Eurovision Song Contest 1993

The Eurovision Song Contest 1993 was the 38th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Millstreet, Ireland, following the country's victory at the 1992 contest with the song "Why Me?" by Linda Martin. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ), the contest was held at the Green Glens Arena on 15 May 1993 and was hosted by Irish TV-reporter Fionnuala Sweeney, marking the first time since the 1987 contest that just one presenter had hosted the contest.

Eurovision Song Contest 1993
Eurovision Song Contest 1993 logo.svg
Dates
Final15 May 1993
Host
VenueGreen Glens Arena,
Millstreet, Ireland
Presenter(s)Fionnuala Sweeney
Musical directorNoel Kelehan
Directed byAnita Notaro
Executive supervisorChristian Clausen
Executive producerLiam Miller
Host broadcasterRadio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ)
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/millstreet-1993 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries25
Debuting countries
Returning countriesNone
Non-returning countries Yugoslavia
  • Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Monaco in the Eurovision Song ContestLuxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Malta in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993France in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song ContestMorocco in the Eurovision Song ContestCyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Iceland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Croatia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Slovenia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Estonia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Slovakia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Hungary in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993A coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Countries that lost Kvalifikacija za Millstreet     Countries that participated in the past but not in 1993
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul pointsNone
Winning song Ireland
"In Your Eyes"
1992 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1994

Twenty-five countries took part in the contest – the biggest number up until then. The breakup of Yugoslavia meant that many new countries wanted to participate in the competition. Therefore, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia all competed for the first time in the contest this year.

Ireland scored a second victory in a row this year with the song "In Your Eyes" by Niamh Kavanagh. This was Ireland's fifth victory, and equalled the tally of five Eurovision victories achieved by France in 1977 and Luxembourg in 1983. Ireland became the fourth country to win two years in a row, after Spain in 1968 and 1969, Luxembourg in 1972 and 1973, and Israel in 1978 and 1979. Additionally, the top two countries of this contest were the same as the top two countries in the previous year's contest, being Ireland and the United Kingdom.

LocationEdit

Location of Millstreet and the capital, Dublin, which hosted all the previous Irish-held contests.

The location for this year's edition of the contest was unique, in that Millstreet, with a population at the time of just 1,500 people, was the smallest host town ever chosen for the Eurovision Song Contest.

The owner of the Green Glens Arena, Noel C. Duggan, wrote to the RTÉ on the same night of the Irish victory in the 1992 edition, proposing the free use of the venue to host the contest. The venue, a large indoor and well- equipped equestrian centre that could accommodate a 3500 seated audience was deemed more than suitable as the location by host broadcaster RTÉ. With huge support from local and national authorities, plus several businesses in the region, the town's infrastructure was greatly enhanced in order to accommodate an event of this scale. Killarney, a larger town located 30 kilometres from Millstreet was chosen as a second host town, accommodating the majority of the contestants and delegates. It was also the largest outside broadcast ever attempted by state broadcaster RTÉ and was deemed a technical and logistical success for all involved.

The stage was created by Alan Farquharson, who was also chief production designer two years later in Dublin. The design resembled a scalene triangular shaped performance area, under lit by multicoloured cable lighting and featured a hydraulically controlled walkway, with a mirrored ceiling structure suspended above the stage that mirrored the floor shape and reflected lighting.

BBC newsreader Nicholas Witchell caused controversy by asking Noel Duggan, live on air and shortly before the contest, how he felt about holding a major international cultural event "in a cowshed in Ireland". Duggan replied that, unlike the chaotic 1993 Grand National (which had taken place the previous month, but which was declared void following two false starts and the unsuccessful recall of the second), the 1993 Eurovision would start on time, it would finish on time and there would be a winner. Duggan also noted that the Green Glens Arena was "a horseshed". Witchell subsequently apologized for his question.[1]

QualificationEdit

In the run-up to this contest, the European Broadcasting Union finally started to grapple with the explosion in the number of potential participating countries, caused by the dissolution of the Eastern bloc, and also by the disintegration of Yugoslavia, which had traditionally been the only communist country to take part in the contest. For the first time, a pre-qualifying round was introduced, but only for countries that had either never participated in the contest at all, or in the case of former republics of Yugoslavia, had not previously competed as nations in their own right. This was, however, merely a 'sticking-plaster' measure that was plainly not a sustainable solution for future years, as it would not be seen as remotely equitable. But in the meantime, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania and Estonia were left to battle it out in a special competition called Kvalifikacija za Millstreet in Ljubljana on 3 April for the mere three places available at the grand final in Millstreet. After some extremely tight voting, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia edged through.

Participating countriesEdit

ConductorsEdit

Each performance had a conductor who directed the orchestra.[2][3]

Returning artistsEdit

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Tony Wegas   Austria 1992
Katri Helena   Finland 1979
Tommy Seebach   Denmark 1979, 1981 (with Debbie Cameron)

Participants and resultsEdit

R/O Country Artist Song Language[4][5] Points Place[6]
1   Italy Enrico Ruggeri "Sole d'Europa" Italian 45 12
2   Turkey Burak Aydos "Esmer Yarim" Turkish 10 21
3   Germany Münchener Freiheit "Viel zu weit" German 18 18
4   Switzerland Annie Cotton "Moi, tout simplement" French 148 3
5   Denmark Tommy Seebach Band "Under stjernerne på himlen" Danish 9 22
6   Greece Katy Garbi "Ellada, hora tou fotos" (Ελλάδα, χώρα του φωτός) Greek 64 9
7   Belgium Barbara "Iemand als jij" Dutch 3 25
8   Malta William Mangion "This Time" English 69 8
9   Iceland Inga [is] "Þá veistu svarið" Icelandic 42 13
10   Austria Tony Wegas "Maria Magdalena" German 32 14
11   Portugal Anabela "A cidade (até ser dia)" Portuguese 60 10
12   France Patrick Fiori "Mama Corsica" French, Corsican 121 4
13   Sweden Arvingarna "Eloise" Swedish 89 7
14   Ireland Niamh Kavanagh "In Your Eyes" English 187 1
15   Luxembourg Modern Times "Donne-moi une chance" French, Luxembourgish 11 20
16   Slovenia 1X Band "Tih deževen dan" Slovene 9 22
17   Finland Katri Helena "Tule luo" Finnish 20 17
18   Bosnia and Herzegovina Fazla "Sva bol svijeta" Bosnian 27 16
19   United Kingdom Sonia "Better the Devil You Know" English 164 2
20   Netherlands Ruth Jacott "Vrede" Dutch 92 6
21   Croatia Put "Don't Ever Cry" Croatian, English 31 15
22   Spain Eva Santamaría "Hombres" Spanish 58 11
23   Cyprus Zymboulakis and Van Beke "Mi stamatas" (Μη σταματάς) Greek 17 19
24   Israel Lehakat Shiru "Shiru" (שירו) Hebrew, English 4 24
25   Norway Silje Vige "Alle mine tankar" Norwegian 120 5

Detailed voting resultsEdit

Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.

The 1993 contest was the last time juries would deliver their votes via telephone lines, with satellite video links introduced the following year.

Detailed voting results[7][8]
Total score
Italy
Turkey
Germany
Switzerland
Denmark
Greece
Belgium
Iceland
Austria
Portugal
France
Sweden
Ireland
Luxembourg
Slovenia
Finland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
United Kingdom
Netherlands
Croatia
Spain
Cyprus
Israel
Norway
Malta
Contestants
Italy 45 1 10 5 10 8 2 2 7
Turkey 10 1 2 1 6
Germany 18 8 2 3 4 1
Switzerland 148 10 12 10 7 8 4 6 1 12 6 7 12 8 4 10 8 2 3 6 4 3 5
Denmark 9 1 3 5
Greece 64 2 2 2 7 6 5 8 12 7 7 6
Belgium 3 3
Malta 69 7 5 4 7 5 5 4 2 2 4 2 4 6 4 4 1 3
Iceland 42 4 4 1 7 1 5 2 7 5 2 2 2
Austria 32 4 1 3 3 6 12 3
Portugal 60 1 1 2 2 5 8 2 4 2 1 12 12 3 5
France 121 7 4 12 3 8 7 12 8 10 6 4 1 4 3 8 10 8 6
Sweden 89 8 8 7 10 7 10 4 5 6 7 7 10
Ireland 187 12 1 5 12 6 6 2 3 8 6 10 12 7 12 3 8 12 10 6 10 7 5 12 12
Luxembourg 11 1 10
Slovenia 9 4 3 1 1
Finland 20 3 8 5 2 2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27 3 12 1 4 3 4
United Kingdom 164 1 8 6 5 8 12 12 12 7 6 10 8 8 10 5 3 4 10 5 4 12 8
Netherlands 92 6 6 7 7 6 3 5 12 7 10 3 7 10 3
Croatia 31 3 4 5 8 1 6 4
Spain 58 5 6 5 2 2 10 6 7 5 1 1 8
Cyprus 17 2 10 5
Israel 4 3 1
Norway 120 10 10 10 12 6 10 8 5 1 3 12 7 6 12 8

12 pointsEdit

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
7   Ireland   Italy,   Malta,   Norway,   Slovenia,   Sweden,   Switzerland,   United Kingdom
4   United Kingdom   Austria,   Belgium,   Iceland,   Israel
3   Norway   Croatia,   Finland,   Greece
  Switzerland   France,   Germany,   Luxembourg
2   France   Denmark,   Portugal
  Portugal   Netherlands,   Spain
1   Austria   Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Bosnia and Herzegovina   Turkey
  Greece   Cyprus
  Netherlands   Ireland

SpokespersonsEdit

  1.   Italy – Peppi Franzelin [it]
  2.   Turkey – Ömer Önder
  3.   Germany – Carmen Nebel
  4.   Switzerland – Michel Stocker
  5.   Denmark – Bent Henius [dk][9]
  6.   Greece – Fotini Giannoulatou
  7.   Belgium – An Ploegaerts
  8.   Iceland – Guðrún Skúladóttir
  9.   Austria – Andy Lee
  10.   Portugal – Margarida Mercês de Melo [pt]
  11.   France – Olivier Minne[10]
  12.   Sweden – Gösta Hanson[11]
  13.   Ireland – Eileen Dunne[12]
  14.   Luxembourg – TBC
  15.   Slovenia – Miša Molk
  16.   Finland – Solveig Herlin
  17.   Bosnia and Herzegovina – Dejan Zagorac
  18.   United Kingdom – Colin Berry[3]
  19.   Netherlands – Joop van Os[13]
  20.   Croatia – Velimir Đuretić
  21.   Spain – María Ángeles Balañac
  22.   Cyprus – Anna Partelidou
  23.   Israel – Danny Rup
  24.   Norway – Sverre Christophersen [no]
  25.   Malta – Kevin Drake[b][14]

BroadcastsEdit

Each participating broadcaster was required to relay the contest via its networks. Non-participating EBU member broadcasters were also able to relay the contest as "passive participants". Broadcasters were able to send commentators to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language and to relay information about the artists and songs to their television viewers.[15] Known details on the broadcasts in each country, including the specific broadcasting stations and commentators are shown in the tables below.

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster Channel(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Austria ORF ORF 1 Ernst Grissemann [16][17][18][19]
  Belgium BRTN TV1 André Vermeulen [20][21][22][23]
RTBF RTBF1, Télé 21 Unknown [22]
  Bosnia and Herzegovina RTVBiH Unknown Unknown [24]
  Croatia HRT HTV 1 Aleksandar Kostadinov [25][26][27]
  Cyprus RIK Unknown Evi Papamichail [28][29]
  Denmark DR DR TV Jørgen de Mylius [30][31]
DR P3 Jens Michael Nielsen
  Finland YLE TV1 Erkki Pohjanheimo and Kirsi-Maria Niemi [32][33][34]
Radiomafia Sanna Kojo and Outi Popp [fi]
Riksradion Johan Finne, Paul Olin [sv] and Wille Wilenius [fi]
  France France Télévision France 2 Patrice Laffont [18][35]
  Germany ARD Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen Jan Hofer [17][21][36][37]
  Greece ERT ET1 Dafni Bokota [38][39][40]
  Iceland RÚV Sjónvarpið Jakob Frímann Magnússon [41][42]
  Ireland RTÉ RTÉ 1 Pat Kenny [43][44][45][46]
RTÉ Radio 1 Larry Gogan
  Israel IBA Israeli Television Unknown [47]
  Italy RAI RAI Uno[c] Ettore Andenna [18][48][49][50]
  Luxembourg CLT Unknown Unknown [51]
  Malta PBS TVM Unknown [52][53]
  Netherlands NOS Nederland 3 Willem van Beusekom [21][22][54]
  Norway NRK NRK Fjernsynet, NRK P2 Leif Erik Forberg [55][56][57]
  Portugal RTP RTP Canal 1, RTP Internacional[d] Unknown [18][58][59]
  Slovenia RTV SLO SLO 1 [sl] Unknown [60][61]
  Spain TVE La Primera José Luis Uribarri [62][63][64]
  Sweden SVT TV2 Jan Jingryd [sv] [11][56][65]
SR SR P3 Claes-Johan Larsson and Susan Seidemar [11]
  Switzerland SRG SSR SF DRS Bernard Thurnheer [de] [17][18][66][67]
TSR Chaîne nationale Jean-Marc Richard
TSI Canale nazionale Emanuela Gaggini
  Turkey TRT Unknown Unknown [68]
  United Kingdom BBC BBC1 Terry Wogan [3][69][70][71]
BBC Radio 2 Ken Bruce
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster Channel(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Australia SBS SBS TV[e] Unknown [72]
  Estonia ETV Unknown [34]
  Hungary MTV MTV1 István Vágó [73]
  Poland TVP TVP1 Artur Orzech and Maria Szabłowska [pl] [74][75]
  Russia RTR RTR[f] Unknown [34][76]
  Slovakia STV STV2[g] Unknown [77]

Notes and referencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The nominated conductor for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sinan Alimanović, was unable to safely commute to the flight to Ireland due to the ongoing Bosnian War; the contest's musical director, Noel Kelehan, subsequently led the orchestra during the Bosnian entry.
  2. ^ Malta was originally scheduled to announce their votes as the 8th country, but instead voted 25th, after all the other countries announced their votes. The reason for this was technical difficulties in the minutes running up to the voting presentation.
  3. ^ Deferred broadcast at 23:05 CEST (21:05 UTC)[18][48]
  4. ^ Deferred broadcast on RTP Internacional at 21:45 WEST (20:45 UTC)[18]
  5. ^ Deferred broadcast on 16 May at 20:30 AEST (10:30 UTC)[72]
  6. ^ Deferred broadcast at 23:30 MSD (19:30 UTC) [34][76]
  7. ^ Deferred broadcast on 16 May at 21:35 CEST (20:35 UTC)[77]

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