Eurovision Song Contest 1969
The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 was the 14th in the series.
|Eurovision Song Contest 1969|
|Final||29 March 1969|
|Directed by||Ramón Díez|
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Host broadcaster||Televisión Española (TVE)|
|Interval act||"La España diferente" film|
|Number of entries||16|
|Voting system||Ten-member juries distributed ten points among their favourite songs.|
Four countries (the United Kingdom, Spain, the Netherlands and France) won the contest, the first time ever a tie had occurred. However, there was no rule at the time to cover such an eventuality, so all four countries were declared joint winners.
France's win was their fourth, thus making it the first country to win the contest four times. The Netherlands' win was their third. Spain and the United Kingdom each won for the second time. And it was the first time that any country (Spain, in this case) had a winning ESC entry two years in a row. This is so far the only occasion Spain has hosted the contest.
The venue selected to host the 1969 contest was the Teatro Real, an opera house located in Madrid. The theatre reopened in 1966 as a concert theatre and the main concert venue of the Spanish National Orchestra and the RTVE Symphony Orchestra. The final featured an onstage metal sculpture created by surrealist Spanish artist, Salvador Dalí.
It was the first time that the contest resulted in a tie for first place, with four countries each gaining 18 votes. Since there was at the time no rule to cover such an eventuality, all four countries were declared joint winners. This caused an unfortunate problem concerning the medals due to be distributed to the winners as there were not enough to go round, so that only the singers received their medals on the night: the songwriters, to some disgruntlement, were not awarded theirs until after the date of the contest.
Had the later tie-break rule been in place (the country receiving the highest score from any other country, as used in 1991), the Netherlands would have won, having received 6 points from France. United Kingdom would then have been runner up, having received 5 points from Sweden. On the other hand, with the present tie-break rule been in place (i.e. the song receiving votes from the most countries, then the song receiving the most high votes in case of another tie), France would have been the overall winner, with Spain in 2nd place. Both countries received votes from 9 countries, but France received 4 points from 2 countries whereas Spain received 3 points as their highest vote.
Austria was absent from the contest, officially because they could not find a suitable representative, but it was rumoured that they refused to participate in a contest staged in Franco-ruled Spain. Wales wanted to debut with Welsh language broadcaster BBC Cymru, and also made a national selection called Cân i Gymru, but in the end it was decided they would not participate in the competition – their participation was rejected because Wales is not a sovereign state. Only the BBC has the exclusive right to represent the United Kingdom.
- Yugoslavia - Miljenko Prohaska
- Luxembourg - Augusto Algueró
- Spain - Augusto Algueró
- Monaco - Hervé Roy
- Ireland - Noel Kelehan
- Italy - Ezio Leoni
- United Kingdom - Johnny Harris
- Netherlands - Frans de Kok
- Sweden - Lars Samuelson
- Belgium - Francis Bay
- Switzerland - Henry Mayer
- Norway - Øivind Bergh
- Germany - Hans Blum
- France - Franck Pourcel
- Portugal - Ferrer Trindade
- Finland - Ossi Runne
Five artists returned in this year's contest. Louis Neefs for Belgium who last represented the nation in 1967; Germany's Siw Malmkvist who was also the participant for Sweden in 1960. Romuald for Luxembourg who represented Monaco last time in 1964; Norway's Kirsti Sparboe who represented the Scandinavian nation twice before in 1965 and 1967; and finally Simone de Oliveira who also represented Portugal in 1965.
|01||Yugoslavia||Ivan & 4M||"Pozdrav svijetu"||Croatian||13||5|
|04||Monaco||Jean Jacques||"Maman, Maman"||French||6||11|
|05||Ireland||Muriel Day & The Lindsays||"The Wages of Love"||English||7||10|
|06||Italy||Iva Zanicchi||"Due grosse lacrime bianche"||Italian||13||5|
|07||United Kingdom||Lulu||"Boom Bang-a-Bang"||English||1||18|
|08||Netherlands||Lenny Kuhr||"De troubadour"||Dutch||1||18|
|09||Sweden||Tommy Körberg||"Judy, min vän"||Swedish||9||8|
|10||Belgium||Louis Neefs||"Jennifer Jennings"||Dutch||7||10|
|11||Switzerland||Paola Del Medico||"Bonjour, Bonjour"||German||5||13|
|12||Norway||Kirsti Sparboe||"Oj, oj, oj, så glad jeg skal bli"||Norwegian||16||1|
|14||France||Frida Boccara||"Un jour, un enfant"||French||1||18|
|15||Portugal||Simone de Oliveira||"Desfolhada portuguesa"||Portuguese||15||4|
|16||Finland||Jarkko & Laura||"Kuin silloin ennen"||Finnish||12||6|
International broadcasts and votingEdit
The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1969 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting stations they represented are also included in the table below.
|01||Yugoslavia||Gordana Bonetti||Miloje Orlović||Televizija Beograd|
|Mladen Delić||Televizija Zagreb|
|Tomaž Terček||Televizija Ljubljana|
|03||Spain||Ramón Rivera||José Luis Uribarri||TVE1|
|Miguel de los Santos||Primer Programa RNE|
|04||Monaco||TBC||Pierre Tchernia||Télé Monte Carlo|
|05||Ireland||John Skehan||Gay Byrne||RTÉ Television|
|Kevin Roche||Radio Éireann|
|06||Italy||Mike Bongiorno||Renato Tagliani||Secondo Programma|
|07||United Kingdom||Colin-Ward Lewis||David Gell and Michael Aspel||BBC 1|
|Pete Murray||BBC Radio 1|
|08||Netherlands||Leo Nelissen||Pim Jacobs||Nederland 1|
|09||Sweden||Edvard Matz||Christina Hansegård||Sveriges Radio-TV and SR P3|
|10||Belgium||Ward Bogaert||Herman Verelst||BRT|
|11||Switzerland||Alexandre Burger||Theodor Haller||TV DRS|
|12||Norway||Janka Polanyi||Sverre Christophersen||NRK|
|Erik Heyerdahl||NRK P1|
|13||Germany||Hans-Otto Grünefeldt||Hans-Joachim Rauschenbach||ARD Deutsches Fernsehen|
|14||France||Jean-Claude Massoulier||Pierre Tchernia||Deuxième Chaîne ORTF|
|15||Portugal||Maria Manuela Furtado||Henrique Mendes||RTP1|
|16||Finland||Aarre Elo||Aarno Walli||TV-ohjelma 1 and|
|-||Austria||(Non-participating country)||Willy Kralik||ORF|
|-||Brazil||(non-participating country)||TBC||TV Tupi|
|-||Chile||(non-participating country)||TBC||Canal 9|
|-||Czechoslovakia||(non-participating country)||TBC||Československá televize|
|-||East Germany||(non-participating country)||TBC||Deutscher Fernsehfunk|
|-||Hungary||(non-participating country)||TBC||Magyar Televízió|
|-||Soviet Union||(non-participating country)||TBC||CT USSR|
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1969". EBU. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- "Cultural Institutions: Teatro Real". esMADRID.com. Archived from the original on 7 September 2009. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- "Eurovisionsfest ohne Österreich". Arbeiter-Zeitung. Vienna, Austria. 15 January 1969.
- O'Connor, John Kennedy (2005). The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History.
- "Conductors 1969". 4Lyrics.com. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1969". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs For Europe The United Kingdom at The Eurovision Song Contest Volume One: The 1950s and 1960s. UK: Telos. p. 483. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
- "Eurovision Song Contest, Grand Final: 1969". BBC. 29 March 1969. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Eurovision 1969". Songs4europe.com. 29 March 1969. Archived from the original on 22 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch).
- "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- Leif Thorsson. Melodifestivalen genom tiderna ["Melodifestivalen through time"] (2006), p. 80. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. ISBN 91-89136-29-2
- Sverre Christophersen was the commentator during the broadcast, however the connection between Madrid and Oslo was disabled slightly midway through the broadcast.Janka Polanyi entered as a temporary commentator before NRK used the commentary from the Swedish feed. Just before the voting began, NRK managed regain the connection, thus Christophersen was back as commentator.
- Tchernia, Pierre et al. (29 March 1969). 14ème Concours Eurovision de la Chanson 1969 [14th Eurovision Song Contest 1969] (Television production). Spain: TVE, ORTF (commentary).
- Christian Masson. "1969 – Madrid". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.