Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest

Spain has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 61 times since making its debut in 1961, where they finished ninth. Since 1999, Spain has been one of the "Big Five" countries, along with France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom, that are automatically prequalified for the final each year as they are the biggest financial contributors to the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Spain has competed in the contest continuously since the country's debut in 1961. The only country with a longer run of uninterrupted Eurovision appearances is the United Kingdom, ever-present since 1959.

Member stationRadiotelevisión Española (RTVE)
National selection events
National final
  • 1961–1962
  • 1964–1965
  • 1969 (song)
  • 1970
  • 1971 (artist)
  • 1976
  • 1979
  • 2000–2001
  • 2005
  • 2007–2011
  • 2012–2013 (song)
  • 2014
  • 2016–2017
  • 2021 (song)
  • Operación Triunfo
  • 2002–2004
  • 2018–2019
  • Benidorm Fest
  • 2022–2023
Internal selection
  • 1963
  • 1966–1968
  • 1969 (artist)
  • 1971 (song)
  • 1972–1975
  • 1977–1978
  • 1980–1999
  • 2006
  • 2012–2013 (artist)
  • 2015
  • 2020
  • 2021 (artist)
Participation summary
First appearance1961
Highest placement1st: 1968, 1969
Nul points1962, 1965, 1983
External links
TVE page
Spain's page at
Song contest current event.png For the most recent participation see
Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 2023

Spain has won the contest twice, first in 1968 with the song "La, la, la" sung by Massiel and again in 1969, when Salomé's "Vivo cantando" was involved in a four-way tie with France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The 1969 contest in Madrid is the only time Spain has hosted the event, since lots were drawn after 1969's four-way tie and the 1970 contest was hosted by the Netherlands. Other good results in the 20th century were four second places with Karina in 1971, Mocedades in 1973, Betty Missiego in 1979 and Anabel Conde in 1995, and a third place with Bravo in 1984. The country finished last with nul points three times: in 1962, 1965 and 1983, and also finished last in 1999 and 2017.

Since the start of the 21st century, Spain has reached the top 10 seven times, with David Civera (2001) finishing 6th, Rosa (2002) finishing 7th, Beth (2003) finishing 8th, Ramón (2004) finishing 10th, both Pastora Soler (2012) and Ruth Lorenzo (2014) also finishing 10th, and Chanel (2022) finishing 3rd. Spain has also failed to reach the top 20 in 10 of the last 17 contests, including for six consecutive contests (2015–21). Spain is the current participating country with the longest active victory drought, with a total of 53 years (1969–2022).

Selection processEdit

Spain has regularly changed the selection process used in order to find the country's entry for the contest, either a national final or internal selection (sometimes a combination of both formats) has been held by the broadcaster at the time. Between 1977 and 1999, Spain's entries were selected internally by TVE. Before that, internal selections and national contests, like Pasaporte a Dublín (Passport to Dublin) in 1971, were alternated.[1]

From 2000, Spain has used various selection formats with different results. In 2000 and 2001, TVE organised a national final called Eurocanción (Eurosong), where the Spanish representative was selected for the contest.[2] From 2002 to 2004, the reality television talent competition Operación Triunfo (the Spanish version of Star Academy) was used to select the entry, a format that renewed the Spanish audience's interest in the contest[3] and brought three top 10 results in a row, until TVE decided not to host any further editions of the series. In 2005, the national final Eurovisión 2005: Elige nuestra canción (Eurovision 2005: Choose Our Song) was organised, where the audience chose their favourite song among a pre-selection made by TVE of unknown artists submitted to them by record labels. The result in the Eurovision final was not good and for 2006, the selection was made internally for the first time since 1999, with a similar result. In 2007, Spain's entry was decided through the Misión Eurovisión 2007 show, with a disappointing result once again.

From 2008 to 2010, the Internet was the key element of the competitions used by TVE to select the Spanish entry. In 2008, the social networking website MySpace was involved in the national final Salvemos Eurovisión (Let's Save Eurovision). A website was created to make it possible for anyone to upload a song and proceed to a televised final if chosen by online voters or an expert jury. The result improved a little, but not much; nevertheless the interest of the Spanish audience was revived again.[3] For 2009, MySpace was still involved in the selection process Eurovisión 2009: El retorno (Eurovision 2009: The Return), although some changes were introduced in the format.[4] The result was the worst in the 2000s (decade): 24th place. In 2010, a similar format, Eurovisión: Destino Oslo, selected the Spanish entry, with the best result since 2004 (15th).[5]

In 2011, Internet voting was scrapped from the new selection method Destino Eurovisión. After a further disappointing result (23rd), for 2012, TVE decided to approach an established act, Pastora Soler, and organise a national final to select her song.[6] A top ten result was achieved for the first time since 2004. The same procedure was repeated in 2013, with El Sueño de Morfeo as the established act, which turned out one of the most disappointing results (25th out of 26 entries) in the country's Eurovision history; some critics, however, blamed a less-than-stellar performance of an otherwise solid song.[7] In 2014, TVE decided to return to a multi-artist national final procedure, called Mira quién va a Eurovisión (Look who's going to Eurovision); five artists were invited to participate by TVE. A top ten result was achieved for the second time in three years.

In 2015, for the first time since 2006, both the artist, Edurne, and the song were selected internally by TVE. On 18 December 2015, TVE announced that it would organise a national final in order to select the Spanish entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2016. Six acts competed in the national final named Objetivo Eurovisión, and Barei won the selection process. The same format was used in 2017, and Manel Navarro won the selection process; it turned out Spain's first last-place result since 1999.

In 2017, TVE commissioned a new season of Operación Triunfo, which returned to TVE after 13 years, and the series served for the fourth time (after 2002, 2003 and 2004) as the platform to select the Spanish entry for the 2018 contest.[8][9] The result was disappointing (23rd out of 26 entries), but the 2018 Eurovision final was the most-watched in Spain since 2008.[10] A further season of the talent show chose the Spanish entry for the 2019 contest with another disappointing result (22nd out of 26 entries).[11]

For the 2020 contest, TVE selected the Spanish entry internally, with Blas Cantó and the song "Universo" chosen.[12] Following the cancellation of the contest due to the COVID-19 pandemic, TVE was one of the first four broadcasters (the other were Greece's ERT, Netherlands' AVROTROS and Ukraine's UA:PBC) that confirmed its participation for the 2021 edition with the same artist who would have participated for 2020, in this case Cantó.[13] His 2021 entry "Voy a quedarme" went on to finish in 24th place with 6 points, marking the sixth time in a row that Spain has finished outside of the top 20.

For the 2022 contest, it was announced that TVE would use Benidorm Fest, a revamped version of the Benidorm International Song Festival to select the nation's entry among 13 candidates.[14][15][16] The broadcaster signed a contract with the regional government of the Valencian Community to hold the event for four editions.[17] The first Benidorm Fest was won by Chanel with "SloMo", which finished in third place at Eurovision with 459 points, thereby achieving Spain's best Eurovision result since 1995.[18]

Spain and the "Big Five"Edit

Since 1999, Spain, along with France, Germany and the United Kingdom, have automatically qualified for the Eurovision final regardless of their results in previous contests.[19] These countries earned this special status by being the four biggest financial contributors to the EBU, and subsequently became known as the "Big Four". Italy returned to the contest in 2011, thus upgrading the countries to members of a "Big Five".[20]

Interrupted performancesEdit

Only three times in the contest's history has a non-winning entry been allowed to perform again, and in two of these instances, the entries in question were Spanish representatives (the other one being the Italian entry in 1958, "Nel blu dipinto di blu" by Domenico Modugno). The first time this happened to a Spanish representative was in the 1990 contest in Zagreb, when Azúcar Moreno opened the contest with the song "Bandido". The orchestra and the recorded backing track began the song out of sync, which caused the singers to miss their cue. The singers left the stage after a few seconds, and no explanation was given at the time. After a few uneasy moments, the music began correctly and the song was performed in full. Azúcar Moreno and "Bandido" went on to place fifth in the final vote tally, though the juries at the time actually awarded their points after watching the dress rehearsal performances, so the restart did not affect Spain's overall result either positively or negatively.

Twenty years later, at the 2010 contest in Oslo, Spain was drawn to perform second in the running order, and Daniel Diges's performance of "Algo pequeñito" was disturbed by Catalan pitch invader Jimmy Jump. However, Diges performed the song in full, despite the invader's intrusion and subsequent removal from the stage by security personnel, receiving warm applause for continuing from the audience at the Telenor Arena. After Serbia's performance, co-presenter Nadia Hasnaoui announced that, according to the rules, Diges would be given a second chance once all the remaining countries had performed. Nonetheless, the juries ranked the dress-rehearsal performance of "Algo pequeñito" 20th out of 25 with 43 points, whereas the televoting results ranked Spain 12th, with 106 points. The combination of jury and televote results gave Spain a 15th-place finish.

Participation overviewEdit

Table key
Second place
Third place
Last place
Entry selected but did not compete
Year Entrant Song Language Final Points Semi Points
1961 Conchita Bautista "Estando contigo" Spanish 9 8 No semi-finals
1962 Víctor Balaguer "Llámame" Spanish 13 ◁ 0
1963 José Guardiola "Algo prodigioso" Spanish 12 2
1964 Tim, Nelly and Tony "Caracola" Spanish 12 1
1965 Conchita Bautista "¡Qué bueno, qué bueno!" Spanish 15 ◁ 0
1966 Raphael "Yo soy aquél" Spanish 7 9
1967 Raphael "Hablemos del amor" Spanish 6 9
1968 Massiel "La, la, la" Spanish 1 29
1969 Salomé "Vivo cantando" Spanish 1 18
1970 Julio Iglesias "Gwendolyne" Spanish 4 8
1971 Karina "En un mundo nuevo" Spanish 2 116
1972 Jaime Morey "Amanece" Spanish 10 83
1973 Mocedades "Eres tú" Spanish 2 125
1974 Peret "Canta y sé feliz" Spanish 9 10
1975 Sergio and Estíbaliz "Tú volverás" Spanish 10 53
1976 Braulio "Sobran las palabras" Spanish 16 11
1977 Micky "Enséñame a cantar" Spanish 9 52
1978 José Vélez "Bailemos un vals" Spanish, French 9 65
1979 Betty Missiego "Su canción" Spanish 2 116
1980 Trigo Limpio "Quédate esta noche" Spanish 12 38
1981 Bacchelli "Y sólo tú" Spanish 14 38
1982 Lucía "Él" Spanish 10 52
1983 Remedios Amaya "¿Quién maneja mi barca?" Spanish 19 ◁ 0
1984 Bravo "Lady, Lady" Spanish 3 106
1985 Paloma San Basilio "La fiesta terminó" Spanish 14 36
1986 Cadillac "Valentino" Spanish 10 51
1987 Patricia Kraus "No estás solo" Spanish 19 10
1988 La Década "La chica que yo quiero (Made in Spain)" Spanish 11 58
1989 Nina "Nacida para amar" Spanish 6 88
1990 Azúcar Moreno "Bandido" Spanish 5 96
1991 Sergio Dalma "Bailar pegados" Spanish 4 119
1992 Serafín "Todo esto es la música" Spanish 14 37
1993 Eva Santamaría "Hombres" Spanish 11 58 Kvalifikacija za Millstreet
1994 Alejandro Abad "Ella no es ella" Spanish 18 17 No semi-finals
1995 Anabel Conde "Vuelve conmigo" Spanish 2 119
1996 Antonio Carbonell "¡Ay, qué deseo!" Spanish 20 17 14 43
1997 Marcos Llunas "Sin rencor" Spanish 6 96 No semi-finals
1998 Mikel Herzog "¿Qué voy a hacer sin ti?" Spanish 16 21
1999 Lydia "No quiero escuchar" Spanish 23 ◁ 1
2000 Serafín Zubiri "Colgado de un sueño" Spanish 18 18
2001 David Civera "Dile que la quiero" Spanish 6 76
2002 Rosa "Europe's Living a Celebration" Spanish, English 7 81
2003 Beth "Dime" Spanish 8 81
2004 Ramón "Para llenarme de ti" Spanish 10 87 Member of the "Big 4"
2005 Son de Sol "Brujería" Spanish 21 28
2006 Las Ketchup "Bloody Mary" Spanish 21 18
2007 D'Nash "I Love You Mi Vida" Spanish, English 20 43
2008 Rodolfo Chikilicuatre "Baila el Chiki Chiki" Spanish, English 16 55
2009 Soraya Arnelas "La noche es para mí" Spanish, English 24 23
2010 Daniel Diges "Algo pequeñito" Spanish 15 68
2011 Lucía Pérez "Que me quiten lo bailao" Spanish 23 50 Member of the "Big 5"
2012 Pastora Soler "Quédate conmigo" Spanish 10 97
2013 ESDM "Contigo hasta el final" Spanish 25 8
2014 Ruth Lorenzo "Dancing in the Rain" English, Spanish 10 74
2015 Edurne "Amanecer" Spanish 21 15
2016 Barei "Say Yay!" English 22 77
2017 Manel Navarro "Do It for Your Lover" Spanish, English 26 ◁ 5
2018 Amaia and Alfred "Tu canción" Spanish 23 61
2019 Miki "La venda" Spanish 22 54
2020 Blas Cantó "Universo" Spanish Contest cancelled[a] X
2021 Blas Cantó "Voy a quedarme" Spanish 24 6 Member of the "Big 5"
2022 Chanel "SloMo" Spanish, English 3 459
2023 Blanca Paloma "Eaea" Spanish TBD 13 May [21]

Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song ContestEdit

Entrant Song Language At Congratulations At Eurovision
Final Points Semi Points Year Place Points
Mocedades "Eres tú" Spanish Failed to qualify 11 90 1973 2 125


Year Location Venue Presenter
1969 Madrid Teatro Real Laura Valenzuela


Marcel Bezençon AwardsEdit

Year Category Performer Song Final Points Host city Ref.
2003 Fan Award Beth "Dime" 8 81   Riga

Barbara Dex AwardEdit

Year Performer Host city Ref.
1999 Lydia   Jerusalem

Related involvementEdit


Year Conductor[b] Notes Ref.
1961 Rafael Ferrer [24]
1962   Jean Roderes [c]
1963 Rafael Ibarbia
1965 Adolfo Ventas
1966 Rafael Ibarbia
1967 Manuel Alejandro
1968 Rafael Ibarbia
1969 Augusto Algueró [d]
1970 [25]
1971   Waldo de los Rios [e]
1972 Augusto Algueró
1973 Juan Carlos Calderón
1974 Rafael Ibarbia [f]
1975 Juan Carlos Calderón
1976 Joan Barcons
1977 Rafael Ibarbia
1978 Ramón Arcusa
1979 José Luis Navarro
1980 Javier Iturraide [26]
1981 Joan Barcons
1982 Miguel Ángel Varona
1983 José Miguel Évora
1984 Eddy Guerin
1985 Juan Carlos Calderón
1986 Eduardo Leiva
1988 Javier de Juan
1989 Juan Carlos Calderón
1990 Eduardo Leiva
1992 Javier Losada
1993 Eduardo Leiva
1994 Josep Llobell
1995 Eduardo Leiva
1997 Toni Xuclà
1998 Alberto Estébanez

Heads of delegationEdit

Year Head of delegation Ref.
19912001 María Teresa Segura
20022016 Federico Llano
20172021 Ana María Bordas
2022 Eva Mora

Commentators and spokespersonsEdit

Year Commentator Spokesperson Ref.
1961 Federico Gallo Diego Ramírez Pastor
1962 Luis Marsillach
1963 Julio Rico
1965 Pepe Palau
1966 Blanca Álvarez
1968 Joaquín Prat
1969 José Luis Uribarri
1971 Joaquín Prat No spokesperson
1972 Julio Rico
1974 José Luis Uribarri Antolín García
1975 José María Íñigo
1977 Miguel de los Santos Isabel Tenaille
1978 Matías Prats Luque
1979 Manuel Almendros
1980 Alfonso Lapeña
1981 Isabel Tenaille
1982 Marisa Naranjo
1983 José-Miguel Ullán Rosa Campano
1984 Matilde Jarrín
1985 Antonio Gómez
1987 Beatriz Pécker
1989 Tomás Fernando Flores
1990 Luis Cobos
1991 Tomás Fernando Flores María Ángeles Balañac
1992 José Luis Uribarri
1995 Belén Fernández de Henestrosa
1999 Hugo de Campos
2001 Jennifer Rope
2002 Anne Igartiburu
2004 Beatriz Pécker
2005 Ainhoa Arbizu
2006 Sonia Ferrer
2007 Ainhoa Arbizu
2008 José Luis Uribarri
2009 Joaquín Guzmán Iñaki del Moral
2010 José Luis Uribarri Ainhoa Arbizu
2011 José María Íñigo Elena S. Sánchez
2013 Inés Paz
2014 Carolina Casado
2015 José María Íñigo and Julia Varela Lara Siscar
2016 Jota Abril
2017 Nieves Álvarez
2018 Tony Aguilar, Julia Varela and Víctor Escudero

Stage directorsEdit

Year Stage director(s) Ref.
2008 Mayte Marcos
2011 Lola González
2012 Francis Viñolo
2015 Tinet Rubira
2016 Niccolò Piccardi and Florian Boje
2017 Hans Pannecoucke
2018 Tinet Rubira
2019 Fokas Evangelinos
2020 Nicoline Refsing
2021 Marvin Dietmann
2022 Kyle Hanagami


See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit


  1. ^ The 2020 contest was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  2. ^ All conductors are of Spanish nationality unless otherwise noted.
  3. ^ Host conductor
  4. ^ Host conductor; also conducted the Luxembourgish entry
  5. ^ Only South American conductor in the history of the Eurovision Song Contest.
  6. ^ Originally intended to be conducted by Juan Carlos Calderón; he fell ill prior to the contest and was replaced by Ibarbia.


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External linksEdit