Eurovision Song Contest 1993
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The Eurovision Song Contest 1993 was the 38th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 15 May 1993 at Green Glens Arena in Millstreet, County Cork, Ireland. The presenter was Fionnuala Sweeney. Niamh Kavanagh was the winner of this Eurovision for Ireland with the song, "In Your Eyes". This was Ireland's fifth victory, and equalled the tally of five Eurovision victories achieved by France in 1977 and Luxembourg in 1983. Ireland became the fourth country to win two years in a row, the three previous countries to do so were Spain in 1968 and 1969, Luxembourg in 1972 and 1973, and Israel in 1978 and 1979.
|Eurovision Song Contest 1993|
|Final||15 May 1993|
|Venue||Green Glens Arena,|
Millstreet, County Cork, Ireland
|Musical director||Noel Kelehan|
|Directed by||Anita Notaro|
|Executive supervisor||Christian Clausen|
|Executive producer||Liam Miller|
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Opening act||The story of Eochaid and Étaín in Celtic mythology, transitioning into a video of rural Ireland today.|
|Interval act||"Why Me?", performed by Linda Martin|
"Keep Love Alive", performed by Johnny Logan with the Children of Millstreet and the Cork School of Music Choirs.
|Number of entries||25|
|Debuting countries|| Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Ireland|
"In Your Eyes"
The top two countries of this contest were the same as the top two countries in the previous year's contest, being Ireland and the United Kingdom.
The location for this year's edition of the contest was unique, in that Millstreet, with a population at the time of just 1,500 people, was the smallest host town ever chosen for the Eurovision Song Contest.
The owner of the Green Glens Arena, Noel C. Duggan, wrote to the RTÉ on the same night of the Irish victory in the 1992 edition, proposing the free use of the venue to host the contest. The venue, a large indoor well- equipped equestrian centre was deemed more than suitable as the location by host broadcaster RTÉ. With huge support from local and national authorities, plus several businesses in the region, the town's infrastructure was greatly enhanced in order to accommodate an event of this scale. It was also the largest outside broadcast ever attempted by state broadcaster RTÉ and was deemed a technical triumph for all involved.
In the run-up to this contest, the European Broadcasting Union finally started to grapple with the explosion in the number of potential participating countries, caused by the dissolution of the Eastern bloc, and also by the disintegration of Yugoslavia, which had traditionally been the only communist country to take part in the contest. For the first time, a pre-qualifying round was introduced, but only for countries that had either never participated in the contest at all, or in the case of former republics of Yugoslavia, had not previously competed as nations in their own right. This was, however, merely a 'sticking-plaster' measure that was plainly not a sustainable solution for future years, as it would not be seen as remotely equitable. But in the meantime, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, Romania and Estonia were left to battle it out in a special competition called Kvalifikacija za Millstreet in Ljubljana on 3 April for the mere three places available at the grand final in Millstreet. After some extremely tight voting, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia edged through.
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.
The 1993 contest was the last time juries would deliver their votes via telephone lines, with satellite video links introduced the following year.
Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.
- Italy – Vittorio Cosma
- Turkey – No National Representative
- Germany – Norbert Daum
- Switzerland – Marc Sorrentino
- Denmark – George Keller
- Greece – Charis Andreadis
- Belgium – Bert Candries
- Malta – Joseph Sammut
- Iceland – Jon Kjell Seljeseth
- Austria – Christian Kolonovits
- Portugal – Armindo Neves
- France – Christian Cravero
- Sweden – Curt-Eric Holmquist
- Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- Luxembourg – Francis Goya
- Slovenia – Jože Privšek
- Finland – Olli Ahvenlahti
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Noel Kelehan
- United Kingdom – Nigel Wright
- Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- Croatia – Andrej Baša
- Spain – Eduardo Leiva
- Cyprus – George Theophanous
- Israel – Amir Frohlich
- Norway – Rolf Løvland
|Tommy Seebach||Denmark||1979, 1981|
Countries in bold were allowed to compete in the Eurovision Song Contest 1994.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||27||3||12||1||4||4||3|
|The table is ordered by appearance|
Due to technical difficulties Malta was the last country to vote.
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
International broadcasts and votingEdit
Voting and spokespersonsEdit
- Italy – Peppi Franzelin
- Turkey – Ömer Önder
- Germany – Carmen Nebel
- Switzerland – Michel Stocker
- Denmark – Bent Henius
- Greece – Fotini Giannoulatou
- Belgium – An Ploegaerts
- Iceland – Guðrún Skúladóttir
- Austria – Andy Lee
- Portugal – Margarida Mercês de Mello
- France – Olivier Minne
- Sweden – Gösta Hanson
- Ireland – Eileen Dunne
- Luxembourg – TBC
- Slovenia – Miša Molk
- Finland – Solveig Herlin
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Dejan Zagorac
- United Kingdom – Colin Berry
- Netherlands – Joop van Os
- Croatia – Veljko Đuretić
- Spain – María Ángeles Balañac
- Cyprus – Anna Partelidou
- Israel – Danny Rup
- Norway – Sverre Christophersen
- Malta – Kevin Drake[b]
- Italy – Ettore Andenna (Raiuno)
- Turkey – Bülend Özveren (TRT 1)
- Germany – Jan Hofer (Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen)
- Switzerland – German: Mariano Tschuor (Schweizer Fernsehen), French: Jean-Marc Richard (TSR), Italian: Emanuela Gaggini (TSI)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (DR TV)
- Greece – Dafni Bokota (ET1)
- Belgium – Dutch: André Vermeulen (BRTN TV1), French: Claude Delacroix (RTBF La Une)
- Malta – Charles Saliba (TVM)
- Iceland – Jakob Frímann Magnússon (Sjónvarpið)
- Austria – Ernst Grissemann (ORF1)
- Portugal – Isabel Bahia (Canal 1)
- France – Patrice Laffont (France 2)
- Sweden – Jan Jingryd and Kåge Gimtell (TV2)
- Ireland – Pat Kenny (RTÉ1)
- Luxembourg – Maurice Molitor (RTL Hei Elei)
- Slovenia – Tajda Lekše (SLO1)
- Finland – Erkki Pohjanheimo and Kirsi-Maria Niemi (YLE TV1)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac (TVBiH)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (BBC1)
- Netherlands – Willem van Beusekom (Nederland 3)
- Croatia – Aleksandar "Aco" Kostadinov (HTV1)
- Spain – José Luis Uribarri (TVE1)
- Cyprus – Evi Papamichail (RIK 1)
- Israel – No commentator
- Norway – Leif Erik Forberg (NRK)
- Australia – N/A (SBS TV)
- Estonia – TBC (Eesti Televisioon)
- Hungary – István Vágó (MTV 2)
- Macedonia – Antonio Dimitrievski and Ivan Mircevski (MTV 2)
- Poland – Artur Orzech and Maria Szablowska (TVP1)
- Romania – Doina Caramzulescu (TVR2)
- Russia – Vadim Dolgachyov (RTR)
- Slovakia – Alena Heribanová (STV1)
- Yugoslavia – There was no live broadcast of the contest, but later was aired the special TV programme about the 1993 contest on RTS 3K hosted by Mladen Popović and Ekstra Nena. (RTS 3K)
The participating countries that provided radio broadcasts for the event are listed below.
- Italy – Antonio De Robertis (Rai Radio 2)
- Turkey – Canan Kumbasar (TRT Radyo 3)
- Germany – Horst Senker (Deutschlandfunk/WDR 4)
- Denmark – Ole Jacobsen (DR P3)
- Greece – Giorgos Mitropoulos (ERA ERT1)
- Belgium – Dutch: Julien Put (BRTN Radio 2), French: Stéphane Dupont and Patrick Duhamel (RTBF La Première)
- Austria – Martin Blumenau (Hitradio Ö3)
- Sweden – Susan Seidemar and Claes-Johan Larsson (SR P3)
- Ireland – Larry Gogan (RTÉ Radio 1)
- Finland – Sanna Kojo and Outi Popp (YLE Radiomafia)
- United Kingdom – Ken Bruce (BBC Radio 2)
- Netherlands – Daniël Dekker (Radio 3)
- Cyprus – Pavlos Pavlou (CyBC Radio 2)
- Israel – Daniel Pe'er (Reshet Gimel)
- Norway – Erik Diesen (NRK P1)
National jury membersEdit
- Austria – Wolfgang Srb
- Croatia – Maja Blagdan (future Croatian entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest 1996)
- Greece – Vangelis Alexandropoulos, Bessy Argyraki (singer, Greek entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1977), Dina Vasilakou, Dimitris Iatropoulos, Grigoris Lambrianidis, Paschalis (singer, Greek entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1977), Giorgos Kleftogiorgos, Andreas Hatziapostolou, Anastasios Alatzas, Maria Alexandrou, Alexandros Varouxis, Giorgos Karelos, Evgenia Koutsoulieri, Giorgos Logothetis, Maria Sotiropoulou, Elena Hounta
- Iceland – Reynir Þór Eggertsson
- Israel – Noel Dunsky, Karen Klutche
- Netherlands – Angelina van Dijk, Lisa Boray
- Portugal – Jorge do Carmo, José Orlando
- Spain – Cristina Pons (student), Juan Ribera (doctor), Arantxa de Benito (TV hostess), Sergio Blanco (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Estíbaliz Uranga (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1975), Manuel Quinto (writer and film critic), Rosita Ferrer (actress), Antonio Rebollo (sportsman), Concha Márquez Piquer (singer), René Dechamps (student), Rosi Nsue (dancer), Francesc Martínez de Foix (president of Special Olympics Spain), María Luisa San José (actress), Bernardo Bonezzi (composer), Annabelle Aramburu (TV and radio scriptwriter), Miguel Ángel Bermejo (film and advertising producer)
Notes and referencesEdit
- As Italy did not participate in the 1994 contest, their place for the 1994 contest final was awarded to Cyprus.
- Due to earlier technical difficulties, the final jury to announce their results was the Maltese jury
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