republican 1900 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Maryland 5 Sydney Emanuel Mudd I Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Sydney Emanuel Mudd I (Republican) 56.9%
  • Benjamin H. Camalier (Democratic) 41.3%
  • Samuel R. Neave (Prohibition) 1.8%
Maryland 6 George A. Pearre Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected
  •  Y George A. Pearre (Republican) 53.0%
  • C. F. Kenneweg (Democratic) 42.8%
  • J.A. Hopkins (Prohibition) 3.1%

MassachusettsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 George P. Lawrence Republican 1897 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 2 Frederick H. Gillett Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frederick H. Gillett (Republican) 58.0%
  • Arthur F. Nutting (Democratic) 28.9%
  • George H. Wrenn (Socialist) 11.5%
  • Lucius E. Parsons (Prohibition) 1.6%
Massachusetts 3 John R. Thayer Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 4 Charles Q. Tirrell Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 5 William S. Knox Republican 1894 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Butler Ames (Republican) 48.4%
  • John T. Sparks (Democratic) 45.3%
  • James A. Wilkenson (Socialist) 4.2%
  • William S. Searle (Prohibition) 1.2%
  • Joseph Youngjohns (Socialist Labor) 0.9%
Massachusetts 6 Vacant Incumbent resigned May 1, 1902 to become United States Secretary of the Navy.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Augustus Peabody Gardner (Republican) 51.4%
  • Samuel Roads Jr. (Democratic) 39.0%
  • George E. Littlefield (Socialist) 8.5%
  • Willard O. Wylie (Prohibition) 1.1%
Massachusetts 7 Ernest W. Roberts Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Ernest W. Roberts (Republican) 54.3%
  • Arthur Lyman (Democratic) 31.2%
  • William B. Turner (Socialist) 9.7%
  • Frank B. Jordan (Socialist Labor) 2.8%
  • George M. Butterick (Prohibition) 2.0%
Massachusetts 8 Samuel W. McCall Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Samuel W. McCall (Republican) 57.6%
  • Grenville MacFarland (Democratic) 33.9%
  • Charles W. White (Socialist) 6.2%
  • Charles A. Johnson (Socialist Labor) 2.3%
Massachusetts 9 Joseph A. Conry Democratic 1900 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Citizens Democratic gain.
Massachusetts 10 Henry F. Naphen Democratic 1898 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y William S. McNary (Democratic) 54.1%
  • William W. Towle (Republican) 35.1%
  • John W. Sherman (Socialist) 10.8%
Massachusetts 11 None (new seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Massachusetts 12 Samuel L. Powers Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Samuel L. Powers (Republican) 52.6%
  • Frederic Jessup Stimson (Democratic) 36.6%
  • J. Frank Hayward (Socialist) 9.5%
  • Napoleon B. Johnson (Prohibition) 1.4%
Massachusetts 13 William S. Greene Republican 1898 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William S. Greene (Republican) 67.9%
  • Charles T. Luce (Democratic) 26.2%
  • Elijah Humphries (Prohibition) 5.9%
Massachusetts 14 William C. Lovering Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William C. Lovering (Republican) 57.3%
  • Charles A. Gilday (Democratic) 21.7%
  • Isaac W. Skinner (Socialist) 17.1%
  • Charles B. Gaffney (Prohibition) 2.0%
  • Jeremiah Devine (Socialist Labor) 1.8%

MichiganEdit

MinnesotaEdit

MississippiEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 Ezekiel S. Candler Jr. Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 Thomas Spight Democratic 1898 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 3 Pat Henry Democratic 1900 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 4 Andrew F. Fox Democratic 1896 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 5 John S. Williams Democratic 1892 Incumbent redistricted to the 8th district.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 6 Frank A. McLain Democratic 1898 (special) Incumbent redistricted to the 7th district.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 7 Charles E. Hooker Democratic 1900 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Frank A. McLain Democratic 1898 (special) Redistricted from the 6th district.
Mississippi 8 John S. Williams Democratic 1892 Incumbent redistricted from the 5th district.
Incumbent re-elected.
Democratic gain.

MissouriEdit

MontanaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Montana at-large Caldwell Edwards Populist 1900 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

NebraskaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nebraska 1 Elmer Burkett Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Elmer Burkett (Republican) 56.86%
  • Howard H. Hanks (Democratic) 39.90%
  • Thomas B. Fraser (Prohibition) 1.99%
  • Christ Christensen (Socialist) 1.25%[14]
Nebraska 2 David H. Mercer Republican 1892 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Nebraska 3 John S. Robinson Democratic 1898 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Nebraska 4 William L. Stark Populist 1896
Nebraska 5 Ashton C. Shallenberger Democratic 1900
Nebraska 6 William Neville Populist 1899 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Moses Kinkaid (Republican) 52.48%
  • Patrick H. Barry (Democratic) 43.99%
  • C. F. Swander (Prohibition) 2.07%
  • J. C. Wisely (Socialist) 1.46%[19]

NevadaEdit

New HampshireEdit

New JerseyEdit

New Mexico TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

New YorkEdit

North CarolinaEdit

North DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Dakota at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Thomas F. Marshall Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
New seat New member elected.
Republican gain.

OhioEdit

Oklahoma TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

OregonEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Oregon 1 Thomas H. Tongue Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Died before next term began.
  •  Y Thomas H. Tongue (Republican) 52.89%
  • J. K. Weatherford (Democratic) 36.43%
  • Benjamin Franklin Ramp (Socialist) 5.78%
  • Hiram Gould (Prohibition) 4.90%[21]
Oregon 2 Malcolm A. Moody Republican 1898 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y John N. Williamson (Republican) 53.53%
  • W. F. Butcher (Democratic) 35.69%
  • Diedrich T. Gerdes (Socialist) 6.30%
  • F. R. Spaulding (Prohibition) 4.48%[22]

PennsylvaniaEdit

Rhode IslandEdit

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Elliott Democratic 1886
1896
Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 2 W. Jasper Talbert Democratic 1892 Incumbent retired to run for Governor of South Carolina.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y George W. Croft (Democratic) 94.9%
  • W. S. Dixon (Republican) 5.0%
  • Others 0.1%
South Carolina 3 Asbury Latimer Democratic 1892 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Wyatt Aiken (Democratic) 98.9%
  • John Scott (Republican) 1.1%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 Robert B. Scarborough Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Asbury F. Lever (Democratic) 96.2%
  • Alexander D. Dantzler (Republican) 3.8%

South DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Dakota at-large
(2 seats elected on a general ticket)
Charles H. Burke Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Eben Martin (Republican) 32.62%
  •  Y Charles H. Burke (Republican) 32.52%
  • John R. Wilson (Democratic) 14.21%
  • F. C. Robinson (Democratic) 14.01%
  • Freeman Knowles (Socialist) 1.84%
  • Walter Price (Socialist) 1.71%
  • J. W. Kelley (Prohibition) 1.56%
  • W. W. Smith (Prohibition) 1.52%[23]
Eben Martin Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.

TennesseeEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Walter P. Brownlow Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 Henry R. Gibson Republican 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 John A. Moon Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John A. Moon (Democratic) 97.63%
  • Frank Janeway (Independent Republican) 2.37%[26]
Tennessee 4 Charles E. Snodgrass Democratic 1898 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 5 James D. Richardson Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 John W. Gaines Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 7 Lemuel P. Padgett Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 Thetus W. Sims Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 9 Rice A. Pierce Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 10 Malcolm R. Patterson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.

TexasEdit

UtahEdit

VermontEdit

VirginiaEdit

WashingtonEdit

West VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 Blackburn B. Dovener Republican 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 2 Alston G. Dayton Republican 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Alston G. Dayton (Republican) 51.01%
  • John T. McGraw (Democratic) 47.45%
  • R. M. Stricker (Prohibition) 1.54%[35]
West Virginia 3 Joseph H. Gaines Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph H. Gaines (Republican) 52.96%
  • James H. Miller (Democratic) 45.65%
  • Squire Halstead (Prohibition) 1.39%[36]
West Virginia 4 None (incumbent redistricted) Incumbent redistricted to the 5th district.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Harry C. Woodyard (Republican) 52.01%
  • W. N. Chancellor (Democratic) 46.06%
  • George R. Brown (Prohibition) 1.93%[37]
West Virginia 5 James A. Hughes
Redistricted from the 4th district
Republican 1900 New member elected.
Republican gain.

WisconsinEdit

WyomingEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Wyoming at-large Frank W. Mondell Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegatesEdit

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Arizona Territory at-large
Hawaii Territory at-large
New Mexico Territory at-large
Oklahoma Territory at-large Dennis T. Flynn Republican 1892
1894 (Lost)
1898
Incumbent retired.
New delegate elected.
Republican hold.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Regulars only, not including specials
  2. ^ Includes five vacancies.
  3. ^ Includes 6 vacancies.
  4. ^ a b c d Includes 3 Independent Republicans.
  5. ^ Includes 1 "Anti-Machine" candidate.
  6. ^ a b Additional seat elected at-large due to Colorado delaying redistricting.
  7. ^ a b c Election of 1900 saw the election of 1 Populist.
  8. ^ There was one member of the Silver Republican Party faction elected in 1900, John F. Shafroth. Shafroth attempted to get elected as a Democrat in 1902, but his election was contested and overturned.
  9. ^ a b c Elections held early.
  10. ^ Election of 1900 saw the election of 2 Populists in Nebraska.
  11. ^ At-large seats eliminated in redistricting.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Martis, pp. 156–157.
  3. ^ Apportionment Act of 1901
  4. ^ "ID At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  5. ^ "MS - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  6. ^ "MS - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  7. ^ "MS - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  8. ^ "MS - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  9. ^ "MS - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  10. ^ "MS - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  11. ^ "MS - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  12. ^ "MS - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  13. ^ "MT At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 01 Race - Nov 4, 1902". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  15. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 02 Race - Nov 4, 1902". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 03 Race - Nov 4, 1902". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 04 Race - Nov 4, 1902". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  18. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 05 Race - Nov 4, 1902". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  19. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 06 Race - Nov 4, 1902". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  20. ^ "ND At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  21. ^ "OR - District 01 Race - Jun 02, 1902". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  22. ^ "OR - District 02 Race - Jun 02, 1902". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  23. ^ "SD At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  24. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  25. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  26. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  27. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  28. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  29. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  30. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  31. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  32. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  33. ^ "TN - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  34. ^ "WV District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  35. ^ "WV District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  36. ^ "WV District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  37. ^ "WV District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  38. ^ "WV District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  39. ^ "WY At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  40. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Territorial Delegate Race - Nov 04, 1902". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2020-06-25.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit