The Eurovision Song Contest 1974 was the 19th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Brighton, United Kingdom and was organized by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), who agreed to host the event after Luxembourg, having won in both 1972 and 1973, declined to host it for a second successive year on the grounds of expense. The contest was held at the Brighton Dome on 6 April 1974 and was hosted by Katie Boyle for the fourth and final time (having hosted the 1960, 1963 and 1968 editions).
|Eurovision Song Contest 1974|
|Final||6 April 1974|
Brighton, United Kingdom
|Musical director||Ronnie Hazlehurst|
|Directed by||Michael Hurll|
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Executive producer||Bill Cotton|
|Host broadcaster||British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)|
|Interval act||The Wombles|
|Number of entries||17|
|Voting system||Ten-member juries distributed ten points among their favourite songs.|
|Nul points in final||None|
|Winning song|| Sweden|
The contest was held in the seaside resort of Brighton on the south coast of the United Kingdom. At the time, Brighton was a separate town; it is now the major part of the city of Brighton and Hove (formed from the previous towns of Brighton, Hove, Portslade and several other villages) on the south coast of Great Britain.
The venue which hosted the event was the Brighton Dome, an arts venue that contains the Concert Hall, the Corn Exchange and the Pavilion Theatre. All three venues are linked to the rest of the Royal Pavilion Estate by a tunnel to the Royal Pavilion in Pavilion Gardens and through shared corridors to Brighton Museum; the entire complex was built for the Prince Regent (later George IV) and completed in 1805.
Each song was introduced by a 'postcard' featuring a montage of film material, beginning with library footage of the participating nation provided by the various national tourist organizations. This was then intercut with various clips of the artists in rehearsal, conducting their press conference with the media or posing for photographs in and around the Brighton Pavilion complex. It was the first time the contest had broadcast rehearsal footage or behind the scenes footage from the run-up to the grand final.
Seventeen nations took part in this year's contest. Greece made their début in the contest, while France withdrew during the week of the contest after the sudden death of French President Georges Pompidou.
- Finland – Ossi Runne
- United Kingdom – Nick Ingman
- Spain – Rafael Ibarbia[a]
- Norway – Frode Thingnæs
- Greece – Giorgos Katsaros
- Israel – Yoni Rechter
- Yugoslavia – Zvonimir Skerl
- Sweden – Sven-Olof Walldoff
- Luxembourg – Charles Blackwell
- Monaco – Raymond Donnez
- Belgium – Pierre Chiffre
- Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- Ireland – Colman Pearce
- Germany – Werner Scharfenberger
- Switzerland – Pepe Ederer
- Portugal – José Calvário
- Italy – Gianfranco Monaldi
Bold indicates a previous winner
|Romuald||Monaco||1964, 1969 (for Luxembourg)|
Participants and resultsEdit
|1||Finland||Carita||"Keep Me Warm"||English||4||13|
|2||United Kingdom||Olivia Newton-John||"Long Live Love"||English||14||4|
|3||Spain||Peret||"Canta y sé feliz"||Spanish||10||9|
|4||Norway||Anne-Karine Strøm and the Bendik Singers||"The First Day of Love"||English||3||14|
|5||Greece||Marinella||"Krasi, thalassa ke t' agori mou"
(Κρασί, θάλασσα και τ' αγόρι μου)
|6||Israel||Poogy||"Natati La Khayay" (נתתי לה חיי)||Hebrew||11||7|
|7||Yugoslavia||Korni Grupa||"Generacija '42" (Генерација '42)||Serbo-Croatian||6||12|
|9||Luxembourg||Ireen Sheer||"Bye Bye I Love You"||French[b]||14||4|
|10||Monaco||Romuald||"Celui qui reste et celui qui s'en va"||French||14||4|
|11||Belgium||Jacques Hustin||"Fleur de liberté"||French||10||9|
|12||Netherlands||Mouth and MacNeal||"I See a Star"||English||15||3|
|13||Ireland||Tina Reynolds||"Cross Your Heart"||English||11||7|
|14||Germany||Cindy and Bert||"Die Sommermelodie"||German||3||14|
|15||Switzerland||Piera Martell||"Mein Ruf nach dir"||German||3||14|
|16||Portugal||Paulo de Carvalho||"E depois do adeus"||Portuguese||3||14|
Detailed voting resultsEdit
This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2021)
The two-person jury system used for the previous three contests was abandoned, with a resurrection of the 10-person jury system with one vote per juror, last used in 1970, returning. This was the final time it was used. Unusually, a separate draw was made for the order in which the participating countries would vote. In all previous contests either nations had voted in the same running order as the song presentation or in the reverse of that order. It was not until 2006 that the voting sequence was decided by draw again. Finland, Norway, Switzerland and Italy drew the same position in both draws.
Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1974 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.
- Finland – Aarre Elo
- Luxembourg – TBC
- Israel – Yitzhak Shim'oni
- Norway – Sverre Christophersen
- United Kingdom – Colin Ward-Lewis
- Yugoslavia – Helga Vlahović
- Greece – Mako Georgiadou
- Ireland – Brendan Balfe
- Germany – Ekkehard Böhmer
- Portugal – Henrique Mendes
- Netherlands – Dick van Bommel
- Sweden – Sven Lindahl
- Spain – Antolín García
- Monaco – Sophie Hecquet
- Switzerland – Michel Stocker
- Belgium – André Hagon
- Italy – Anna Maria Gambineri
This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2021)
Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. The contest was broadcast live in all participating countries, except for Italy which took a deferred transmission. The contest was also broadcast live in Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and the Soviet Union, and was recorded for later broadcast in Algeria, Cyprus, France, Japan, Jordan, Iceland, Morocco, Poland, South Korea and Tunisia. In addition to the broadcast on television, the contest was also provided via radio in Belgium, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
|Hong Kong||TVB Jade (delayed broadcast on 5 May 1974)||Unknown|||
|TVB Pearl (delayed broadcast on 28 April and 5 May 1974)||Unknown|||
|Turkey||Ankara Television||Bülend Özveren|
France had been drawn to sing at No. 14 (after Ireland and before Germany) with the song "La vie à vingt-cinq ans" ("Life at 25") by Dani, but as a mark of respect following the death of the French President Georges Pompidou during Eurovision week, French broadcaster ORTF made the decision to withdraw the entry. Given that President Pompidou's memorial service (he had been buried in a private ceremony on 4 April), which was attended by numerous international dignitaries, was held on the same day as the contest, it was deemed inappropriate for the French to take part. Dani was seen by viewers in the audience at the point the French song should have been performed. For the same reason, the French singer Anne-Marie David, who had won the first place for Luxembourg in 1973, could not come to Brighton to hand the prize to the 1974 winner. In her absence, the Director General of the BBC and President of the EBU, Sir Charles Curran, presented the Grand Prix to the winners.
Italy did not broadcast the televised contest on the state television channel RAI because the contest coincided with the intense political campaigning for the 1974 Italian referendum on divorce, which was held a month later in May. RAI felt that Gigliola Cinquetti's song, which was entitled "Sì", and repeatedly featured the word "si" (yes), could risk the accusation of being a subliminal message and a form of propaganda to influence the Italian voting public to vote "yes" in the referendum. The song was not played on most Italian state TV and radio stations until the referendum had been held.
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