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France Inter is a major French public radio channel and part of Radio France. It is a "generalist" station, aiming to provide a wide national audience with a full service of news and spoken-word programming, both serious and entertaining, liberally punctuated with an eclectic mix of music.
|Slogan||Vous êtes bien sur France Inter (You are well on France Inter)|
Club d'Essai (1947)|
France I (1957-1963)
RTF Inter (1963)
France Inter broadcasts on FM transmitters across France, and via the internet.
The radio channel France Inter announced during 2016 that the channel would discontinue transmitting on the 162 kHz frequency on the longwave on 1 January 2017, seeking cost savings of approximately €6 million per year. The transmission of the atomic clock generated time signal will be continued after this date on the 162 kHz frequency as this time signal is critical for over 200,000 devices, which are deployed within French enterprises and state entities, like the French railways SNCF, the electricity distributor ENEDIS, airports, hospitals, municipalities, et cetera.
France Inter was founded in the reorganization of state broadcasting which followed the end of World War II as "Paris-Inter" and charged with being French public radio's generalist (i.e. "full-service") service. The channel was renamed "France I" in 1958, although three years later one of France's most popular radio and television listings magazines was still showing the station's programmes under the heading "Paris-Inter" with "France I" as a subtitle. In 1963 the France I and France II networks were merged to form "RTF Inter", renamed "France Inter" one month later.
The major challenge faced by France Inter at the time of its reorganization in the 1960s was the private "peripheral stations" (in particular, RTL and Europe 1, broadcasting from powerful transmitters outside France) success in capturing the majority of the French radio audience since the war. They had done so by adopting a modern broadcasting style and earning a reputation for greater freedom from government influence.
As well as rapidly modernizing its style to match its competitors, France Inter stressed its freedom from commercial pressures – although it does carry a limited amount of paid-for advertising – and especially presented itself as intelligent radio accessible to a general audience under the slogan Écoutez la différence ("Listen to the difference").
- 1975 : Écoutez la différence (Listen to the difference)
- 1983 : France Inter, pour ceux qui ont quelque chose entre les oreilles (France Inter, for those who have something between the ears)
- 1987 : Plus haut la radio ! (Turn up the radio!)
- 1995 : Écoutez, ça n'a rien à voir (Listen, it has nothing to do)
- 2001 : Au début ça surprend. Après aussi (At first it is surprised. Later too)
- 2005 : Qu’allez-vous découvrir aujourd’hui ? (What will you discover today?)
- 2008 : France Inter, la différence (France Inter, the difference)
- 2012 : La voix est libre (The voice is free)
- 2013 : 50 ans qu’on ouvre la voix (50 years of opening the voice)
- 2014 : InterVenez (InterCom)
- 2015 : Vous êtes bien sur France Inter (You're well on France Inter)
France Inter programmes, a number of which have been important milestones in the history of French radio, include:
- Le Masque et la Plume, arts reviews from journalist critics (on air since 13/11/1955)
- Le Jeu des 1000 euros, a general-knowledge quiz programme (since 19/4/1958)
- La marche de l'histoire, formerly Deux mille ans d'histoire, an in-depth daily documentary on a specific historical subject (since 1999)
- Pop Club (1965-2005, i.e. 40 years with the same presenter José Artur)
- Le téléphone sonne, a current affairs discussion and phone-in programme (since 1978)
- Là-bas si j'y suis, a reports programme (1989-2014)
- Le sept neuf, formerly Inter Matin, morning news sequence (since 1982)
- classique avec Dessay, formerly Carrefour De Lodéon, classical music programme (since 1992)
- (in French) Le signal horaire restera sur le 162 kHz de France Inter
- La Semaine Radio-Télé 29/41, 8–14 October 1961