The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 was the 14th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Madrid, Spain, following the country's victory at the 1968 contest with the song "La, la, la" by Massiel. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Televisión Española (TVE), the contest was held at the Teatro Real on 29 March 1969 and was hosted by Spanish television presenter and actress Laurita Valenzuela.
|Eurovision Song Contest 1969|
|Final||29 March 1969|
|Musical director||Augusto Algueró|
|Directed by||Ramón Díez|
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Host broadcaster||Televisión Española (TVE)|
|Number of entries||16|
|Voting system||Ten-member juries distributed ten points among their favourite songs.|
|Nul points in final||None|
Sixteen countries took part in the contest with Austria deciding not to participate this year.
At the close of voting, four countries were controversially declared joint-winners: the United Kingdom with "Boom Bang-a-Bang" by Lulu, Spain with "Vivo cantando" by Salomé, the Netherlands with "De troubadour" by Lenny Kuhr, and France with "Un jour, un enfant" by Frida Boccara. It was the first time in the history of the contest that a tie had occurred, and as there was no tiebreaker rule in place at the time, all four countries were declared joint winners. France's win was their fourth, thus making it the first country to win the contest four times. The Netherlands' win was their third. Spain and the United Kingdom each won for the second time, with Spain becoming the first country to win the Eurovision Song Contest twice in a row.
The venue selected to host the 1969 contest was the Teatro Real, an opera house located in Madrid. The theatre reopened in 1966 as a concert theatre and the main concert venue of the Spanish National Orchestra and the RTVE Symphony Orchestra. The stage featured a metal sculpture created by surrealist Spanish artist Amadeo Gabino.
It was the first time that the contest resulted in a tie for first place, with four countries each gaining 18 votes. Since there was at the time no rule to cover such an eventuality, all four countries were declared joint winners. This caused an unfortunate problem concerning the medals due to be distributed to the winners as there were not enough to go round, so that only the singers received their medals on the night: the songwriters, to some disgruntlement, were not awarded theirs until some days later. It was the second contest to be filmed and transmitted in colour, even though TVE did not have colour equipment at the time. It had to rent colour TV cameras from the ARD German network. In Spain itself the broadcast was seen in black and white because the local transmitters did not support colour transmissions. The equipment for archiving the broadcast did not arrive in time, so TVE only had a black and white copy of the contest, until a colour copy was discovered in the archives of the NRK.
Austria was absent from the contest, officially because they could not find a suitable representative, but it was rumoured that they refused to participate in a contest staged in Franco-ruled Spain. Wales wanted to debut with Welsh language broadcaster BBC Cymru, and also made a national selection called Cân i Gymru, but in the end it was decided they would not participate in the competition – their participation was rejected because Wales is not a sovereign state. Only the BBC has the exclusive right to represent the United Kingdom.
- Yugoslavia – Miljenko Prohaska
- Luxembourg – Augusto Algueró
- Spain – Augusto Algueró
- Monaco – Hervé Roy
- Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- Italy – Ezio Leoni
- United Kingdom – Johnny Harris
- Netherlands – Frans de Kok
- Sweden – Lars Samuelson
- Belgium – Francis Bay
- Switzerland – Henry Mayer
- Norway – Øivind Bergh
- Germany – Hans Blum
- France – Franck Pourcel
- Portugal – Ferrer Trindade
- Finland – Ossi Runne
|Siw Malmkvist||Germany||1960 (for Sweden)|
|Romuald||Luxembourg||1964 (for Monaco)|
|Simone de Oliveira||Portugal||1965|
|Kirsti Sparboe||Norway||1965, 1967|
Participants and resultsEdit
|1||Yugoslavia||Ivan and 4M||"Pozdrav svijetu" (Поздрав свијету)||Serbo-Croatian||5||13|
|4||Monaco||Jean Jacques||"Maman, maman"||French||11||6|
|5||Ireland||Muriel Day and the Lindsays||"The Wages of Love"||English||10||7|
|6||Italy||Iva Zanicchi||"Due grosse lacrime bianche"||Italian||5||13|
|7||United Kingdom||Lulu||"Boom Bang-a-Bang"||English||18||1|
|8||Netherlands||Lenny Kuhr||"De troubadour"||Dutch||18||1|
|9||Sweden||Tommy Körberg||"Judy, min vän"||Swedish||8||9|
|10||Belgium||Louis Neefs||"Jennifer Jennings"||Dutch||10||7|
|11||Switzerland||Paola del Medico||"Bonjour, Bonjour"||German||13||5|
|12||Norway||Kirsti Sparboe||"Oj, oj, oj, så glad jeg skal bli"||Norwegian||1||16|
|14||France||Frida Boccara||"Un jour, un enfant"||French||18||1|
|15||Portugal||Simone de Oliveira||"Desfolhada portuguesa"||Portuguese||4||15|
|16||Finland||Jarkko and Laura||"Kuin silloin ennen"||Finnish||6||12|
Detailed voting resultsEdit
Although neither jury made any errors in their announcements, scrutineer Clifford Brown asked both the Spanish and the Monegasque juries to repeat their scores. No adjustments were made to the scoring as a result of the repetition.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2021)
Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1969 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.
- Yugoslavia – Helga Vlahović
- Luxembourg – TBC
- Spain – Ramón Rivera
- Monaco – TBC
- Ireland – John Skehan
- Italy – Mike Bongiorno
- United Kingdom – Colin Ward-Lewis
- Netherlands – Leo Nelissen
- Sweden – Edvard Matz
- Belgium – Eugène Senelle
- Switzerland – Alexandre Burger
- Norway – Janka Polanyi
- Germany – Hans-Otto Grünefeldt
- France – Jean-Claude Massoulier
- Portugal – Maria Manuela Furtado
- Finland – Poppe Berg
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2021)
Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. In addition to the participating countries, the contest was also reportedly broadcast in Tunisia, in Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania and the Soviet Union via Intervision, and in Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Puerto Rico.
- Sverre Christophersen was the commentator during the broadcast, however the connection between Madrid and Oslo was disabled slightly midway through the broadcast. Janka Polanyi entered as a temporary commentator before NRK used the commentary from the Swedish feed. Just before the voting began, NRK managed to regain the connection, thus Christophersen was back as commentator.
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- "Drieluik Madrid, met een viertal kanshebbers naar het uur H", Emiel Janssens, Gazet van Antwerpen, 29 March 1969
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- "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch).
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