Eurovision Song Contest 1971

The Eurovision Song Contest 1971 was the 16th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Dublin, Ireland, following Dana's win at the 1970 contest in Amsterdam, Netherlands with the song "All Kinds of Everything". It was the first time Ireland hosted the event. The contest was held at the Gaiety Theatre on Saturday 3 April 1971, and was hosted by Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir.

Eurovision Song Contest 1971
ESC 1971 logo.png
Dates
Final3 April 1971
Host
VenueGaiety Theatre
Dublin, Ireland
Presenter(s)Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir
Musical directorColman Pearce
Directed byTom McGrath
Executive supervisorClifford Brown
Host broadcasterRaidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
Interval actBunratty Castle Entertainers
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/dublin-1971 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries18
Debuting countries Malta
Returning countries
Non-returning countriesNone
  • Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971France in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Monaco in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Denmark in the Eurovision Song ContestAustria in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971Malta in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971A coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Countries that participated in the past but not in 1971
Vote
Voting systemTwo-member juries (one aged 16 to 25 and the other 25 to 55) rated songs between one and five points.
Nul pointsNone
Winning song Monaco
"Un banc, un arbre, une rue"
1970 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1972

Eighteen countries participated in the contest, equalling the record of the 1965 and 1966 editions. Austria returned after their two-year absence, while Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden all returned after their one-year absence. Malta made their début in this edition.

The winner was Monaco with the song "Un banc, un arbre, une rue", performed by Séverine, written by Yves Dessca, and composed by Jean-Pierre Bourtayre. This was Monaco's first and only victory in the contest. The song was performed by a French singer, living in France, sung in French, conducted by a French native and written by a French team. Séverine later claimed she never visited Monaco before or after her victory – a claim easily disproved by the preview video submitted by Télé-Monte-Carlo featuring the singer on location in the Principality.[1]

LocationEdit

 
Gaiety Theatre, Dublin – host venue of the 1971 contest.

The contest was held at the Gaiety Theatre in Dublin, the capital and most populous city of Ireland.[2][3] This was the first time that the contest was held in Ireland. The Gaiety Theatre was selected as the venue for the 1971 contest as it was celebrating 100 years since its establishment in 1871.

FormatEdit

For the first time, each participating broadcaster was required to televise all the songs in "previews" prior to the live final. Belgium's preview video featured Nicole & Hugo performing the song "Goeiemorgen, morgen", but Nicole was struck with a sudden illness days before the contest final, with Jacques Raymond & Lily Castel stepping in at short notice to perform the entry in their place. Reports suggested that Castel had not even had enough time to buy a suitable dress for the show.

The BBC were worried about the possible audience reaction to the UK song due to the hostilities raging in Northern Ireland. They specifically selected a singer from Northern Ireland, Clodagh Rodgers, who was popular in both the UK and the Republic of Ireland, to ease any ill-feeling from the Dublin audience. However, Rodgers still received death threats from the IRA for representing the UK.[4]

Groups of up to six people were allowed to perform for the first time, with the rule in previous contests of performing either solo or as a duet abolished.[5]

This was only RTÉ's second outside broadcast in colour. The contest was broadcast in Iceland, the United States and Hong Kong several days later.[6]

In between each song, a film depicting the tourist highlights of each nation using stock footage provided by the participant tourism bureaus was seen, accompanied by a piece of organ music chosen to compliment the country.[7]

Voting systemEdit

A new voting system was introduced in this year's contest: each country sent two jury members, one aged over 25 and the other under 25 (with at least ten years' difference between their ages), with both awarding each country (except their own) a score of between one and five points.

While this meant that no country could score fewer than 34 points (and in the event all eighteen scored at least 52), it had one major problem: some jury members tended to award only one or two points. Whether this was done to increase their respective countries' chances of winning is not known for sure, but this shortcoming was nonetheless plain.[5] However, the system remained in place for the 1972 and 1973 contests.

Participating countriesEdit

Malta made their début in this year's contest, while Austria, Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden all returned after a brief absence. This brought the total number of countries to eighteen.

ConductorsEdit

Each performance had a conductor who directed the orchestra.[8][9]

Returning artistsEdit

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Jacques Raymond   Belgium 1963
Katja Ebstein   Germany 1970

ResultsEdit

Draw Country Artist Song Language[10][11] Place[12] Points
01   Austria Marianne Mendt "Musik" Viennese 16 66
02   Malta Joe Grech "Marija l-Maltija" Maltese 18 52
03   Monaco Séverine "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" French 1 128
04    Switzerland Peter, Sue and Marc "Les illusions de nos vingt ans" French 12 78
05   Germany Katja Ebstein "Diese Welt" German 3 100
06   Spain Karina "En un mundo nuevo" Spanish 2 116
07   France Serge Lama "Un jardin sur la terre" French 10 82
08   Luxembourg Monique Melsen "Pomme, pomme, pomme" French 13 70
09   United Kingdom Clodagh Rodgers "Jack in the Box" English 4 98
10   Belgium Lily Castel and Jacques Raymond "Goeiemorgen, morgen" Dutch 14 68
11   Italy Massimo Ranieri "L'amore è un attimo" Italian 5 91
12   Sweden Family Four "Vita vidder" Swedish 6 85
13   Ireland Angela Farrell "One Day Love" English 11 79
14   Netherlands Saskia and Serge "Tijd" Dutch 6 85
15   Portugal Tonicha "Menina do alto da serra" Portuguese 9 83
16   Yugoslavia Krunoslav Slabinac "Tvoj dječak je tužan" (Твој дјечак је тужан) Serbo-Croatian 14 68
17   Finland Markku Aro and Koivistolaiset "Tie uuteen päivään" Finnish 8 84
18   Norway Hanne Krogh "Lykken er" Norwegian 17 65

ScoreboardEdit

 
The Netherlands' Saskia & Serge finished 6th with their entry "Tijd".
Voting results[13][14]
Total score
Austria
Malta
Monaco
Switzerland
Germany
Spain
France
Luxembourg
United Kingdom
Belgium
Italy
Sweden
Ireland
Netherlands
Portugal
Yugoslavia
Finland
Norway
Contestants
Austria 66 3 5 2 7 2 3 2 3 3 6 4 6 3 5 4 3 5
Malta 52 4 2 2 3 5 3 2 3 4 4 2 4 5 2 2 3 2
Monaco 128 4 5 10 10 2 8 4 8 10 4 10 9 9 8 10 7 10
Switzerland 78 5 5 4 6 2 6 2 6 3 7 4 5 5 6 4 4 4
Germany 100 6 5 7 6 8 8 2 6 7 6 6 5 5 7 7 5 4
Spain 116 4 8 10 5 7 10 4 7 4 5 6 9 6 7 7 9 8
France 82 3 2 8 8 5 5 2 5 3 4 4 6 9 5 5 3 5
Luxembourg 70 2 7 6 3 2 4 5 6 3 3 2 5 3 6 4 5 4
United Kingdom 98 4 8 8 6 5 2 8 4 8 3 5 7 5 7 6 6 6
Belgium 68 3 2 5 4 2 2 5 2 6 3 5 4 6 6 3 6 4
Italy 91 4 6 9 8 6 6 9 2 6 2 7 6 2 3 8 2 5
Sweden 85 7 4 4 9 4 2 5 2 5 6 6 3 9 3 6 4 6
Ireland 79 7 6 6 3 4 5 7 2 6 3 6 2 5 4 5 4 4
Netherlands 85 6 2 6 5 4 5 7 2 5 2 2 6 5 9 5 6 8
Portugal 83 4 3 6 2 5 10 8 5 6 4 4 2 3 5 6 5 5
Yugoslavia 68 6 2 4 2 7 6 6 2 3 2 5 2 5 4 4 3 5
Finland 84 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 2 10 10 2 4 6 3 8 6 6
Norway 65 3 3 6 4 2 2 5 2 7 6 2 2 7 2 5 4 3

10 pointsEdit

Below is a summary of all perfect 10 scores that were given during the voting.

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 10 points
6   Monaco   Belgium,   Germany,   Norway,   Sweden,    Switzerland,   Yugoslavia
2   Spain   France,   Monaco
  Finland   Belgium,   United Kingdom
1   Portugal   Spain

Jury membersEdit

Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1971 contest along with the names of the two jury members who voted for their respective country. Each country announced their results in groups of three.

  1.   Austria – Beatrix Neundlinger[a] and Jochen Lieben
  2.   Malta – Spiro Sillato and Gaetan Abela[15]
  3.   Monaco – Unknown
  4.    Switzerland – Unknown
  5.   Germany – Kirsten Ludwig and Wolfgang Henk[16]
  6.   Spain – Noelia Afonso and Francisco Madariaga
  7.   France – Claude Crémieux and Jacques Ourevitch[17]
  8.   Luxembourg – Unknown
  9.   United Kingdom – Jeremy Paterson Fox and Gay Lowe[9]
  10.   Belgium – Unknown
  11.   Italy – Unknown
  12.   Sweden – Eva Blomqvist and Putte Wickman[18]
  13.   Ireland – Vivienne Colgan and Ken Steward[19]
  14.   Netherlands – Jos Cléber and Unknown
  15.   Portugal – Pedro Albergaria and Luís Filipe Costa[20]
  16.   Yugoslavia – Miso Kukic and Zoran Krzisnik[21]
  17.   Finland – Markku Veijalainen and Vieno Kekkonen[22]
  18.   Norway – Sten Fredriksen and Liv Usterud

BroadcastsEdit

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Austria FS1 Ernst Grissemann [de]
Hitradio Ö3 Hubert Gaisbauer [de]
  Belgium BRT Dutch: Herman Verelst [nl]
RTB French: Janine Lambotte [fr]
BRT Radio 1 Dutch: Nand Baert [nl]
RTB La Première French: André Hagon
  Finland YLE TV1 Heikki Seppälä [fi]
Yleisohjelma Matti Paalosmaa [fi]
  France Deuxième Chaîne ORTF Georges de Caunes [23]
France Inter TBC
  Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Hanns Verres [de]
Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2 Wolf Mittler
  Ireland RTÉ Noel Andrews
RTÉ Radio Kevin Roche [24]
  Italy Programma Nazionale, Secondo Programma Radio Renato Tagliani [it]
  Luxembourg Télé-Luxembourg Jacques Navadic
RTL Camillo Felgen
  Malta MTV Victor Aquilina [15]
  Monaco Télé Monte Carlo Georges de Caunes
  Netherlands Nederland 1 Pim Jacobs [25]
  Norway NRK Sverre Christophersen [no]
NRK P1 Erik Heyerdahl [no]
  Portugal I Programa Henrique Mendes [20]
Emissora Nacional Programa 1 TBC
  Spain Primera Cadena Joaquín Prat
Primer Programa RNE Miguel de los Santos [es]
  Sweden SR TV1 Åke Strömmer [18]
SR P3 Ursula Richter [sv] [18]
   Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de]
TSR French: Georges Hardy [fr]
TSI Italian: Giovanni Bertini
  United Kingdom BBC1 Dave Lee Travis [9][26]
BBC Radio 1 and BBC Radio 2 Terry Wogan [9][27]
BFBS Radio John Russell [9]
  Yugoslavia Televizija Beograd Serbo-Croatian: Milovan Ilić
Televizija Zagreb Serbo-Croatian: Oliver Mlakar
Televizija Ljubljana Slovene: Tomaž Terček [sl]
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Argentina Unknown Unknown [20]
  Australia Australian Broadcasting Corporation Unknown [20]
  Brazil Rede Tupi Unknown [20]
  Bulgaria BT Unknown [20]
  Czechoslovakia ČST Unknown [20]
  Ethiopia ETV Unknown [20]
  Greece EIRT Mako Georgiadou [el]
  Hong Kong RTHK Unknown [20]
  Hungary RTV Unknown [20]
  Iceland Sjónvarpið Unknown [20]
  Jamaica Unknown Unknown [20]
  Kenya KBC Unknown [20]
  Mauritania Unknown Unknown [20]
  Mauritius MBC Unknown [20]
  Morocco TVM Unknown [20]
  Poland TVP Unknown [20]
  Romania TVR Unknown [20]
  Sierra Leone SLBS Unknown [20]
  Thailand NBT Unknown [20]
  Trinidad and Tobago TTT Unknown [20]
  Tunisia RTT Unknown [20]
  Uganda Uganda Television Unknown [20]
  United States PBS Dave Lee Travis [9][20][28]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Later represented Austria as a member of Milestones in 1972 and Schmetterlinge in 1977

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Eurovision 1971 PREVIEW Monaco – SÉVERINE "Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue"". 8 August 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2012 – via YouTube.
  2. ^ "The Growth and Development of Dublin". Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Primate City Definition and Examples". Retrieved 21 October 2009.
  4. ^ Boyd, Brian. "Eurovision in Dublin, 1971: hotpants, 'women's lib' and boycotts". The Irish Times. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
  6. ^ "Eurovision 1971 – Opening ceremony". 7 July 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2012 – via YouTube.
  7. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tVJpizrpk9U[bare URL]
  8. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 16 October 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 51–64. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  10. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  11. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Final of Dublin 1971". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Results of the Final of Dublin 1971". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1971 – Scoreboard". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 19 September 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  15. ^ a b "It was all in the game", Fred Barry, Times of Malta, 7 April 1971
  16. ^ "1971 Eurovision Song Contest (German Commentary at 1h:14m:55s)". Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  17. ^ "ESC 1971 - French comments (ORTF) 4:5".
  18. ^ a b c Thorsson, Leif (2006). Melodifestivalen genom tiderna [Melodifestivalen through time]. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. p. 88. ISBN 91-89136-29-2.
  19. ^ Eriksen, Espen: "Vi tjener inn tapet på turisme", VG, page 13, 7 April 1971
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "A África também vai ver o Grande Prémio da Eurovisão". Diário de Lisboa (in Portuguese). Mário Soares Foundation. 3 April 1971.
  21. ^ Vladimir Pinzovski
  22. ^ Zitting, Marianne (27 June 2010). "Muistathan: Eurovision laulukilpailu 1971" (in Finnish). Viisukuppila. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  23. ^ Masson, Christian. "1971 – Dublin" (in French). Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  24. ^ "RTÉ Stills Library". RTÉ Archives. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  25. ^ "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival" (in Dutch). Eurovision Artists. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
  26. ^ "Grand Final: 1971, Eurovision Song Contest". BBC.
  27. ^ "Wogan quits Eurovision role". BBC News. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  28. ^ Fanfare. Eurovision song contest. Part 2 ; NET presents. Yeats country. Library of Congress PBS Collection

BibliographyEdit

  • The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History, John Kennedy O'Connor, Carlton Books Ltd, ISBN 1-84442-994-6

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 53°20′25″N 6°15′42″W / 53.340312°N 6.261601°W / 53.340312; -6.261601