Eurovision Song Contest 1975

The Eurovision Song Contest 1975 was the 20th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Stockholm, Sweden, following ABBA's win at the 1974 contest in Brighton, United Kingdom with the song "Waterloo". It was the first time the contest took place in Sweden, also marking the first time the Scandinavian Peninsula hosted the event. The contest was held at Stockholmsmässan on Saturday, 22 March 1975. The show was hosted by Karin Falck.

Eurovision Song Contest 1975
ESC 1975 logo.png
Dates
Final22 March 1975
Host
VenueStockholmsmässan
Stockholm, Sweden
Presenter(s)Karin Falck
Musical directorMats Olsson
Directed byBo Billtén
Executive supervisorClifford Brown
Executive producerRoland Eiworth
Host broadcasterSveriges Radio (SR)
Interval actThe World of John Bauer
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/stockholm-1975 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries19
Debuting countries Turkey
Returning countries
Non-returning countries Greece
  • Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Monaco in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Denmark in the Eurovision Song ContestFinland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Greece in the Eurovision Song ContestMalta in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Austria in the Eurovision Song ContestFrance in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest 1975A coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Countries that participated in the past but not in 1975
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs
Nul pointsNone
Winning song Netherlands
"Ding-a-dong"
1974 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1976

Nineteen countries participated in the contest, beating the previous record of eighteen, that was first set in the 1965 edition. France and Malta returned after their one-year and two-year absence, respectively. Turkey made its debut, while Greece decided not to enter after its debut the year prior.[1]

The winner was the Netherlands with the song "Ding-a-dong", performed by Teach-In, written by Will Luikinga and Eddy Ouwens, and composed by Dick Bakker. This was the Netherlands' fourth victory in the contest, following their wins in 1957, 1959, and 1969. The country would not win again until 2019. [1]

LocationEdit

 
Stockholmsmässan, Stockholm – host venue of the 1975 contest.

The contest took place in Stockholm, the capital and largest city of Sweden, which has long been one of the country's cultural, media, political, and economic centres as well as the most populated urban area in Scandinavia.[2][3]

The venue for the contest was Stockholmsmässan (or Stockholm International Fairs in English). The main building is in Älvsjö – a southern suburb of Stockholm Municipality for which the building got its nickname. It was constructed in 1971 and holds 4,000 people.

FormatEdit

To introduce each song, all the artists were recorded on videotape painting a portrait of themselves during the rehearsal period, incorporating their nation's flag into the illustration. Some artists included their backing artists in the painting, others chose only to paint the lead singer.[4]

This year a new scoring system was implemented. Each country would be represented by a jury of 11 members, at least half of whom had to be under the age of 26. Each jury member had to award every song a mark of between 1 and 5 points, but could not vote for their own nation's entry. The votes were cast immediately after the song was performed and collected by the adjudicator straight away. After the last song was performed, the jury secretary added up all the votes cast and awarded 12 points to the song with the highest score, 10 to the second highest score, then 8 to the third, 7 to the fourth, 6 to the fifth and so forth down to 1 point for the song ranked 10th. The 12–1 points system remained in use until 2015. The jury spokesperson then announced the ten scores in the order the songs were presented when called upon by the hostess. The hostess Karin Falck several times confused the new system with questions like "How much is seven in France?"

Unlike today, the points were not given in order (from 1 up to 12), but in the order the songs were performed. The current procedure of announcing the scores in ascending order, beginning with 1 point, was not established until 1980. This scoring system remained in use until 1996, although the number of jurors varied (it was 11 from 1975 to 1987, and 16 from 1988 to 1997) and the scores they awarded each song increased to 10 rather than 5. In from 1997, some juries were replaced by televotes and from 1998, all countries were encouraged to televote when possible.

In the 2009 final and the 2010 semi-finals, the juries were reintroduced to provide 50% of the scores. Despite these changes in how the points were decided, the 'douze points' scoring system remained in place from 1975–2015. In 2016 it was altered to each country providing two separate sets of points, however, modelled after the former model.[5]

Participating countriesEdit

 
Teach-In leaving from Amsterdam Airport for the Eurovision Song Contest 1975

Nineteen countries took part; Greece decided not to enter after its 1974 debut, while Turkey made its debut, and France and Malta returned to the contest.[1]

The Portuguese entry "Madrugada" was an unabashed celebration of the Carnation Revolution, during which the country's 1974 Eurovision entry had played a pivotal practical role. According to author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor in his book The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History, the Portuguese performer had to be dissuaded from wearing his Portuguese army uniform and carrying a gun onto the stage.[6] Some competitors (notably Portugal and Yugoslavia) opted to perform their songs in English for the rehearsals heard by the judges, but in their native tongue at the final. Others, such as Belgium and Germany, opted for a mix of their own language and English.

ConductorsEdit

Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.[7][8]

Returning artistsEdit

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Ellen Nikolaysen   Norway 1973 (as part of Bendik Singers)
1974 (as part of Bendik Singers)
John Farrar (as part of The Shadows)   United Kingdom 1973 (as backing singer for Cliff Richard)

ResultsEdit

Draw Country Artist Song Language[9][10] Place[11] Points
01   Netherlands Teach-In "Ding-a-dong" English 1 152
02   Ireland The Swarbriggs "That's What Friends Are For" English 9 68
03   France Nicole Rieu "Et bonjour à toi l'artiste" French 4 91
04   Germany Joy Fleming "Ein Lied kann eine Brücke sein" German, English 17 15
05   Luxembourg Geraldine "Toi" French 5 84
06   Norway Ellen Nikolaysen "Touch My Life (with Summer)" English 18 11
07    Switzerland Simone Drexel "Mikado" German 6 77
08   Yugoslavia Pepel in kri "Dan ljubezni" Slovene 13 22
09   United Kingdom The Shadows "Let Me Be The One" English 2 138
10   Malta Renato "Singing This Song" English 12 32
11   Belgium Ann Christy "Gelukkig zijn" Dutch, English 15 17
12   Israel Shlomo Artzi "At Va'Ani" (את ואני) Hebrew 11 40
13   Turkey Semiha Yankı "Seninle Bir Dakika" Turkish 19 3
14   Monaco Sophie Hecquet "Une chanson c'est une lettre" French 13 22
15   Finland Pihasoittajat "Old Man Fiddle" English 7 74
16   Portugal Duarte Mendes "Madrugada" Portuguese 16 16
17   Spain Sergio & Estíbaliz "Tú volverás" Spanish 10 53
18   Sweden Lasse Berghagen "Jennie, Jennie" English 8 72
19   Italy Wess & Dori Ghezzi "Era" Italian 3 115

ScoreboardEdit

Voting results[12][13]
Total score
Netherlands
Ireland
France
Germany
Luxembourg
Norway
Switzerland
Yugoslavia
United Kingdom
Malta
Belgium
Israel
Turkey
Monaco
Finland
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Italy
Contestants
Netherlands 152 8 5 8 10 12 6 8 12 12 3 12 4 10 10 7 12 12 1
Ireland 68 6 6 4 7 1 6 4 12 1 4 3 10 4
France 91 8 12 3 8 7 2 7 1 7 12 8 8 8
Germany 15 8 3 4
Luxembourg 84 12 10 3 7 3 5 6 5 5 8 6 4 10
Norway 11 2 2 7
Switzerland 77 7 2 10 6 2 1 5 6 8 7 5 4 2 12
Yugoslavia 22 3 4 2 5 1 7
United Kingdom 138 4 3 12 10 12 7 8 12 8 10 10 12 7 5 10 5 3
Malta 32 1 8 5 2 4 2 7 1 2
Belgium 17 5 7 3 2
Israel 40 10 1 1 1 1 5 2 1 1 6 3 6 2
Turkey 3 3
Monaco 22 3 4 2 1 2 2 3 5
Finland 74 5 12 6 10 12 5 4 8 8 1 3
Portugal 16 2 12 2
Spain 53 7 5 3 5 4 4 4 3 4 8 6
Sweden 72 7 7 8 1 6 7 2 3 8 6 6 6 5
Italy 115 6 4 4 3 6 10 10 10 10 6 5 10 1 12 10 7 1

12 pointsEdit

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
6   Netherlands   Israel,   Malta,   Norway,   Spain,   Sweden,   United Kingdom
4   United Kingdom   France,   Luxembourg,   Monaco,   Yugoslavia
2   Finland   Germany,    Switzerland
  France   Ireland,   Portugal
1   Ireland   Belgium
  Italy   Finland
  Luxembourg   Netherlands
  Portugal   Turkey
   Switzerland   Italy

SpokespersonsEdit

Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1975 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.

  1.   Netherlands – Dick van Bommel
  2.   Ireland – Brendan Balfe
  3.   France – Marc Menant
  4.   Germany – Hans-Joachim Scherbening [de]
  5.   Luxembourg – TBC
  6.   Norway – Sverre Christophersen [no][14]
  7.    Switzerland – Michel Stocker[15]
  8.   Yugoslavia – Dragana Marković
  9.   United Kingdom – Ray Moore[8]
  10.   Malta – TBC
  11.   Belgium – Ward Bogaert [nl]
  12.   Israel – Yitzhak Shim'oni [he][16]
  13.   Turkey – Bülent Osma
  14.   Monaco – Carole Chabrier
  15.   Finland – Kaarina Pönniö[17]
  16.   Portugal – Ana Zanatti
  17.   Spain – José María Íñigo
  18.   Sweden – Sven Lindahl[18]
  19.   Italy – Anna Maria Gambineri [it]

BroadcastsEdit

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.[1]

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Belgium BRT Dutch: Jan Theys [nl]
RTB French: Paule Herreman
BRT Radio 1 Dutch: Nand Baert [nl]
RTB La Première French: Jacques Bauduin [fr]
  Finland Yle TV1 Heikki Seppälä [fi] [17]
Yleisohjelma Erkki Melakoski [fi]
  France TF1 Georges de Caunes [19][20]
  Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Werner Veigel [21]
Deutschlandfunk Wolf Mittler
  Ireland RTÉ Mike Murphy
RTÉ Radio Liam Devally
  Israel Israeli Television No commentator
  Italy Rete 1 Silvio Noto
  Luxembourg RTL Télé Luxembourg Jacques Navadic [19]
RTL Camillo Felgen
  Malta MTV Norman Hamilton
  Monaco Télé Monte Carlo Georges de Caunes
  Netherlands Nederland 2 Willem Duys [22]
  Norway NRK John Andreassen [14]
NRK P1 Erik Heyerdahl [no]
  Portugal I Programa Júlio Isidro [23]
Emissora Nacional Programa 1 Amadeu Meireles [pt]
  Spain Primera Cadena José Luis Uribarri [24]
  Sweden SR TV1 Åke Strömmer [18]
SR P3 Ursula Richter [sv] [18]
   Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de]
TSR French: Georges Hardy [fr] [20]
TSI Italian: Giovanni Bertini
RSR 1 French: Robert Burnier [25]
  Turkey Ankara Television Bülend Özveren
Radyo 1 Şebnem Savaşçı
  United Kingdom BBC1 Pete Murray [8][26]
BBC Radio 2 Terry Wogan [8]
BFBS Radio Richard Astbury [8]
  Yugoslavia TVB 1 Serbo-Croatian: Milovan Ilić
TVZ 1 Serbo-Croatian: Oliver Mlakar
TVL 1 Slovene: Tomaž Terček [sl]
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
  Austria FS2 Ernst Grissemann [de]
  Denmark DR TV Claus Toksvig
  Greece EIRT Mako Georgiadou [el]
  Hong Kong TBC Unknown [27]
  Iceland Sjónvarpið Dóra Hafsteinsdóttir [8][27][28]
  Japan NHK Unknown [8][27]
  Jordan JRTV Unknown [8][27]
  South Korea KBS Unknown [8][27]
  Soviet Union Soviet Central Television Unknown [8]

Notable incidentsEdit

Intelligence reports at the time pointed out the festival as a possible target for a terrorist attack by the Red Army Faction which forced the organizers to tighten security considerably. The attack struck the West German embassy in Stockholm instead about a month later (see West German embassy siege).

The Swedish left movement protested against the contest and its commercial aspect. At first the criticism was directed towards SR for the huge amount of money they spent on the contest but soon the protests developed into a movement against commercial music overall. When the Eurovision Song Contest took place an alternative festival was organized in another part of Stockholm where anybody who wanted could perform a song. Sillstryparn's entry "Doin' the omoralisk schlagerfestival" (Doin' the immoral Eurovision festival) with lyrics criticizing the commercialised nature and lacking moral integrity of Eurovision, was the most popular song from the alternative event. In the autumn of 1975 SR informed that Sweden would not participate in the 1976 edition of the Eurovision Song Contest due to the high costs that came with hosting the show. The rules later changed so that the costs were split more equally between the participating broadcasters. In the end, SR did not broadcast the 1976 Contest. A concert film starring Cornelis Vreeswijk aired in its place.

Swedish TV technicians refused to broadcast the festival to Chile, where Canal 13 (an associate member of the EBU) had plans to air it. The refusal was in protest to the military dictatorship that has been ruling the country since the 1973 Chilean coup d'etat led by Augusto Pinochet.[29]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Eurovision Song Contest 1975". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Tätorter 2010" (PDF) (in Northern Sami). Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
  3. ^ "Byopgørelsen 1. januar 2010" (PDF). Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  4. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8lMhHcsWy64
  5. ^ Dahlander, Gustav. "SVT bakom historisk förändring inför Eurovision Song Contest i Stockholm 2016".
  6. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  7. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 180–194. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  9. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1975". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1975". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Final of Stockholm 1975". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Results of the Final of Stockholm 1975". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1975 – Scoreboard". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2021.
  14. ^ a b Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  15. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  16. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 13 September 1999. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  17. ^ a b "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  18. ^ a b c "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  19. ^ a b Christian Masson. "1975 – Stockholm". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  20. ^ a b "Au Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 20 March 1975.
  21. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1975". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch).
  23. ^ "Comentadores Do ESC – escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  24. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema – Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  25. ^ "Au Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 20 March 1975.
  26. ^ Eurovision Song Contest Grand Final: 1975. Stockholm, Sweden: British Broadcasting Corporation. 22 March 1975.
  27. ^ a b c d e "Recalling Sweden's first staging of the contest in 1975". European Broadcasting Union. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  28. ^ Háskólabókasafn, Landsbókasafn Íslands -. "Timarit.is". timarit.is.
  29. ^ "Geopolitics of Eurovision: Chile Edition". CommoditiesControl. 5 May 2015. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2017.

External linksEdit