Eurovision Song Contest 1992

The Eurovision Song Contest 1992 was the 37th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Malmö, Sweden, following the country's victory at the 1991 contest with the song "Fångad av en stormvind" by Carola. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT), the contest was held at the Malmö Isstadion on 9 May 1992 and was hosted by Swedish journalists Lydia Capolicchio and Harald Treutiger.

Eurovision Song Contest 1992
ESC 1992 logo.png
Dates
Final9 May 1992
Host
VenueMalmö Isstadion
Malmö, Sweden
Presenter(s)Lydia Capolicchio
Harald Treutiger
Musical directorAnders Berglund
Directed byKåge Gimtell
Executive supervisorFrank Naef
Host broadcasterSveriges Television (SVT)
Opening actCarola performing "All the Reasons to Live"
Interval actA Century of Dance
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/malmo-1992 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries23
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countries Netherlands
Non-returning countriesNone
  • Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Monaco in the Eurovision Song ContestLuxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Malta in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Austria in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992France in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Morocco in the Eurovision Song ContestCyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992Iceland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992A coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Countries that participated in the past but not in 1992
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points in finalNone
Winning song Ireland
"Why Me?"
1991 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1993

Twenty-three countries took part in the contest with the Netherlands returning after being absent the year before. This set another record for the most participating countries in the history of the competition, which would be broken again the following year. The 1992 contest also saw the last participation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, as they were banned from competing only a few weeks later due to the Yugoslav Wars.

The winner was Ireland with the song "Why Me?" by Linda Martin. The song was written by Johnny Logan, who had won the 1980 contest as singer and the 1987 contest as singer/songwriter. At 41 years of age, Linda Martin became (and remains) the oldest woman ever to win Eurovision.[1]

LocationEdit

 
Malmö Isstadion, Malmö – host venue of the 1992 contest.

Malmö is the capital and largest city of the Swedish county of Scania. The metropolis is a gamma world city (as listed by the GaWC) and is the third-largest city in Sweden, after Stockholm and Gothenburg, and the sixth-largest city in Scandinavia, with a population of above 300,000.[2]

Malmö Isstadion, a 4,800-seat indoor sports arena, was chosen as the host venue for the contest. Opened in 1968, it is the former home arena of the Malmö Redhawks ice hockey team, and underwent major renovation in 2013 in time for the 2014 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships.

Contest overviewEdit

The contest took place at Malmö Isstadion, where the stage set was in the shape of a Viking ship's bow with a dragon in the centre and stars on each side. The opening sequence included women dressed in the Swedish colours of yellow and blue, twirling ribbons. The filmic postcard tradition was continued with clips based on each country. Last year's winner, Carola, appeared on stage in a white dress with sheer sleeves, a rhinestone collar and cuffs and sang “All The Reasons To Live”.

The 1992 Eurovision was the biggest contest at that time, with 23 countries competing. Only Monaco and Morocco failed to compete out of all the countries which had entered the contest in the past.

This contest marked the last participation of Yugoslavia, although it was not the same country that had participated from 1961 to 1991, but actually, Serbia and Montenegro, formally known as the "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia". That was the country's last entry until 2004, as it was banned from the contest following the sanctions on the United Nations Security Council Resolution 757, following the Bosnian War and Croatian War of Independence.

After scoring second place consecutively (1988, 1989) and scoring some disappointing results (1990, 1991), the United Kingdom sent Michael Ball with a contemporary pop song "One Step Out Of Time", which was the hot favourite to win the contest. The British delegation was greeted in Malmö with a banner reading "Welcome Untied Kingdom".[3]

However, the Irish sent Linda Martin, who had the past experience of coming in 2nd place in the 1984 contest and as then paired up once again with Johnny Logan, who had won the contest twice before as a performer. In the end, Linda the contest won for Ireland with a 16-point lead over the United Kingdom, starting the chain of Irish wins in the 1990s. Malta with "Little Child", performed by Mary Spiteri, also scored very well coming in 3rd place with 123 points. This was the first time that the three highest-placed songs had all been in English. Sweden, the host country, finished 2nd last.

Switzerland had to replace its original choice of entry, "Soleil, soleil" which was to have been performed by Géraldine Olivier. The song did not comply with some of the rules of the national selection contest and so, despite having won, it did not go to Malmö.

The top three songs were all performed in English which led to some delegations complaining that English-speaking countries had an unfair advantage.

Participating countriesEdit

ConductorsEdit

Each performance had a conductor who led the orchestra.[4][5] Musical Director Anders Berglund both conducted the entries for Sweden and Yugoslavia and played the accordion parts for the latter.

Returning artistsEdit

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Wind   Germany 1985, 1987
Sigríður Beinteinsdóttir (part of Heart 2 Heart)   Iceland 1990 (part of Stjórnin)
Linda Martin   Ireland 1984
Mia Martini   Italy 1977
Evridiki   Cyprus 1983 (backing singer for Stavros & Constantina), 1987 (Backing Vocals for Alexia)

Participants and resultsEdit

R/O Country Artist Song Language[6][7] Points Place[8]
1   Spain Serafín "Todo esto es la música" Spanish 37 14
2   Belgium Morgane "Nous, on veut des violons" French 11 20
3   Israel Dafna "Ze Rak Sport" (זה רק ספורט) Hebrew 85 6
4   Turkey Aylin Vatankoş "Yaz Bitti" Turkish 17 19
5   Greece Cleopatra "Olou tou kosmou i Elpida" (Όλου του κόσμου η Ελπίδα) Greek 94 5
6   France Kali Monte la riviè [fr] French, Antillean Creole 73 8
7   Sweden Christer Björkman "I morgon är en annan dag" Swedish 9 22
8   Portugal Dina "Amor d'água fresca" Portuguese 26 17
9   Cyprus Evridiki "Teriazoume" (Ταιριάζουμε) Greek 57 11
10   Malta Mary Spiteri "Little Child" English 123 3
11   Iceland Heart 2 Heart "Nei eða já" Icelandic 80 7
12   Finland Pave "Yamma, yamma" Finnish 4 23
13    Switzerland Daisy Auvray "Mister Music Man" French 32 15
14   Luxembourg Marion Welter and Kontinent "Sou fräi" Luxembourgish 10 21
15   Austria Tony Wegas "Zusammen geh'n" German 63 10
16   United Kingdom Michael Ball "One Step Out of Time" English 139 2
17   Ireland Linda Martin "Why Me?" English 155 1
18   Denmark Lotte Nilsson and Kenny Lübcke "Alt det som ingen ser" Danish 47 12
19   Italy Mia Martini "Rapsodia" Italian 111 4
20   Yugoslavia Extra Nena "Ljubim te pesmama" (Љубим те песмама) Serbian 44 13
21   Norway Merethe Trøan "Visjoner" Norwegian 23 18
22   Germany Wind "Träume sind für alle da" German 27 16
23   Netherlands Humphrey Campbell "Wijs me de weg" Dutch 67 9

Detailed voting resultsEdit

Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.

Detailed voting results[9][10]
Total score
Spain
Belgium
Israel
Turkey
Greece
France
Sweden
Portugal
Cyprus
Malta
Iceland
Finland
Switzerland
Luxembourg
Austria
United Kingdom
Ireland
Denmark
Italy
Yugoslavia
Norway
Germany
Netherlands
Contestants
Spain 37 1 1 4 6 2 3 3 2 1 1 7 5 1
Belgium 11 3 4 3 1
Israel 85 10 2 8 4 7 4 7 4 8 1 7 2 12 2 4 3
Turkey 17 8 3 6
Greece 94 7 8 7 3 5 12 2 5 10 4 12 7 8 4
France 73 6 12 3 3 7 12 5 6 10 3 6
Sweden 9 1 4 4
Portugal 26 8 2 2 1 5 8
Cyprus 57 3 10 2 2 1 8 2 6 4 8 3 8
Malta 123 12 10 7 12 12 1 8 5 12 8 10 8 3 10 5
Iceland 80 8 4 4 6 6 6 3 5 7 12 5 5 1 6 2
Finland 4 1 3
Switzerland 32 5 12 4 1 10
Luxembourg 10 10
Austria 63 2 8 8 1 3 8 4 10 12 7
United Kingdom 139 5 12 2 10 10 5 6 6 4 6 8 7 12 7 12 8 12 7
Ireland 155 1 7 12 12 10 4 5 12 7 10 6 10 10 8 10 2 2 7 10 10
Denmark 47 4 6 7 1 6 6 3 3 6 5
Italy 111 5 3 12 8 8 10 5 10 12 7 6 12 1 12
Yugoslavia 44 10 6 1 5 2 3 5 4 2 4 2
Norway 23 3 2 1 1 4 5 6 1
Germany 27 6 10 6 2 3
Netherlands 67 7 2 5 7 5 4 7 3 1 5 2 8 4 7

12 pointsEdit

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
4   Italy   Finland,   France,   Netherlands,   Norway
  Malta   Luxembourg,   Portugal,   Spain,   Sweden
  United Kingdom   Austria,   Belgium,   Denmark,   Germany
3   Ireland   Greece,   Malta,   Turkey
2   France   Israel,    Switzerland
  Greece   Cyprus,   Italy
1   Austria   Ireland
  Iceland   United Kingdom
  Israel   Yugoslavia
   Switzerland   Iceland

SpokespersonsEdit

Each country announced their votes in the order of performance. The following is a list of spokespersons who announced the votes for their respective country.

BroadcastsEdit

National broadcasters were able to send a commentary team to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. The contest was broadcast in 44 countries, including Australia, New Zealand and South Korea.[5]

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Austria FS1 Ernst Grissemann [de]
Hitradio Ö3 Martin Blumenau [de]
  Belgium RTBF1 French: Claude Delacroix
BRTN TV1 Dutch: André Vermeulen [11]
RTBF La Première French: Stéphane Dupont and Patrick Duhamel [fr]
BRTN Radio 2 Dutch: Julien Put [nl]
  Cyprus RIK 1 Evi Papamichail
RIK Deftero Pavlos Pavlou
  Denmark DR TV Jørgen de Mylius
DR P3 Jørgen de Mylius, Jesper Bæhrenz and Andrew Jensen [dk]
  Finland YLE TV1 Erkki Pohjanheimo and Kati Bergman
Radiomafia Sanna Kojo
  France Antenne 2 Thierry Beccaro
France Inter Marc-Olivier Fogiel
  Germany Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen Jan Hofer
Deutschlandfunk/WDR 4 Horst Senker
  Greece ET1 Dafni Bokota
ERA 1 Giorgos Mitropoulos
  Iceland Sjónvarpið Árni Snævarr [12]
  Ireland RTÉ 1 Pat Kenny
RTÉ Radio 1 Larry Gogan
  Israel Israeli Television No commentator
Reshet Gimel Yitzhak Shim'oni
  Italy Rai Due Peppi Franzelin [it]
Rai Radio 2 Antonio De Robertis
  Luxembourg RTL Hei Elei Maurice Molitor
  Malta TVM Anna Bonanno
  Netherlands Nederland 3 Willem van Beusekom [13]
Radio 2 Daniël Dekker
  Norway NRK John Andreassen
NRK P1 Nadia Hasnaoui
  Portugal RTP Canal 1 Eládio Clímaco
  Spain La 2 José Luis Uribarri
  Sweden TV2 Jesper Aspegren [sv] and Björn Kjellman
SR P3 Kalle Oldby and Lotta Engberg
   Switzerland TV DRS German: Mariano Tschuor
TSR[a] French: Ivan Frésard [fr]
TSI[a] Italian: Emanuela Gaggini
  Turkey TV1 Bülend Özveren
TRT Radyo 3 Canan Kumbasar
  United Kingdom BBC1 Terry Wogan [5]
BBC Radio 2 Ken Bruce [5]
  Yugoslavia TVB 1 Mladen Popović
Radio Belgrade 1 Dina Čolić
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Hungary MTV1 István Vágó [14]
  Macedonia MTV 1 Jon Ilija Apelgrin
  Poland TVP1 Artur Orzech and Maria Szabłowska [pl]
  Russia RTR Unknown [15]
  Slovenia SLO1 Miša Molk

NoteEdit

  1. ^ a b Broadcast via TV DRS (Source: Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 9 May 1992)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official Celebration. Carlton Books, 2015. ISBN 978-1-78097-638-9. Pages 32-33
  2. ^ Statistics Sweden. "Landareal per tätort, folkmängd och invånare per kvadratkilometer. Vart femte år 1960 – 2015" [Land area per urban area, population and per square kilometer. Every five years, 1960 – 2015]. Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Malmö 1992".
  4. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e Roxburgh, Gordon (2020). Songs For Europe - The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Four: The 1990s. UK: Telos Publishing. pp. 96–110. ISBN 978-1-84583-163-9.
  6. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1992". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1992". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  8. ^ "Final of Malmö 1992". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 18 April 2021. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Results of the Final of Malmö 1992". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 18 April 2021. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1992 – Scoreboard". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Hasselt 2005: Jarige André Vermeulen verzorgt commentaar met Ilse Van Hoecke –". Eurosong.be. 25 October 2005. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Morgunblaðið, 08.05.1992". Timarit.is. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  13. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  14. ^ "Televízió – szombat május 9". Rádió és TeleVízió újság (in Hungarian). 4 May 1992. p. 50. Archived from the original on 23 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022 – via MTVA Archívum.
  15. ^ "Телепрограмма на 09-05-1992". tvp.netcollect.ru. Retrieved 27 January 2018.

External linksEdit